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The diffraction patterns acquired with transmission electron microscopes gather reflections from all crystallites that overlap in the foil thickness. The superimposition renders automated orientation or phase mapping difficult, in particular when secondary phase particles are embedded in a dominant diffracting matrix. Several numerical approaches specifically developed to overcome this issue for 4D scanning precession electron diffraction data sets are described. They consist either in emphasizing the signature of the particles or in subtracting the matrix information out of the collected set of patterns. The different strategies are applied successively to a steel sample containing precipitates that are in Burgers orientation relationship with the matrix and to an aluminium alloy with randomly oriented Mn-rich particles.

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