Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 1-2 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311041353 ] Laue centennialW. W. Schmahl and W. SteurerSynopsis: A selection of articles related to the Laue symposium to be held during the 20th Annual Meeting of the German Crystallographic Society (DGK) in Munich, 12-15 March 2012, are introduced. Online 20 December 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 3-29 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311030315 ] Crystallography from Haüy to Laue: controversies on the molecular and atomistic nature of solidsH. KubbingaSynopsis: The history of crystallography circa 1784-1912 is described. Online 20 December 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 30-39 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311039985 ] Disputed discovery: the beginnings of X-ray diffraction in crystals in 1912 and its repercussionsM. EckertSynopsis: The background of `Laue's discovery' and its early repercussions are described. The discovery of X-ray diffraction by crystals was based on misconceptions about the nature of X-rays and the origin of monochromacy observed in the Laue spots. Online 20 December 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 40-56 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311040219 ] Optical properties of X-rays - dynamical diffractionA. AuthierSynopsis: Attempts to observe refraction or diffraction of X-rays were unsuccessful until the discovery of X-ray diffraction in 1912 by Friedrich, Knipping and Laue. The index of refraction of matter for X-rays and the specific optical properties of X-rays when they are Bragg-diffracted by a perfect crystal, such as total reflection, anomalous absorption, Pendellösung and double refraction, are best understood using the dynamical theory of diffraction. Online 20 December 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 57-67 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311030303 ] The success story of crystallographyD. SchwarzenbachSynopsis: The development of crystallography starting with Laue's discovery is sketched. Online 20 December 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 68-76 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311037779 ] Scattering amplitudes and static atomic correction factors for the composition-sensitive 002 reflection in sphalerite ternary III-V and II-VI semiconductorsM. Schowalter, K. Müller and A. RosenauerSynopsis: Scattering amplitudes taking into account the redistribution of charge due to bonds and corresponding correction factors considering the effect of static atomic displacements were computed using density functional theory and the empirical Keating model for ternary III-V and II-VI semiconductors in different strain states. Polynomials were fitted to the scattering amplitudes and the correction factors as a function of the composition of the ternary semiconductors. Online 11 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 77-81 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311043145 ] Direct phasing from Patterson syntheses by recyclingJ. RiusSynopsis: A new direct-space variant of the direct methods origin-free Patterson (or modulus) sum function is introduced. In the presence of atomicity, its application reduces, for each phase refinement cycle, to a synthesis with E^{2} - <E^{2}> (or E - <E>) as Fourier coefficients followed by structure-factor calculation from the strongest peaks in the resulting map. Online 17 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 82-109 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311032454 ] The application of eigensymmetries of face forms to X-ray diffraction intensities of crystals twinned by `reticular merohedry'H. Klapper and Th. HahnSynopsis: Crystallographic face forms {hkl} are interpreted as sets of symmetry-equivalent X-ray reflections. Extending an earlier paper on twinning by merohedry [ = 1, Klapper & Hahn (2010). Acta Cryst. A66, 327-346], the eigensymmetry of these forms is used to derive general relations between the diffraction intensities of overlapping twin-related reflections. The following twins by reticular merohedry are treated: 3 twins of rhombohedral and cubic, 5 twins of tetragonal and 7 twins of hexagonal crystals. Online 24 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 110-116 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311037974 ] On QM/MM and MO/MO cluster calculations of all-atom anisotropic displacement parameters for molecules in crystal structuresB. Dittrich, S. Pfitzenreuter and C. B. HübschleSynopsis: A computationally efficient method to calculate anisotropic displacement parameters (ADPs) by QM/MM or MO/MO cluster calculations is described. Calculated ADPs are used in place of experimentally refined ADPs in three examples and provide a significant improvement over the isotropic description. Online 11 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 117-123 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311040281 ] Diffuse scattering in relaxor ferroelectrics: true three-dimensional mapping, experimental artefacts and modellingA. Bosak, D. Chernyshov, S. Vakhrushev and M. KrischSynopsis: Three-dimensional synchrotron diffuse scattering data for the prototypical ferroelectric relaxor are presented. A new parameterization of diffuse scattering in relaxors is given and a simple phenomenological picture is proposed to explain the unusual properties of the relaxor behaviour. Online 11 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 124-138 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311040104 ] Grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering: application to the study of quantum dot latticesM. Buljan, N. Radic, S. Bernstorff, G. Drazic, I. Bogdanovic-Radovic and V. HolýSynopsis: The modelling of grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) from three-dimensional quantum dot lattices is described. Online 11 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 139-147 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311042176 ] New version of the theoretical databank of transferable aspherical pseudoatoms, UBDB2011 - towards nucleic acid modellingK. N. Jarzembska and P. M. DominiakSynopsis: The extended theoretical databank of aspherical pseudoatoms (UBDB2011) and the related LSDB program are presented. The applicability of the databank to electrostatic energy estimation for chemical systems containing nucleic base and amino-acid fragments was extensively tested. Online 17 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 148-155 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311044874 ] X-ray diffraction from nonperiodic layered structures with correlations: analytical calculation and experiment on mixed Aurivillius filmsV. S. Kopp, V. M. Kaganer, J. Schwarzkopf, F. Waidick, T. Remmele, A. Kwasniewski and M. SchmidbauerSynopsis: X-ray diffraction from films consisting of layers with different thicknesses, structures and chemical contents is analysed. Online 24 November 2011 |
Acta Cryst. (2012). A68, 156-165 [ doi:10.1107/S0108767311044151 ] Charge transfer on the metallic atom-pair bond, and the crystal structures adopted by intermetallic compoundsT. Rajasekharan and V. SeshubaiSynopsis: The volume changes on alloying and the lattice parameters of intermetallic compounds are decided by the charge transfer on the metallic atom-pair bond. Online 30 November 2011 |
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