Download citation
Download citation
link to html
Even though there has been a lot of studies on the magnetic properties of FexTiS2 and their corresponding atomic structures at different Fe concentrations, the dependency of the properties on the Fe atomic arrangement has not been fully clarified yet. In this study, FexTiS2 structures, synthesized by chemical vapor transport technique at Fe concentrations of 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 0.25 and 0.33, were observed three-dimensionally using a transmission electron microscope and their corresponding magnetization values were measured using a superconducting quantum interference device. The results show a switch from local in-plane two-dimensional (2D) ordering of \sqrt 3 a and 2a at concentrations below 0.15 to three-dimensional (3D) ordering of 2a × 2a × 2c at x = 0.20 and 0.25, as well as \sqrt 3 a × \sqrt 3 a × 2c superstructures at x = 0.33, although it should be noted that the x = 0.20 sample only had partial ordering of Fe atoms. The type of Fe ordering present in FexTiS2 could be explained by the balance of cohesive energy of neighboring Fe atoms and local strain energy imposed on the host structure due to the formation of Fe clusters. It is also found that the switch from 2D to 3D Fe order coincides with the magnetic measurements, which reveal spin-glass behavior below x = 0.15 and ferromagnetic behavior above x = 0.20. This suggests that the magnetic properties of the FexTiS2 structure are highly influenced by the ordering of Fe atoms between planes.

Supporting information


Portable Document Format (PDF) file
Supporting information includes the EDS results of each sample and the raw STEM images from the plan view and the cross-sectional view.

Follow Acta Cryst. B
Sign up for e-alerts
Follow Acta Cryst. on Twitter
Follow us on facebook
Sign up for RSS feeds