Received 23 January 2012
The title compound, C15H16O, crystallizes with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Due to the space-group symmetry, this results in the formation of a tetramer where the four molecules are connected by O-HO hydrogen bonds. The molecules pack parallel to the c axis. Both molecules in the asymmetric unit are nonplanar and the dihedral angles between connected aromatic rings in each molecule are 7.96 (12) and 9.75 (13)°. This contrasts with the gas phase density functional theory (DFT) optimized conformation, where this dihedral angle is 39.33°.
For some previous studies of biphenyl derivitives, see: Britton & Gleason (1991); Britton & Young (2003); Brock (1980); Brock & Haller (1980); Mohamed et al. (2003). For details of GAUSSIAN03, see: Frisch et al. (2003).
Data collection: SMART (Bruker, 2001); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2001); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL and SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008); molecular graphics: ORTEP-3 for Windows (Farrugia, 1997), Mercury (Macrae et al., 2008) and POV-RAY (Cason, 2004); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXL97 and PLATON (Spek, 2009).
Supplementary data and figures for this paper are available from the IUCr electronic archives (Reference: ZQ2152 ).
The authors thank the University of Pretoria for financial support.
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