Download citation
Download citation
link to html
A methodology is described for analysing the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) in terms of molecular conformations. Molecular species that have more than a single occurrence across the complete CSD are identified, either as the sole crystal component or co-crystallized with other components. Cluster analysis, based on a root-mean-square fit of coordinates and chemical connectivity, is performed to identify conformational variance for each molecule. Results are analysed in terms of the number of discrete conformations observed versus the number of crystal environments and number of acyclic torsion angles in the molecule. Special subsets of environments are also analysed, namely polymorphs, co-crystals and solvates. In general, conformational diversity increases with an increasing number of different crystal environments and with an increasing number of flexible torsion angles. Overall, molecules with one or more acyclic flexible torsion angle are observed to exist in more than one conformation in ca 40% of cases. There is evidence that solvated molecules exhibit more conformational flexibility on average, compared with polymorphs and co-crystals.

Supporting information


Portable Document Format (PDF) file
Bibliographic information, chemical diagrams and unit cell data for the CSD reference codes cited in the text

Follow Acta Cryst. B
Sign up for e-alerts
Follow Acta Cryst. on Twitter
Follow us on facebook
Sign up for RSS feeds