addenda and errata\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

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Zinc(II) sulfate tetrahydrate and magnesium sulfate tetrahydrate. Addendum

aDepartment of Geophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
*Correspondence e-mail: wbaur@midway.uchicago.edu

(Received 4 January 2002; accepted 4 February 2002; online 8 March 2002)

The crystal structure of zinc(II) sulfate tetrahydrate, [Zn(SO4)(H2O)4]2, has recently been determined by Blake, Cooke, Hubberstey & Sampson [Acta Cryst. (2001[Blake, A. J., Cooke, P. A., Hubberstey, P. & Sampson, C. L. (2001). Acta Cryst. E57, i109-i111.]), E57, i109–i111]. Additional information on structure determinations of similar compounds is given.

1. Comment

The crystal structure of zinc(II) sulfate tetrahydrate has recently been determined by Blake et al. (2001[Blake, A. J., Cooke, P. A., Hubberstey, P. & Sampson, C. L. (2001). Acta Cryst. E57, i109-i111.]). The structure contains dimers in the form of eight-membered rings formed by two sulfate coordination tetrahedra and two coordination octahedra around zinc, where the ligands of zinc are two sulfate O atoms and four water mol­ecules (see Fig. 1 in Blake et al., 2001[Blake, A. J., Cooke, P. A., Hubberstey, P. & Sampson, C. L. (2001). Acta Cryst. E57, i109-i111.]). These rings are hydrogen bonded to each other via hydrogen bonds emanating from the water mol­ecules. This type of dimer is said to be very rare for zinc(II), but dimers of similarly sized divalent cations are not so rare. In fact, the crystal structures of magnesium sulfate tetrahydrate and iron(II) sulfate tetrahydrate have been determined (Baur, 1962[Baur, W. H. (1962). Acta Cryst. 15, 815-826.]) and are strictly isostructural with the zinc(II) sulfate tetrahydrate, as is the deuterated cobalt(II) sulfate tetrahydrate (Kellersohn, 1992[Kellersohn, T. (1992). Acta Cryst. C48, 776-779.]). The positions of the heavy atoms Mg, S and O in the respective magnesium and zinc compounds deviate on average only by 0.06 Å from each other. The signs of the y coordinates of the atoms in the zinc compound have to be changed in order to make the similarity obvious. On the basis of a determination of the unit-cell constants, the crystal structure of the corresponding manganese(II) sulfate tetrahydrate must also be isostructural (Baur, 1962[Baur, W. H. (1962). Acta Cryst. 15, 815-826.]). The crystal structure of the magnesium sulfate tetrahydrate was determined by single-crystal neutron diffraction (Baur, 1964[Baur, W. H. (1964). Acta Cryst. 17, 863-869.]). The positions of the H atoms of three of the crystallographically distinct water mol­ecules agree as well in the two structures as can be expected from a comparison of an X-ray and a neutron diffraction determination; they differ on average by 0.26 Å from each other. Atom O2 in the zinc compound corresponds to atom OW2 in the magnesium compound. The two H atoms of water mol­ecule O2 deviate by 0.6 and 1.0 Å from the H atoms attached to water mol­ecule OW2. Either the X-ray crystal structure determination is so much less precise or else the positions of the H atoms differ considerably between the magnesium and zinc compounds. This is the water mol­ecule in which only one of the H atoms is engaged in a relatively strong hydrogen bond, while the other is not hydrogen bonded (Baur, 1965[Baur, W. H. (1965). Acta Cryst. 19, 909-916.]). The situation might be similar in the zinc compound. The positions of the H atoms in the magnesium sulfate tetrahydrate and the cobalt(II) sulfate tetrahydrate agree well with each other.

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References

First citationBaur, W. H. (1962). Acta Cryst. 15, 815–826.  CrossRef IUCr Journals Web of Science Google Scholar
First citationBaur, W. H. (1964). Acta Cryst. 17, 863–869.  CrossRef IUCr Journals Web of Science Google Scholar
First citationBaur, W. H. (1965). Acta Cryst. 19, 909–916.  CrossRef CAS IUCr Journals Web of Science Google Scholar
First citationBlake, A. J., Cooke, P. A., Hubberstey, P. & Sampson, C. L. (2001). Acta Cryst. E57, i109–i111.  Web of Science CrossRef IUCr Journals Google Scholar
First citationKellersohn, T. (1992). Acta Cryst. C48, 776–779.  CrossRef CAS Web of Science IUCr Journals Google Scholar

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