Acta Crystallographica Section D

Biological Crystallography

Volume 69, Part 4 (April 2013)

research papers

Acta Cryst. (2013). D69, 642-647    [ doi:10.1107/S0907444913001005 ]

The structure of brazzein, a sweet-tasting protein from the wild African plant Pentadiplandra brazzeana

K. Nagata, N. Hongo, Y. Kameda, A. Yamamura, H. Sasaki, W. C. Lee, K. Ishikawa, E. Suzuki and M. Tanokura

Abstract: Brazzein is the smallest sweet-tasting protein and was isolated from the wild African plant Pentadiplandra brazzeana. The brazzein molecule consists of 54 amino-acid residues and four disulfide bonds. Here, the first crystal structure of brazzein is reported at 1.8 Å resolution and is compared with previously reported solution structures. Despite the overall structural similarity, there are several remarkable differences between the crystal and solution structures both in their backbone folds and side-chain conformations. Firstly, there is an additional [alpha]-­helix in the crystal structure. Secondly, the atomic r.m.s.d.s between the corresponding C[alpha]-atom pairs are as large as 2.0-2.2 Å between the crystal and solution structures. Thirdly, the crystal structure exhibits a molecular shape that is similar but not identical to the solution structures. The crystal structure of brazzein reported here will provide additional information and further insights into the intermolecular interaction of brazzein with the sweet-taste receptor.

PDB reference: 4he7

Keywords: active sites; brazzein; crystal structure; solution structure; sweetness.

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[ doi:10.1107/S0907444913001005/mh5080sup1.pdf ]
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