Acta Crystallographica Section C

Crystal Structure Communications

Volume 69, Part 12 (December 2013)


interplay of crystallography, spectroscopy and theoretical methods for solving chemical problems



Acta Cryst. (2013). C69, 1437-1447    [ doi:10.1107/S0108270113030692 ]

Structure, magnetism and colour in simple bis­(phosphine)nickel(II) dihalide complexes: an experimental and theoretical investigation

M. Schultz, P.-N. Plessow, F. Rominger and L. Weigel

Abstract: The complex [1,2-bis­(di-tert-butyl­phosphan­yl)ethane-[kappa]2P,P']di­iodido­nickel(II), [NiI2(C18H40P2] or (dtbpe-[kappa]2P)NiI2, [dtbpe is 1,2-bis­(di-tert-butyl­phosphan­yl)ethane], is bright blue-green in the solid state and in solution, but, contrary to the structure predicted for a blue or green nickel(II) bis­(phos­phine) complex, it is found to be close to square planar in the solid state. The solution structure is deduced to be similar, because the optical spectra measured in solution and in the solid state contain similar absorptions. In solution at room temperature, no 31P{1H} NMR resonance is observed, but the very small solid-state magnetic moment at temperatures down to 4 K indicates that the weak paramagnetism of this nickel(II) complex can be ascribed to temperature independent paramagnetism, and that the complex has no unpaired electrons. The red [1,2-bis­(di-tert-butyl­phosphan­yl)ethane-[kappa]2P,P']di­chlorido­nickel(II), [NiCl2(C18H40P2] or (dtbpe-[kappa]2P)NiCl2, is very close to square planar and very weakly paramagnetic in the solid state and in solution, while the maroon [1,2-bis­(di-tert-butyl­phosphan­yl)ethane-[kappa]2P,P']di­bromido­nickel(II), [NiBr2(C18H40P2] or (dtbpe-[kappa]2P)NiBr2, is isostructural with the diiodide in the solid state, and displays paramagnetism inter­mediate between that of the dichloride and the diiodide in the solid state and in solution. Density functional calculations demonstrate that distortion from an ideal square plane for these complexes occurs on a flat potential energy surface. The calculations reproduce the observed structures and colours, and explain the trends observed for these and similar complexes. Although theoretical investigation identified magnetic-dipole-allowed excitations that are characteristic for temperature-independent paramagnetism (TIP), theory predicts the mol­ecules to be diamagnetic.

CCDC references: 939496, 939497, 939498, 939499 and 939500

Formula: [NiCl2(C18H40P2)]·2CHCl3 and four related compounds

Keywords: magnetic properties; UV-Vis spectroscopy; X-ray diffraction; phosphane ligands; density functional calculations; temperature-independent paramagnetism; crystal structure.


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