Journal of Applied Crystallography

Volume 35, Part 2 (April 2002)



[Issue Author Index][Volume Author Index]
[Cover illustration] Cover illustration: The crystal structure of titanite, CaTiOSiO4, viewed down the direction of the octahedral TiO6 chains. The full green lines indicate a unit cell of the two-dimensional Ising model, used to predict diffuse scattering intensity observable in layers normal to the chain direction. Ti atoms are shown in green, Ca in light grey, O in blue. The thinner red lines are Si-O bonds, the thick red lines Ti-O1 bonds. Courtesy of T. Malcherek, C. Paulmann, M. C. Domeneghetti & U. Bismayer [J. Appl. Cryst. (2001), 34, 108-113].

research papers


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 155-162  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801020507 ]

A comparative study of single-line and Rietveld strain-size evaluation procedures using MgO ceramics

S. Pratapa, B. O'Connor and B. Hunter

Synopsis: Strain-size evaluations from diffraction line broadening for MgO ceramic materials, sintered under various conditions, have been compared using single-line integral-breadth and Rietveld procedures with the Voigt function. X-ray and neutron diffraction data produce similar strain values but markedly different size estimates.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 163-167  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021628 ]

Waveguide-enhanced scattering from thin biomolecular films

F. Pfeiffer, U. Mennicke and T. Salditt

Synopsis: Shining a highly brilliant X-ray beam onto a thin-metal-cap-layer/lipid-bilayers/silicon-substrate system, resonantly enhanced, precisely defined and clearly distinguishable standing-wavefield distributions (modes) are excited. The in-plane structure of the acyl chain ordering is then studied by grazing incidence diffraction under simultaneously excited modes.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 168-174  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000249 ]

The derivation of non-merohedral twin laws during refinement by analysis of poorly fitting intensity data and the refinement of non-merohedrally twinned crystal structures in the program CRYSTALS

R. I. Cooper, R. O. Gould, S. Parsons and D. J. Watkin

Synopsis: The program ROTAX derives non-merohedral twin laws by identifying poorly fitting data during refinement and by transforming their indices by rotations or roto-inversions about possible direct- and reciprocal-lattice directions. Operations that transform these indices to integers are identified as possible twin laws.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 175-181  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021574 ]

Mallard's law recast as a Diophantine system: fast and complete enumeration of possible twin laws by [reticular] [pseudo] merohedry

Y. Le Page

Synopsis: The old baffling problem of enumerating all twin laws that are compatible with Mallard's law within given maximum twin index and maximum obliquity knowing the cell data is recast as a Diophantine system of an equality and an inequality. A novel, complete and programmable solution is detailed.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 182-184  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021689 ]

Real-space technique applied to crystal structure determination from powder data

A. Altomare, C. Cuocci, C. Giacovazzo, A. Guagliardi, A. G. G. Moliterni and R. Rizzi

Synopsis: Real-space techniques used in ab initio crystal structure solution of proteins have been optimized for powder diffraction data.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 185-190  [ doi:10.1107/S002188980200016X ]

A new view of conoscopic illumination of optically active crystals

M. A. Geday and A. M. Glazer

Synopsis: Conoscopic illumination is used in a microscope equipped with a rotating polarizer-circular analyser system and monochromatic light, and the resulting interference pattern is separated into its constituent parts. When the technique is applied to an optically active uniaxial crystal, the so-called Airy's spiral is revealed with high sensitivity, enabling the optical rotation of the crystal to be determined unambiguously.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 191-195  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000109 ]

Parallel processing for Rietveld refinement

T. R. Zeitler and B. H. Toby

Synopsis: A description of how to use parallel processing for Rietveld refinement is presented, along with a GSAS implementation.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 196-206  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000481 ]

Use of polycapillary X-ray lenses in the X-ray diffraction measurement of texture

U. Welzel and M. Leoni

Synopsis: This paper discusses instrumental aberrations of X-ray diffraction texture (pole figure) measurements conducted in quasi-parallel-beam geometry using a polycapillary X-ray lens. Correction procedures are proposed.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 207-211  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000493 ]

High-dynamic range SAXS data acquisition with an X-ray image intensifier

D. Pontoni, T. Narayanan and A. R. Rennie

Synopsis: A pinhole high-brilliance SAXS camera with an integrating area detector, based on an X-ray image intensifier that is lens-coupled to a CCD camera, has been used for the acquisition of data over a wide dynamic range of intensity. A correction procedure for the long tail of the point spread function of the detector is presented.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 212-219  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000511 ]

Ab initio structure determination of triphenyl phosphite by powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction

O. Hernandez, A. Hédoux, J. Lefebvre, Y. Guinet, M. Descamps, R. Papoular and O. Masson

Synopsis: The crystal structure of the glass-forming molecular liquid triphenyl phosphite [TPP, P(OC6H5)3)] has been solved ab initio at 110 K from powder synchrotron X-ray diffraction data by real-space methods (simulated annealing) followed by rigid-body Rietveld refinements. The hitherto unknown topological features of crystalline TPP, including unusual intermolecular weak C-H...O hydrogen-bonding networks, are presented and discussed in the scope of the `glacial state' problem.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 220-227  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000584 ]

Background subtraction and moments of the microscopic density fluctuation

R. Sobry and S. Ciccariello

Synopsis: The parameters that determine the background contribution in the Porod region are related to the moments of the microscopic density fluctuation.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 228-232  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802000778 ]

Temperature-dependent gyration tensor of LiIO3 single crystal using the high-accuracy universal polarimeter

J. Herreros-Cedrés, C. Hernández-Rodríguez and R. Guerrero-Lemus

Synopsis: The temperature dependence of the gyration coefficients of LiIO3 in the presence of multiple reflections has been measured by using the HAUP technique.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 233-242  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802001280 ]

Crystal structures of the relaxor oxide Pb2(ScTa)O6 in the paraelectric and ferroelectric states

P. M. Woodward and K. Z. Baba-Kishi

Synopsis: The crystal structure of the relaxor ferroelectric Pb2ScTaO6 has been refined from high-resolution neutron time-of-flight powder diffraction data recorded at various temperatures from 4 to 400 K.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 243-252  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802001759 ]

The application of structure envelopes in structure determination from powder diffraction data

S. Brenner, L. B. McCusker and C. Baerlocher

Synopsis: To facilitate structure solution from powder diffraction data, a structure-envelope option has been implemented in the programs FOCUS (for zeolite framework structures) and Safe (for molecular compounds). The latter allowed the structure of a complex tri-[beta]-peptide with 17 variable torsion angles to be solved.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 253-260  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802001838 ]

Automatic indexing of area-detector data of periodic and aperiodic crystals

K. Pilz, M. Estermann and S. van Smaalen

Synopsis: A method that generates an indexing of area-detector data using a minimum set of reciprocal basis vectors is described and has been implemented in the computer program BAYINDEX. Data of periodic crystals are indexed with three reciprocal basis vectors; data of aperiodic crystals are indexed with four or more reciprocal basis vectors.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 261-266  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802002509 ]

Phasing possibilities using different wavelengths with a xenon derivative

S. Panjikar and P. A. Tucker

Synopsis: Various phasing procedures for xenon-derivatized porcine pancreatic elastase, using data sets measured at three wavelengths, easily accessible on tunable synchrotron beamlines, have been investigated. The importance of highly redundant data in measuring precise anomalous differences is demonstrated and it is shown that, in this case, a single isomorphous replacement anomalous scattering (SIRAS) procedure yields a better phase set than those generated by single anomalous scattering (SAS) or multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) procedures.

Online 22 March 2002


short communications


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 267-269  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021203 ]

On the intrinsic hook effect associated with pseudo-Voigt profiles

P. Dasgupta

Synopsis: An intrinsic hook effect was always found to be associated with pseudo-Voigt (p-V) profiles when [eta] was less than 0.328 and the FWHM was small (~0.02°), where [eta] is the fraction of the Cauchy component and FWHM is the full width at half-maximum. The applicability of the Warren-Averbach (WA) analysis for the case of p-V profiles was thoroughly studied and it was found that a p-V profile with [eta] values ranging from 0 to 1 can be safely subjected to WA analysis, provided that the FWHM of the profile is large enough (2w [asymptotically equal to] 0.378°).

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 270-273  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021331 ]

Optical monitoring of freeze-trapped reaction intermediates in protein crystals: a microspectrophotometer for cryogenic protein crystallography

K. Sakai, Y. Matsui, T. Kouyama, Y. Shiro and S. Adachi

Synopsis: A microspectrophotometer for cryogenic protein crystallography capable of measuring visible absorption spectra of a single crystal at an optical density of up to 5 is described.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 274-277  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889801021537 ]

Assessment of preferred orientation with neutron powder diffraction data

H. Sitepu

Synopsis: The March model and the generalized spherical harmonic description for modelling preferred orientation with pressed molybdite and calcite neutron powder diffraction data, with reference to the reliability of the formulations and their use in correcting intensities for texture bias, are presented.

Online 22 March 2002


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 278-281  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802001474 ]

An approach to rapid protein crystallization using nanodroplets

B. D. Santarsiero, D. T. Yegian, C. C. Lee, G. Spraggon, J. Gu, D. Scheibe, D. C. Uber, E. W. Cornell, R. A. Nordmeyer, W. F. Kolbe, J. Jin, A. L. Jones, J. M. Jaklevic, P. G. Schultz and R. C. Stevens

Synopsis: A method is proposed and preliminary experiments are described for obtaining diffraction-quality macromolecular crystals from nanodroplet crystallization trials. The usual screening process is reduced with respect to the cost, the amount of sample needed, and the time required for crystal growth, greatly contributing to the acceleration of the protein structure determination process.

Online 22 March 2002


computer programs


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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 282-286  [ doi:10.1107/S002188980200050X ]

ENIGMA: maximum-entropy method program package for huge systems

H. Tanaka, M. Takata, E. Nishibori, K. Kato, T. Iishi and M. Sakata

Synopsis: A maximum-entropy analysis program for huge systems, employing parallel data processing and fast Fourier transforms, is presented.

Online 22 March 2002


computer program abstracts


 

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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 287  [ doi:10.1107/S002188980200417X ]

EP - a program for determination of crystallite orientations from TEM Kikuchi and CBED diffraction patterns

A. Morawiec, J.-J. Fundenberger, E. Bouzy and J.-S. Lecomte

Synopsis: A program for automatic indexing of TEM Kikuchi and CBED diffraction patterns and determination of crystallite orientations is described.

Online 22 March 2002


addenda and errata


 

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J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 288  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889802001772 ]

Anisotropic diffraction peak broadening and dislocation substructure in hydrogen-cycled LaNi5 and substitutional derivatives. Erratum

R. Cerný, J.-M. Joubert, M. Latroche, A. Percheron-Guégan and K. Yvon

Synopsis: Erratum to J. Appl. Cryst. (2000), 33, 997-1005.

Online 22 March 2002


 

J. Appl. Cryst. (2002). 35, 289-290

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