Acta Cryst. (2013). B69, 214-227 [ doi:10.1107/S2052519213001772 ]
Abstract: The monoclinic C2 crystal structure of an -cyclodextrin/1-undecanol host-guest inclusion complex was solved using single-crystal neutron diffraction. Large high-quality crystals were specially produced by optimizing temperature-controlled growth conditions. The hydrate crystallizes in a channel-type structure formed by head-to-head dimer units of -cyclodextrin molecules stacked like coins in a roll. The alkyl chain of the guest lipid is entirely embedded inside the tubular cavity delimited by the -cyclodextrin dimer and adopts an all-trans planar zigzag conformation, while the alcohol polar head group is outside close to the -cyclodextrin primary hydroxyl groups. The cyclodextrin dimer forms columns, which adopt a quasi-square arrangement much less compact than the quasi-hexagonal close packing already observed in the less hydrated -cyclodextrin channel-type structures usually found with similar linear guests. The lack of compactness of this crystal form is related to the high number of interstitial water molecules. The replacement of 1-undecanol by 1-decanol does not modify the overall crystal structure of the hydrate as shown by additional X-ray diffraction investigations comparing the two host-guest assemblies. This is the first study that analyses the entire hydrogen-bonding network involved in the formation of a cyclodextrin dimer surrounded by its shell of water molecules.
Keywords: cyclodextrin dimer; monoalkyl lipid; channel assembly; host-guest inclusion compound; hydrogen bonding; single-crystal neutron diffraction.
Structure factor file (CIF format) (635.6 kbytes)
Structure factor file (CIF format) (290.8 kbytes)
Structure factor file (CIF format) (281.7 kbytes)
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