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The crystal structure of TeRbcX, a RuBisCO assembly chaperone from the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus, a thermophilic organism, has been determined at 1.7 Å resolution. TeRbcX has an unusual cysteine residue at position 103 that is not found in RbcX proteins from mesophilic organisms. Unlike wild-type TeRbcX, a mutant protein with Cys103 replaced by Ala (TeRbcX-C103A) could be readily crystallized. The structure revealed that the overall fold of the TeRbcX homodimer is similar to those of previously crystallized RbcX proteins. Normal-mode analysis suggested that TeRbcX might adopt an open or closed conformation through a hinge movement pivoted on a kink in two long α4 helices. This type of conformational transition is presumably connected to RbcL (the large RuBisCO subunit) binding during the chaperone function of the RuBisCO assembly.

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Supplementary material


Graphic Interchange Format (GIF) image
Animated version of Supplementary Fig. 2(a).


Graphic Interchange Format (GIF) image
Animated version of Supplementary Fig. 2(b).


Graphic Interchange Format (GIF) image
Animated version of Supplementary Fig. 2(c).


Structure factor file (CIF format)
Contains datablock r3q20sf

PDB reference: RbcX, 3q20

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