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Acta Cryst. (2013). E69, m7-m8
[ doi:10.1107/S1600536812048672 ]

Potassium (1R,4R,5S,8S)-4,5,8-trihydroxy-3-oxo-2,6-dioxabicyclo[3.3.0]octane-4-sulfonate dihydrate

A. H. Haines and D. L. Hughes

Abstract: The title salt, K+·C6H7O9S-·2H2O, formed by reaction of dehydro-L-ascorbic acid with potassium hydrogen sulfite in water, crystallizes as colourless plates. The potassium ion is coordinated by eight O atoms arising from hydroxy or sulfonate groups. The sulfonate group is bonded to the C atom neighbouring that of the lactone carbonyl group. As is commonly observed in crystalline L-ascorbic acid derivatives, the O atom of the primary hydroxy group is linked to the second C atom from the lactone C atom, forming a hemi-acetal function, thereby creating a bicyclic system of two fused five-membered rings, both of which have envelope conformations with one of the shared C atoms as the flap. Addition of the sulfur nucleophile occurs from the less hindered face. One of the two independent lattice water molecules has hydrogen bonds to sulfonate O atoms of two different anions and is the acceptor of bonds from hydroxy groups of two further anions; the second lattice water molecule donates to the carbonyl and a hydroxy O atom in different anions, and accepts from a hydroxy O atom in a further anion. Thus, through K-O coordination and hydrogen bonds, the potassium cations, sulfonate anions and water molecules are linked in a three-dimensional network.

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