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Four examples of the refinement of twinned structures are discussed. These structures illustrate three different types of twins: twinning by merohedry, pseudo-merohedry and non-merohedral twins. How the twinning was detected, how the structures were solved and how they were refined are shown in this paper. The difference between a refinement as a disordered model and a twinned model is illustrated. Sometimes the twin law was necessary to solve the structure, while in the other examples the twinning was first recognized during refinement of the structures. Finally, a list of `characteristic warning signs' is presented which are indicative of possible twinning.

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Crystallographic Information File (CIF)
Contains datablocks melling, global

CCDC reference: 131989

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