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The structure of a hemihedrally twinned protein crystal with two molecules in the asymmetric unit was solved by molecular replacement. The protein, a site-specific mutant of the N-terminal half-molecule of human lactoferrin, is able to undergo an internal rigid-body domain motion. Therefore, determining the structure required the independent positioning of four protein domains. The molecular-replacement solutions were obtained using a conventional real-space rotation function, and a translation function based on the linear correlation coefficient. Once the molecules were positioned, it was necessary to assign them to the appropriate twin domain. Several methods for doing this are described, one of which leads to a determination of the volume of each twin domain. In the appendix to the paper we discuss the interpretation of the self-rotation function in the presence of merohedral twinning.
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