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Figure 1
(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup with a separate six-crystal interferometer. A wavefront of a 10 keV XFEL pulse propagating through an Si(111) double-crystal monochromator (not displayed) is split into two parts by an edge-polished crystal beam splitter (BS). A conceptual sketch of the wavefront division is depicted in panel (b). The transmission part (blue, lower path) propagates in the fixed-delay branch through fourfold Bragg-case reflections at a set of two channel-cut crystals (CCs). The other, reflection, part (red, upper path) is reflected three more times by two movable beam reflectors (BRs) and a beam merger (BM), and recombines with the transmission part at the BM in the variable-delay branch. By introducing an angular deviation between the two beams, the two initially spatially separated split X-ray pulses are superimposed at an imaging detector (BPM2) and form interference fringes with a near-zero delay. Another imaging detector (BPM1) is used to align the optical elements in the variable-delay branch.

Volume 4| Part 6| November 2017| Pages 728-733
ISSN: 2052-2525