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Dynamical scaling properties in fractal structures were investigated from small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) data of the kinetics of aggregation in silica-based gelling systems. For lack of a maximum in the SAXS intensity curves, a characteristic correlation distance ξ was evaluated by fitting a particle scattering factor model valid for polydisperse coils of linear chains and f-functional branched polycondensates in solution, so the intensity at q = ξ−1, I−1, t), was considered to probe dynamical scaling properties. The following properties have been found: (i) the SAXS intensities corresponding to different times t, I(q, t), are given by a time-independent function F(qξ) = I(q, tD/Q, where the scattering invariant Q has been found to be time-independent; (ii) ξ exhibited a power-law behavior with time as ξ ≃ tα, the exponent α being close to 1 but diminishing with temperature; (iii) I−1, t) exhibited a time dependence given by I−1, t) ≃ tβ, with the exponent β found to be around 2 but diminishing with temperature, following the same behavior as the exponent α. In all cases, β/α was quite close to the fractal dimension D at the end of the studied process. This set of findings is in notable agreement with the dynamical scaling properties.

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