Journal of Applied Crystallography

Volume 38, Part 6 (December 2005)



[Issue Author Index][Volume Author Index]
[Cover illustration] Cover illustration: Secondary electron image of a crystalline iron ore sinter phase, produced by heating to 1533 K and then cooling. Courtesy of N. V. Y. Scarlett, I. C. Madsen, M. I. Pownceby & A. N. Christensen [J. Appl. Cryst. (2004), 37, 362-368].

research papers


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 861-866  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805023484 ]

New similarity index for crystal structure determination from X-ray powder diagrams

D. W. M. Hofmann and L. Kuleshova

Synopsis: A new similarity index for comparison of powder diagrams is introduced. It is applied for crystal structure determination by consecutive crystal structure prediction and refinement in cases of overlapping peaks and large deviations in the cell constants.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 867-873  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805025343 ]

Synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the tetragonal-cubic phase boundary of nanocrystalline ZrO2-CeO2 synthesized by a gel-combustion process

D. G. Lamas, R. O. Fuentes, I. O. Fábregas, M. E. Fernández de Rapp, G. E. Lascalea, J. R. Casanova, N. E. Walsöe de Reca and A. F. Craievich

Synopsis: The crystal structures of compositionally homogeneous, nanocrystalline ZrO2-CeO2 powders, synthesized by a pH-controlled nitrate-glycine gel-combustion process, were studied by synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The use of a high-intensity synchrotron source allowed distinction between the metastable forms of the tetragonal phase from the cubic phase and determination of the compositional boundary between them.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version][Supplementary Material]  [Open access]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 874-887  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805026191 ]

A global multi-technique approach to study low-resolution solution structures

M. Nöllmann, W. M. Stark and O. Byron

Synopsis: An approach is presented in which several biophysical solution techniques, such as small-angle scattering, sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation and fluorescence resonance energy transfer, are employed to find the low-resolution structure of a macromolecular complex using generalized rigid-body modelling.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 888-899  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805026476 ]

Crystalline microstructure of sepiolite influenced by grinding

M. A. Kojdecki, J. Bastida, P. Pardo and P. Amorós

Synopsis: The crystalline microstructure of sepiolite ground for different times in a vibrating cup mill is characterized by prevalent crystallite shape, volume-weighted crystallite size distribution and second-order crystalline lattice strain distribution determined from X-ray diffraction patterns. These characteristics, which are dependent on grinding time, are in good agreement with those obtained via measurements of specific surface by nitrogen absorption and analysis of field emission scanning electron microscope images.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 900-905  [ doi:10.1107/S002188980502649X ]

In situ data collection and structure refinement from microcapillary protein crystallization

M. K. Yadav, C. J. Gerdts, R. Sanishvili, W. W. Smith, L. S. Roach, R. F. Ismagilov, P. Kuhn and R. C. Stevens

Synopsis: In order to decrease the time and increase the efficiency from protein crystallization hits to refined atomic models, protocols for in situ X-ray data collection from crystals grown by `microcapillary' protein crystallization techniques are being developed, through which appropriate capillary materials and fluorocarbon oils are suggested on the basis of minimizing background X-ray scattering. The methodology eliminates the need for crystal handling, cryocooling and mounting, and reduces the volume of consumed protein solution by tenfold relative to the currently available protein crystallization tools.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 906-911  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805026774 ]

Solving centrosymmetrical zeolites from powder diffraction data by combining the direct-methods origin-free modulus sum function with the isomorphous replacement technique. X

J. Rius-Palleiro, I. Peral, I. Margiolaki and X. Torrelles

Synopsis: A new two-stage direct-methods procedure for solving crystal structures of centrosymmetrical zeolites is described that uses the powder patterns of the `as made' and `calcined' zeolites. Its viability is illustrated using the novel complex zeolite ITQ-32, containing nine Si atoms in the asymmetric unit.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 912-926  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805027202 ]

Dislocation densities and crystallite size distributions in nanocrystalline ball-milled fluorides, MF2 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba and Cd), determined by X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis

G. Ribárik, N. Audebrand, H. Palancher, T. Ungár and D. Louër

Synopsis: The dislocation densities and crystallite size distributions in ball-milled fluorides have been determined by X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis. In some cases, an interference effect similar to that described previously has been observed and in those cases the effect has been corrected for during the evaluation procedure.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 927-933  [ doi:10.1107/S002188980502813X ]

Pressure acid leaching of nickel laterite ores: an in situ diffraction study of the mechanism and rate of reaction

I. C. Madsen, N. V. Y. Scarlett and B. I. Whittington

Synopsis: This paper outlines the use of an innovative system for the in situ investigation of hydrothermal reactions by X-ray diffraction. The in situ technique described in this paper allows the direct observation of kieserite formation during pressure acid leaching of saprolite at 493 K and its dissolution upon cooling to ambient temperature.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 934-944  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805028190 ]

Time-of-flight neutron transmission of mosaic crystals

J. R. Santisteban

Synopsis: The dips appearing in the neutron spectrum transmitted by a mosaic crystal are used to define the crystal orientation and the mosaicity of the sample. The evolution of both parameters for a Cu monochromator loaded in tension along the [110] direction is reported.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 945-950  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805028049 ]

A possible additional role of mineral oil in successful flash cooling

L. Gakhar and J. M. Wiencek

Synopsis: The use of mineral oil to improve cooling rates during flash cooling by liquid nitrogen is discussed with relevance to macromolecular crystallography.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 951-957  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805029031 ]

Microstructure characterization of nanocrystalline ZrSiO4 synthesized by ball-milling and high-temperature annealing

S. K. Pradhan and M. Sinha

Synopsis: Microstructure characterization and phase transformation kinetics of a high-energy ball-milled and post-annealed stoichiometric (1:1 mol%) m-ZrO2 and amorphous (a-) SiO2 powder mixture have been investigated by Rietveld analysis of X-ray powder diffraction data.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 958-963  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805029985 ]

Effects of torsions on the integrated intensity of diffracted X-rays from silicon crystals

T. Saka

Synopsis: The effects of torsions on the integrated intensity of X-rays diffracted from a silicon specimen were investigated when the specimen was set vertically under the symmetrical Laue condition and rotated around the scattering vector.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 964-974  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805030256 ]

Conceptual design of a macromolecular neutron diffractometer (MaNDi) for the SNS

A. J. Schultz, P. Thiyagarajan, J. P. Hodges, C. Rehm, D. A. A. Myles, P. Langan and A. D. Mesecar

Synopsis: A time-of-flight Laue neutron macromolecular diffractometer (MaNDi) has been designed for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) that is under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Calculations and simulations predict that MaNDi can provide 10-50-fold gains in performance compared with current facilities.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 975-978  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805030906 ]

Periodic transition of microcrystals on the host (110) face of KLu(WO4)2 crystals

K. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Wang, W. Yu, H. Zhang and Z. Wang

Synopsis: Periodic transitions of microcrystal morphologies have been observed on the (110) face of laser-active KLu(WO4)2 crystals at a high supersaturation. The morphologies of the three microcrystals have a 180° rotation relationship, indicating that periodic transition occurs during the process of crystal growth.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 979-987  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805031584 ]

A refractive focusing lens system for small-angle neutron scattering

D. F. R. Mildner, B. Hammouda and S. R. Kline

Synopsis: Neutron optics measurements using converging lenses indicate the variation in the breadth of focused beams as a function of wavelength. Off-axis incidence enables a partial offset of the effects of gravity.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 988-995  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805031572 ]

Screening and optimization of protein crystallization conditions through gradual evaporation using a novel crystallization platform

S. Talreja, D. Y. Kim, A. Y. Mirarefi, C. F. Zukoski and P. J. A. Kenis

Synopsis: A method to identify and optimize protein crystallization conditions is described, in which gradual desiccation of protein-containing droplets ensures a phase transition, and the nature of the resulting solid phase is used to guide the identification of crystallization conditions. The number, quality, and size of the resulting protein crystals is shown to depend significantly on the rate of increase in protein concentration, a key variable in the method described.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 996-1003  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805032115 ]

The spatial structure of dendritic macromolecules

A. N. Ozerin, D. I. Svergun, V. V. Volkov, A. I. Kuklin, V. I. Gordelyi, A. Kh. Islamov, L. A. Ozerina and D. S. Zavorotnyuk

Synopsis: Low-resolution shapes of polycarbosilane dendrimers with the three-functional and the four-functional branching centre reconstructed ab initio from small-angle scattering data reveal anisometric structures permeable to the solvent.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1004-1011  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805032103 ]

Design and performance of a thermal-neutron double-crystal diffractometer for USANS at NIST

J. G. Barker, C. J. Glinka, J. J. Moyer, M. H. Kim, A. R. Drews and M. Agamalian

Synopsis: The design and performance of an ultra-high-resolution small-angle neutron scattering (USANS) double-crystal diffractometer is described. Particular emphasis is placed on features that both maximize beam intensity and minimize detector background.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1012-1019  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805029365 ]

Patterns of ferroelectric domains in LiNbO3 crystals characterized by X-ray topography

M. González-Mañas, B. Vallejo and M. A. Caballero

Synopsis: A complex pattern of opposite and antiparallel periodic poled domains in LiNbO3 single crystals has been studied by X-ray topography. The antiparallel periodic poled domains appear in alternating crescent-shape domains where the measured Li/Nb ratio is higher.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1020-1027  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805031948 ]

Exact model calculations of the total radial distribution functions for the X-ray diffraction case and systems of complicated chemical composition

V. I. Korsunskiy and R. B. Neder

Synopsis: A method is presented that allows the exact calculation of the radial distribution function for the X-ray case. Special consideration is given to nanoparticle models for which not all interatomic distances can be defined accurately.

Online 12 November 2005


short communications


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version][CIF][3d view]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1028-1030  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805026038 ]

A systematic topological search for the framework of ZSM-10

M. D. Foster, M. M. J. Treacy, J. B. Higgins, I. Rivin, E. Balkovsky and K. H. Randall

Synopsis: The application of a new technique for zeolite framework structure solution is described that exhaustively enumerates every possible topology consistent with known unit-cell dimensions and space-group symmetry.

Online 12 November 2005


laboratory notes


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1031-1034  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805028888 ]

UV microscopy at 280 nm is effective in screening for the growth of protein microcrystals

C. S. Lunde, S. Rouhani, J. P. Remis, S. E. Ruzin, J. A. Ernst and R. M. Glaeser

Synopsis: This paper describes the relatively simple modification of a light microscope to operate with ultraviolet-based optics. Using a 280 nm UV illumination source, protein microcrystals are readily visualized in gels made from hydrated bilayers of phospholipids.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1035-1037  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805029201 ]

Upgrade of the 32 m small-angle neutron scattering instrument SANS-U

S. Okabe, M. Nagao, T. Karino, S. Watanabe, T. Adachi, H. Shimizu and M. Shibayama

Synopsis: The upgrades of SANS-U at the JRR-3M research reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute include (i) replacement of the two-dimensional area detector by a multi-wire type position-sensitive proportional counter, (ii) renewal of the operating system from a VAX and sequencers to an integrated PXI system controlled by LabVIEW-RT software, (iii) a focusing collimation system, and (iv) a variety of accessory equipment.

Online 12 November 2005


thumbnail of article figure

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Open access]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1038-1039  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805029754 ]

An examination of the thermal expansion of urea using high-resolution variable-temperature X-ray powder diffraction

R. Hammond, K. Pencheva, K. J. Roberts, P. Mougin and D. Wilkinson

Synopsis: Variable-temperature high-resolution capillary-mode powder X-ray diffraction is used to assess changes in unit-cell dimensions as a function of temperature over the range 188-328 K.

Online 12 November 2005


computer program abstracts


 

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Buy article online]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1040-1041  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805030232 ]

CMPR - a powder diffraction toolkit

B. H. Toby

Synopsis: The CMPR program is a platform-independent package of tools for visualizing and manipulating powder diffraction data.

Online 12 November 2005


book reviews


 

[HTML version][PDF version]  [Open access]

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1042-1043  [ doi:10.1107/S0021889805026622 ]

Orientations and rotations: computations in crystallographic textures

Online 12 November 2005


 

J. Appl. Cryst. (2005). 38, 1044-1045

forthcoming meetings and short courses


Copyright © International Union of Crystallography
IUCr Webmaster