Acta Cryst. (2013). D69, 804-811 [ doi:10.1107/S0907444913002096 ]
Abstract: Phosphoserine aminotransferase is a vitamin B6-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversion of 3-phosphohydroxypyruvate to L-phosphoserine using glutamate as an amine donor. In an effort to gain insight into the substrate-recognition mechanism of the enzyme, crystal structures of Bacillus alcalophilus phosphoserine aminotransferase in the presence or absence of L-phosphoserine were determined to resolutions of 1.5 and 1.6 Å, respectively. Local conformational changes induced upon substrate binding were identified. However, in contrast to other aminotransferases, no domain or subunit movements were observed. Two Arg residues (Arg42 and Arg328) and two His residues (His41 and His327) were found to form a tight binding site for the phosphate group of L-phosphoserine. Comparison with Escherichia coli phosphoserine aminotransferase in complex with the substrate analogue -methylglutamate revealed more extensive structural changes in the case of L-phosphoserine binding. Based on the structural analysis, the flexibility of Arg328 is proposed to be critical for substrate recognition.
PDB references: 4azj and 4azk
Keywords: phosphoserine aminotransferase; Bacillus alcalophilus; L-phosphoserine.
Portable Document Format (PDF) file (188.7 kbytes)
To open or display or play some files, you may need to set your browser up to use the appropriate software. See the full list of file types for an explanation of the different file types and their related mime types and, where available links to sites from where the appropriate software may be obtained.
The download button will force most browsers to prompt for a file name to store the data on your hard disk.
Where possible, images are represented by thumbnails.
Copyright © International Union of Crystallography