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The crystal structure of a copper amine oxidase from Arthrobacter globiformis was determined at 1.08 Å resolution with the use of low-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol (LMW PEG; average molecular weight ∼200) as a cryoprotectant. The final crystallographic R factor and Rfree were 13.0 and 15.0%, respectively. Several molecules of LMW PEG were found to occupy cavities in the protein interior, including the active site, which resulted in a marked reduction in the overall B factor and consequently led to a subatomic resolution structure for a relatively large protein with a monomer molecular weight of ∼70 000. About 40% of the presumed H atoms were observed as clear electron densities in the FoFc difference map. Multiple minor conformers were also identified for many residues. Anisotropic displacement fluctuations were evaluated in the active site, which contains a post-translationally derived quinone cofactor and a Cu atom. Furthermore, diatomic molecules, most likely to be molecular oxygen, are bound to the protein, one of which is located in a region that had previously been proposed as an entry route for the dioxygen substrate from the central cavity of the dimer interface to the active site.

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Supplementary methods, figures and table.

PDB references: copper amine oxidase, 3wa2; 3wa3

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