Acta Cryst. (2012). B68, 34-39 [ doi:10.1107/S0108768111053493 ]
Abstract: Crystal structures of low- and high-temperature modifications of the binary phase Li2Zn3 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The low-temperature modification is a disordered variant of Li5Sn2, space group (No. 166). The high-temperature modification crystallizes as an anti-type to Li5Ga4, space group (No. 164). Two polymorphs can be described as derivative structures to binary Li5Ga4, Li5Sn2, Li13Sn5, Li8Pb3, CeCd2 and CdI2 phases which belong to class 2 with the parent W-type in Krypyakevich's classification. All atoms in both polymorphs are coordinated by rhombic dodecahedra (coordination number CN = 14) like atoms in related structures. The Li2Zn2.76 (for the low-temperature phase) and Li2Zn2.82 (for the high-temperature phase) compositions were obtained after structure refinements. According to electronic structure calculations using the tight-binding-linear muffin-tin orbital-atomic spheres approximations (TB-LMTO-ASA) method, strong covalent Sn-Sn and Ga-Ga interactions were established in Li5Sn2 and Li5Ga4, but no similar Zn-Zn interactions were observed in Li2Zn3.
Keywords: low- and high-temperature modifications; binary phase; single-crystal X-ray diffraction; polymorphism.
Structure factor file (CIF format) (9.4 kbytes)
Structure factor file (CIF format) (8.6 kbytes)
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