Acta Crystallographica Section A

Foundations of Crystallography

Volume 60, Part 5 (September 2004)


New information from modern charge density methods

Third European Charge Density Meeting with European Science Foundation Exploratory Workshop

[Buy print version] A printed copy of this issue is available for purchase

[Preface]
[Issue Author Index][Volume Author Index]
[Cover illustration] Cover illustration: Molecular electrostatic potential colour-mapped on an isodensity surface for polymorph B of the anti-ulcer drug famotidine. See Overgaard & Hibbs [Acta Cryst. (2004), A60, 480-487].

research papers


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 357-364  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304014953 ]

The interplay between experiment and theory in charge-density analysis

P. Coppens and A. Volkov

Synopsis: The comparison of theory and experiment in charge-density analysis remains a cornerstone of the field. Various levels of comparison are discussed, including static and dynamic electron densities, topological properties, d-orbital occupancies, electrostatic moments and intermolecular interactions, as well as the structure-factor restraint introduced in quantum-mechanical energy minimization by Jayatilaka and co-workers.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 365-370  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304014813 ]

On the role of data quality in experimental charge-density studies

R. Destro, L. Loconte, L. Lo Presti, P. Roversi and R. Soave

Synopsis: Electron distributions from multipolar refinement of two sets of high-resolution X-ray diffraction data of different quality, measured at T = 19 K from two different spherical crystals of the same compound, are analysed and compared.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 371-381  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304015120 ]

The charge density of urea from synchrotron diffraction data

H. Birkedal, D. Madsen, R. H. Mathiesen, K. Knudsen, H.-P. Weber, P. Pattison and D. Schwarzenbach

Synopsis: The charge density of urea is studied with a multipole model using very high precision synchrotron-radiation diffraction data.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 382-389  [ doi:10.1107/S010876730401699X ]

Synchrotron charge-density studies in materials chemistry: 16 K X-ray charge density of a new magnetic metal-organic framework material, [Mn2(C8H4O4)2(C3H7NO)2]

R. D. Poulsen, A. Bentien, T. Graber and B. B. Iversen

Synopsis: A new magnetic metal-organic framework material, [Mn2(C8O4H4)2(C3H7ON)2], has been synthesized. The magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity has been measured from 2 to 400 K, and the electron density has been determined from 16 (1) K single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction data.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 390-396  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304014825 ]

High-resolution synchrotron data collection for charge-density work at 100 and 20 K

P. Luger, M. Messerschmidt, S. Scheins and A. Wagner

Synopsis: The bright synchrotron radiation at a short wavelength of ~0.5 Å combined with low temperatures and modern CCD area detection provides outstanding experimental conditions for charge-density determinations. Synchrotron-based studies on several compounds are summarized, for example atomic properties of a highly substituted C60 fullerene with about 100 atoms are reported.

Online 26 August 2004


 

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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 397-401  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304014746 ]

Electron densities in relation to magnetism: [gamma]-ray diffraction from transition-metal monoxides and difluorides

W. Jauch

Synopsis: High-quality [gamma]-ray structure factors are used to explore the electronic charge distribution in prototypic antiferromagnets.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 402-408  [ doi:10.1107/S010876730401726X ]

Extinction-free electron diffraction refinement of bonding in SrTiO3

J. Friis, B. Jiang, J. Spence, K. Marthinsen and R. Holmestad

Synopsis: A charge-density study of SrTiO3 by extinction-free electron diffraction.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 409-417  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304018902 ]

Shadowing and absorption corrections of high-pressure powder diffraction data: toward accurate electron-density determinations

A. Katrusiak

Synopsis: The shadowing of the primary and reflection beams in high-pressure powder diffraction experiments using a diamond-anvil cell is analysed and a method for correcting reflection intensities is described. These corrections considerably improve the accuracy of the data, essential for electron-density determinations.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 418-426  [ doi:10.1107/S010876730401339X ]

On functions and quantities derived from the experimental electron density

V. Tsirelson and A. Stash

Synopsis: Electronic and exchange energy densities, a local temperature and local entropy as well as a local Fermi momentum and one-electron potential calculated from the experimentally derived electron density and its derivatives using approximate functionals of the density functional theory are considered. Their application to studies of the electron structure of compounds with different types of chemical bonds is given.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 427-433  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304016228 ]

The quantum topological electrostatic potential as a probe for functional group transferability

P. L. A. Popelier, M. Devereux and M. Rafat

Synopsis: The electrostatic potential can be used as an appropriate and convenient indicator of how transferable an atom or functional group is between two molecules. Quantum-chemical topology is used to define the electron density of a molecular fragment and the electrostatic potential it generates.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 434-437  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017441 ]

Topological properties of the electron density of solids and molecules. Recent developments in Oviedo

V. Luaña, A. Costales, P. Mori-Sánchez, M. Blanco and A. Martín Pendás

Synopsis: Some of the latest advances in the analysis of electron density are reviewed, including topological indices that provide a useful characterization of the global properties of the density, specific results on some prototypical metal and low heteropolarity systems and calculation of the local curvature of the interatomic surface.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 438-449  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017258 ]

The local form of the source function as a fingerprint of strong and weak intra- and intermolecular interactions

C. Gatti and L. Bertini

Synopsis: The local form of the source function for the electron density at a given point is introduced and analysed for the second-row diatomic hydrides and a number of prototypical hydrogen-bonded systems. Differences in the local source contributions to the density at bond critical points due to chemical bonding (deformation density) and crystallization (interaction density) are also explored and are found to be more informative and experimentally detectable than are the corresponding changes for the bond-critical-point properties of intermolecular interactions.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 450-454  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017647 ]

The metal-insulator phase transition in mixed potassium-rubidium electro-sodalites

G. K. H. Madsen

Synopsis: The collapse under pressure of the antiferromagnetic ground state of the potassium-rubidium electro-sodalite is studied. The linearized augmented plane wave with local orbitals basis set is described and the special considerations needed for setting it up for systems such as the electro-sodalites are discussed.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 455-464  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017167 ]

Electron-density studies of molecular magnetic materials

S. Pillet, M. Souhassou and C. Lecomte

Synopsis: Electron-density studies of molecular magnetic materials are reviewed.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 465-471  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304016897 ]

Studies of electric field induced structural and electron-density modifications by X-ray diffraction

N. K. Hansen, P. Fertey and R. Guillot

Synopsis: The results obtained by diffraction from crystals under electric fields are reviewed and are illustrated by examples for a number of different compounds.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 472-479  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017428 ]

`In-situ' charge-density studies of photoinduced phenomena: possibilities for the future?

J. M. Cole

Synopsis: The experimental considerations required to obtain photoinduced crystal structures is described and related to the experimental and theoretical requirements of charge-density studies. The viability of combining these two experimental methodologies to realize a photoinduced charge-density study is explored.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 480-487  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017891 ]

The experimental electron density in polymorphs A and B of the anti-ulcer drug famotidine

J. Overgaard and D. E. Hibbs

Synopsis: A multipole description of the electron-density distribution in the two polymorphs of famotidine is given. The electrostatic potential shown on the molecular surfaces provides additional information on molecular reactivity.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 488-493  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304015375 ]

Topological analyses and bond characterization of 1,3,5,7-tetra-tert-butyl-s-indacene: a weak Csp3-H...H-Csp2-type dihydrogen interaction

C.-C. Wang, T.-H. Tang, L.-C. Wu and Y. Wang

Synopsis: A 12 [pi]-electron delocalized system and Csp3-H...H-Csp2 weak dihydrogen interactions of tetra-tert-butyl-s-indacene are confirmed through topological analyses of the total electron density.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 494-501  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304015260 ]

An experimental (120 K) and theoretical electron-density study of KMnO4 and KClO4

D. Marabello, R. Bianchi, G. Gervasio and F. Cargnoni

Synopsis: The experimental electron density [rho](r) of the two isomorphic salts KMnO4 and KClO4 was determined by a multipole analysis of accurate X-ray diffraction data at 120 K. The quantum theory of atoms in molecules was applied and the bonds were characterized using the topological parameters at the bond critical points.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 502-509  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304015582 ]

Variable-temperature X-ray crystallographic studies: a complementary tool for charge-density investigation of soft (organometallic) bonds

P. Macchi and A. Sironi

Synopsis: The behaviour of bridged metal-metal bonds at varying temperatures is studied.

Online 26 August 2004


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Acta Cryst. (2004). A60, 510-516  [ doi:10.1107/S0108767304017131 ]

Electronic structure of the nickel(II) complex of the Schiff base of (S)-N-(2-benzoylphenyl)-1-benzylprolinamide and glycine

J. Kozísek, M. Fronc, P. Skubák, A. Popkov, M. Breza, H. Fuess and C. Paulmann

Synopsis: Charge-density studies of an NiII complex of the Schiff base of (S)-N-(2-benzoylphenyl)-1-benzylprolinamide and glycine prove an interaction between the Ni2+(dz2) orbital and benzyl [pi]-electron density.

Online 26 August 2004


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