Acta Crystallographica Section B

Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials

Volume 69, Part 3 (June 2013)

research papers

Acta Cryst. (2013). B69, 229-237    [ doi:10.1107/S2052519213010336 ]

Structural phase transition and related electronic properties in quasi-one-dimensional (NbSe4)10/3I

M. Zubko, J. Kusz, A. Prodan, S. Sturm, H. J. P. van Midden, J. C. Bennett, G. Dubin, E. Zupanic and H. Böhm

Abstract: The real crystal structure of the (NbSe4)10/3I charge density wave (CDW) compound is studied by simulation of the X-ray diffuse scattering. The average structure of the low-temperature twinned phase is determined and the phase transition is attributed to the formation of a CDW. The diffuse streaking, present in X-ray diffraction patterns above and below the transition at T = 282 K, is shown to be a projection of diffuse concentric rings perpendicular to the c* direction. The simulated patterns, based on a mismatch model between infinite NbSe4 chains, correlated by I atoms, are in good accordance with the experimental patterns. In addition to the experiments, the electronic properties of the high- and the low-temperature phases are calculated with the extended Hückel tight-binding method. The Fermi surfaces of the average structures above and below the phase transition appear very similar. Their shapes support a nesting instability and a CDW formation. The weak incommensurate CDW satellites, present below the phase transition, are at 100 K properly described by a modulation wavevector q = [0.06 (1), 0, 0.55 (1)].

Keywords: one-dimensional structures; charge density waves; diffuse scattering.

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[ doi:10.1107/S2052519213010336/wf5106sup4.pdf ]
Supplementary material contains additional figures of diffuse scattering and Nb chains in the superstructure cell


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