Acta Crystallographica Section E

Structure Reports Online

Volume 69, Part 5 (May 2013)

inorganic compounds

Acta Cryst. (2013). E69, i30-i31    [ doi:10.1107/S1600536813010921 ]

Trilithium thio­arsenate octa­hydrate

K. Mereiter

Abstract: The title compound, Li3AsS4·8H2O, is built up from infinite cationic [Li3(H2O)8]3+ chains which extend along [001] and are cross-linked by isolated tetra­hedral AsS43- anions via O-H...S hydrogen bonds. Two Li and two As atoms lie on special positions with site symmetries -1 (1 × Li) and 2 (1 × Li and 2 × As). The [Li3(H2O)8]3+ chain contains four independent Li atoms of which two are in octa­hedral and two in tetra­hedral coordination by water O atoms. An outstanding feature of this chain is a linear group of three edge-sharing LiO6 octa­hedra to both ends of which two LiO4 tetra­hedra are attached by face-sharing. Such groups of composition Li5O16 are linked into branched chains by means of a further LiO4 tetra­hedron sharing vertices with four adjacent LiO6 octa­hedra. The Li-O bonds range from 1.876 (5) to 2.054 (6) Å for the LiO4 tetra­hedra and from 2.026 (5) to 2.319 (5) Å for the LiO6 octa­hedra. The two independent AsS43- anions have As-S bond lengths ranging from 2.1482 (6) to 2.1677 (6) Å [ = 2.161 (10) Å]. The eight independent water mol­ecules of the structure donate 16 relatively straight O-H...S hydrogen bonds to all S atoms of the AsS4 tetra­hedra [S> = 3.295 (92) Å]. Seven water mol­ecules are in distorted tetra­hedral coordination by two Li and two S; one water mol­ecule has a flat pyramidal coordination by one Li and two S. At variance with related compounds like Schlippe's salt, Na3SbS4·9H2O, there are neither alkali-sulfur bonds nor O-H...O hydrogen bonds in the structure.

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