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This work extends the orbital-free density functional theory to the field of quantum crystallography. The total electronic energy is decomposed into electrostatic, exchange, Weizsacker and Pauli components on the basis of physically grounded arguments. Then, the one-electron Euler equation is re-written through corresponding potentials, which have clear physical and chemical meaning. Partial electron densities related with these potentials by the Poisson equation are also defined. All these functions were analyzed from viewpoint of their physical content and limits of applicability. Then, they were expressed in terms of experimental electron density and its derivatives using the orbital-free density functional theory approximations, and applied to the study of chemical bonding in a heteromolecular crystal of ammonium hydro­oxalate oxalic acid dihydrate. It is demonstrated that this approach allows the electron density to be decomposed into physically meaningful components associated with electrostatics, exchange, and spin-independent wave properties of electrons or with their combinations in a crystal. Therefore, the bonding information about a crystal that was previously unavailable for X-ray diffraction analysis can be now obtained.

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