Journal of Synchrotron Radiation

Volume 20, Part 6 (November 2013)

diffraction structural biology

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2013). 20, 829-833    [ doi:10.1107/S0909049513022188 ]

U-shape rotating anti-cathode compact X-ray generator: 20 times stronger than the commercially available X-ray source

N. Sakabe, K. Sakabe, S. Ohsawa, T. Sakai, H. Kobayakawa, T. Sugimura, M. Ikeda, M. Tawada, N. Watanabe, K. Sasaki and M. Wakatsuki

Abstract: A new type of U-shape anti-cathode X-ray generator in which the inner surface of a cylindrical target is irradiated by an electron beam has been made by modifying a conventional rotating anti-cathode X-ray generator whose brightness in the catalog is 12 kW mm-2. The target material (Cu), target radius (50 mm) and rotating speed (6000 r.p.m.) were not changed in this modification. A brightness of 52 kW mm-2 was obtained by this U-shape-type X-ray generator. This means that the brightness of the new type is 4.3 times greater than that of the old unmodified one. Furthermore, the new-type X-ray generator yielded a brightness of 129 kW mm-2 by adding a carbon coating on the Cu target. This means an overall increase of brightness of ten times. The original generator has the highest brightness in the generators of the same class (having a radius of 50 mm and rotation speed of 6000 r.p.m.). Observations showed that Cu K[alpha] counts at vertical incidence of the electron beam onto the surface of the new target, which is initially optically smooth, decrease as the surface is roughened by a severe thermal stress caused by strong electron beam exposure. Further observation reveals, however, that oblique incidence of the electron beam onto the roughened surface drastically increased the X-ray output and amounts to twice as much as that from a smooth surface at vertical incidence. Thus, at the present stage, an overall increase of brightness has been realised at a level 20 times stronger than that of the original commercially offered X-ray generator that we modified.

Keywords: X-ray generator; high-brightness X-ray generator; compact X-ray generator; U-shape anti-cathode in X-ray generator.

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