Supporting information
Crystallographic Information File (CIF) https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536808034168/wm2198sup1.cif | |
Structure factor file (CIF format) https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600536808034168/wm2198Isup2.hkl |
Key indicators
- Single-crystal X-ray study
- T = 241 K
- Mean (Mn-O) = 0.001 Å
- Disorder in main residue
- R factor = 0.028
- wR factor = 0.066
- Data-to-parameter ratio = 14.3
checkCIF/PLATON results
No syntax errors found
Alert level A REFLT03_ALERT_3_A Reflection count < 85% complete (theta max?) From the CIF: _diffrn_reflns_theta_max 74.73 From the CIF: _reflns_number_total 966 TEST2: Reflns within _diffrn_reflns_theta_max Count of symmetry unique reflns 1295 Completeness (_total/calc) 74.59%
Author Response: Crystal was cooled to 241K with an Oxford cryostream cooler installed on a four-circle diffractometer. Since the temperature of sample depends on the \w and \c-angle and the X-ray diffraction measurement was carried out in the equi-temperature area, the \w and \c-angle had the limitation. Hence, completeness of the independent reflection was less than 85%. |
Alert level C Value of measurement temperature given = 240.500 Value of melting point given = 0.000 PLAT213_ALERT_2_C Atom O1 has ADP max/min Ratio ............. 3.40 oblat PLAT301_ALERT_3_C Main Residue Disorder ......................... 11.00 Perc. PLAT041_ALERT_1_C Calc. and Rep. SumFormula Strings Differ .... ? PLAT045_ALERT_1_C Calculated and Reported Z Differ by ............ 0.25 Ratio PLAT077_ALERT_4_C Unitcell contains non-integer number of atoms .. ? PLAT702_ALERT_1_C Angle Calc 89.38(1), Rep 89.40(10), Dev.. 2.00 Sigma MN -ND -O1 1.555 14.555 14.555 PLAT702_ALERT_1_C Angle Calc 60.74(3), Rep 60.70(10), Dev.. 1.33 Sigma O1 -ND -O2 14.555 14.555 15.455 PLAT952_ALERT_1_C Reported and Calculated Lmax Values Differ by .. 2
Alert level G ABSTM02_ALERT_3_G The ratio of expected to reported Tmax/Tmin(RR) is > 1.10 Tmin and Tmax reported: 0.358 0.521 Tmin and Tmax expected: 0.181 0.321 RR = 1.221 Please check that your absorption correction is appropriate. REFLT03_ALERT_1_G ALERT: Expected hkl max differ from CIF values From the CIF: _diffrn_reflns_theta_max 74.73 From the CIF: _reflns_number_total 966 From the CIF: _diffrn_reflns_limit_ max hkl 14. 14. 18. From the CIF: _diffrn_reflns_limit_ min hkl -12. -12. -18. TEST1: Expected hkl limits for theta max Calculated maximum hkl 14. 14. 20. Calculated minimum hkl -14. -14. -20.
Author Response: Crystal was cooled to 241K with an Oxford cryostream cooler installed on a four-circle diffractometer. Since the temperature of sample depends on the \w and \c-angle and the X-ray diffraction measurement was carried out in the equi-temperature area, the \w and \c-angle had the limitation. Hence, completeness of the independent reflection was less than 85%. |
PLAT860_ALERT_3_G Note: Number of Least-Squares Restraints ....... 14
1 ALERT level A = In general: serious problem 0 ALERT level B = Potentially serious problem 8 ALERT level C = Check and explain 3 ALERT level G = General alerts; check 6 ALERT type 1 CIF construction/syntax error, inconsistent or missing data 1 ALERT type 2 Indicator that the structure model may be wrong or deficient 4 ALERT type 3 Indicator that the structure quality may be low 1 ALERT type 4 Improvement, methodology, query or suggestion 0 ALERT type 5 Informative message, check
A large single crystal was grown using a floating zone method (Nakamura et al., 1999). The bulk sample was put on a piece of filter paper and was etched by diluted nitric acid under a microscope. Finally, the sample was shaped into a 0.040 mm × 0.053 mm × 0.065 mm block. Nd_{0.45}Sr_{0.55}MnO_{3} exhibits a first order phase transition at T_{N} = 225K. The present diffraction study was carried out at 241 (1) K close to the phase transition temperature.
The structure of Nd_{1 -}_{x}Sr_{x}MnO_{3} changes with the hole-concentration x. In the region x > 0.55 the structure has tetragonal symmetry. However, at x = 0.60 a phase with monoclinic symmetry was reported at low temperature (Kajimoto et al. , 1999). Below x = 0.55 it changes to orthorhombic symmetry. Since crystals with monoclinic, orthorhombic and tetragonal symmetries were found in preliminary experiments for crystal with approximate compositions of Nd_{0.45}Sr_{0.55}MnO_{3} (which is expected from the composition of the starting materials), the hole-concentration x (i.e. site occupation factors) were also refined besides the atomic coordinates and the temperature factors. The previous studies (Woodward et al. (1998); Caignaert et al. (1998); Angappane et al. (2004)) have used the standard setting of space group No. 74 in Imma. We decided to refine the structure with the setting in Ibmm, because in the orthorhombic phase the crystal axis is taken along the same direction as that of the tetragonal phase which is also adopted by many other physicists to make clear the relationships between the two phases. Furthermore, Nd_{0.45}Sr_{0.55}MnO_{3} is well known as having dx^{2}-y^{2}- type orbital-ordering of Mn and the physical and chemical properties are discussed based on the Ibmm setting.
When the coordinates by Caignaert et al. (1998) were used as starting parameters for refinement, the x-coordinate of O1 converged to 0.518 (1) with a R-factor of 0.0381. Fig. 2 (a) shows the difference density map onto (010) after this refinement in the range 0< z < 1/2 and 0 < x < 1 with the vertical and horizontal lengths of 3.80 Å × 5.48 Å. The cores of Nd/Sr, Mn and O1 are at (0, 1/4), (1/2, 1/2) and (0.52, 1/4). Since there are two high peaks at x = 0.45 and 0.55 in Fig 2 (a), O1 was split into O1(1) at x=0.45 and O1(2) at x=0.55. The site occupation factors of O1(1) and O1(2) became 0.96 (6) and 0.04 (6) after the refinement. Hence O1 was concluded to be located only at x=0.45. After the subsequent refinement the R-factor converged at 0.0289 and the difference density map became likewise more satisfactory (Fig. 2(b)).
Although the temperature factor U^{33} of O1 is 0.001 (1) Å^{2} and almost insignificant, it becomes 0.0015 (2) Å^{2} after the refinement of anharmonic vibration parameters (Dawson et al., 1967; Tanaka & Marumo, 1983) as well as the harmonic ones. Finally, refinement of the site occupation factors revealed a hole-concentration x of 0.47 (5) thus leading to a composition of Nd_{0.53}Sr_{0.47}MnO_{3}.
Data collection: MXCSYS (MAC Science, 1995) and IUANGLE (Tanaka et al., 1994).; cell refinement: RSLC-3 UNICS system (Sakurai & Kobayashi, 1979); data reduction: RDEDIT (Tanaka, 2008); program(s) used to solve structure: QNTAO (Tanaka & Onuki, 2002; Tanaka et al., 2008); program(s) used to refine structure: QNTAO (Tanaka & Onuki, 2002; Tanaka et al., 2008); molecular graphics: ATOMS for Windows (Dowty, 2000); software used to prepare material for publication: RDEDIT (Tanaka, 2008).
Nd_{0.53}Sr_{0.47}MnO_{3} | F(000) = 394.64 |
M_{r} = 218.81 | D_{x} = 6.479 Mg m^{−}^{3} |
Orthorhombic, Ibmm | Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å |
Hall symbol: -I 2c 2c | Cell parameters from 30 reflections |
a = 5.4785 (3) Å | θ = 35.6–37.8° |
b = 5.4310 (3) Å | µ = 28.37 mm^{−}^{1} |
c = 7.6006 (5) Å | T = 241 K |
V = 226.14 (2) Å^{3} | Block, black |
Z = 4 | 0.07 × 0.05 × 0.04 mm |
MAC Science M06XHF22 four-circle diffractometer | 966 independent reflections |
Radiation source: fine-focus rotating anode | 679 reflections with F > 3σ(F) |
Graphite monochromator | R_{int} = 0.022 |
Detector resolution: 1.25x1.25° pixels mm^{-1} | θ_{max} = 74.7°, θ_{min} = 5.3° |
integrated intensities data fom ω/2θ scans | h = −12→14 |
Absorption correction: numerical (CCDABS; Zhurov & Tanaka, 2003) | k = −12→14 |
T_{min} = 0.358, T_{max} = 0.521 | l = −18→18 |
1255 measured reflections |
Refinement on F | 14 restraints |
Least-squares matrix: full | Weighting scheme based on measured s.u.'s |
R[F^{2} > 2σ(F^{2})] = 0.028 | (Δ/σ)_{max} = 0.00024 |
wR(F^{2}) = 0.066 | Δρ_{max} = 2.17 e Å^{−}^{3} |
S = 1.19 | Δρ_{min} = −3.38 e Å^{−}^{3} |
927 reflections | Extinction correction: B–C type 1 Gaussian anisotropic (Becker & Coppens, 1975) |
65 parameters | Extinction coefficient: 0.029E04 (1) |
Nd_{0.53}Sr_{0.47}MnO_{3} | V = 226.14 (2) Å^{3} |
M_{r} = 218.81 | Z = 4 |
Orthorhombic, Ibmm | Mo Kα radiation |
a = 5.4785 (3) Å | µ = 28.37 mm^{−}^{1} |
b = 5.4310 (3) Å | T = 241 K |
c = 7.6006 (5) Å | 0.07 × 0.05 × 0.04 mm |
MAC Science M06XHF22 four-circle diffractometer | 966 independent reflections |
Absorption correction: numerical (CCDABS; Zhurov & Tanaka, 2003) | 679 reflections with F > 3σ(F) |
T_{min} = 0.358, T_{max} = 0.521 | R_{int} = 0.022 |
1255 measured reflections |
R[F^{2} > 2σ(F^{2})] = 0.028 | 65 parameters |
wR(F^{2}) = 0.066 | 14 restraints |
S = 1.19 | Δρ_{max} = 2.17 e Å^{−}^{3} |
927 reflections | Δρ_{min} = −3.38 e Å^{−}^{3} |
Experimental. Multiple diffraction was avoided by ψ-scan. Intensities was measured at equi-temperature region of combinaion of angles ω and χ of four-circle diffractometer |
Refinement. B—C anisotropic type1 extinction parameters (× 10 ^{4}s) are as follows 4087 (526) 6631 (1159) 3088 (391) -790 (416) -1835 (361) 3716 (625) Dawson et al. (1967) proposed the treatment of temperature factors including anharmonic thermal vibration (AHV) effect for high-symmetry crystals by means of series expansion of an one-particle-potential. Tanaka and Marumo (1983) generalized the treatment and anharmonic third and fourth order parameters were refined in the least-square program. AHV parameters were restricted by the site symmetry of Nd/Sr(2 mm), Mn(.2/m.), O1(2 mm) and O2(..2). The anharmonic potentials (V) are represented by the following equation: V_{Nd,Sr,O1}=c_{111}u_{1}^{3}+c_{123}u_{1}u_{2}^{2}+c_{133}u_{1}u_{3}^{2}+q_{1111}u_{1}^{4} +q_{1122}u_{1}^{2}u_{2}^{2}+q_{1133}u_{1}^{2}u_{3}^{2}+q_{2222}u_{2}^{4} +q_{2233}u_{2}^{2}u_{3}^{2}+q_{3333}u_{3}^{4} ···(1) V_{Mn}=q_{1111}u_{1}^{4}+q_{1122}u_{1}^{2}u_{2}^{2}+q_{1133}u_{1}^{2}u_{3}^{2} +q_{2222}u_{2}^{4}+q_{2233}u_{2}^{2}u_{3}^{2}+q_{3333}u_{3}^{4}+q_{1131}u_{1}^{3}u_{3} +q_{2231}u_{2}^{2}u_{1}u_{3}+q_{3331}u_{3}^{3}u_{1} ···(2) V_{O2}=c_{211}u_{1}^{2}u_{2}+c_{222}u_{2}^{3}+c_{233}u_{3}^{2}u_{2}+c_{123}u_{1}u_{2}u_{3} +q_{1111}u_{1}^{4}+q_{1122}u_{1}^{2}u_{2}^{2}+q_{1133}u_{1}^{2}u_{3}^{2} +q_{2222}u_{2}^{4}+q_{2233}u_{2}^{2}u_{3}^{2}+q_{3333}u_{3}^{4}+q_{1131}u_{1}^{3}u_{3} +q_{2231}u_{2}^{2}u_{1}u_{3}+q_{3331}u_{3}^{3}u_{1} ···(3) where (u_{1},u_{2},u_{3}) is a displacement vector from equilibrium position of each atom. The displacement vector of Nd, Sr, O1 was defined on the coordinate system with axes parallel to the crystal axes, a, b and c. That of Mn and O2 was defined by equation (4) and (5) in terms of the lattice vectors a, b and c in the present study. u_{1}= -0.18253a, u_{2}= 0.18413b, u_{3}= -0.13157c ···(4) u_{1}= -0.11080a-0.14633b, u_{2}= 0.13157c, u_{3}= -0.14506a + 0.11177b ···(5) Since there is strong correlation between harmonic temperature factors and AHV parameters, the AHV parameters and the harmonic temperature factors were refined alternately. The significant AHV parameters c_{ijk} (× 10^{-19}JÅ^{-3}) and q_{iijk} (× 10^{-19}JÅ^{-3}) are as follows: Nd and Sr; c_{111}= -5.9 (49), c_{122}= -3.8 (14), Mn; q_{2231}= -1832 (1560), O1: q_{2222}= -9.5 (39), q_{2233}= 569.9 (2279), O2: c_{211}= 3.7 (33), c_{233}= 0.8 (7), c_{123}= -5.5 (23), q_{2233}= 9.1 (79), |
x | y | z | U_{iso}*/U_{eq} | Occ. (<1) | |
Nd | −0.00656 (9) | 0 | 0.25 | 0.00637 (4) | 0.53 (5) |
Sr | −0.00656 (9) | 0 | 0.25 | 0.00637 (4) | 0.47 (5) |
Mn | 0.5 | 0 | 0 | 0.00305 (7) | |
O1 | 0.4499 (8) | 0 | 0.25 | 0.0112 (6) | |
O2 | 0.75 | 0.25 | 0.0276 (4) | 0.0139 (5) |
U^{11} | U^{22} | U^{33} | U^{12} | U^{13} | U^{23} | |
Nd | 0.00653 (6) | 0.00685 (7) | 0.00574 (8) | 0 | 0 | 0 |
Sr | 0.00663 (6) | 0.00685 (7) | 0.00574 (8) | 0 | 0 | 0 |
Mn | 0.0035 (1) | 0.0030 (1) | 0.0027 (1) | 0 | 0 | 0 |
O1 | 0.015 (1) | 0.017 (1) | 0.0015 (2) | 0 | 0 | 0 |
O2 | 0.0148 (7) | 0.0116 (7) | 0.015 (1) | −0.0058 (6) | 0 | 0 |
Mn—O1 | 1.9199 (6) | Nd^{ii}—O2 | 2.545 (2) |
Mn—O2 | 1.9400 (4) | O1—O2 | 2.721 (3) |
Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii} | 3.8064 (5) | Nd^{i}—Mn | 3.3043 (4) |
Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii} | 2.501 (4) | O1^{iii}—O2^{ii} | 2.738 (3) |
Nd^{i}—O2 | 2.545 (2) | O1—O1^{ii} | 3.489 (4) |
Nd^{ii}—O1 | 2.7332 (5) | O2—O2^{iii} | 3.8799 (5) |
Nd^{i}—O1 | 2.978 (4) | ||
Nd^{ii}—Nd^{i}—Mn | 55.020 (8) | Nd^{i}—O1—Mn | 81.8 (1) |
Mn—Nd^{i}—O1 | 35.10 (8) | Nd^{ii}—O1—Mn | 89.07 (3) |
Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii}—Mn | 54.769 (6) | Mn—O1—O1^{ii} | 95.15 (9) |
Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii}—O2 | 41.61 (5) | Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii}—O1 | 51.11 (8) |
Mn—Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii} | 89.4 (1) | Nd^{i}—O2—Nd^{ii} | 96.8 (1) |
O1—Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii} | 83.5 (1) | Nd^{i}—O2—O2^{iii} | 144.59 (7) |
O1^{ii}—Nd^{ii}—O2 | 121.6 (1) | Nd^{ii}—O2—O2^{iii} | 47.83 (1) |
Nd^{i}—Mn—Nd^{ii} | 70.212 (7) | Nd^{ii}—Nd^{i}—O2 | 41.61 (5) |
Nd^{ii}—Mn—O1 | 55.54 (2) | O1—Nd^{i}—O2 | 58.4 (1) |
Nd^{i}—O1—Nd^{ii} | 83.48 (9) | Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii} | 134.5 (1) |
Nd^{i}—O1—O2 | 52.83 (8) | Mn—Nd^{ii}—O1 | 35.39 (1) |
Nd^{ii}—O1—O2 | 55.64 (6) | Mn—Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 87.76 (5) |
O1^{ii}—O1—O2 | 89.48 (6) | O1—Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 114.44 (5) |
O1—O1^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 97.8 (1) | O2—Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 91.19 (7) |
Nd^{i}—O2—O1 | 68.77 (9) | Nd^{i}—Mn—O2 | 50.22 (1) |
Nd^{ii}—O2—O1 | 62.42 (8) | Nd^{i}—O1—O1^{ii} | 128.89 (6) |
Nd^{ii}—Nd^{i}—O1 | 45.51 (8) | Nd^{ii}—O1—O1^{ii} | 45.41 (5) |
Mn—Nd^{i}—O2 | 35.85 (5) | Mn—O1—O2 | 45.48 (6) |
Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii}—O1 | 51.01 (1) | Nd^{ii}—O1^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 66.4 (1) |
Nd^{i}—Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 132.79 (5) | Nd^{i}—O2—Mn | 93.92 (6) |
Mn—Nd^{ii}—O2 | 35.71 (5) | Nd^{ii}—O2—Mn | 94.32 (6) |
O1—Nd^{ii}—O2 | 61.94 (5) | Mn—O2—O2^{iii} | 88.84 (2) |
O1^{ii}—Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii} | 60.7 (1) | O1—O2—O2^{iii} | 89.42 (6) |
Nd^{i}—Mn—O1 | 63.12 (2) | O1^{ii}—O2^{iii}—O2 | 81.49 (5) |
Nd^{ii}—Mn—O2 | 49.98 (1) | Nd^{ii}—O2^{iii}—O1^{ii} | 52.84 (6) |
Symmetry codes: (i) x+1, y, z; (ii) −x+1/2, y+1/2, z; (iii) x−1/2, y+1/2, −z. |
Experimental details
Crystal data | |
Chemical formula | Nd_{0.53}Sr_{0.47}MnO_{3} |
M_{r} | 218.81 |
Crystal system, space group | Orthorhombic, Ibmm |
Temperature (K) | 241 |
a, b, c (Å) | 5.4785 (3), 5.4310 (3), 7.6006 (5) |
V (Å^{3}) | 226.14 (2) |
Z | 4 |
Radiation type | Mo Kα |
µ (mm^{−}^{1}) | 28.37 |
Crystal size (mm) | 0.07 × 0.05 × 0.04 |
Data collection | |
Diffractometer | MAC Science M06XHF22 four-circle diffractometer |
Absorption correction | Numerical (CCDABS; Zhurov & Tanaka, 2003) |
T_{min}, T_{max} | 0.358, 0.521 |
No. of measured, independent and observed [F > 3σ(F)] reflections | 1255, 966, 679 |
R_{int} | 0.022 |
(sin θ/λ)_{max} (Å^{−}^{1}) | 1.357 |
Refinement | |
R[F^{2} > 2σ(F^{2})], wR(F^{2}), S | 0.028, 0.066, 1.19 |
No. of reflections | 927 |
No. of parameters | 65 |
No. of restraints | 14 |
Δρ_{max}, Δρ_{min} (e Å^{−}^{3}) | 2.17, −3.38 |
Computer programs: MXCSYS (MAC Science, 1995) and IUANGLE (Tanaka et al., 1994)., RSLC-3 UNICS system (Sakurai & Kobayashi, 1979), RDEDIT (Tanaka, 2008), QNTAO (Tanaka & Onuki, 2002; Tanaka et al., 2008), ATOMS for Windows (Dowty, 2000).
Mn—O1 | 1.9199 (6) | Nd^{ii}—O2 | 2.545 (2) |
Mn—O2 | 1.9400 (4) | Nd^{i}—O1 | 2.7332 (5) |
Nd^{i}—O1^{i} | 2.501 (4) | Nd^{ii}—O1 | 2.978 (4) |
Symmetry codes: (i) −x+1/2, y+1/2, z; (ii) x+1, y, z. |
Woodward et al. (1998) and Caignaert et al. (1998) determined the structure of Nd_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3} on the basis of powder X-ray diffraction data, whereas Kajimoto (1999) and Angappane et al. (2004) used single-crystal X-ray diffraction data for structure refinements. Except the model reported by Woodward et al. (1998), for all other structure models of Nd_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3} the x-coordinate of oxygen atom O1 was reported to be > 1/2. Since a new examination of the x-coordinate of O1 seemed desirable and anisotropic displacement factors were not reported in the previous studies, we decided to redetermine the structure of Nd_{0.45}Sr_{0.55}MnO_{3}. The result of the structure analysis is presented in this communication.
The structure of the title compound derives from the perovskite-type (Fig. 1) and exhibits an orthorhombic distortion. The site symmetries are 2mm for the statistically occupied [(Nd,Sr)O_{12}] polyhedron and for O1, .2/m. for the distorted [MnO_{6}] octahedron and ..2 for O2.