Acta Cryst. (2007). B63, 561-568 [ doi:10.1107/S0108768107022665 ]
Abstract: We have determined the structures of two phases of unsolvated Mg(BH4)2, a material of interest for hydrogen storage. One or both phases can be obtained depending on the synthesis conditions. The first, a hexagonal phase with space group P61, is stable below 453 K. Upon heating above that temperature it transforms to an orthorhombic phase, with space group Fddd, stable to 613 K at which point it decomposes with hydrogen release. Both phases consist of complex networks of corner-sharing tetrahedra consisting of a central Mg atom and four BH4 units. The high-temperature orthorhombic phase has a strong antisite disorder in the a lattice direction, which can be understood on the basis of atomic structure.
Keywords: hydrogen storage; antisite disorder; synchrotron powder diffraction.
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