Acta Cryst. (2014). D70, 299-309 [ doi:10.1107/S139900471302693X ]
Abstract: The Mre11 complex comprising meiotic recombination 11 (Mre11), Rad50 and Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (Nbs1) plays multiple important roles in the sensing, processing and repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Here, crystal structures of the Escherichia coli Mre11 homologue SbcD and its Mn2+ complex are reported. Dimerization of SbcD depends on a four-helix bundle consisting of helices 2, 3, 2' and 3' of the two monomers, and the irregular and bent conformation of helices 3 and 3' in the SbcD dimer results in a dimeric arrangement that differs from those of previously reported Mre11 dimers. This finding indicates a distinct selectivity in DNA substrate recognition. The biochemical data combined with the crystal structures revealed that the SbcD monomer exhibits single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) endonuclease activity and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) exonuclease activity on the addition of a high concentration of Mn2+. For the first time, atomic force microscopy analysis has been used to demonstrate that the SbcD monomer also possesses Mn2+-dependent dsDNA endonuclease activity. Loop 7-6 of SbcD is likely to be a molecular switch and plays an important role in the regulation of substrate binding, catalytic reaction and state transitions. Based on structural and mutational analyses, a novel ssDNA-binding model of SbcD is proposed, providing insight into the catalytic mechanism of DSBs repair by the Mre11 complex.
PDB references: 4lty and 4m0v
Keywords: DSBs repair; Mre11 protein; Mn2+-dependent nucleases.
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