Acta Crystallographica Section C

Crystal Structure Communications

Volume 69, Part 9 (September 2013)

inorganic compounds

Acta Cryst. (2013). C69, 995-1001    [ doi:10.1107/S0108270113020921 ]

The tetragermanates A2Ge4O9 (A = Na, K and Rb)

G. J. Redhammer and G. Tippelt

Abstract: The crystal structures of three alkali tetragermanates A2Ge4O9 (A = Na, K and Rb) [namely disodium tetragermanate, Na2Ge4O9, dipotassium tetragermanate, K2Ge4O9, and dirubidium tetragermanate, Rb2Ge4O9] are trigonal (space group P\overline{3}c1). The main building units are a three-membered ring of tetrahedra, oriented within the (001) plane and forming tetrahedral sheets. These sheets are connected to each other by two different regular isolated GeO6 octahedra via corner-sharing to build up a tetrahedral-octahedral framework. The alkali cations are located in cavities within this framework and are sevenfold coordinated. The increasing size of the A-site cation is accommodated by twist deformations of the tetrahedral rings and alterations in the Ge-O-Ge angles. With increasing size of the A-site cation, both the tetrahedral and octahedral sites become more regular, with slightly decreasing <Ge-O> distances from Na2Ge4O9 to Rb2Ge4O9. This goes hand-in-hand with a more uniform distribution of bonds around the A-site cation. All these observations make Rb2Ge4O9 the most regular member of this A2Ge4O9 octahedral-tetrahedral framework structure series.

Formula: Na2Ge4O9, K2Ge4O9 and Rb2Ge4O9

Keywords: crystal structure; alkali tetragermanates; redetermination.

hkldisplay filedownload file

Structure factor file (CIF format) (45.0 kbytes)
[ doi:10.1107/S0108270113020921/fn3142Na2Ge4O9sup2.hkl ]
Contains datablock Na2Ge4O9

hkldisplay filedownload file

Structure factor file (CIF format) (49.9 kbytes)
[ doi:10.1107/S0108270113020921/fn3142K2Ge4O9sup3.hkl ]
Contains datablock K2Ge4O9

hkldisplay filedownload file

Structure factor file (CIF format) (53.0 kbytes)
[ doi:10.1107/S0108270113020921/fn3142Rb2Ge4O9sup4.hkl ]
Contains datablock Rb2Ge4O9


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