research papers\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

IUCrJ
Volume 9| Part 4| July 2022| Pages 449-467
ISSN: 2052-2525

Semiconductive 2D arrays of pancake-bonded oligomers of partially charged TCNQ radicals

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aDepartment of Physical Chemistry, Rudjer Bošković Institute, Bijenička 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia, bDepartment of Materials Chemistry, Rudjer Bošković Institute, Bijenička 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia, cDepartment of Materials Physics, Rudjer Bošković Institute, Bijenička 54, Zagreb 10000, Croatia, and dDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102a, Zagreb HR-10000, Croatia
*Correspondence e-mail: kmolcano@irb.hr

Edited by L. R. MacGillivray, University of Iowa, USA (Received 14 September 2021; accepted 3 May 2022; online 28 May 2022)

Dedicated to the memory of Professor Stanko Popović, who passed away on 18 December 2020.

Multicentre two-electron (mc/2e or `pancake bonding') bonding between 7,7,8,8-tetra­cyano­quinodi­methane (TCNQ) radical anions was studied on its 14 novel salts with planar organic cations. The formal charges of the TCNQδ moieties are −1/2 and −2/3, and they form mc/2e bonded dimers, trimers and tetramers which are further stacked into extended arrays. Multicentre bonding within these oligomers is characterized by short interplanar separations of 2.9–3.2 Å; distances between the oligomers are larger, typically >3.3 Å. The stacks are laterally connected by C—H⋯N hydrogen bonding, forming 2D arrays. The nature of mc/2e bonding is characterized by structural, magnetic and electrical data. The compounds are found to be semiconductors, and high conductivity [10−2 (Ω cm)−1] correlates with short interplanar distances between pancake-bonded oligomers.

1. Introduction

π-Stacking of planar organic radicals is known to involve spin pairing of contiguous radicals (Preuss, 2014[Preuss, K. E. (2014). Polyhedron, 79, 1-15.]; Kertesz, 2019[Kertesz, M. (2019). Chem. Eur. J. 25, 400-416.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]), as shown by the diamagnetic or antiferromagnetic properties of bulk samples (Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]). This implies the formation of a weak covalent interaction (Huang & Kertesz, 2007[Huang, J. & Kertesz, M. (2007). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 1634-1643.]; Huang et al., 2008[Huang, J., Kingsbury, S. & Kertesz, M. (2008). Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 2625-2635.]; Novoa et al., 2009[Novoa, J. J., Stephens, P. W., Weerasekare, M., Shum, W. W. & Miller, J. S. (2009). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 9070-9075.]; Tian & Kertesz, 2011[Tian, Y.-H. & Kertesz, M. (2011). J. Phys. Chem. A, 115, 13942-13949.]; Preuss, 2014[Preuss, K. E. (2014). Polyhedron, 79, 1-15.]; Cui et al., 2014a[Cui, Z.-H., Lischka, H., Beneberu, H. Z. & Kertesz, M. (2014a). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 5539-5542.],b[Cui, Z.-H., Lischka, H., Beneberu, H. Z. & Kertesz, M. (2014b). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 12958-12965.],c[Cui, Z.-H., Lischka, H., Mueller, T., Plasser, F. & Kertesz, M. (2014c). ChemPhysChem, 15, 165-176.]; Mou & Kertesz, 2017[Mou, Z. & Kertesz, M. (2017). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 10188-10191.]; Kertesz, 2019[Kertesz, M. (2019). Chem. Eur. J. 25, 400-416.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]) with a non-localized electron pair distributed between two rings (Kertesz, 2019[Kertesz, M. (2019). Chem. Eur. J. 25, 400-416.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]). Commonly used terms for this type of interaction are two-electron multicentre (mc/2e) bonding and pancake bonding (Preuss, 2014[Preuss, K. E. (2014). Polyhedron, 79, 1-15.]; Kertesz, 2019[Kertesz, M. (2019). Chem. Eur. J. 25, 400-416.]). According to quantum chemical models, an HOMO spanning both rings is formed (Kertesz, 2019[Kertesz, M. (2019). Chem. Eur. J. 25, 400-416.]) and the covalent contribution to the total interaction may exceed −15 kcal mol−1, which is comparable to strong hydrogen bonding (Steiner, 2002[Steiner, T. (2002). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 41, 48-76.]; Kojić-Prodić & Molčanov, 2008[Kojić-Prodić, B. & Molčanov, K. (2008). Acta Chim. Slov. 55, 692-708.]). Therefore, pancake bonding may be regarded as both a strong intermolecular interaction and a weak covalent bond. It is interesting from both fundamental (the nature of chemical bonding) and practical (design of organic magnets and conductive materials) aspects (Podzorov, 2010[Podzorov, V. (2010). Nat. Mater. 9, 616-617.]; Hicks, 2011[Hicks, R. G. (2011). Nat. Chem. 3, 189-191.]; Sanvito, 2011a[Sanvito, S. (2011a). Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 3336-3355.],b[Sanvito, S. (2011b). Nat. Mater. 10, 484-485.]; Veciana, 2011[ Veciana, J., Arćon, D., Deumal, M., Inoue, K., Kinoshita, M., Novoa, J. J., Palacio, F., Prassides, K., Rawson, J. M. & Rovira C. (2011). (Eds) π-Electron magnetism: From molecules to magnetic materials, Vol. 100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.]; Ratera & Veciana, 2011[Ratera, I. & Veciana, J. (2011). Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 303-349.]; Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]; Murata et al., 2013[Murata, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yakiyama, Y., Nakasuji, K. & Morita, Y. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 927-939.]).

The most important factors for designing functional materials are stability and a low HOMO–LUMO energy barrier, which limits conductivity. It is known that electrons can easily jump between two rings in a pancake-bonded dimer, whereas non-bonding stacking contacts (between the dimers) prevent electron jumping due to high energy barriers (Molčanov et al., 2019a[Molčanov, K., Jelsch, C., Landeros-Rivera, B., Hernández-Trujillo, J., Wenger, E., Stilinović, V., Kojić-Prodić, B. & Escudero-Adán, E. C. (2019a). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402.]). Thus, conductivity can be enhanced if pancake bonding is extended throughout a crystal. We have shown that, in infinite stacks of equidistant radicals, pancake bonding extends not only between a pair of radicals, but throughout a stack (Molčanov et al., 2019a[Molčanov, K., Jelsch, C., Landeros-Rivera, B., Hernández-Trujillo, J., Wenger, E., Stilinović, V., Kojić-Prodić, B. & Escudero-Adán, E. C. (2019a). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402.],c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]), and such crystals are semiconductive (Molčanov et al., 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.]; 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]). For ionic radical systems, conductivity rarely exceeds 10−6 S cm−1 (Itkis et al., 2002[Itkis, M. E., Chi, X., Cordes, A. W. & Haddon, R. C. (2002). Science, 296, 1443-1445.]; Lekin et al., 2010[Lekin, K., Winter, S. M., Downie, L. E., Bao, X., Tse, J. S., Desgreniers, S., Secco, R. A., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2010). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 16212-16224.]; Podzorov, 2010[Podzorov, V. (2010). Nat. Mater. 9, 616-617.]; Mercuri et al., 2010[Mercuri, M. L., Deplano, P., Pilia, L., Serpe, A. & Artizzu, F. (2010). Coord. Chem. Rev. 254, 1419-1433.]; Sanvito, 2011b[Sanvito, S. (2011b). Nat. Mater. 10, 484-485.]; Yu et al., 2011[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Dube, P. A., Assoud, A. & Oakley, R. T. (2011). Chem. Commun. 47, 4655-4657.], 2012[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Lekin, K., Assoud, A., Robertson, C. M., Noll, B. C., Campana, C. F., Howard, J. A. K., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2012). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 2264-2275.]; Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]; Murata et al., 2013[Murata, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yakiyama, Y., Nakasuji, K. & Morita, Y. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 927-939.]; Nakano, 2014[Nakano, T. (2014). (Ed). π-Stacked Polymers and Molecules, Tokyo: Springer.]; Chen et al., 2016[Chen, X., Gao, F. & Yang, W. (2016). Sci. Rep. 6, 29314.]; Molčanov et al., 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.]; 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]), but neutral radicals tend to be better conductors, with conductivity reaching 10−1 S cm−1 (Itkis et al., 2002[Itkis, M. E., Chi, X., Cordes, A. W. & Haddon, R. C. (2002). Science, 296, 1443-1445.]; Podzorov, 2010[Podzorov, V. (2010). Nat. Mater. 9, 616-617.]; Mercuri et al., 2010[Mercuri, M. L., Deplano, P., Pilia, L., Serpe, A. & Artizzu, F. (2010). Coord. Chem. Rev. 254, 1419-1433.]; Lekin et al., 2010[Lekin, K., Winter, S. M., Downie, L. E., Bao, X., Tse, J. S., Desgreniers, S., Secco, R. A., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2010). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 16212-16224.]; Sanvito, 2011[Sanvito, S. (2011b). Nat. Mater. 10, 484-485.]b; Yu et al., 2011[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Dube, P. A., Assoud, A. & Oakley, R. T. (2011). Chem. Commun. 47, 4655-4657.], 2012[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Lekin, K., Assoud, A., Robertson, C. M., Noll, B. C., Campana, C. F., Howard, J. A. K., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2012). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 2264-2275.]; Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]; Murata et al., 2013[Murata, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yakiyama, Y., Nakasuji, K. & Morita, Y. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 927-939.]; Nakano, 2014[Nakano, T. (2014). (Ed). π-Stacked Polymers and Molecules, Tokyo: Springer.]; Alemany et al., 2015[Alemany, P., Canadell, E., Geng, Y., Hauser, J., Macchi, P., Krämer, K., Decurtins, S. & Liu, S.-X. (2015). ChemPhysChem, 16, 1361-1365.]; Chen et al., 2016[Chen, X., Gao, F. & Yang, W. (2016). Sci. Rep. 6, 29314.]).

The stability of a solid-state radical system depends mostly on the stability of the radical. Therefore, planar radicals with extensive delocalization of π-electrons are most widely used in crystal engineering, for example, derivatives of tetra­thia- and tetraselena­fulvalene (Ganesan et al., 2003[Ganesan, V., Rosokha, S. V. & Kochi, J. K. (2003). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 2559-2571.]; Bendikov et al., 2004[Bendikov, M., Wudl, F. & Perepichka, D. F. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 4891-4946.]; Rosokha & Kochi, 2007[Rosokha, S. V. & Kochi, J. K. (2007). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3683-3697.]; Mercuri et al., 2010[Mercuri, M. L., Deplano, P., Pilia, L., Serpe, A. & Artizzu, F. (2010). Coord. Chem. Rev. 254, 1419-1433.]; Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]; Murata et al., 2013[Murata, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yakiyama, Y., Nakasuji, K. & Morita, Y. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 927-939.]), and semi­quinones (Rosokha & Kochi, 2007[Rosokha, S. V. & Kochi, J. K. (2007). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3683-3697.]; Rosokha et al., 2009[Rosokha, S. V., Lu, J., Rosokha, T. Y. & Kochi, J. K. (2009). Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 324-332.]; Molčanov et al., 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.]; 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.], 2019b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.]).

One of the most stable and extensively studied organic radicals is 7,7,8,8-tetra­cyano­quinodi­methane (TCNQ, neutral and radical forms are shown below), a strong electron [link]

[Scheme 1]
acceptor suitable for the formation of salts. It comprises a six-membered ring similar to the quinones (Hünig, 1990[Hünig, S. (1990). Pure Appl. Chem. 62, 395-406.]) and is stabilized by four electron-withdrawing cyano groups. It also readily forms pancake bonds. However, unlike the semi­quinones, which usually form negatively charged radicals with a total charge of −1 (Molčanov et al., 2012[Molčanov, K., Kojić-Prodić, B., Babić, D., Pajić, D., Novosel, N. & Zadro, K. (2012). CrystEngComm, 14, 7958-7964.], 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.], 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.], 2019a[Molčanov, K., Jelsch, C., Landeros-Rivera, B., Hernández-Trujillo, J., Wenger, E., Stilinović, V., Kojić-Prodić, B. & Escudero-Adán, E. C. (2019a). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402.],c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]), TCNQ is, in its salts, often only partially charged (its formal charge being −1/2 or −2/3), implying a partial radical character of the TCNQδ moiety. Increasing negative charge enhances the delocalization of the π electrons; formally double bonds (a and c in Fig. 1[link]) are elongated, whereas formally single bonds (b and d in Fig. 1[link]) are shortened compared with the neutral compound. To estimate the charge of the TCNQδ moiety, correlations of these bond lengths have been proposed, for example c/(b+d) (Kistenmacher et al., 1982[Kistenmacher, T. J., Emge, T. J., Bloch, A. N. & Cowan, D. O. (1982). Acta Cryst. B38, 1193-1199.]). In a review of a larger number of compounds containing TCNQ, Herbstein & Kapon (2008[Herbstein, F. H. & Kapon, M. (2008). Crystallogr. Rev. 14, 3-74.]) used differences in bond lengths ba and cd. Their respective values for the neutral compound are 0.096 and −0.052 Å and for a negatively charged (−1) anion radical are 0.068 and −0.012 Å. However, owing to a variety of reasons, these are of limited reliability (see the Results and discussion[link]).
[Figure 1]
Figure 1
Lettering denotes the different types of C—C bonds in the TCNQδ radical used for geometric correlation between the bond lengths and charge of the ring. With increasing negative charge and radical character, bonds a and c are elongated, whereas bonds b and d are shortened.

To date, over 1000 crystal structures containing TCNQ in various oxidation states, ranging from 0 to −1, have been published (Groom et al., 2016[Groom, C. R., Bruno, I. J., Lightfoot, M. P. & Ward, S. C. (2016). Acta Cryst. B72, 171-179.]). A detailed review was published by Harms et al.(1982[Harms, R., Keller, H. J., Nöthe, D. & Wehe, D. (1982). Acta Cryst. B38, 2838-2841.]). Thus, a systematic analysis of crystal packing and molecular interactions is beyond the scope of this paper; here we discuss only structures with π-interactions between the TCNQ moieties, but not mixed stacks involving electron donors and acceptors, represented by a well known molecular complex of TCNQ with tetra­thia­fulvalene (TTF) (Schultz et al., 1976[Schultz, A. J., Stucky, G. D., Blessing, R. H. & Coppens, P. (1976). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 98, 3194-3201.]).

Unlike semi­quinones, which usually form stacks of pancake-bonded dimers (or, more rarely, stacks of equidistant radicals) (Molčanov et al., 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]; 2019a[Molčanov, K., Jelsch, C., Landeros-Rivera, B., Hernández-Trujillo, J., Wenger, E., Stilinović, V., Kojić-Prodić, B. & Escudero-Adán, E. C. (2019a). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402.],b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]), TCNQδ radicals form different types of pancake-bonded oligomers and a wide variety of long-range ordering. In many structures, isolated pancake-bonded dimers (which form no stacking interaction with neighbouring molecules) are present (Keller et al., 1981[Keller, H. J., Steiger, W. & Werner, M. (1981). Z. 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F., Amador, U., Azcondo, M. T., Sánchez, A. F. & Bellitto, C. (1997). Inorg. Chem. 36, 6390-6396.]; Moore et al., 2001[Moore, A. J., Batsanov, A. S., Bryce, M. R., Howard, J. A. K., Khodorkovsky, V., Shapiro, L. & Shames, A. (2001). Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2001, 73-78.]; Mukai et al., 2001[Mukai, K., Jinno, S., Shimobe, Y., Azuma, N., Hosokoshi, Y., Inoue, K., Taniguchi, M., Misaki, Y. & Tanaka, K. (2001). Polyhedron, 20, 1537-1544.]; Nishimura et al., 2002[Nishimura, K., Hirate, S. & Saito, G. (2002). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 376, 213-218.]; Chen et al., 2008[Chen, Y.-C., Wang, P.-F., Liu, G.-X., Xu, H., Ren, X.-M., Song, Y. & Ni, Z.-P. (2008). J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 69, 2445-2452.]; Qu et al., 2011[Qu, X., Lu, J., Zhao, C., Boas, J. F., Moubaraki, B., Murray, K. S., Siriwardana, A., Bond, A. M. & Martin, L. L. (2011). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 1589-1592.]; Martin et al., 2012[Martin, L. L., Lu, J., Nafady, A., Le, T. H., Siriwardana, A. I., Qu, X., Traore, D. A. Q., Wilce, M. & Bond, A. M. (2012). Aust. J. Chem. 65, 935-941.]; Lu et al., 2017[Lu, J., Nafady, A., Abrahams, B. F., Abdulhamid, M., Winther-Jensen, B., Bond, A. M. & Martin, L. L. (2017). Aust. J. Chem. 70, 997-1005.]; Üngör et al., 2021a[Üngör, Ö., Burrows, M., Liu, T., Bodensteiner, M., Adhikari, Y., Hua, Z., Casas, B., Balicas, L., Xiong, P. & Shatruk, M. (2021a). Inorg. Chem. 60, 10502-10512.]), but also planar 2D arrays have been described (Ashwell et al., 1982[Ashwell, G. J., Allen, D. W., Kennedy, D. A. & Nowell, I. W. (1982). Acta Cryst. B38, 2525-2528.], 1983[Ashwell, G. J., Allen, J. G., Cross, G. H. & Nowell, I. W. (1983). Phys. Status Solidi A, 79, 455-463.]; Bryce et al., 1988[Bryce, M. R., Moore, A. J., Bates, P. A., Hursthouse, M. B., Liu, Z.-X. & Nowak, M. J. (1988). J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. pp. 1441.]; Brook & Koch, 1997[Brook, D. J. R. & Koch, T. H. (1997). J. Mater. Chem. 7, 2381-2385.]; Radváková et al., 2010[Radváková, A., Kazheva, O. N., Chekhlov, A. N., Dyachenko, O. A., Kucmin, M., Kajňaková, M., Feher, A. & Starodub, V. A. (2010). J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 71, 752-757.]; Qu et al., 2011[Qu, X., Lu, J., Zhao, C., Boas, J. F., Moubaraki, B., Murray, K. S., Siriwardana, A., Bond, A. M. & Martin, L. L. (2011). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50, 1589-1592.]); in some of these structures the formal charge (i.e. charge derived from stoichiometry) of TCNQ is −1/2 (Ashwell et al., 1977a[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Drew, N. J., Wallwork, S. C. & Willis, M. R. (1977a). Acta Cryst. B33, 2598-2602.], 1982[Ashwell, G. J., Allen, D. W., Kennedy, D. A. & Nowell, I. W. (1982). Acta Cryst. B38, 2525-2528.]). Pancake-bonded trimers, which often form stacks, are quite common, with a formal charge on the TCNQδ moiety of −2/3 (Ashwell et al., 1977b[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Wallwork, S. C., Willis, M. R., Peachey, G. F. & Wilkos, D. B. (1977b). Acta Cryst. B33, 843-848.]; Endres et al., 1978a[Endres, H., Keller, H. J., Moroni, W., Nöthe, D. & Dong, V. (1978a). Acta Cryst. B34, 1703-1705.],b[Endres, H., Keller, H. J., Moroni, W., Nöthe, D. & Dong, V. (1978b). Acta Cryst. B34, 1823-1827.]; Ashwell & Wallwork, 1979[Ashwell, G. J. & Wallwork, S. C. (1979). Acta Cryst. B35, 1648-1651.]; Sandman et al., 1980[Sandman, D., Epstein, A. J., Holmes, T. J., Lee, J.-S. & Titus, D. D. (1980). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 1578-1585.]; Lau et al., 1982[Lau, C.-P., Singh, P., Cline, S. J., Seiders, R., Brookhart, M., Marsh, W. E., Hodgson, D. J. & Hatfield, W. E. (1982). Inorg. Chem. 21, 208-212.]; Bell et al., 1991[Bell, S. E., Field, J. S. & Haines, R. J. (1991). J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. pp. 489-491.]; Usov et al., 1991[Usov, O. A., Burshtein, I. A., Kartenko, N. F., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Vlasova, R. M., Semkin, V. N., Abashev, G. G. & Russkikh, V. S. (1991). Acta Cryst. C47, 1851-1854.]; Akutagawa et al., 1996[Akutagawa, T., Saito, G., Kusunoki, M. & Sakaguchi, K. (1996). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 69, 287-2511.], 2004[Akutagawa, T., Takeda, S., Hasegawa, T. & Nakamura, T. (2004). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 291-294.]; Bigoli et al., 1996[Bigoli, F., Deplano, P., Devillanova, F. A., Girlando, A., Lippolis, V., Mercuri, M. L., Pellinghelli, M. A. & Trogu, E. F. (1996). Inorg. Chem. 35, 5403-5406.]; Ballester et al., 2000[Ballester, L., Gil, A. M., Gutiérrez, A., Perpiñán, M. F., Azcondo, M. T., Sánchez, A. F., Coronado, E. & Gómez-García, C. J. (2000). Inorg. Chem. 39, 2837-2842.]; Nishijo et al., 2004[Nishijo, J., Miyazaki, A. & Enoki, T. (2004). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 77, 715-727.]; Chen et al., 2007[Chen, Y. C., Liu, G. X., Wang, P. F., Xu, H., Ren, X. M., Song, Y. & Sui, Y. X. (2007). Polyhedron, 26, 1781-1786.]; Liu et al., 2008[Liu, G.-X., Xu, H., Ren, X.-M. & Sun, W.-Y. (2008). CrystEngComm, 10, 1574-1582.]; Mochida et al., 2008[Mochida, T., Takazawa, K., Takahashi, M., Takeda, M., Nishio, Y., Sato, M., Kajita, K., Mori, H., Matsushita, M. M. & Sugawara, T. (2008). J. Phys. Soc. Jpn, 74, 2214-2216.]; Martin et al., 2012[Martin, L. L., Lu, J., Nafady, A., Le, T. H., Siriwardana, A. I., Qu, X., Traore, D. A. Q., Wilce, M. & Bond, A. M. (2012). Aust. J. Chem. 65, 935-941.]; Kubota et al., 2014[Kubota, H., Takahashi, Y., Harada, J. & Inabe, T. (2014). Cryst. Growth Des. 14, 5575-5584.]; Phan et al., 2015[Phan, H., Benjamin, S. M., Steven, E., Brooks, J. S. & Shatruk, M. (2015). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 823-827.]). However, different bond lengths in the central and lateral rings of a trimer indicate different total charge of the rings, which can be estimated using geometric correlations (see above). For example, in the compound (MT)2(TCNQ)3·2H2O (MT = S-methilthio­uronium) the charges on the central ring and the lateral rings were estimated to be −0.9 and −0.4, respectively; the total charge of a trimer is thus −1.7 (Usov et al., 1991[Usov, O. A., Burshtein, I. A., Kartenko, N. F., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Vlasova, R. M., Semkin, V. N., Abashev, G. G. & Russkikh, V. S. (1991). Acta Cryst. C47, 1851-1854.]). In a 2:3 salt of N,N-di­methyl-D-proline-methyl­ester and TCNQδ the rings form a trimer stack in the sequence ...ABB... with the charge of A being −0.30 and of B being −0.94 [thus, the charge of the trimer is −2.18 (Martin et al., 2012[Martin, L. L., Lu, J., Nafady, A., Le, T. H., Siriwardana, A. I., Qu, X., Traore, D. A. Q., Wilce, M. & Bond, A. M. (2012). Aust. J. Chem. 65, 935-941.])]. The trimers are usually centrosymmetric, and the central ring is usually more negatively charged than the lateral rings. In our previous studies we noted a similar distribution of charge in trimers of semi­quinone radicals (Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]; 2019b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.]).

There are also tetramers, usually composed of TCNQδ moieties with a formal charge of −1/2 [therefore, a tetramer has a charge of −2, implying paired spins (Ashwell & Nowell, 1984[Ashwell, G. J. & Nowell, I. W. (1984). Phys. Status Solidi A, 83, 39-45.]; Ashwell & Wallwork, 1985[Ashwell, G. J. & Wallwork, S. C. (1985). Z. Naturforsch. A, 40, 726-730.]; Rindorf et al., 1988[Rindorf, G., Thorup, N. & Kamaras, K. (1988). Synth. Met. 25, 189-195.]; Takagi et al., 1994[Takagi, S., Nakao, K. & Nakatsu, K. (1994). J. Phys. Soc. Jpn, 63, 271-282.]; Malatesta et al., 1995[Malatesta, V., Millini, R. & Montanari, L. (1995). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117, 6258-6264.])]. These tetramers can stack, forming 1D (Ashwell et al., 1977c[Ashwell, G. J., Bartlett, V. E., Davies, J. K., Eley, D. D., Wallwork, S. C., Willis, M. R., Harper, A. & Torrance, A. C. (1977c). Acta Cryst. B33, 2602-2607.],d[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Harper, A., Torrance, A. C., Wallwork, S. C. & Willis, M. R. (1977d). Acta Cryst. B33, 2258-2263.]; Filhol et al., 1980[Filhol, A., Zeyen, C. M. E., Chenavas, P., Gaultier, J. & Delhaes, P. (1980). Acta Cryst. B36, 2719-2726.]; Filhol & Thomas, 1984[Filhol, A. & Thomas, M. (1984). Acta Cryst. B40, 44-59.]; Üngör et al., 2021b[Üngör, Ö., Choi, E. S. & Shatruk, M. (2021b). Chem. Sci. 12, 10765-10779.]) or 2D arrays (Kubota et al., 2014[Kubota, H., Takahashi, Y., Harada, J. & Inabe, T. (2014). Cryst. Growth Des. 14, 5575-5584.]). Stacks of equidistant radicals, which involve long-range antiferromagnetic ordering and semiconductive properties have also been described for a number of compounds (Shirotani & Kobayashi, 1973[Shirotani, I. & Kobayashi, H. (1973). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 46, 2595-2596.]; Kistenmacher et al., 1974[Kistenmacher, T. J., Phillips, T. E. & Cowan, D. O. (1974). Acta Cryst. B30, 763-768.]; van Bodegom et al., 1977[Bodegom, B. van, de Boer, J. L. & Vos, A. (1977). Acta Cryst. B33, 602-604.]; Endres, 1982[Endres, H. (1982). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 21, 524-524.]; Bryce et al., 1990[Bryce, M. R., Moore, A. J., Hasan, M., Ashwell, G. J., Fraser, A. T., Clegg, W., Hursthouse, M. B. & Karaulov, A. I. (1990). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 29, 1450-1452.]; Visser et al., 1990f[Visser, R. J. J., de Boer, J. L. & Vos, A. (1990f). Acta Cryst. C46, 864-866.]; Murata et al., 2007[Murata, T., Nishimura, K. & Saito, G. (2007). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 466, 101-112.]; Chen et al., 2008[Chen, Y.-C., Wang, P.-F., Liu, G.-X., Xu, H., Ren, X.-M., Song, Y. & Ni, Z.-P. (2008). J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 69, 2445-2452.]; Liu et al., 2011[Liu, G.-X., Guo, X., Yang, H., Nishihara, S. & Ren, X.-M. (2011). J. Chem. Crystallogr. 41, 1262-1267.]). Less common are stacked pentamers (Ashwell et al., 1977c[Ashwell, G. J., Bartlett, V. E., Davies, J. K., Eley, D. D., Wallwork, S. C., Willis, M. R., Harper, A. & Torrance, A. C. (1977c). Acta Cryst. B33, 2602-2607.],d[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Harper, A., Torrance, A. C., Wallwork, S. C. & Willis, M. R. (1977d). Acta Cryst. B33, 2258-2263.], 1978[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Drew, N. J., Wallwork, S. C. & Willis, M. R. (1978). Acta Cryst. B34, 3608-3612.]; Lu et al., 2011[Lu, J., Qu, X., Peleckis, G., Boas, J. F., Bond, A. M. & Martin, L. L. (2011). J. Org. Chem. 76, 10078-10082.]) and structures comprising two different types of stacks (Ashwell et al., 1978[Ashwell, G. J., Eley, D. D., Drew, N. J., Wallwork, S. C. & Willis, M. R. (1978). Acta Cryst. B34, 3608-3612.]; Murata et al., 2006[Murata, T., Morita, Y., Fukui, K., Tamaki, K., Yamochi, H., Saito, G. & Nakasuji, K. (2006). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 79, 894-913.]).

Studying the nature of multicentre covalent bonding between TCNQδ radicals requires correlation of the crystal structures with magnetic and electric properties. Analogous to the detailed studies of stacked semi­quinones, it can be established with certainty that structures of pancake-bonded dimers and trimers with a total charge of −2 are diamagnetic and insulators, and that those of equidistant radicals are semiconductors with long-range magnetic order [most likely antiferromagnetic (Molčanov et al., 2012[Molčanov, K., Kojić-Prodić, B., Babić, D., Pajić, D., Novosel, N. & Zadro, K. (2012). CrystEngComm, 14, 7958-7964.], 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.], 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.],b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.], 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]]. However, little can be said of the magnetic and electric properties of 2D arrays of dimers (TCNQ)2 with a total charge of −1 (these contain a single unpaired electron) and tetramers of radicals, which do not have a well studied quinoid analogue. To determine properties of multicentre bonding in such systems, we prepared and characterized a series of fourteen novel salts of the TCNQδ radical anion with planar organic cations.

2. Results and discussion

A series of salts of the partially charged TCNQδ radical anion with the following organic cations was prepared: 2-bromo-N-methyl­pyridinium (1), 2-methyl-N-methyl­pyridinium (2), 3-iodo-N-methyl­pyridinium (3), 4-benzoyl-N-methyl­pyridinium (4), 4-di­methyl­amino-N-methyl­pyridinium (5), 4-iodo-N-methyl­pyridinium (6), 4-methyl-N-methyl­pyridinium (7), 3,5-di­bromo-N-ethyl­pyridinium (8), N,N′-di­ethyl-4,4′-bipyrid­inium (9), N,N′-di­methyl-4,4′-bipyridinium (10), 3-bromo-N-methyl­pyridinium (11), 3,5-di­bromo-N-methyl­pyridinium (12), N-methyl­pyridinium (13) and N-methyl-1,10-phenanthrolinium (14) (see below).[link]

[Scheme 2]

In the majority of the compounds there are two TCNQδ moieties per one cation (or four in the case of the divalent N,N′-di­ethyl-4,4′-bipyridinium cation), so the stoichiometries are 2·(TCNQ)2, 3·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2, 5·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 7·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4, 12·(TCNQ)2, 13·(TCNQ)2 and 14·(TCNQ)2. Two compounds include halide anions: 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 and 112·I·(TCNQ)2, and one crystallized with a stoichiometry of 1:3, 10·(TCNQ)3.

2.1. Structure and charge of the TCNQδ radical

Stoichiometries of the studied compounds indicate that the charge of TCNQδ is −1/2, except in 10·(TCNQ)3 where it is −2/3. Molecular geometry (Table S1 of the supporting information) and IR spectra (Table 1[link]) are in agreement with the partial charge and partial radical character of the TCNQδ moieties. It is known that with increasing negative charge and radical character, the molecular structure of TCNQδ and related quinones change from quinoid towards semiquinoid: formally double bonds (a and c in Fig. 1[link]) are elongated whereas formally single bonds (b and d in Fig. 1[link]) are shortened. The geometric correlation by Kistenmacher et al. (1982[Kistenmacher, T. J., Emge, T. J., Bloch, A. N. & Cowan, D. O. (1982). Acta Cryst. B38, 1193-1199.]) is 0.476 for neutral TCNQ, whereas for a negative radical with a total charge of −1 it is 0.500. For the salts studied in this work with a formal charge on TCNQ of −1/2 it is 0.487 (4), corresponding to a charge of 0.44 (17) (Table 2[link]). Although the average value is close to the expected one, large variance makes this geometric correlation quite unreliable. Similar results are obtained if the correlation is expanded to (a + c)/(b + d). Average values of differences in bond lengths ba and cd for compounds with a formal charge on TCNQ of −1/2 studied in this work are 0.080 (10) and −0.034 (11) Å, respectively (Table 2[link]). Again, the variances are too large to be reliable. Therefore, all these geometric correlations should be taken cum grano salis; as noted by Herbstein & Kapon (2008[Herbstein, F. H. & Kapon, M. (2008). Crystallogr. Rev. 14, 3-74.]), `it would be haza­rdous to base a distinction (for a single determination) on bond lengths alone'. Our conclusions for related semi­quinone radicals were similar (Molčanov et al., 2019b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.]). The reason for this variance of molecular geometry can be attributed to the effect of crystal field and especially the strong, partially covalent pancake bonding between the radicals.

Table 1
Selected absorption bands (cm–1) of TCNQδ− in the infrared spectra of compounds 114

Assignment according to Lunelli & Pecile (1970[Lunelli, B. & Pecile, C. (1970). J. Chem. Phys. 52, 2375-2384.]). Overlapping bands, which could not be well resolved, are italic; w – weak; sh – shoulder.

Compound C—H stretch C—N stretch C=C ethyl stretch C—H bend C—CN stretch NC—C—CN bend
12·Br·(TCNQ)2 3053 2202, 2157 1555, 1520 1297, 852 1113 482
2·(TCNQ)2 3057 2202, 2177 1563, 1516 1336, 859sh 1114 480
3·(TCNQ)2 3047 2202, 2158 1555, 1513 1341sh, 837 1115 480
4·(TCNQ)2 3047 2196, 2160 1557, 1522 1323, 859 1115 480
5·(TCNQ)2 3053 2200, 2171sh 1563, 1515 1330, 822 1113 470
6·(TCNQ)2 3057 2202, 2158 1553, 1515 1332sh, 860 1113 483
7·(TCNQ)2 3055 2202, 2167 1557, 1517 1332, 856sh 1114 487
8·(TCNQ)2 3059, 3035 2223w 1549 1338, 874 1121w 474
9·(TCNQ)4 3062 2198, 2176 1561, 1526 1344, 841 1115 478
10·(TCNQ)3 3051 2190, 2169 1564, 1516 1353, 862 1113sh 474
112·I·(TCNQ)2 3053 2202, 2171 1555, 1503 1347sh, 851 1104 480
12·(TCNQ)2 3051 2200, 2178 1553, 1520 1295, 859sh 1113 480
13·(TCNQ)2 3057 2202, 2169 1557, 1518 1334, 852w 1111 481
14·(TCNQ)2 3057 2204, 2169 1561, 1525 1359, 843 1117sh 482

Table 2
Estimated charge by geometric correlations

Chemical bonds (labelled a, b, c and d) correspond to those in Fig. 1[link]. RT – room temperature.

Ring ba cd c/(b + d) (a + c)/(b + d) Est. charge
12·Br·(TCNQ)2 0.091 −0.044 0.483 0.988 0.31
2·(TCNQ)2, 100 K 0.103 −0.055 0.478 0.993 0.10
2·(TCNQ)2, RT 0.080 −0.031 0.488 0.989 0.48
3·(TCNQ)2, A 0.083 −0.050 0.483 0.988 0.27
3·(TCNQ)2, B 0.070 −0.024 0.490 0.989 0.59
4·(TCNQ)2, A 0.088 −0.037 0.485 0.988 0.39
4·(TCNQ)2, B 0.073 −0.018 0.492 0.986 0.68
5·(TCNQ)2 0.088 −0.038 0.485 0.990 0.37
6·(TCNQ)2, A 0.073 −0.029 0.488 0.992 0.50
6·(TCNQ)2, B 0.087 −0.032 0.487 0.989 0.45
7·(TCNQ)2, 100 K 0.085 −0.040 0.484 0.991 0.35
7·(TCNQ)2, RT 0.082 −0.033 0.487 0.990 0.44
8·(TCNQ)2, A 0.082 −0.030 0.488 0.987 0.50
8·(TCNQ)2, B 0.080 −0.032 0.487 0.989 0.47
9·(TCNQ)4, A 0.083 −0.036 0.486 0.990 0.41
9·(TCNQ)4, B 0.075 −0.023 0.491 0.987 0.60
112·I·(TCNQ)2, A 0.072 −0.024 0.490 0.989 0.58
112·I·(TCNQ)2, B 0.066 −0.027 0.489 0.991 0.55
12·(TCNQ)2, A 0.070 −0.028 0.489 0.989 0.55
12·(TCNQ)2, B 0.053 −0.010 0.497 0.984 0.86
12·(TCNQ)2, C 0.088 −0.050 0.481 0.992 0.22
13·(TCNQ)2, 100 K, A 0.091 −0.054 0.480 0.991 0.17
13·(TCNQ)2, 100 K, B 0.093 −0.051 0.481 0.991 0.20
13·(TCNQ)2, RT 0.077 −0.027 0.489 0.989 0.54
14·(TCNQ)2, 100 K 0.078 −0.034 0.487 0.987 0.48
14·(TCNQ)2, RT 0.077 −0.027 0.488 0.991 0.52
10·(TCNQ)3, A 0.084 −0.032 0.487 0.989 0.45
10·(TCNQ)3, B 0.065 −0.008 0.496 0.986 0.82
Average 0.08 (1) −0.03 (1) 0.487 (4) 0.989 (2) 0.4 (2)
TCNQ neutral§ 0.096 −0.052 0.480 0.990 0
TCNQ§ 0.068 −0.012 0.495 0.983 −1
†From c/(b+d).
‡Data for the trimer were not used to calculate the average.
§Data obtained from the work by Herbstein & Kapon (2008[Herbstein, F. H. & Kapon, M. (2008). Crystallogr. Rev. 14, 3-74.]).

In the case of 10·(TCNQ)3, which comprises a pancake-bonded trimer with a formal charge of −2/3 [i.e. (TCNQ)32−], the geometry indicates that the total charge of the central ring B is higher, −0.82, whereas the lateral rings A have a lower total charge of −0.45 (Table 2[link]). Thus, the total charge of a trimer is −1.72, fairly close to the formal value of −2. Similar values have been found for similar trimers (Usov et al., 1991[Usov, O. A., Burshtein, I. A., Kartenko, N. F., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Vlasova, R. M., Semkin, V. N., Abashev, G. G. & Russkikh, V. S. (1991). Acta Cryst. C47, 1851-1854.]). A more reliable assessment of total charge based on X-ray charge density was recently used in a study of a trimer of tetra­chloro­semi­quinone radicals with a formal charge of −2 (Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]), and it revealed similarly uneven distribution of the negative charge: the central ring has a higher total charge of −0.76, whereas the two lateral rings have a charge of −0.59. The total charge of that trimer was −1.94 (Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]). Accordingly, we may conclude that charge distribution in 10·(TCNQ)3 is similar.

Assignment of IR spectra in salts of TCNQδ radicals is not straightforward owing to the presence of cation vibrations, which often overlap with bands of the TCNQδ radical. However, stretching of the cyano group does not overlap with other bands, so it can be used as a rough estimate for the ionization state of TCNQδ (Herbstein & Kapon, 2008[Herbstein, F. H. & Kapon, M. (2008). Crystallogr. Rev. 14, 3-74.]): in the neutral molecule it is 2228 cm−1, whereas in its mono anion there are two bands at 2194 and 2177 cm−1. In the studied salts, there are two bands at about 2200 and 2160−2170 cm−1 (Table 1[link]), of which the first is blue-shifted and the second is red-shifted compared with the fully negatively charged radical anion, indicating a partial radical nature. The ethyl C=C stretching band is red-shifted compared with the neutral TCNQδ by 20−25 cm−1, indicating weaker C=C bonds due to enhanced delocalization of π-electrons (Table 1[link]).

2.2. Crystal packing and multicentre bonding

In all the studied crystal structures the dominant motif is the stacking of TCNQδ radical anions, with a secondary motif of weak C—H⋯N hydrogen bonding between dimers (or oligomers) of the radicals. These two motifs create 2D-layered arrays of TCNQδ radicals, which we discuss below. In all cases there are separate layers of radicals and cations, connected by C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds. Geometric parameters of π-stacking contacts are given in Table 3[link]; note that interplanar distances corresponding to pancake bonding (i.e. those within the oligomers) are rather short (typically <3.25 Å), whereas those between the oligomers are longer (mostly exceeding 3.3 Å). However, these differences are much less pronounced than in semi­quinones, where inter-dimer distances usually exceed 3.4 Å (Molčanov et al., 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.]; 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]; 2019b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.],c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]).

Table 3
Geometric parameters of π interactions

ππ Cg⋯Cg (Å) α β§ Cg⋯plane(Cg2) (Å) Offset (Å) Symmetry operations on Cg2
12·Br·(TCNQ)2
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.166 (4) 0.0 (3) 52.1 3.176 (3) 4.075 2 − x, −2 − y, 2 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 4.974 (4) 0.0 (3) 48.1 3.324 (3) 3.701 2 − x, −1 − y, 2 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.720 (4) 0.0 (3) 32.7 3.129 (3) 2.011 3 − x, −2 − y, 2 − z
N5→C17⋯C5→C17 4.906 (6) 0.0 (5) 41.0 3.700 (4) 3.222 3 − x, −1 − y, 1 − z
2·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.680 (2) 0.00 (18) 32.9 3.090 (1) 1.998 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.014 (3) 6.63 (18) 48.0 3.013 (1) 3.728 x, 1/2 − y, −1/2 + z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.014 (3) 6.63 (18) 53.1 3.353 (1) 4.008 x, 1/2 − y, 1/2 + z
2·(TCNQ)2Q, RT
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.719 (1) 0.02 (9) 32.5 3.1379 (8) 1.997 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.071 (1) 7.01 (9) 47.6 3.0665 (8) 3.744 x, 1/2 − y, −1/2 + z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.071 (1) 7.01 (9) 52.8 3.4207 (8) 4.039 x, 1/2 − y, 1/2 + z
3·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.759 (4) 1.3 (3) 32.5 3.157 (3) 2.022 x, y, 1 + z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 5.341 (4) 1.3 (3) 53.2 3.265 (3) 4.278 1 + x, −1 + y, 1 + z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 4.770 (4) 1.3 (3) 44.6 3.343 (3) 3.349 1 + x, y, 1 + z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 4.770 (4) 1.3 (3) 45.5 3.397 (2) 3.402 −1 + x, y, −1 + z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 5.340 (4) 1.3 (3) 52.3 3.197 (2) 4.226 −1 + x, 1 + y, −1 + z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.759 (4) 1.3 (3) 32.9 3.168 (2) 2.041 x, y, −1 + z
4·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.8501 (7) 0.00 (5) 28.8 3.3732 (5) 1.856 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.7472 (7) 2.57 (5) 33.2 3.1824 (5) 2.050 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.7471 (7) 2.57 (5) 31.9 3.1367 (4) 1.978 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.3476 (6) 0.03 (5) 20.8 3.1292 (4) 1.189 1 − x, 2 − y, 1 − z
N5→C17⋯N5→C17 4.4886 (7) 0.00 (5) 31.8 3.8140 (4) 2.367 1 − x, 3 − y, 2 − z
N5→C17⋯C20→C25 5.2401 (7) 61.04 (6) 47.0 3.8846 (4) x, 3 − y, 2 − z
C20→C25⋯N5→C17 5.2401 (7) 61.04 (6) 42.2 3.5715 (5) x, 3 − y, 2 − z
C20→C25⋯C20→C25 5.1280 (8) 0.00 (7) 50.8 3.240 (6) 3.975 x, 2 − y, 2 − z
4·(TCNQ)2, RT
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.9170 (8) 0.00 (7) 29.5 3.4101 (6) 1.927 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.8016 (8) 2.04 (6) 32.8 3.2338 (6) 2.058 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.8017 (8) 2.04 (6) 31.7 3.1968(5) 1.999 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.4907 (7) 0.03 (6) 22.5 3.2250 (5) 1.336 1 − x, 2 − y, 1 − z
N5→C17⋯N5→C17 4.5411 (8) 0.00 (7) 30.9 3.8977 (6) 2.330 1 − x, 3 − y, 2 − z
N5→C17⋯C20→C25 5.255 (1) 61.99 (9) 46.5 4.0163 (5)   x, 3 − y, 2 − z
C20→C25⋯N5→C17 5.255 (1) 61.99 (9) 40.2 3.6197 (9)   x, 3 − y, 2 − z
C20→C25⋯C20→C25 5.364 (1) 0.0 (1) 51.9 3.3067 (9) 4.224 x, 2 − y, 2 − z
5·(TCNQ)2
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.798 (1) 0.02 (9) 32.1 3.2167 (8) 2.020 1 − x, 1 − y, 2 − z
6·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 5.033 (4) 0.5 (3) 51.0 3.145 (3) 3.910 x, y, z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 5.082 (4) 0.5 (3) 50.3 3.271 (3) 3.908 x, 1 + y, z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.727 (4) 0.5 (3) 33.0 3.124 (3) 2.030 1 + x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.726 (4) 0.5 (3) 33.1 3.125 (3) 2.032 −1 + x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 5.082 (4) 0.5 (3) 49.9 3.249 (3) 3.889 x, −1 + y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 5.034 (4) 0.5 (3) 51.3 3.169 (3) 3.930 x, y, z
7·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.6872 (9) 0.03 (7) 33.2 3.0866 (6) 2.017 x, 2 − y, −z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.1357 (9) 0.03 (7) 52.2 3.1470 (6) 4.059 1 − x, 1 − y, −z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 4.9180 (9) 0.03 (7) 49.9 3.1696 (6) 3.760 1 − x, 2 − y, −z
7·(TCNQ)2, RT
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.7390 (9) 0.02 (7) 32.7 3.1455 (6) 2.021 x, −y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.0008 (9) 0.02 (7) 49.7 3.2335 (6) 3.815 1 − x, −y, 1−z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.1723 (9) 0.02 (7) 51.3 3.2310 (6) 4.039 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
8·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.771 (1) 0.(1) 24.9 3.4198 (9) 1.590 2 − x, 1 − y, 2 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.685 (1) 1.6 (1) 32.5 3.1408 (9) 1.978 x, y, 1 + z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.685 (1) 1.6 (1) 31.5 3.1089 (9) 1.927 x, y, −1 + z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.718 (1) 0.0 (1) 28.0 3.2831 (9) 1.744 1 − x, −y, −z
9·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 5.1343 (7) 16.73 (6) 43.1 2.8125 (5) 3.509 x, 1/2 − y, 1/2 + z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 3.7304 (7) 2.08 (6) 31.6 3.1874 (5) 1.956 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 3.7304 (7) 2.08 (6) 31.3 3.1765 (5) 1.938 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.7423 (7) 0.00 (6) 31.9 3.1785 (5) 1.975 1 − x, 1 − y, −z
10·(TCNQ)3
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 4.907 (1) 0.03 (9) 47.0 3.3459 (7) 3.590 x, 3 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 5.181 (1) 0.03 (9) 54.6 3.0009 (7) 4.224 1 − x, 3 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C5B_a 3.646 (1) 1.23 (8) 33.9 3.0362 (7) 2.036 x, y, z
C3B→C5B_a⋯C3A→C11A 3.646 (1) 1.23 (8) 33.6 3.0251 (7) 2.019 x, y, z
112·I·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.638 (2) 0.0 (2) 31.4 3.105 (1) 1.896 1 − x, 2 − y, 2 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 5.255 (2) 7.2 (2) 59.2 3.173 (1) 4.515 x, y, z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 4.592 (2) 7.2 (2) 41.5 3.104 (1) 3.043 1 + x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 4.592 (2) 7.2 (2) 47.5 3.438 (1) 3.383 −1 + x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 5.255 (2) 7.2 (2) 52.9 2.689 (1) 4.189 x, y, z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.688 (2) 0.0 (2) 33.4 3.079 (1) 2.029 x, 3 − y, 2 − z
N5→C17⋯N5→C17 4.622 (2) 0.0 (2) 36.3 3.725 (1) 2.736 x, 2 − y, 1 − z
12·(TCNQ)2
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 4.017 (2) 0.0 (1) 33.3 3.357 (1) 2.207 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.694 (2) 0.0 (1) 33.0 3.098 (1) 2.012 2 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3B→C10B_a⋯C3C→C10C_b 4.240 (2) 1.1 (1) 39.9 3.307 (1) 2.718 −1 + x, −1 + y, z
C3C→C10C_b⋯C3B→C10B_a 4.240 (2) 1.1 (1) 38.7 3.254 (1) 2.653 x, y, z
13·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C3A→C11A⋯C3A→C11A 3.689 (1) 0.02 (9) 33.0 3.0946 (8) 2.008 1 − x, 2 − y, 2 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 5.064 (1) 8.23 (9) 47.3 2.9296 (8) 3.719 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3A→C11A⋯C3B→C11B 4.935 (1) 8.23 (9) 53.9 3.3783 (8) 3.990 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 5.064 (1) 8.23 (9) 54.7 3.4366 (8) 4.130 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3B→C11B⋯C3A→C11A 4.935 (1) 8.23 (9) 46.8 2.9043 (8) 3.597 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3B→C11B⋯C3B→C11B 3.689 (1) 0.02 (9) 33.1 3.0914 (8) 2.013 x, 1 − y, −z
13·(TCNQ)2, RT
C1→C6⋯C1→C6 3.723 (2) 0.0 (1) 32.5 3.139 (1) 2.002 x, −y, 1 − z
C1→C6⋯C1→C6 5.017 (2) 0.0 (1) 49.2 3.277 (1) 3.798 1 − x, −y, 1 − z
C1→C6⋯C1→C6 5.082 (2) 0.0 (1) 51.2 3.186 (1) 3.959 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
14·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 4.771 (2) 0.0 (2) 46.3 3.297 (1) 3.449 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.265 (2) 0.0 (2) 53.1 3.162 (1) 4.210 x, 2 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.687 (2) 0.0 (2) 32.9 3.097 (1) 2.000 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
14·(TCNQ)2, RT
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 4.742 (2) 0.0 (1) 44.4 3.390 (1) 3.316 x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 5.423 (2) 0.0 (1) 53.7 3.207 (1) 4.373 x, 2 − y, 1 − z
C3→C11⋯C3→C11 3.738 (2) 0.0 (1) 32.4 3.155 (1) 2.004 1−x, 1 − y, 1 − z
†Cg – centroid of the aromatic ring.
α – angle between planes of two interacting rings.
§β – angle between Cg⋯Cg line and normal to the plane of the first interacting ring.

A pancake-bonded dimer of partially charged TCNQδ moieties, (TCNQ)2, as a main unit is present in 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 2·(TCNQ)2, 3·(TCNQ)2, 5·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 7·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2, 112·I·(TCNQ)2, 12·(TCNQ)2, 13·(TCNQ)2 and 14·(TCNQ)2. In 10·(TCNQ)3 it is the trimer (TCNQ)32−, and in 4·(TCNQ)2 and 9·(TCNQ)4 it is the tetramer (TCNQ)42−. Dimers are common in almost all planar radicals, semi­quinones (Molčanov et al., 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]; 2019b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.],c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]), various diazo­lyls (Lekin et al., 2010[Lekin, K., Winter, S. M., Downie, L. E., Bao, X., Tse, J. S., Desgreniers, S., Secco, R. A., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2010). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 16212-16224.]; Yu et al., 2011[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Dube, P. A., Assoud, A. & Oakley, R. T. (2011). Chem. Commun. 47, 4655-4657.], 2012[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Lekin, K., Assoud, A., Robertson, C. M., Noll, B. C., Campana, C. F., Howard, J. A. K., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2012). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 2264-2275.]; Melen et al., 2016[Melen, R. L., Less, R. J., Pask, C. M. & Rawson, J. M. (2016). Inorg. Chem. 55, 11747-11759.]; Nikolayenko et al., 2017[Nikolayenko, V. I., Barbour, L. J., Arauzo, A., Campo, J., Rawson, J. M. & Haynes, D. A. (2017). Chem. Commun. 53, 11310-11313.]; Beldjoudi et al., 2019[Beldjoudi, Y., Arauzo, A., Campo, J., Gavey, E. L., Pilkington, M., Nascimento, M. & Rawson, J. M. (2019). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 141, 6875-6889.]) etc. They typically involve a pair of radicals, each having a single unpaired electron; thus the intermolecular HOMO is filled by a pair of electrons and the multicentre bond order is 1 (Mou & Kertesz, 2017[Mou, Z. & Kertesz, M. (2017). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 10188-10191.]; Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.], 2019a[Molčanov, K., Jelsch, C., Landeros-Rivera, B., Hernández-Trujillo, J., Wenger, E., Stilinović, V., Kojić-Prodić, B. & Escudero-Adán, E. C. (2019a). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 391-402.]). Such structures are therefore diamagnetic. However, in the present case of TCNQδ, stoichiometry (and molecular geometry, see above) indicates that their charge is −1/2, so a dimer contains a single unpaired electron, (TCNQ)2. Thus, the muticentre bond order is 1/2 (Mou & Kertesz, 2017[Mou, Z. & Kertesz, M. (2017). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 10188-10191.]; Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]) and the single electron remains unpaired.

Trimers in 10·(TCNQ)3 are similar to those observed in semi­quinones (Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.], 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]; Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]), sharing two electrons per three radicals, implying a multicentre bond order of <0.71 (Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]). The two electrons occupying the HOMO of the (TCNQ)32− group are paired and the ground state is antiferromagnetic.

Tetramers (TCNQ)42− in 4·(TCNQ)2 and 9·(TCNQ)4 involve four TCNQδ radicals with a formal charge of −1/2, meaning two electrons occupy the HOMO. Therefore, the multicentre bond order is about 1/2 (Mou & Kertesz, 2017[Mou, Z. & Kertesz, M. (2017). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56, 10188-10191.]; Molčanov et al., 2018b[Molčanov, K., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M., Kojić-Prodić, B., Stalke, D., Demeshko, S., Šantić, A. & Stilinović, V. (2018b). Chem. Eur. J. 24, 8292-8297.]), since a pair of electrons is shared by four TCNQ rings.

The dimers, trimers and tetramers are stacked by somewhat weaker π-interactions (Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]) and laterally connected by C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds (Table 4[link], Fig. 2[link]) into 2D arrays. The cyano group of the TCNQδ radical is a strong acceptor, and the proton-donating capability of the C−H group is barely affected by a partial negative charge. In addition, a lateral contact between two radicals involves two hydrogen bonds, so the interaction is fairly strong. Therefore, the motif shown in Fig. 2[link] is observed in all structures. All the studied structures involve alternating layers of anions and cations (Fig. 3[link]), and these layers are connected by C−H⋯N hydrogen bonds with the cation acting as a weak donor and the cyano groups of TCNQδ acting as acceptors (Fig. 4[link]). Typically, there are only dispersion interactions between the cations. Stacking between aromatic cations was observed in the compounds 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2 and 112·I·(TCNQ)2, but it is a much weaker interaction with interplanar distances exceeding 3.6 Å. Such geometry is common for aromatic π-interactions (Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]).

Table 4
Geometric parameters of hydrogen bonds

  D—H (Å) H⋯A (Å) DA (Å) D—H⋯A (°) Symmetry operations on A
12·Br·(TCNQ)2
C16—H16⋯N4 0.93 2.48 3.39 (2) 167 x, 1 + y, z
C18—H18A⋯N4 0.96 2.59 3.12 (1) 115 1 + x, y, z
2·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C4—H4⋯N3 0.93 2.59 3.266 (7) 130 x, y, −1 + z
C11—H11⋯N2 0.93 2.57 3.248 (7) 130 x, y, 1 + z
C16—H16⋯N1 0.93 2.53 3.42 (1) 161 −1 + x, −1/2 − y, 1/2 + z
3·(TCNQ)2
C4A—H4A⋯N3A 0.93 2.59 3.30 (1) 134 x, 1 + y, z
C4B—H4B⋯N3B 0.93 2.54 3.28 (1) 136 x, 1 + y, z
C11A—H11A⋯N2A 0.93 2.56 3.29 (1) 135 x, −1 + y, z
C11B—H11B⋯N2B 0.93 2.61 3.36 (1) 138 x, −1 + y, z
C13—H13⋯N1A 0.93 2.31 3.24 (1) 177 −1 + x, 1 + y, −1 + z
C15—H15⋯N4B 0.93 2.61 3.35 (2) 136 1 + x, y, 1 + z
C18—H18A⋯N4B 0.96 2.59 3.55 (2) 179 x, 1 + y, 1 + z
4·(TCNQ)2
C5A—H5A⋯N2B 0.93 2.60 3.331 (2) 136 x, 2 − y, 1 − z
C11A—H11A⋯N3B 0.93 2.48 3.282 (2) 145 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C14A—H14A⋯N1B 0.93 2.45 3.170 (2) 134 x, 1 + y, 1 + z
C16—H16⋯N2B 0.93 2.54 3.457 (2) 168 x, y, z
C18—H18C⋯N4A 0.96 2.49 3.305 (2) 143 x, 1 + y, z
C22—H22⋯N1B 0.93 2.52 3.374 (3) 153 x, 2 − y, 1 − z
6·(TCNQ)2
C13—H13⋯N4A 0.93 2.55 3.27 (1) 135 x, y, 1 + z
C16—H16⋯N1B 0.93 2.50 3.29 (1) 143 x, y, z
C17—H17⋯N1A 0.93 2.59 3.48 (2) 143 −1 + x, y, z
7·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C13—H13⋯N1 0.93 2.54 3.242 (2) 133 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
7·(TCNQ)2, RT
N6—H16A⋯N1 1.00 (4) 2.56 (4) 3.316 (4) 133 (3) −1 + x, y, z
C13—H13⋯N1 0.93 2.56 3.302 (3) 137 1 − x, 1 − y, 2 − z
8·(TCNQ)2
C11A—H11A⋯N1A 0.93 2.57 3.250 (3) 130 −1 + x, y, z
C13—H13⋯N2B 0.93 2.46 3.220 (3) 139 x, 1 + y, 1 + z
C17—H17⋯N3A 0.93 2.53 3.284 (3) 139 −1 + x, y, −1 + z
C18—H18B⋯N4B 0.97 2.62 3.366 (3) 134 x, 1 − y, −z
9·(TCNQ)4
C13—H13⋯N2A 0.93 2.43 3.353 (2) 172 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C1—H1⋯N2B 0.93 2.42 3.332 (2) 167 1 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C17—H17⋯N3B 0.93 2.40 3.239 (2) 150 x, 1 − y, −z
10·(TCNQ)3
C13—H13⋯N3A 0.93 2.54 3.447 (3) 165 x, 2 − y, 2 − z
C14—H14⋯N3B 0.93 2.34 3.116 (2) 140 −1 + x, y, 1 + z
C17—H17⋯N2A 0.93 2.55 3.250 (2) 132 1 − x, 3 − y, 1 − z
112·I·(TCNQ)2
C5A—H5A⋯N4A 0.93 2.60 3.341 (4) 137 1 + x, y, z
C5B—H5B⋯N4B 0.93 2.51 3.267 (4) 139 1 + x, y, z
C10A—H10A⋯N1A 0.93 2.57 3.277 (4) 133 −1 + x, y, z
C10B—H10B⋯N1B 0.93 2.53 3.285 (4) 139 −1 + x, y, z
C13B—H13B⋯I1 0.93 2.95 3.848 (4) 164 2 − x, 1 − y, 1 − z
C15B—H15B⋯N2A 0.93 2.60 3.332 (6) 136 2 − x, 2 − y, 1 − z
C17A—H17A⋯N2A 0.93 2.59 3.495 (5) 164 −1 + x, y, z
C17B—H17B⋯N2B 0.93 2.54 3.225 (5) 131 2 − x, 2 − y, 1 − z
C18B—H18B⋯I1 0.96 3.05 3.784 (4) 134 −1 + x, y, z
C18B—H18D⋯N3B 0.96 2.54 3.484 (5) 166 2 + x, −1 + y, −1 + z
12·(TCNQ)2
C4C—H4C⋯N1C 0.93 2.62 3.244 (3) 125 2 − x, −y, −z
C13—H13⋯N3C 0.93 2.51 3.375 (4) 155 x, −1 + y, z
13·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C4A—H4A⋯N3A 0.93 2.62 3.318 (3) 132 1 + x, y, z
C4B—H4B⋯N3B 0.93 2.60 3.272 (3) 130 1 + x, y, z
C11B—H11B⋯N2B 0.93 2.60 3.271 (3) 129 −1 + x, y, z
C13—H13⋯N1B 0.93 2.44 3.356 (3) 170 x, y, z
C14—H14⋯N4B 0.93 2.49 3.316 (3) 148 x, 1 − y, −z
C15—H15⋯N4B 0.93 2.56 3.305 (4) 137 1 + x, 1 + y, 1 + z
C16—H16⋯N1A 0.93 2.60 3.362 (4) 139 2 − x, 2 − y, 2 − z
C17—H17⋯N4A 0.93 2.61 3.446 (3) 150 1 + x, y, z
14·(TCNQ)2, 100 K
C5—H5⋯N4 0.93 2.56 3.270 (5) 134 x, 1 + y, z
C10—H10⋯N1 0.93 2.60 3.317 (5) 134 x, −1 + y, z
C15—H15⋯N3 0.93 2.60 3.338 (6) 137 1 + x, y, z
14·(TCNQ)2, RT
C5—H5⋯N4 0.93 2.59 3.299 (4) 134 x, 1 + y, z
[Figure 2]
Figure 2
Typical lateral connection between pancake-bonded pairs in 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, involving two pairs of C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3
Crystal packings showing layers of TCNQδ moieties (red) and cations (blue) of (a) 7·(TCNQ)2, (b) 8·(TCNQ)2, (c) 10·(TCNQ)3, (d) 4·(TCNQ)2, (e9·(TCNQ)4 and (f) 12·(TCNQ)2. Symmetry-independent moieties are shown in lighter and darker shades.
[Figure 4]
Figure 4
Different types of layers of TCNQδ radicals observed in the compounds studied: (a) `brick wall' array of pancake-bonded dimers in 7·(TCNQ)2, (b) stacking of parallel hydrogen-bonded chains in 8·(TCNQ)2, (c) brick-wall array of pancake-bonded trimers in 10·(TCNQ)3 (A are red and B are blue), (d) brick wall array of pancake-bonded tetramers in 4·(TCNQ)2 (A are red and B are blue), (e) herringbone-like array of pancake-bonded tetramers in 9·(TCNQ)4 (A are red and B are blue) and (f) 2D array formed by stacks of equidistant radicals in 12·(TCNQ)2 (B are red and C are blue). Individual dimers, trimers and tetramers are highlighted in green; hydrogen bonds are shown as black dotted lines.

The most common type of 2D arrangement is a `brick wall' pattern of pancake-bonded dimers, which is found in 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 2·(TCNQ)2, 3·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 7·(TCNQ)2 112·I·(TCNQ)2, 12·(TCNQ)2, 13·(TCNQ)2 and 14·(TCNQ)2 [Figs. 4[link](a) and S4–S17]. A similar pattern, although with fewer hydrogen bonds, is also present in 5·(TCNQ)2. In 8·(TCNQ)2 the pancake-bonded dimers form hydrogen-bonded chains parallel to [001], which are stacked on top of one another [Fig. 4[link](b)]. Brick-wall patterns are also formed by trimers in 10·(TCNQ)3 [Fig. 4[link](c)] and tetramers in 4·(TCNQ)2 [Fig. 4[link](d)]. Tetramers in 9·(TCNQ)4 are laterally connected into chains parallel to [001], and are inclined by ca 20° towards the b axis. The contiguous chains are inclined in opposite directions, resulting in a herringbone-like pattern [Fig. 4[link](e)]. Interactions between the chains are very weak.

The unique crystal packing in the series studied is the structure of 12·(TCNQ)2 which comprises three symmetry-independent TCNQδ radicals (labelled A, B and C), each with a formal charge of −1/2. Molecule A, which is located in a general position, forms a 2D brick-wall pattern of pancake bonded dimers, identical to those described above [Fig. 4[link](a)]. Centrosymmetric anions B and C form equidistant stacks with alternating rings (...BCBC...) extending in the direction [100]. Hydrogen bonds (C−H⋯N) between the C rings connect the stacks into layers parallel to (001) [Fig. 4[link](f)]. The overall crystal packing exhibits alternating layers: anions A...cations...anions B/C...cations...anions A... (Fig. S15 of the supporting information).

In some structures intermolecular halogen bonding is present. The crystal packing of 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 involves a bromide anion located at an inversion centre (p.p. 0.5) which is connected to two cations of 1 by a pair of symmetry-related Br⋯Br halogen bonds of 3.356 Å (Fig. 5[link]). Similarly, in 112·I·(TCNQ)2, an iodide anion forms a pair of Br⋯I halogen bonds of 3.556 and 3.662 Å. In both structures the halogen bonds are (approximately) collinear [180° in 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 and at ca 161° in 112·I·(TCNQ)2]. In addition, the halide also acts as an acceptor of several C—H⋯Br (C—H⋯I) hydrogen bonding contacts, as is usually observed in halogeno­pyridine halogenides (Grebe et al., 1999[Grebe, J., Geiseler, G., Harms, K., Neumüller, B. & Dehnicke, K. (1999). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 38, 222-225.]; Logothetis et al., 2004[Logothetis, T. A., Meyer, F., Metrangolo, P., Pilati, T. & Resnati, G. (2004). New J. Chem. 28, 760-763.]; Caballero et al., 2012[Caballero, A., Zapata, F., White, N. G., Costa, P. J., Félix, V. & Beer, P. D. (2012). Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 1876-1880.]; Fotović & Stilinović, 2020[Fotović, L. & Stilinović, V. (2020). CrystEngComm, 22, 4039-4046.]). Halogen bonding is also present in 3·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2 and 12·(TCNQ)2 where cyano groups of TCNQδ anions act as halogen bond acceptors. However, there is a significant difference between the halogen bonds formed by the iodo­pyridinium cations [in 3·(TCNQ)2 and 6·(TCNQ)2] and the di­bromo­pyridinium cations [in 8·(TCNQ)2 and 12·(TCNQ)2]. The iodo­pyridinium cations form I⋯N halogen bonds [of 3.322 Å in 3·(TCNQ)2 and 3.172 Å in 6·(TCNQ)2] with the cyano nitro­gen lone pair, whereas the di­bromo­pyridinium cations form halogen bonds orthogonal to the cyano group (i.e. with the π-electrons of the cyano group). Note that both bond geometries have been observed in halogen-bonded structures of coordination complexes of cyanide ligands (Mínguez Espallargas et al., 2009[Mínguez Espallargas, G., Zordan, F., Arroyo Marín, L., Adams, H., Shankland, K., van de Streek, J. & Brammer, L. (2009). Chem. Eur. J. 15, 7554-7568.]; Ormond-Prout et al., 2012[Ormond-Prout, J. E., Smart, P. & Brammer, L. (2012). Cryst. Growth Des. 12, 205-216.]; Jakupec et al., 2020[Jakupec, N., Fotović, L. & Stilinović, V. (2020). CrystEngComm, 22, 8142-8150.]) with a formal negative charge.

[Figure 5]
Figure 5
Bromide anion held by a pair of symmetry-related halogen bonds Br⋯Br in 12·Br·(TCNQ)2.

In 4·(TCNQ)2 the cations form a dimer through a pair of π–hole interactions involving a carbonyl group and pyridinium ring; in addition the pyridinium rings stack, and this interaction is enhanced by antiparallel local dipoles (Fig. 6[link]). π–Hole interactions are also present in 8·(TCNQ)2, between a cyano group from the TCNQδ molecule B and the pyridinium ring of the cation, and also in 12·(TCNQ)2 between the iodide anion and pyridinium ring of the cation.

[Figure 6]
Figure 6
Dimer of cations of 4 in 4·(TCNQ)2 formed by π–hole interactions (shown as dashed lines) and π-stacking of pyridyl rings enhanced by antiparallel local dipoles.

2.3. Correlation of electrical conductivity and crystal packing

Impedance spectroscopy measurements of selected compounds: 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4, 10·(TCNQ)3 and 12·(TCNQ)2 showed that conductivity isotherms of all samples are frequency-independent (corresponding to DC conductivity) over a wide range of frequencies. Fig. 7[link] shows the conductivity spectra of 10·(TCNQ)3 as typical spectra for all measured compounds. The observed behaviour is typical for electronically conducting materials and indicates fast electron transport (Austin, 1970[Austin, I. G. (1970). J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 2, 474-483.]; Morimoto et al., 2019[Morimoto, T., Nagai, M., Minowa, Y., Ashida, M., Yokotani, Y., Okuyama, Y. & Kani, Y. (2019). Nat. Commun. 10, 2662, 1-8.]; Renka et al., 2020[Renka, S., Klaser, T., Burazer, S., Mošner, P., Kalenda, P., Šantić, A. & Moguš-Milanković, A. (2020). Nanomaterials, 10, 2515:1-13.]).

[Figure 7]
Figure 7
Electrical conductivity spectra of 10·(TCNQ)3 at different temperatures.

For all measured compounds, the DC conductivity exhibits Arrhenius temperature dependence and hence has a characteristic activation energy, see Fig. 8[link]. The activation energy for DC conductivity (EDC) for each compound was determined from the slope log(σDC) versus 1000/T using the equation σDCT = σ0exp(−EDC/kBT), where σDC is the conductivity, σ0 is the pre-exponential factor, EDC is the activation energy, kB is the Boltzmann constant and T is the temperature (K). The DC conductivities at 293 K and the determined activation energies (EDC) for all compounds are listed in Table 5[link].

Table 5
Electrical conductivity (σDC) and activation energy for conductivity (EDC) of selected compounds

Compound σDC (Ω cm) −1 at 20°C EDC (eV)
12·Br·(TCNQ)2 2.36 × 10−7 0.22
4·(TCNQ)2 4.15 × 10−6 0.26
6·(TCNQ)2 3.35 × 10−6 0.12
8·(TCNQ)2 5.29 × 10−5 0.21
9·(TCNQ)4 2.44 × 10−2 0.05
10·(TCNQ)3 1.91 × 10−4 0.22
12·(TCNQ)2 5.07 × 10−5 0.19
[Figure 8]
Figure 8
Electrical conductivity as a function of reciprocal temperature for all measured compounds. Solid lines represent the least-squares linear fit to the experimental data (full symbols).

The electrical conductivities are higher than those observed for similar salts of semi­quinones (Molčanov et al., 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.]; 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.]), whose conductivities are below 10−6 (Ω cm−1) and are among the highest for ionic radicals. The phenomenon can be attributed to the shorter interplanar distance between oligomers (Table 3[link]) and probably with a partial radical character of TCNQδ. The lowest-conducting compound 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 contains bromide anions as well as TCNQδ. The radical dimers are arranged in a 2D brick wall-like array (Fig. S4), but the interplanar distances between the dimers are only 0.05 and 0.10 Å longer than the distances within the dimer. These small differences imply that the electrons can jump between the dimers.

The next-lowest conducting compound is 4·(TCNQ)2, which comprises a `brick wall' pattern of tetramers; a relatively large inter-tetramer separation of 3.3732 (5) Å indicates a relatively high energy barrier for electrons jumping between the tetramers. The following four salts 6·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4 and 10·(TCNQ)3, and 12·(TCNQ)2 possess different 2D packing motifs of dimers, trimers and tetramers (see above). In all of them the interplanar distances between the oligomers are shorter than 3.3 Å, which can explain conductivities of 10−5–10−6 (Ω cm)−1, as the energy barrier is lower than in the two previous compounds. In 12·(TCNQ)2 there are two motifs, one with stacks of equidistant radicals which are known to be good conductors (Molčanov & Kojić-Prodić, 2019[Molčanov, K. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019). IUCrJ, 6, 156-166.]; Molčanov et al., 2019c[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019c). Cryst. Growth Des. 19, 5967-5980.]). The other is a 2D `brick wall' and is likely to be a very poor conductor since the interplanar distances between the dimers are >3.35 Å.

The highest conducting compound 9·(TCNQ)4 reveals a herringbone-like array of pancake-bonded tetramers, where contiguous tetramers are not parallel, but inclined by 16.7° [Table 3[link], Fig. 4[link](e)]. Therefore, interplanar distances between tetramers cannot be defined; however, close contacts between them are indicated by perpendicular distances of only 2.81 Å. Such short contacts enable electron transfer throughout a herringbone-like layer, resulting in very high conductivity of 10−2 (Ω cm)−1, which can be compared to neutral radicals such as phenalenyls and di­thia­zolyls (Lekin et al., 2010[Lekin, K., Winter, S. M., Downie, L. E., Bao, X., Tse, J. S., Desgreniers, S., Secco, R. A., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2010). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 16212-16224.]; Yu et al., 2011[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Dube, P. A., Assoud, A. & Oakley, R. T. (2011). Chem. Commun. 47, 4655-4657.], 2012[Yu, X., Mailman, A., Lekin, K., Assoud, A., Robertson, C. M., Noll, B. C., Campana, C. F., Howard, J. A. K., Dube, P. A. & Oakley, R. T. (2012). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 2264-2275.]; Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]), and hybrid salts of TCNQδ with Fe(II) complexes (Üngör et al., 2021b[Üngör, Ö., Choi, E. S. & Shatruk, M. (2021b). Chem. Sci. 12, 10765-10779.]).

2.4. Electron paramagnetic resonance study

In the first step, the total spin concentrations were determined from the powder electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of the samples at room temperature. The results are shown in Table 6[link]. All powder samples have spin concentrations comparable to Nmol except for 8·(TCNQ)2, whose spin concentration is 1% of Nmol. From Table 6[link] it can be observed that the number of spins regarding the number of molecules differs from sample to sample. 6·(TCNQ)2 and 12·(TCNQ)2 have one electron spin per molecule, whereas 9·(TCNQ)4 has two spins per molecule. These results agree very well with the charge calculations. 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 and 4·(TCNQ)2 have about half an electron spin per single molecule. For the rest of the sample one can say the EPR signal is not a property of every molecule, specifically for 8·(TCNQ)2. Regarding 4·(TCNQ)2 and 10·(TCNQ)3, we observed a magnetic transition that is not constant at room temperature and therefore the results show deviation from charge calculations. Further study at higher temperatures is needed to validate the agreement of Nspin/Nmol with the calculated charges. On the other hand, the recorded single-crystal spectra of 8·(TCNQ)2 show reasonable intensity, so the low powder spin concentration cannot be assigned to the defects of the structure. The temperature dependence of the EPR spectra studied in the temperature range 100–350 K for the powder samples of 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4 and 12·(TCNQ)2 shows that, by lowering the temperature, the EPR intensity increases (Figs. S19, S20 and S23), and the samples are paramagnetic in the range studied. In these cases of non-cooperative phenomena, electron spins associated with the TCNQδ anions do not interact with each other (non-coupling spins), and the line intensities follow the Curie law which can be calculated using Equation (1)[link],

[\chi_{\rm EPR} = C/T, \eqno (1)]

where T is the absolute temperature (in K), C is the material-specific Curie constant and χEPR is the magnetic susceptibility obtained by double integration of the EPR spectra.

Table 6
Spin counting results

Sample Mr Nmol Nspin Nspin/Nmol Formal charge
12·Br·(TCNQ)2 461.15 5.2584e+18 2.4524e+18 0.46±0.09 1
4·(TCNQ)2 606.61 1.8107e+18 5.6066e+17 0.31±0.06 1
6·(TCNQ)2 746.39 2.3884e+18 2.2957e+18 0.96±0.19 1
8·(TCNQ)2 746.39 2.3884e+18 9.6413e+14 0.0004±0.00008 1
9·(TCNQ)4 662.68 1.0416e+18 1.9589e+18 1.88±0.38 2
10·(TCNQ)3 594.63 1.2618e+18 7.2700e+16 0.06±0.01 2
12·(TCNQ)2 660.30 1.1908e+18 1.0446e+18 0.87±0.18 1

4·(TCNQ)2 and 10·(TCNQ)3 are paramagnetic at room temperature, but they do not follow the Curie law. Instead, EPR intensities show continuous decrease by lowering the temperature, indicating an antiferromagnetic transition.

For a deeper insight into the structure, orientation-dependent measurements of the single crystals at room temperature were performed and the changes of the g-value, intensity, linewidth and asymmetry were monitored. The g-factor is a second-rank tensor whose anisotropy arises from coupling of the spin angular momentum with the orbital angular momentum. The single crystal is rotated in the EPR cavity around a crystallographic axis and the measured g-value is a function of the orientation of the crystal with respect to the field. Presuming a molecular axis, u, v and w are the eigendirections of the g-tensor, the second rank tensor is given by (Wertz & Bolton, 1986[Wertz, J. E. & Bolton, J. R. (1986). Electron Paramagnetic Resonance. New York: Chapman and Hall.])

[{g^2} = g_u^2\cos^2\varphi + g_v^2\cos^2\chi + g_w^2\cos^2\psi, \eqno(2)]

where φ, χ and ψ are the angles between the static magnetic field B and the u, v and w axes, respectively.

The EPR lines of the investigated samples 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)2, 10·(TCNQ)3 and 12·(TCNQ)2 have a symmetric Lorentzian shape as a result of averaging out both the fine structure and the hyperfine splittings by spin carrier dynamics in the crystal lattices. Nevertheless, for some orientations of the crystals with respect to the static magnetic field, and for highly conducting large samples, an asymmetric line shape known as a Dysonian line was detected (Dyson, 1955[Dyson, F. H. (1955). Phys. Rev. 98, 349-359.]). The physical origin of the Dysonian lineshape can be attributed to the fact that the incident microwave field only penetrates a conductive sample to a certain depth, the skin depth (δ), given by the relation

[\delta = \left({1 \over {\sigma \pi f\mu_0}} \right)^{1/2}, \eqno(3)]

where σ is the electrical conductivity of the material, μ0 is the permeability of a vacuum (4π × 10−7 H m−1) and f is the microwave frequency.

Despite the averaging effects produced by dynamical spin delocalization and exchange and dipolar coupling, the g-factor and EPR linewidth of the 10·(TCNQ)3 EPR spectra exhibited overly complicated spectra in the single-crystal study so no analysis was carried out. Looking at the complicated spectral shape of 10·(TCNQ)3 (see Fig. S22), it seems justifiable that there are spectral components regarding a spin crossover, as expected for a triplet excited signal, but they are poorly resolved. It may be interpreted as a triplet with rather small zero-field splitting. Further investigations at high field or lower temperature are necessary.

Angular-dependent peak-to-peak linewidth (Γ) follows the general formula for dipolar broadening (Cheung & Soos, 1978[Cheung, T. T. P. & Soos, Z. G. (1978). J. Chem. Phys. 69, 3845-3853.]),

[\Gamma (\theta) = A\left[{3{\cos^2}(\theta - \alpha) - 1} \right]^2 + B\cos^2(\theta - \alpha) + C, \eqno(4)]

where A, B and C are temperature-dependent, experimentally determined parameters. The angle θ at θ = 0° marks the position with the largest linewidth, which occurs when the magnetic field is perpendicular to the plane.

Results obtained for 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4, 10·(TCNQ)3 and 12·(TCNQ)2 are shown in Fig. S24–S29 for all three crystal orientations (red, green, blue). Typically, variation of linewidth showing two peaks (one larger and one smaller, separated by approximately 90°) in two rotations about two axes suggest a 2D magnetic ordering and conductivity.

For 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, which has a 2D brick wall pattern of pancake-bonded dimers (Fig. S4) parallel to the plane (001), rotations around axes a and b show two maxima, 90° apart, with considerable variation of linewidth. This is consistent with strong interactions between spins and conductivity in two dimensions, parallel to the plane (001).

4·(TCNQ)2 exhibits the largest linewidth variations (0.05–0.3 mT) among all samples measured. The results support a 2D brick wall arrangement of pancake-bonded tetramers in the plane (001) and the strongest interaction in the direction [110] (i.e. direction of stacking). For 6·(TCNQ)2 a single linewidth peak was observed in each rotation.

Crystals of 8·(TCNQ)2 were mostly splinters, so it was difficult to establish habitus of the crystals and determine the main crystallographic directions. However, in one of the rotations (Fig. S27) two maxima of linewidth (one smaller, one larger) can be seen. This direction is likely to correspond to the strongest interactions (i.e. crystallographic b axis).

Since the crystals of 9·(TCNQ)4 are monoclinic with β ≃ 93°, three orthogonal directions of rotation can be approximated with crystallographic axes a, b and c. Rotation about the a axis showed two maxima of linewidth, whereas the other two rotations had only one maximum.

12·(TCNQ)2 displayed rather narrow lines (<0.1 mT) at all orientations. However, variation of linewidths is in accordance with a 2D spin system: 2D arrangement (brick wall dimers and equidistant stacks) in the plane (001); stacking in two directions, one in the direction of the a axis, the other in the [110] direction (i.e. along the bis­ector of the a and b axes). The repeatable line asymmetries in rotations 1 and 3 of 12·(TCNQ)2 have been observed which are unique among all samples studied. Taking into account that the conductivity is low, the asymmetry of other samples is more likely to be induced by imperfections. EPR parameters obtained by simulation are presented in Table 6[link].

In general, as can be seen from Table 7[link], the extracted g-values for the single-crystal measurements are in good agreement with those extracted from the powder samples. A degree of difference in the average g-value occurs due to the conductivity and difference in sample size regarding single-crystal and powder samples. The most unreliable parameter for all samples is the asymmetry as it depends on many different factors, see Equation (3)[link]. The parameters extracted from Equation (4)[link] are shown in Table S3.

Table 7
Summary of the effective g-factor global fitting results for single-crystal and powder samples

Sample {g1, g2, g3} (g1g2 g3) gaverage Eigenvectors
12·Br·(TCNQ)2 {2.0039, 2.0031, 20.0028} 2.0032 [\left({\matrix{ { - 0.1515} & { - 0.9727} & { \pm 0.1757} \cr {0.9628} & { - 0.1855} & { \mp 0.1966} \cr { \pm 0.2238} & { \pm 0.1394} & {0.9646} \cr } } \right)]
4·(TCNQ)2 {2.0039, 2.0032, 2.0027} 2.0033 [\left({\matrix{ { \pm 0.4192} & { \mp 0.1623} & {0.8933} \cr {0.8003} & { - 0.1678} & { \mp 0.4337} \cr {0.2219} & {0.9724} & { \pm 0.0725} \cr } } \right)]
6·(TCNQ)2 {2.0040, 2.0035, 2.0026} 2.0034 [\left({ \pm \matrix{ {0.5915} & { - 0.6356} & { \mp 0.4962} \cr {0.2526} & { \mp 0.4583} & {0.8626} \cr {0.7657} & {0.6356} & { \pm 0.0987} \cr } } \right)]
8·(TCNQ)2 {2.0041, 2.0031, 2.0028} 2.0033 [\left({\matrix{ { \mp 0.6780} & { \pm 0.4404} & {0.5886} \cr {0.7351} & {0.4001} & { \pm 0.5474} \cr { \mp 0.0056} & { \mp 0.8037} & {0.5950} \cr } } \right)]
9·(TCNQ)4 {2.0039, 2.0032, 2.0028} 2.0033 [\left({\matrix{ {0.5651} & { \pm 0.1451} & {0.8122} \cr { \mp 0.7936} & { - 0.1736} & { \pm 0.5832} \cr {0.2256} & { \mp 0.9741} & {0.0171} \cr } } \right)]
12·(TCNQ)2 {2.0035, 2.0032, 2.0027} 2.0031 [\left({\matrix{ {0.6175} & { - 0.6690} & { \pm 0.4136} \cr {0.7165} & {0.6954} & { \pm 0.0551} \cr {0.3245} & { - 0.2623} & { \mp 0.9088} \cr } } \right)]

3. Conclusions

We prepared and structurally characterized 14 novel salts of the TCNQδ radical anion with planar organic cations. All of them involve pancake-bonded oligomers (dimers, trimers or tetramers) arranged in extended 2D stacked arrays. Alternating anion and cation layers are held together by C—H⋯N hydrogen bonds. The most typical array is the brick wall pattern. Owing to the close contacts between the oligomers, the crystals are semiconductors with magnetic interactions and conductivity extending in the plane of stacking.

For a selected seven samples representing each type of stacking pattern (Fig. 4[link]) we have determined the magnetic (EPR) and electric (impedance spectroscopy) properties and correlated them with crystal packing. Single-crystal EPR measurements confirmed that 2D stacked arrays of TCNQδ radicals lead to long-range spin ordering and conductivity in two dimensions, corresponding to the plane of stacking. The most important factor for electrical conductivity is the distance between oligomers within a 2D array, as it facilitates electron transfer from one oligomer to another. Thus the electrical conductivity of 9·(TCNQ)4 [2.44 × 10−2 (Ω cm)−1] is one of the highest among ionic radicals (Morita et al., 2013[Morita, Y., Murata, T. & Nakasuji, K. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 183-197.]; Murata et al., 2013[Murata, T., Yamamoto, Y., Yakiyama, Y., Nakasuji, K. & Morita, Y. (2013). Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 86, 927-939.]). This can be attributed the close contact between the pancake-bonded tetramers which are as short as 2.81 Å.

Though pancake bonding has been considered undesirable for the design of novel conductive materials, it is also energetically favourable and therefore difficult to avoid. However, the present work suggests to reverse the problem: 2D arrays with short distances between radical oligomers are both stable and good conductors. Therefore, this work offers a possible novel strategy for the design of organic conductors.

4. Experimental

4.1. Preparation and IR spectroscopy

All chemicals and solvents used were purchased from commercial sources (Merck, Alfa Aesar, Kemika), were of p.a. or reagent grade and used without additional purification.

The compounds were prepared by a modification of our method for the preparation of salts of semi­quinone radicals with organic cations (Molčanov et al., 2011[Molčanov, K., Kojić-Prodić, B., Babić, D., Žilić, D. & Rakvin, B. (2011). CrystEngComm, 13, 5170-5178.], 2012[Molčanov, K., Kojić-Prodić, B., Babić, D., Pajić, D., Novosel, N. & Zadro, K. (2012). CrystEngComm, 14, 7958-7964.], 2016[Molčanov, K., Stilinović, V., Šantić, A., Maltar-Strmečki, N., Pajić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2016). Cryst. Growth Des. 16, 4777-4782.], 2018a[Molčanov, K., Stalke, D., Šantić, A., Demeshko, S., Stilinović, V., Mou, Z., Kertesz, M. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2018a). CrystEngComm, 20, 1862-1873.], 2019[Abashev, G. G., Vlasova, R. M., Kartenko, N. F., Kuzmin, A. M., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Semkin, V. N., Usov, O. A. & Russkikh, V. S. (1987). Acta Cryst. C43, 1108-1112.]b[Molčanov, K., Milašinović, V., Ivić, N., Kolarić, D. & Kojić-Prodić, B. (2019b). CrystEngComm, 21, 6920-6928.]). Powdered TCNQ (20.0 mg) was dissolved in cold acetone (5 ml, at 5°C) until the solution was approximately saturated. Into the solution an excess of solid iodide salt of the appropriate organic cation was added [in the case of 12·Br·(TCNQ)2 it was bromide]. The beaker was sealed with paraffin and left overnight at room temperature; the next day the acetone solution was decanted and black crystals of the TCNQδ salt were washed with acetone and dried.

Infrared spectra were recorded with KBr pellets using a Bruker Alpha-T spectrometer in the 4000–350 cm−1 range.

4.2. X-ray diffraction

Single-crystal measurements were performed on an Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur Nova R (microfocus Cu tube) equipped with an Oxford Instruments CryoJet liquid nitro­gen cooling device. The CrysAlisPRO package (Rigaku OD, 2018[Rigaku OD (2018). CrysAlis PRO. Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, Yarnton, Oxfordshire, England.]) was used for data reduction and numerical absorption correction.

The structures were solved using SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2015a[Sheldrick, G. M. (2015a). Acta Cryst. A71, 3-8.]) and refined with SHELXL-2017 (Sheldrick, 2015b[Sheldrick, G. M. (2015b). Acta Cryst. C71, 3-8.]). Models were refined using the full-matrix least squares refinement; all non-hydrogen atoms were refined anisotropically. Hydrogen atoms were located in a difference Fourier map and refined either as riding entities or a mixture of free restrained and riding entities.

In the crystals of 2·(TCNQ)2, 5·(TCNQ)2, 7·(TCNQ)2, 13·(TCNQ)2 and 14·(TCNQ)2 the cation is disordered about an inversion centre. Thus, two positions of the cation with a p.p. of 0.5 are present, as shown in Fig. S3. To better resolve the structures, the crystals were measured at 100 K; however, in some cases low-temperature data showed no improvement over room temperature. Interestingly, crystals of 13·(TCNQ)2 at 100 K showed no disorder and the b axis doubled compared with the room-temperature structure. It is probable that two phases exist in the same sample, one with ordered and one with disordered cations, since a temperature-driven phase transformation is unlikely here (it would require rotation of an entire N-methyl­pyridinium cation by 180°).

Note that two salts with the iodine-substituted cation 3·(TCNQ)2 and 6·(TCNQ)2 crystallize in the rare non-centrosymmetric space group P1. The crystal packing of 3·(TCNQ)2 obviously lacks any symmetry (other than translation), whereas 6·(TCNQ)2 is pseudocentric with a pseudo-inversion centre coinciding with the centroid of the aromatic ring of the 4-iodo-N-methyl­pyridinium cation. Therefore, the structure can be solved in the space group P1 with orientational disorder of the cation, similar to those described above. However, refinement of such a structure did not converge, and the disagreement factor R remained above 0.20. Refinement in the space group P1 proceeded smoothly; however, a small degree of orientational disorder of the cation is nevertheless present. This could be inferred from the unrealistically elongated N5—C18 bond [which was restrained to 1.40 (1) Å] and unusually small displacement ellipsoid of C18 (Fig. S2). This disorder was too small to be modelled.

Molecular geometry calculations were performed using PLATON (Spek, 2003[Spek, A. L. (2003). J. Appl. Cryst. 36, 7-13.]; 2020[Spek, A. L. (2020). Acta Cryst. E76, 1-11.]) and molecular graphics were prepared with ORTEP-3 (Farrugia, 1997[Farrugia, L. J. (1997). J. Appl. Cryst. 30, 565-565.]) and Mercury (Macrae et al., 2020[Macrae, C. F., Sovago, I., Cottrell, S. J., Galek, P. T. A., McCabe, P., Pidcock, E., Platings, M., Shields, G. P., Stevens, J. S., Towler, M. & Wood, P. A. (2020). J. Appl. Cryst. 53, 226-235.]). Crystallographic and refinement data for the structures reported in this paper are provided in Table 8[link]. CCDC entries 2105173–2105191 contain the supplementary crystallographic data for this paper.

Table 8
Crystallographic data collection and refinement parameters for variable-temperature X-ray diffraction

Compound 12·(TCNQ)2·Br 2·(TCNQ)2 100 K 2·(TCNQ)2 RT 3·(TCNQ)2
Empirical formula C18H11Br1.50N5 C31H10N9 C31H10N9 C30H15IN9
Formula weight (g mol−1) 417.18 508.48 508.48 628.41
Colour Black Black Black Black
Crystal dimensions (mm) 0.18 × 0.06 × 0.04 0.25 × 0.13 × 0.10 0.25 × 0.13 × 0.10 0.12 × 0.10 × 0.05
Space group P1 P21/c P21/c P1
a (Å) 7.2378 (4) 13.2712 (6) 13.3766 (2) 7.1680 (4)
b (Å) 7.7475 (4) 12.5807 (5) 12.8023 (2) 7.6291 (4)
c (Å) 17.8746 (12) 7.7388 (5) 7.78610 (10) 13.6797 (8)
α (°) 83.578 (5) 90 90 78.422 (5)
β (°) 83.241 (5) 90.466 (4) 90.3960 (10) 83.441 (5)
γ (°) 67.104 (5) 90 90 69.680 (5)
Z 2 2 2 1
V3) 914.53 (10) 1292.04 (11) 1333.35 (3) 686.44 (7)
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.515 1.266 1.266 1.518
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα)
μ (mm−1) 4.415 0.653 0.653 9.464
Θ range (°) 4.99–73.47 4.84–75.70 4.75–75.91 3.30–75.99
T (K) 293 (2) 100 (2) 293 (2) 293 (2)
Diffractometer type Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova
Range of hkl −9 < h < 8; −9 < k < 8; −19 < l < 22 −15 < h < 16; −15 < k < 14; −9 < l < 9 −16 < h < 13; −15 < k < 13; −9 < l < 9 −7 < h < 8; −7 < k < 9; −15 < l < 17
Reflections collected 7195 5148 7175 5556
Independent reflections 3677 2569 2655 3390
Observed reflections (I ≥ 2σ) 3245 1751 2368 3380
Absorption correction Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan
Tmin, Tmax 0.2258, 1.0000 0.4314, 1.0000 0.7402, 1.0000 0.5928, 1.0000
Rint 0.0267 0.0797 0.0155 0.0367
R(F) 0.0659 0.1360 0.0801 0.0421
Rw(F2) 0.2150 0.3914 0.2436 0.1145
Goodness of fit 1.055 1.064 1.063 1.032
H atom treatment Constrained Constrained Constrained Constrained
No. of parameters 224 190 190 361
No. of restraints 0 58 59 3
Δρmax, Δρmin, Δρr.m.s. (eÅ–3) 1.054, −0.608, 0.127 1.088, −0.690, 0.132 0.495, −0.466, 0.057 0.536, −1.182, 0.079
Compound 4·(TCNQ)2 5·(TCNQ)2 6·(TCNQ)2 7·(TCNQ)2 100 K
Empirical formula C37H20N9O C16H8N5 C30H15IN9 C15H9N5
Formula weight (g mol−1) 606.62 270.27 628.41 259.27
Colour Black Black Black Black
Crystal dimensions (mm) 0.40 × 0.15 × 0.12 0.22 × 0.20 × 0.03 0.15 × 0.09 × 0.05 0.38 × 0.32 × 0.05
Space group P1 P1 P1 P1
a (Å) 9.1474 (2) 7.5381 (5) 7.0735 (5) 7.0634 (4)
b (Å) 11.3666 (5) 8.0130 (7) 7.8171 (4) 7.8154 (5)
c (Å) 15.9321 (6) 13.3368 (12) 13.8419 (4) 13.4680 (8)
α (°) 106.234 (4) 103.618 (8) 74.353 (4) 73.628 (5)
β (°) 91.277 (3) 90.811 (6) 88.928 (4) 89.550 (5)
γ (°) 99.804 (3) 115.727 (8) 67.934 (6) 67.258 (6)
Z 2 2 1 2
V3) 1562.98 (10) 699.07 (11) 680.10 (7) 653.56 (7)
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.289 1.267 1.534 1.317
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα)
μ (mm−1) 0.665 0.648 9.552 0.679
Θ range (°) 4.11–75.96 3.44–76.34 6.28–75.70 3.42–75.92
T (K) 293 (2) 293 (2) 293 (2) 100 (2)
Diffractometer type Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova
Range of hkl −7 < h < 11; −13 < k < 14; −18 < l < 20 −9 < h < 8; −9 < k < 9; −16 < l < 15 −8 < h < 8; −9 < k < 9; −11 < l < 17 −7 < h < 8; −6 < k < 9; −14 < l < 16
Reflections collected 13967 4489 5812 4851
Independent reflections 6405 2612 3377 2657
Observed reflections (I ≥ 2σ) 5339 2083 3335 2343
Absorption correction Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan
Tmin, Tmax 0.6377, 1.0000 0.5524, 1.0000 0.4396, 1.0000 0.6578, 1.0000
Rint 0.0226 0.0320 0.0317 0.0455
R(F) 0.0458 0.0725 0.0625 0.0592
Rw(F2) 0.1796 0.2367 0.1460 0.1813
Goodness of fit 0.712 1.066 1.099 0.996
H atom treatment Constrained Constrained Constrained Constrained
No. of parameters 424 217 362 190
No. of restraints 0 0 5 6
Δρmax, Δρmin, Δρr.m.s. (eÅ–3) 0.161, −0.146, 0.030 0.359, −0.235, 0.061 2.770, −0.802, 0.143 0.332, −0.313, 0.065
Compound 7·(TCNQ)2 RT 8·(TCNQ)2 9·(TCNQ)4 10·(TCNQ)3
Empirical formula C15H9N5 C31H16Br2N9 C31H17N9 C48H26N14
Formula weight (g mol−1) 259.27 674.35 515.53 798.83
Colour Black Black Black Black
Crystal dimensions (mm) 0.30 × 0.28 × 0.05 0.41 × 0.28 × 0.04 0.20 × 0.18 × 0.08 0.31 × 0.12 × 0.10
Space group P1 P1 P21/c P1
a (Å) 7.1924(3) 8.0361 (3) 13.0864 (2) 7.8212 (5)
b (Å) 7.8489 (5) 13.0398 (3) 25.3377 (4) 9.7542 (7)
c (Å) 13.6170 (9) 14.2071(4) 7.84030 (10) 13.2653 (7)
α (°) 106.174 (6) 92.624 (2) 90 78.103 (5)
β (°) 90.739 (4) 98.576 (2) 92.6510 (10) 75.829 (5)
γ (°) 112.525 (5) 104.767 (3) 90 82.246 (5)
Z 2 2 4 1
V3) 675.74 (7) 1418.00 (7) 2596.90 (7) 956.32 (11)
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.274 1.579 1.319 1.387
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα)
μ (mm−1) 0.657 3.943 0.671 0.706
Θ range (°) 6.27–75.85 3.15–75.81 3.77–75.75 3.49–76.47
T (K) 293 (2) 293 (2) 293 (2) 100 (2)
Diffractometer type Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova
Range of hkl −8 < h < 5; −9 < k < 9; −16 < l < 16 −10 < h < 10; −16 < k < 15; −14 < l < 17 −15 < h < 16; −25 < k < 31; −9 < l < 9 −9 < h < 9; −12 < k < 12; −16 < l < 13
Reflections collected 5385 12861 13505 8051
Independent reflections 2719 5835 5368 3944
Observed reflections (I ≥ 2σ) 2333 5366 4600 3294
Absorption correction Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan
Tmin, Tmax 0.4767, 1.0000 0.5426, 1.0000 0.6352, 1.0000 0.6772, 1.0000
Rint 0.0279 0.0451 0.0180 0.0484
R(F) 0.0589 0.0416 0.0468 0.0686
Rw(F2) 0.1930 0.1124 0.1416 0.2069
Goodness of fit 1.018 0.778 0.929 0.928
H atom treatment Constrained Constrained Constrained Constrained
No. of parameters 190 379 371 280
No. of restraints 6 0 2 0
Δρmax, Δρmin, Δρr.m.s. (eÅ–3) 0.231, −0.287, 0.044 0.836, −1.020, 0.095 0.257, −0.252, 0.032 0.465, −0.326, 0.083
Compound 112·I·(TCNQ)2 12·(TCNQ)2 13·(TCNQ)2 100 K 13·(TCNQ)2 RT
Empirical formula C36H22Br2IN10 C30H14Br2N9 C30H16N9 C30H16N9
Formula weight (g mol−1) 881.35 660.32 502.52 502.52
Colour Black Black Black Black
Crystal dimensions (mm) 0.31 × 0.14 × 0.12 0.33 × 0.19 × 0.04 0.35 × 0.32 × 0.20 0.20 × 0.17 × 0.07
Space group P1 P1 P1 P1
a (Å) 7.5693 (3) 6.6911 (2) 7.7274 (4) 7.2867 (5)
b (Å) 13.0300 (3) 7.8201 (3) 13.1422 (6) 7.7545 (4)
c (Å) 18.5239 (5) 27.6491 (6) 13.3145 (6) 13.1305 (7)
α (°) 105.159 (2) 97.673 (2) 99.902 (4) 92.616 (5)
β (°) 90.971 (3) 90.168 (2) 106.251 (5) 103.414 (5)
γ (°) 98.382 (3) 108.973 (3) 97.225 (4) 113.979 (6)
Z 2 2 2 1
V3) 1741.67 (9) 1354.24 (8) 1257.00 (11) 651.18 (7)
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.681 1.619 1.328 1.230
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα)
μ (mm−1) 10.252 4.115 0.679 0.640
Θ range (°) 3.55–76.25 3.21–76.29 3.47–75.21 6.31–76.07
T (K) 100 (2) 293 (2) 100 (2) 293 (2)
Diffractometer type Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova
Range of hkl −9 < h < 9; −15 < k < 16; −23 < l < 21 −8 < h < 8; −9 < k < 9; −23 < l < 34 −8 < h < 9; −15 < k < 16; −16 < l < 15 −8 < h < 9; −9 < k < 7; −16 < l < 14
Reflections collected 15827 11901 8993 4998
Independent reflections 7163 5582 4926 2624
Observed reflections (I ≥ 2σ) 6810 5100 4067 1975
Absorption correction Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan Multi-scan
Tmin, Tmax 0.3460, 1.0000 0.5628, 1.0000 0.3544, 1.0000 0.7450, 1.0000
Rint 0.0504 0.0433 0.0708 0.0210
R(F) 0.0381 0.0434 0.0815 0.1198
Rw(F2) 0.1125 0.1177 0.2380 0.3926
Goodness of fit 0.898 1.042 1.699 1.558
H atom treatment Constrained Constrained Constrained Constrained
No. of parameters 442 370 352 190
No. of restraints 0 0 0 90
Δρmax, Δρmin, Δρr.m.s. (eÅ–3) 1.313, −1.421, 0.132 0.873, −0.679, 0.107 0.434, −0.351, 0.085 0.853, −0.783, 0.098
Compound 14·(TCNQ)2 100 K 14·(TCNQ)2 RT
Empirical formula C36H16N10 C36H16N10
Formula weight (g mol−1) 588.59 588.59
Colour Black Black
Crystal dimensions (mm) 0.21 × 0.09 × 0.08 0.32 × 0.11 × 0.09
Space group P1 P1
a (Å) 7.1249 (13) 7.2179 (10)
b (Å) 7.6572 (13) 7.6887 (14)
c (Å) 14.4249 (10) 14.5445 (13)
α (°) 89.017 (10) 89.176 (10)
β (°) 83.589 (12) 82.570 (9)
γ (°) 68.340 (17) 69.284 (14)
Z 1 1
V3) 726.6 (2) 748.2 (2)
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.345 1.306
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα)
μ (mm−1) 0.685 0.665
Θ range (°) 6.17–75.55 6.15–74.72
T (K) 100 (2) 293 (2)
Diffractometer type Xcalibur Nova Xcalibur Nova
Range of hkl −8 < h < 6; −9 < k < 9; −18 < l < 18 −9 < h < 8; −9 < k < 9; −17 < l < 18
Reflections collected 5931 6183
Independent reflections 2996 3038
Observed reflections (I ≥ 2σ) 2391 2470
Absorption correction Multi-scan Multi-scan
Tmin, Tmax 0.6330, 1.0000 0.6757, 1.0000
Rint 0.0572 0.0374
R(F) 0.1281 0.1078
Rw(F2) 0.3816 0.3477
Goodness of fit 1.481 1.400
H atom treatment Constrained Constrained
No. of parameters 217 217
No. of restraints 0 0
Δρmax, Δρmin, Δρr.m.s. (eÅ–3) 1.251, −0.400, 0.120 0.918, −0.236, 0.080

4.3. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

EPR spectroscopy was used to determine the magnetic properties of the studied compounds. The single-crystal and powder measurements were carried out on a standard Bruker Elexsys 580 X-band EPR spectrometer, equipped with an Oxford continuous-flow cryostat with a flow of cold N2 gas, in the range 80–300 K. EPR spectra in the range 300–360 K were recorded on a Varian E-109 X-band spectrometer using a Bruker ER 4111VT variable-temperature unit with a flow of cold N2 gas. For the powder samples, Suprasil Quartz EPR Sample Tubes were used. The single crystal was evaluated first under a microscope and then by X-ray diffraction. It was aligned with a crystal axis on the EPR holder to ensure the EPR measurements were carried out on single crystals and to avoid twinning or multiple crystals that would affect our EPR measurements. The single crystals were mounted on the quartz rod with a goniometer and EPR spectra were recorded in three mutually perpendicular planes by rotating the crystals around the a, b and c axes at 5° intervals from 0 to 180°. The manganese standard reference Mn2+ in MgO was used to calibrate the magnetic field of the EPR spectrometer and consequently the g-value. The radical concentration in each sample was determined by dividing the value of the double integral of the EPR signal by the mass of the sample. Varian strong pitch was used as a standard to calculate the number of radicals. Spectral simulations were carried out using the Easyspin (Stoll & Schweiger, 2006[Stoll, S. & Schweiger, A. (2006). J. Magn. Reson. 178, 42-55.]) software working on the MATLAB platform (The Mathworks, 2011[The MathWorks (2011). MATLAB. The MathWorks Inc., Natick, Massachusetts, USA.]), and the in-house-made Mathematica program was used for the single-crystal spectra (Wolfram Research, 2019[Wolfram Research (2019). Mathematica. Version 11.2. Wolfram Research Inc., Champaign, IL, USA.]).

4.4. Electrical measurements

The electrical conductivities of 12·Br·(TCNQ)2, 4·(TCNQ)2, 6·(TCNQ)2, 8·(TCNQ)2, 9·(TCNQ)4, 10·(TCNQ)3 and 12·(TCNQ)2 were measured by impedance spectroscopy (Novocontrol Alpha-AN dielectric analyser) from 0.01 to 1 MHz at temperatures from −80 to 80°C (in steps of 20°C). The measurements were performed on polycrystalline samples pressed into pellets approximately 1 mm-thick. For the electrical contacts, gold electrodes (3.8 mm in diameter) were sputtered on the opposite surfaces of the pellets, except for the 4·(TCNQ)2 sample, which was measured with Ag electrodes due to difficulties with Au deposition.

Supporting information


Computing details top

For all structures, data collection: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku OD, 2018); cell refinement: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku OD, 2018); data reduction: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku OD, 2018); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL2017/1 (Sheldrick, 2017).

(tcnq_2br_1) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·2(C6H7BrN)·BrZ = 2
Mr = 417.18F(000) = 413
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.515 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 7.2378 (4) ÅCell parameters from 3587 reflections
b = 7.7475 (4) Åθ = 5.0–73.5°
c = 17.8746 (12) ŵ = 4.42 mm1
α = 83.578 (5)°T = 293 K
β = 83.241 (5)°Prism, black
γ = 67.104 (5)°0.18 × 0.06 × 0.04 mm
V = 914.53 (10) Å3
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
3677 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube3245 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.027
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.4°, θmin = 5.0°
ω scansh = 98
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 98
Tmin = 0.226, Tmax = 1l = 1922
7195 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
Least-squares matrix: fullH-atom parameters constrained
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.066 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.1293P)2 + 1.2355P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.215(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.06Δρmax = 1.05 e Å3
3677 reflectionsΔρmin = 0.61 e Å3
224 parametersExtinction correction: SHELXL-2017/1 (Sheldrick 2017)
0 restraintsExtinction coefficient: 0.0072 (11)
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
N11.3798 (15)0.9710 (15)1.2365 (5)0.122 (3)
N21.1716 (14)0.2500 (11)0.8461 (5)0.111 (2)
N31.3164 (12)1.4027 (11)1.1189 (5)0.104 (2)
N41.0722 (14)0.6714 (13)0.7303 (4)0.108 (2)
C11.3545 (13)1.0158 (11)1.1815 (4)0.0871 (19)
C21.3173 (10)1.0695 (9)1.1119 (4)0.0736 (14)
C31.2834 (9)0.9506 (9)1.0477 (4)0.0726 (14)
C41.2863 (10)0.7663 (9)1.0460 (4)0.0738 (14)
H41.3142420.7268781.0891430.089*
C51.2493 (10)0.6490 (9)0.9831 (4)0.0756 (15)
H51.2523630.5302910.9838560.091*
C61.2060 (9)0.7009 (9)0.9158 (4)0.0723 (14)
C71.1644 (10)0.5780 (9)0.8513 (4)0.0772 (15)
C81.1672 (11)0.3953 (10)0.8486 (4)0.0819 (17)
C91.3151 (10)1.2530 (9)1.1152 (4)0.0767 (15)
C101.2384 (9)1.0035 (9)0.9789 (4)0.0716 (14)
H101.2347721.1218320.977710.086*
C111.2019 (9)0.8850 (9)0.9171 (4)0.0720 (14)
H111.173040.9227890.873780.086*
C121.1133 (11)0.6278 (10)0.7848 (4)0.0838 (17)
Br10.95267 (8)0.22453 (8)0.56792 (3)0.0659 (3)
N51.3072 (11)0.2688 (10)0.6516 (4)0.0916 (17)
C131.2384 (13)0.3548 (12)0.6084 (5)0.0881 (19)
C141.3573 (14)0.5398 (13)0.5923 (5)0.101 (2)
H141.3074180.6040440.5643880.122*
C151.5436 (14)0.6272 (14)0.6167 (7)0.119 (3)
H151.6246380.7479870.6035690.143*
C161.6132 (16)0.5300 (17)0.6630 (7)0.126 (4)
H161.7375480.5886780.682970.152*
C171.4972 (17)0.3551 (15)0.6769 (6)0.115 (3)
H171.5447340.2882630.7044710.138*
C181.1750 (19)0.0659 (14)0.6716 (6)0.123 (3)
H18A1.2448890.0230610.7030860.184*
H18B1.1470840.0149380.6261070.184*
H18C1.0508180.0635710.6981630.184*
Br20.500.50.0706 (3)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.142 (7)0.154 (8)0.092 (5)0.071 (6)0.017 (5)0.029 (5)
N20.131 (6)0.082 (4)0.119 (6)0.041 (4)0.017 (5)0.000 (4)
N30.113 (5)0.093 (5)0.118 (5)0.054 (4)0.020 (4)0.005 (4)
N40.121 (6)0.123 (6)0.089 (4)0.052 (5)0.026 (4)0.006 (4)
C10.100 (5)0.082 (4)0.082 (4)0.038 (4)0.004 (4)0.011 (3)
C20.067 (3)0.071 (3)0.081 (4)0.024 (3)0.006 (3)0.008 (3)
C30.059 (3)0.071 (3)0.086 (4)0.022 (3)0.004 (3)0.012 (3)
C40.072 (3)0.077 (4)0.075 (3)0.029 (3)0.008 (3)0.013 (3)
C50.073 (3)0.064 (3)0.089 (4)0.025 (3)0.006 (3)0.009 (3)
C60.058 (3)0.068 (3)0.087 (4)0.019 (2)0.004 (3)0.012 (3)
C70.076 (4)0.067 (3)0.081 (4)0.018 (3)0.009 (3)0.002 (3)
C80.083 (4)0.066 (4)0.093 (4)0.025 (3)0.003 (3)0.006 (3)
C90.073 (4)0.072 (4)0.088 (4)0.030 (3)0.003 (3)0.010 (3)
C100.067 (3)0.064 (3)0.087 (4)0.029 (3)0.003 (3)0.010 (3)
C110.065 (3)0.073 (3)0.078 (4)0.025 (3)0.012 (3)0.006 (3)
C120.083 (4)0.077 (4)0.088 (4)0.028 (3)0.011 (3)0.000 (3)
Br10.0609 (4)0.0605 (4)0.0730 (4)0.0191 (3)0.0129 (3)0.0011 (3)
N50.102 (4)0.093 (4)0.087 (4)0.044 (4)0.013 (3)0.008 (3)
C130.098 (5)0.087 (5)0.086 (4)0.043 (4)0.007 (4)0.005 (4)
C140.102 (6)0.096 (5)0.103 (6)0.032 (4)0.014 (4)0.014 (4)
C150.091 (6)0.100 (6)0.152 (9)0.013 (5)0.018 (6)0.032 (6)
C160.090 (6)0.131 (9)0.152 (9)0.025 (6)0.026 (6)0.032 (7)
C170.122 (7)0.106 (6)0.127 (7)0.048 (6)0.028 (6)0.014 (5)
C180.168 (10)0.106 (6)0.102 (6)0.056 (7)0.008 (6)0.024 (5)
Br20.0635 (5)0.0658 (5)0.0751 (5)0.0135 (4)0.0144 (4)0.0077 (4)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
N1—C11.134 (11)C10—H100.93
N2—C81.135 (10)C11—H110.93
N3—C91.150 (9)Br1—C132.093 (9)
N4—C121.172 (11)N5—C131.325 (10)
C1—C21.441 (10)N5—C171.380 (13)
C2—C31.370 (9)N5—C181.546 (12)
C2—C91.423 (9)C13—C141.397 (12)
C3—C41.434 (9)C14—C151.352 (13)
C3—C101.448 (9)C14—H140.93
C4—C51.348 (10)C15—C161.428 (14)
C4—H40.93C15—H150.93
C5—C61.415 (9)C16—C171.321 (14)
C5—H50.93C16—H160.93
C6—C71.392 (10)C17—H170.93
C6—C111.435 (9)C18—H18A0.96
C7—C81.418 (10)C18—H18B0.96
C7—C121.420 (10)C18—H18C0.96
C10—C111.337 (9)
N1—C1—C2178.6 (10)C6—C11—H11119.1
C3—C2—C9122.7 (6)N4—C12—C7179.1 (9)
C3—C2—C1122.2 (6)C13—N5—C17121.1 (8)
C9—C2—C1115.1 (6)C13—N5—C18119.3 (8)
C2—C3—C4121.5 (6)C17—N5—C18119.6 (8)
C2—C3—C10121.6 (6)N5—C13—C14118.6 (8)
C4—C3—C10116.8 (6)N5—C13—Br1121.6 (6)
C5—C4—C3121.2 (6)C14—C13—Br1119.7 (6)
C5—C4—H4119.4C15—C14—C13121.2 (9)
C3—C4—H4119.4C15—C14—H14119.4
C4—C5—C6122.0 (6)C13—C14—H14119.4
C4—C5—H5119C14—C15—C16118.6 (9)
C6—C5—H5119C14—C15—H15120.7
C7—C6—C5121.7 (6)C16—C15—H15120.7
C7—C6—C11121.1 (6)C17—C16—C15118.6 (10)
C5—C6—C11117.2 (6)C17—C16—H16120.7
C6—C7—C8122.2 (7)C15—C16—H16120.7
C6—C7—C12121.6 (6)C16—C17—N5121.7 (10)
C8—C7—C12116.2 (6)C16—C17—H17119.1
N2—C8—C7179.2 (10)N5—C17—H17119.1
N3—C9—C2178.6 (9)N5—C18—H18A109.5
C11—C10—C3121.1 (6)N5—C18—H18B109.5
C11—C10—H10119.5H18A—C18—H18B109.5
C3—C10—H10119.5N5—C18—H18C109.5
C10—C11—C6121.8 (6)H18A—C18—H18C109.5
C10—C11—H11119.1H18B—C18—H18C109.5
C9—C2—C3—C4180.0 (6)C3—C10—C11—C60.2 (10)
C1—C2—C3—C41.0 (10)C7—C6—C11—C10178.9 (6)
C9—C2—C3—C101.4 (10)C5—C6—C11—C100.4 (9)
C1—C2—C3—C10177.5 (6)C17—N5—C13—C143.8 (13)
C2—C3—C4—C5178.8 (6)C18—N5—C13—C14178.4 (8)
C10—C3—C4—C50.2 (9)C17—N5—C13—Br1178.9 (7)
C3—C4—C5—C60.0 (10)C18—N5—C13—Br11.1 (11)
C4—C5—C6—C7178.8 (6)N5—C13—C14—C153.6 (15)
C4—C5—C6—C110.3 (9)Br1—C13—C14—C15179.1 (8)
C5—C6—C7—C81.4 (10)C13—C14—C15—C163.4 (17)
C11—C6—C7—C8179.9 (6)C14—C15—C16—C174 (2)
C5—C6—C7—C12177.5 (6)C15—C16—C17—N54 (2)
C11—C6—C7—C121.0 (10)C13—N5—C17—C164.1 (16)
C2—C3—C10—C11178.7 (6)C18—N5—C17—C16178.0 (11)
C4—C3—C10—C110.1 (9)
(tcnq_2pic_100k_3) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·C7H2NF(000) = 546
Mr = 508.48Dx = 1.266 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cCu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 2404 reflections
a = 13.2712 (6) Åθ = 4.8–75.7°
b = 12.5807 (5) ŵ = 0.65 mm1
c = 7.7388 (5) ÅT = 100 K
β = 90.466 (4)°Prism, black
V = 1292.04 (11) Å30.25 × 0.13 × 0.10 mm
Z = 2
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
2569 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube1751 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.080
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.6°, θmin = 3.3°
ω scansh = 1516
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1514
Tmin = 0.431, Tmax = 1l = 99
5148 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F258 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.136H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.391 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.161P)2 + 5.3177P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.06(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2569 reflectionsΔρmax = 1.09 e Å3
190 parametersΔρmin = 0.70 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
N10.7958 (3)0.3820 (4)0.4640 (7)0.0488 (12)
N20.2551 (3)0.3839 (4)0.1017 (7)0.0473 (12)
N30.6298 (3)0.3691 (3)0.9462 (7)0.0466 (11)
N40.0885 (3)0.3407 (4)0.3824 (6)0.0499 (12)
C10.7185 (4)0.3802 (4)0.5283 (7)0.0392 (12)
C20.6220 (4)0.3776 (3)0.6099 (7)0.0343 (11)
C30.5326 (3)0.3776 (3)0.5196 (6)0.0312 (10)
C40.5319 (4)0.3827 (3)0.3314 (7)0.0348 (11)
H40.5926040.3862070.2725140.042*
C50.4447 (3)0.3823 (3)0.2418 (7)0.0366 (11)
H50.446820.3869460.1219930.044*
C60.3487 (3)0.3749 (3)0.3242 (6)0.0344 (11)
C70.2590 (4)0.3701 (3)0.2332 (6)0.0344 (11)
C80.2570 (3)0.3778 (3)0.0485 (7)0.0375 (11)
C90.6252 (3)0.3735 (3)0.7948 (7)0.0357 (11)
C100.4366 (4)0.3716 (3)0.6011 (7)0.0368 (11)
H100.4346160.3679360.7210640.044*
C110.3493 (3)0.3711 (3)0.5128 (6)0.0327 (10)
H110.2886570.3682830.5720770.039*
C120.1643 (4)0.3552 (4)0.3149 (7)0.0413 (12)
N50.0278 (5)0.5157 (8)0.9296 (9)0.098 (3)0.5
C130.0278 (5)0.5157 (8)0.9296 (9)0.098 (3)0.5
C140.0320 (6)0.4602 (10)0.7738 (11)0.108 (3)
C150.0247 (10)0.3832 (12)0.7700 (19)0.091 (3)0.5
H150.0301810.3427660.6698130.109*0.5
C160.0818 (8)0.3555 (8)0.9167 (17)0.062 (3)0.5
H160.1224840.2956740.9048450.074*0.5
C170.0847 (7)0.4009 (12)1.0607 (13)0.125 (5)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.032 (2)0.048 (3)0.066 (3)0.0032 (18)0.000 (2)0.003 (2)
N20.042 (2)0.042 (2)0.058 (3)0.0015 (18)0.013 (2)0.003 (2)
N30.044 (2)0.036 (2)0.060 (3)0.0005 (18)0.007 (2)0.006 (2)
N40.036 (2)0.050 (3)0.064 (3)0.0039 (19)0.001 (2)0.002 (2)
C10.036 (2)0.024 (2)0.058 (3)0.0033 (17)0.009 (2)0.001 (2)
C20.037 (2)0.0179 (19)0.048 (3)0.0005 (16)0.0014 (19)0.0004 (17)
C30.039 (2)0.0156 (19)0.039 (2)0.0002 (15)0.0004 (19)0.0011 (16)
C40.035 (2)0.0169 (19)0.053 (3)0.0013 (16)0.0047 (19)0.0002 (18)
C50.033 (2)0.024 (2)0.052 (3)0.0003 (17)0.000 (2)0.0028 (19)
C60.036 (2)0.018 (2)0.048 (3)0.0003 (16)0.0011 (19)0.0008 (17)
C70.038 (2)0.023 (2)0.042 (3)0.0008 (17)0.0006 (19)0.0008 (17)
C80.031 (2)0.026 (2)0.056 (3)0.0022 (16)0.011 (2)0.002 (2)
C90.032 (2)0.018 (2)0.057 (3)0.0020 (15)0.007 (2)0.0059 (18)
C100.035 (2)0.0167 (19)0.059 (3)0.0004 (16)0.001 (2)0.0038 (18)
C110.036 (2)0.0186 (19)0.044 (3)0.0019 (16)0.0046 (18)0.0006 (17)
C120.036 (2)0.031 (2)0.057 (3)0.0002 (19)0.009 (2)0.001 (2)
N50.040 (3)0.159 (8)0.094 (5)0.038 (4)0.020 (3)0.056 (5)
C130.040 (3)0.159 (8)0.094 (5)0.038 (4)0.020 (3)0.056 (5)
C140.064 (4)0.171 (9)0.090 (5)0.052 (5)0.025 (4)0.062 (5)
C150.070 (8)0.112 (9)0.090 (8)0.069 (6)0.023 (6)0.045 (6)
C160.041 (5)0.028 (5)0.116 (8)0.005 (4)0.014 (5)0.002 (5)
C170.069 (6)0.213 (13)0.093 (6)0.069 (7)0.015 (5)0.029 (7)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
N1—C11.143 (7)C6—C111.460 (7)
N2—C81.165 (7)C7—C121.424 (7)
N3—C91.174 (7)C7—C81.432 (7)
N4—C121.151 (7)C10—C111.341 (7)
C1—C21.433 (7)C10—H100.93
C2—C31.372 (7)C11—H110.93
C2—C91.432 (7)C13—C17i1.295 (17)
C3—C101.428 (7)C13—C13i1.378 (11)
C3—C41.458 (7)C13—C141.395 (12)
C4—C51.344 (7)C14—C151.226 (15)
C4—H40.93C15—C161.414 (14)
C5—C61.433 (7)C15—H150.93
C5—H50.93C16—C171.253 (13)
C6—C71.380 (7)C16—H160.93
N1—C1—C2179.6 (6)N3—C9—C2178.5 (5)
C3—C2—C9121.8 (4)C11—C10—C3123.1 (5)
C3—C2—C1123.2 (5)C11—C10—H10118.5
C9—C2—C1115.0 (4)C3—C10—H10118.5
C2—C3—C10123.1 (5)C10—C11—C6120.4 (4)
C2—C3—C4120.5 (4)C10—C11—H11119.8
C10—C3—C4116.4 (4)C6—C11—H11119.8
C5—C4—C3120.9 (4)N4—C12—C7178.3 (5)
C5—C4—H4119.5C17i—C13—C13i120.1 (12)
C3—C4—H4119.5C17i—C13—C14115.3 (7)
C4—C5—C6122.4 (5)C13i—C13—C14124.4 (12)
C4—C5—H5118.8C15—C14—C13112.8 (10)
C6—C5—H5118.8C14—C15—C16120.6 (13)
C7—C6—C5122.9 (5)C14—C15—H15119.7
C7—C6—C11120.4 (4)C16—C15—H15119.7
C5—C6—C11116.7 (4)C17—C16—C15128.5 (12)
C6—C7—C12122.7 (5)C17—C16—H16115.8
C6—C7—C8121.0 (4)C15—C16—H16115.8
C12—C7—C8116.3 (4)C16—C17—C13i113.5 (10)
N2—C8—C7179.8 (6)
C9—C2—C3—C101.1 (6)C11—C6—C7—C8177.6 (4)
C1—C2—C3—C10178.0 (4)C2—C3—C10—C11179.7 (4)
C9—C2—C3—C4179.5 (4)C4—C3—C10—C110.3 (6)
C1—C2—C3—C41.3 (6)C3—C10—C11—C61.1 (6)
C2—C3—C4—C5179.7 (4)C7—C6—C11—C10177.4 (4)
C10—C3—C4—C50.4 (6)C5—C6—C11—C101.8 (6)
C3—C4—C5—C61.2 (6)C17i—C13—C14—C15178.6 (10)
C4—C5—C6—C7177.3 (4)C13i—C13—C14—C154.6 (14)
C4—C5—C6—C111.9 (6)C13—C14—C15—C163.2 (15)
C5—C6—C7—C12175.4 (4)C14—C15—C16—C171 (2)
C11—C6—C7—C123.7 (6)C15—C16—C17—C13i0.8 (18)
C5—C6—C7—C83.3 (6)
Symmetry code: (i) x, y+1, z+2.
(tcnq_2pic_2) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·C7H2NF(000) = 554
Mr = 508.48Dx = 1.266 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cCu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 4296 reflections
a = 13.3766 (2) Åθ = 4.8–75.9°
b = 12.8023 (2) ŵ = 0.65 mm1
c = 7.7861 (1) ÅT = 293 K
β = 90.396 (1)°Prism, black
V = 1333.35 (3) Å30.25 × 0.13 × 0.10 mm
Z = 2
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
2655 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube2368 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.016
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.0°, θmin = 3.3°
ω scansh = 1613
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1513
Tmin = 0.740, Tmax = 1l = 99
7175 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F259 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.080H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.244 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.127P)2 + 0.7163P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.06(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
2655 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.50 e Å3
190 parametersΔρmin = 0.47 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
N10.79412 (17)0.3804 (2)0.4643 (4)0.0786 (8)
N20.25924 (19)0.3835 (2)0.0970 (3)0.0752 (7)
N30.62860 (19)0.36881 (19)0.9386 (3)0.0696 (7)
N40.09276 (18)0.3418 (3)0.3785 (4)0.0843 (8)
C10.71694 (17)0.37920 (18)0.5278 (3)0.0530 (6)
C20.62222 (16)0.37756 (15)0.6091 (3)0.0445 (5)
C30.53293 (15)0.37771 (14)0.5162 (3)0.0411 (5)
C40.53252 (16)0.38336 (16)0.3324 (3)0.0441 (5)
H40.5929320.3877040.2744520.053*
C50.44604 (16)0.38249 (16)0.2417 (3)0.0446 (5)
H50.4480370.3867710.122550.054*
C60.35108 (16)0.37507 (15)0.3258 (3)0.0433 (5)
C70.26228 (17)0.37032 (16)0.2318 (3)0.0484 (6)
C80.26028 (18)0.37778 (19)0.0499 (3)0.0546 (6)
C90.62503 (17)0.37243 (16)0.7917 (3)0.0485 (5)
C100.43804 (16)0.37212 (15)0.5998 (3)0.0434 (5)
H100.4359390.3693510.719050.052*
C110.35137 (16)0.37077 (15)0.5091 (3)0.0439 (5)
H110.2909570.3669660.5671910.053*
C120.16802 (18)0.3552 (2)0.3133 (3)0.0582 (6)
N50.0283 (3)0.5130 (4)0.9314 (6)0.1145 (14)0.5
C130.0283 (3)0.5130 (4)0.9314 (6)0.1145 (14)0.5
C140.0353 (4)0.4620 (6)0.7794 (8)0.144 (2)
C150.0182 (6)0.3943 (6)0.7836 (9)0.0871 (18)0.5
H150.0234820.3548550.6837390.105*0.5
C160.0806 (5)0.3607 (5)0.9277 (11)0.0852 (18)0.5
H160.1195880.3013350.9120590.102*0.5
C170.0850 (5)0.4025 (7)1.0591 (8)0.159 (3)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
N10.0476 (13)0.102 (2)0.0867 (18)0.0044 (11)0.0116 (11)0.0033 (13)
N20.0720 (15)0.0977 (19)0.0558 (13)0.0051 (12)0.0113 (11)0.0046 (11)
N30.0765 (16)0.0808 (16)0.0513 (12)0.0050 (11)0.0069 (10)0.0093 (10)
N40.0483 (13)0.108 (2)0.0964 (19)0.0037 (12)0.0049 (12)0.0006 (15)
C10.0447 (12)0.0576 (14)0.0568 (13)0.0027 (9)0.0033 (10)0.0002 (10)
C20.0435 (11)0.0427 (11)0.0473 (11)0.0006 (8)0.0002 (8)0.0012 (8)
C30.0423 (11)0.0367 (10)0.0442 (11)0.0000 (7)0.0006 (8)0.0011 (7)
C40.0429 (11)0.0466 (11)0.0427 (11)0.0005 (8)0.0045 (8)0.0032 (8)
C50.0460 (11)0.0476 (11)0.0403 (10)0.0002 (8)0.0013 (8)0.0032 (8)
C60.0430 (11)0.0399 (11)0.0470 (11)0.0004 (7)0.0005 (8)0.0010 (8)
C70.0446 (12)0.0488 (12)0.0518 (12)0.0006 (8)0.0040 (9)0.0024 (9)
C80.0491 (13)0.0595 (14)0.0551 (14)0.0028 (9)0.0108 (10)0.0056 (10)
C90.0469 (12)0.0479 (12)0.0507 (13)0.0012 (8)0.0040 (9)0.0049 (9)
C100.0449 (11)0.0436 (11)0.0416 (10)0.0027 (8)0.0028 (8)0.0027 (8)
C110.0418 (11)0.0442 (11)0.0458 (11)0.0032 (8)0.0038 (8)0.0012 (8)
C120.0440 (13)0.0650 (14)0.0655 (15)0.0018 (10)0.0062 (10)0.0030 (11)
N50.0594 (18)0.161 (3)0.123 (3)0.0318 (19)0.0183 (17)0.075 (3)
C130.0594 (18)0.161 (3)0.123 (3)0.0318 (19)0.0183 (17)0.075 (3)
C140.084 (3)0.209 (6)0.139 (4)0.038 (3)0.017 (3)0.084 (4)
C150.085 (5)0.110 (5)0.066 (3)0.036 (4)0.003 (3)0.002 (3)
C160.069 (4)0.064 (3)0.123 (5)0.010 (3)0.014 (3)0.014 (3)
C170.118 (4)0.242 (8)0.117 (4)0.068 (5)0.030 (3)0.053 (4)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
N1—C11.148 (3)C7—C81.420 (3)
N2—C81.146 (3)C7—C121.428 (3)
N3—C91.145 (3)C10—C111.353 (3)
N4—C121.144 (3)C10—H100.93
C1—C21.420 (3)C11—H110.93
C2—C31.392 (3)C13—C17i1.323 (9)
C2—C91.423 (3)C13—C141.355 (8)
C3—C101.432 (3)C13—C13i1.356 (7)
C3—C41.433 (3)C13—C152.002 (10)
C4—C51.351 (3)C14—C151.124 (8)
C4—H40.93C15—C161.467 (10)
C5—C61.436 (3)C15—H150.93
C5—H50.93C16—C171.157 (8)
C6—C71.392 (3)C16—H160.93
C6—C111.428 (3)
N1—C1—C2179.0 (3)C3—C10—H10119.3
C3—C2—C1122.2 (2)C10—C11—C6121.14 (19)
C3—C2—C9122.4 (2)C10—C11—H11119.4
C1—C2—C9115.36 (19)C6—C11—H11119.4
C2—C3—C10121.58 (19)N4—C12—C7179.1 (3)
C2—C3—C4121.09 (19)C17i—C13—C14113.6 (5)
C10—C3—C4117.32 (19)C17i—C13—C13i118.7 (7)
C5—C4—C3121.26 (19)C14—C13—C13i127.8 (7)
C5—C4—H4119.4C17i—C13—C15145.9 (5)
C3—C4—H4119.4C14—C13—C1532.4 (3)
C4—C5—C6121.25 (19)C13i—C13—C1595.4 (6)
C4—C5—H5119.4C15—C14—C13107.3 (6)
C6—C5—H5119.4C14—C15—C16127.9 (7)
C7—C6—C11121.3 (2)C14—C15—C1340.3 (4)
C7—C6—C5121.1 (2)C16—C15—C1387.7 (4)
C11—C6—C5117.51 (19)C14—C15—H15116.1
C6—C7—C8122.1 (2)C16—C15—H15116.1
C6—C7—C12121.7 (2)C13—C15—H15156.2
C8—C7—C12116.2 (2)C17—C16—C15125.0 (8)
N2—C8—C7179.6 (3)C17—C16—H16117.5
N3—C9—C2179.1 (3)C15—C16—H16117.5
C11—C10—C3121.50 (19)C16—C17—C13i113.3 (7)
C11—C10—H10119.3
C1—C2—C3—C10177.64 (19)C5—C6—C7—C12175.3 (2)
C9—C2—C3—C100.3 (3)C2—C3—C10—C11179.04 (18)
C1—C2—C3—C42.3 (3)C4—C3—C10—C110.9 (3)
C9—C2—C3—C4179.75 (18)C3—C10—C11—C60.1 (3)
C2—C3—C4—C5179.34 (18)C7—C6—C11—C10177.91 (18)
C10—C3—C4—C50.6 (3)C5—C6—C11—C100.9 (3)
C3—C4—C5—C60.5 (3)C17i—C13—C14—C15177.4 (5)
C4—C5—C6—C7177.61 (19)C13i—C13—C14—C152.6 (8)
C4—C5—C6—C111.2 (3)C13—C14—C15—C163.5 (10)
C11—C6—C7—C8178.0 (2)C14—C15—C16—C172.1 (13)
C5—C6—C7—C83.2 (3)C13—C15—C16—C170.2 (8)
C11—C6—C7—C123.5 (3)C15—C16—C17—C13i1.1 (10)
Symmetry code: (i) x, y+1, z+2.
(tcnq_3i_1) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·C6H7INZ = 1
Mr = 628.41F(000) = 310
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.518 Mg m3
Hall symbol: P 1Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 7.1680 (4) ÅCell parameters from 4584 reflections
b = 7.6291 (4) Åθ = 3.3–76.0°
c = 13.6797 (8) ŵ = 9.46 mm1
α = 78.422 (5)°T = 293 K
β = 83.441 (5)°Prism, black
γ = 69.680 (5)°0.12 × 0.10 × 0.05 mm
V = 686.44 (7) Å3
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
3390 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube3380 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.037
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.2°, θmin = 3.3°
ω scansh = 78
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 79
Tmin = 0.593, Tmax = 1l = 1517
5556 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
Least-squares matrix: fullH-atom parameters constrained
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.042 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0822P)2 + 0.1275P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
wR(F2) = 0.115(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
S = 1.03Δρmax = 0.54 e Å3
3390 reflectionsΔρmin = 1.18 e Å3
361 parametersAbsolute structure: Classical Flack method preferred over Parsons because s.u. lower.
3 restraintsAbsolute structure parameter: 0.161 (8)
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
I10.49222 (7)0.81611 (7)0.80898 (6)0.07149 (16)
N50.2664 (9)1.3474 (9)0.9132 (4)0.0590 (12)
C130.2900 (10)1.1960 (10)0.8724 (5)0.0546 (12)
H130.1872831.1920590.8379580.066*
C140.4652 (10)1.0457 (10)0.8810 (5)0.0580 (14)
C150.6191 (13)1.0503 (16)0.9338 (8)0.072 (2)
H150.738260.9493310.9415210.087*
C160.5862 (19)1.212 (2)0.9741 (10)0.081 (3)
H160.6861251.221221.0084460.097*
C170.4114 (13)1.3560 (12)0.9641 (5)0.0653 (16)
H170.3912291.4621530.9928510.078*
C180.075 (2)1.5110 (19)0.8972 (13)0.092 (4)
H18A0.0769581.6101650.930170.137*
H18B0.0608761.5582780.8269360.137*
H18C0.034971.4691370.9242110.137*
N1A0.9199 (15)0.1876 (17)1.7595 (7)0.083 (2)
N2A0.6916 (12)0.9852 (11)1.2322 (6)0.0733 (17)
N3A0.8984 (18)0.2446 (17)1.6026 (10)0.079 (3)
N4A0.6467 (19)0.554 (2)1.0803 (8)0.078 (3)
C1A0.8996 (12)0.1469 (14)1.6881 (6)0.061 (2)
C2A0.8657 (8)0.1005 (10)1.5953 (5)0.0535 (12)
C3A0.8239 (8)0.2344 (9)1.5091 (4)0.0470 (11)
C4A0.8166 (9)0.4265 (10)1.5060 (5)0.0492 (12)
H4A0.8391630.4613091.5637830.059*
C5A0.7784 (9)0.5564 (11)1.4226 (5)0.0488 (12)
H5A0.7743870.6791831.4235890.059*
C6A0.7435 (7)0.5087 (8)1.3312 (4)0.0435 (10)
C7A0.7039 (8)0.6412 (9)1.2435 (4)0.0480 (11)
C8A0.6975 (11)0.8328 (12)1.2377 (6)0.0526 (15)
C9A0.8859 (10)0.0934 (11)1.5989 (5)0.0583 (15)
C10A0.7890 (8)0.1861 (9)1.4188 (5)0.0495 (11)
H10A0.7940320.0628611.418070.059*
C11A0.7482 (8)0.3187 (9)1.3333 (4)0.0470 (11)
H11A0.7232390.284891.2757590.056*
C12A0.6731 (10)0.5936 (10)1.1530 (5)0.0550 (13)
N1B0.4121 (14)0.5040 (13)0.6957 (6)0.0726 (19)
N2B0.1531 (13)1.3048 (10)0.1631 (6)0.0746 (17)
N3B0.3523 (19)0.0780 (16)0.5411 (9)0.074 (3)
N4B0.0766 (16)0.8757 (19)0.0219 (9)0.076 (3)
C1B0.3833 (11)0.4661 (11)0.6236 (6)0.0505 (15)
C2B0.3455 (8)0.4216 (8)0.5327 (4)0.0466 (10)
C3B0.3059 (7)0.5532 (8)0.4447 (4)0.0416 (9)
C4B0.3019 (8)0.7436 (8)0.4398 (5)0.0440 (10)
H4B0.3265880.7795590.4967490.053*
C5B0.2631 (9)0.8727 (9)0.3546 (5)0.0453 (12)
H5B0.263680.9946880.3538640.054*
C6B0.2212 (7)0.8249 (8)0.2658 (4)0.0431 (10)
C7B0.1738 (8)0.9580 (8)0.1771 (4)0.0473 (11)
C8B0.1627 (11)1.1502 (11)0.1718 (6)0.0534 (15)
C9B0.3484 (9)0.2325 (9)0.5380 (5)0.0517 (12)
C10B0.2674 (8)0.5040 (8)0.3553 (4)0.0452 (10)
H10B0.270170.3810450.3558080.054*
C11B0.2265 (8)0.6343 (8)0.2693 (4)0.0462 (10)
H11B0.2018380.5987430.212210.055*
C12B0.1238 (9)0.9109 (10)0.0916 (5)0.0549 (13)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
I10.0881 (3)0.0634 (2)0.0560 (2)0.01547 (16)0.00058 (15)0.01402 (14)
N50.062 (3)0.069 (3)0.051 (3)0.029 (2)0.003 (2)0.009 (2)
C130.059 (3)0.062 (3)0.048 (3)0.025 (3)0.005 (2)0.012 (2)
C140.055 (3)0.065 (4)0.049 (3)0.019 (3)0.004 (2)0.001 (3)
C150.063 (4)0.085 (6)0.068 (5)0.025 (4)0.010 (3)0.011 (5)
C160.082 (6)0.100 (8)0.076 (6)0.048 (6)0.024 (5)0.007 (5)
C170.081 (4)0.078 (4)0.051 (3)0.042 (4)0.008 (3)0.012 (3)
C180.095 (7)0.068 (6)0.104 (11)0.010 (5)0.013 (7)0.036 (6)
N1A0.092 (5)0.098 (7)0.063 (4)0.033 (5)0.022 (4)0.009 (4)
N2A0.084 (4)0.063 (4)0.084 (5)0.037 (3)0.008 (3)0.013 (4)
N3A0.089 (6)0.067 (6)0.081 (7)0.030 (5)0.002 (5)0.004 (5)
N4A0.096 (6)0.100 (8)0.050 (5)0.044 (6)0.019 (4)0.010 (5)
C1A0.056 (3)0.078 (5)0.052 (4)0.029 (3)0.015 (3)0.000 (3)
C2A0.047 (2)0.064 (3)0.052 (3)0.020 (2)0.007 (2)0.009 (3)
C3A0.042 (2)0.058 (3)0.045 (3)0.021 (2)0.0065 (18)0.008 (2)
C4A0.050 (3)0.058 (3)0.048 (3)0.025 (2)0.010 (2)0.012 (3)
C5A0.049 (3)0.058 (4)0.050 (3)0.027 (3)0.007 (2)0.013 (3)
C6A0.040 (2)0.054 (3)0.043 (2)0.0217 (19)0.0047 (17)0.008 (2)
C7A0.048 (2)0.059 (3)0.043 (3)0.025 (2)0.0026 (19)0.009 (2)
C8A0.057 (3)0.059 (4)0.050 (4)0.029 (3)0.008 (3)0.005 (3)
C9A0.055 (3)0.063 (4)0.051 (3)0.015 (3)0.001 (2)0.008 (3)
C10A0.046 (2)0.051 (3)0.056 (3)0.017 (2)0.003 (2)0.014 (2)
C11A0.051 (2)0.055 (3)0.040 (2)0.021 (2)0.0010 (19)0.014 (2)
C12A0.061 (3)0.065 (4)0.045 (3)0.026 (3)0.009 (2)0.008 (3)
N1B0.092 (5)0.076 (5)0.050 (3)0.024 (4)0.007 (3)0.016 (4)
N2B0.094 (5)0.054 (3)0.073 (4)0.025 (3)0.000 (3)0.006 (3)
N3B0.099 (6)0.057 (5)0.076 (7)0.039 (4)0.009 (5)0.007 (4)
N4B0.072 (5)0.100 (8)0.057 (5)0.019 (5)0.015 (4)0.023 (5)
C1B0.054 (3)0.051 (3)0.042 (3)0.016 (2)0.001 (2)0.003 (3)
C2B0.047 (2)0.049 (3)0.046 (3)0.020 (2)0.0001 (19)0.009 (2)
C3B0.038 (2)0.044 (3)0.044 (2)0.0155 (17)0.0014 (17)0.007 (2)
C4B0.048 (2)0.044 (3)0.043 (3)0.0162 (19)0.001 (2)0.012 (2)
C5B0.048 (3)0.043 (3)0.046 (3)0.017 (2)0.003 (2)0.008 (2)
C6B0.039 (2)0.048 (3)0.044 (2)0.0172 (18)0.0023 (17)0.007 (2)
C7B0.046 (2)0.051 (3)0.044 (3)0.017 (2)0.0029 (19)0.004 (2)
C8B0.057 (3)0.050 (4)0.048 (4)0.016 (3)0.003 (3)0.002 (3)
C9B0.057 (3)0.050 (3)0.052 (3)0.026 (2)0.007 (2)0.001 (2)
C10B0.047 (2)0.044 (2)0.050 (3)0.0200 (19)0.0045 (19)0.010 (2)
C11B0.048 (2)0.051 (3)0.046 (3)0.023 (2)0.0057 (19)0.007 (2)
C12B0.052 (3)0.059 (3)0.052 (3)0.018 (2)0.008 (2)0.004 (3)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
I1—C142.119 (8)C6A—C7A1.390 (8)
N5—C131.333 (10)C6A—C11A1.433 (8)
N5—C171.342 (9)C7A—C12A1.420 (9)
N5—C181.502 (15)C7A—C8A1.432 (10)
C13—C141.373 (10)C10A—C11A1.368 (9)
C13—H130.93C10A—H10A0.93
C14—C151.400 (12)C11A—H11A0.93
C15—C161.39 (2)N1B—C1B1.141 (13)
C15—H150.93N2B—C8B1.139 (12)
C16—C171.348 (18)N3B—C9B1.162 (13)
C16—H160.93N4B—C12B1.155 (15)
C17—H170.93C1B—C2B1.430 (11)
C18—H18A0.96C2B—C3B1.390 (8)
C18—H18B0.96C2B—C9B1.423 (8)
C18—H18C0.96C3B—C10B1.430 (8)
N1A—C1A1.122 (14)C3B—C4B1.431 (8)
N2A—C8A1.136 (12)C4B—C5B1.352 (9)
N3A—C9A1.117 (15)C4B—H4B0.93
N4A—C12A1.147 (14)C5B—C6B1.426 (9)
C1A—C2A1.450 (11)C5B—H5B0.93
C2A—C3A1.382 (9)C6B—C7B1.407 (8)
C2A—C9A1.427 (11)C6B—C11B1.433 (8)
C3A—C10A1.430 (8)C7B—C12B1.407 (9)
C3A—C4A1.440 (9)C7B—C8B1.428 (10)
C4A—C5A1.337 (10)C10B—C11B1.366 (8)
C4A—H4A0.93C10B—H10B0.93
C5A—C6A1.441 (8)C11B—H11B0.93
C5A—H5A0.93
C13—N5—C17121.1 (7)C6A—C7A—C12A122.0 (6)
C13—N5—C18117.8 (8)C6A—C7A—C8A122.4 (6)
C17—N5—C18121.1 (9)C12A—C7A—C8A115.5 (6)
N5—C13—C14120.3 (6)N2A—C8A—C7A179.4 (9)
N5—C13—H13119.8N3A—C9A—C2A178.7 (9)
C14—C13—H13119.8C11A—C10A—C3A120.9 (6)
C13—C14—C15119.9 (8)C11A—C10A—H10A119.6
C13—C14—I1117.5 (5)C3A—C10A—H10A119.6
C15—C14—I1122.6 (6)C10A—C11A—C6A121.0 (5)
C16—C15—C14117.1 (9)C10A—C11A—H11A119.5
C16—C15—H15121.5C6A—C11A—H11A119.5
C14—C15—H15121.5N4A—C12A—C7A179.2 (9)
C17—C16—C15121.0 (9)N1B—C1B—C2B179.2 (9)
C17—C16—H16119.5C3B—C2B—C9B121.5 (5)
C15—C16—H16119.5C3B—C2B—C1B122.9 (6)
N5—C17—C16120.6 (9)C9B—C2B—C1B115.6 (6)
N5—C17—H17119.7C2B—C3B—C10B121.4 (5)
C16—C17—H17119.7C2B—C3B—C4B121.4 (5)
N5—C18—H18A109.5C10B—C3B—C4B117.2 (5)
N5—C18—H18B109.5C5B—C4B—C3B121.8 (6)
H18A—C18—H18B109.5C5B—C4B—H4B119.1
N5—C18—H18C109.5C3B—C4B—H4B119.1
H18A—C18—H18C109.5C4B—C5B—C6B121.1 (6)
H18B—C18—H18C109.5C4B—C5B—H5B119.5
N1A—C1A—C2A177.7 (11)C6B—C5B—H5B119.5
C3A—C2A—C9A122.8 (6)C7B—C6B—C5B122.3 (5)
C3A—C2A—C1A121.9 (7)C7B—C6B—C11B119.9 (5)
C9A—C2A—C1A115.3 (7)C5B—C6B—C11B117.8 (5)
C2A—C3A—C10A120.9 (6)C6B—C7B—C12B121.6 (5)
C2A—C3A—C4A121.7 (6)C6B—C7B—C8B121.4 (6)
C10A—C3A—C4A117.4 (6)C12B—C7B—C8B117.0 (6)
C5A—C4A—C3A122.1 (6)N2B—C8B—C7B177.0 (9)
C5A—C4A—H4A119N3B—C9B—C2B179.1 (10)
C3A—C4A—H4A119C11B—C10B—C3B121.2 (5)
C4A—C5A—C6A120.9 (6)C11B—C10B—H10B119.4
C4A—C5A—H5A119.6C3B—C10B—H10B119.4
C6A—C5A—H5A119.6C10B—C11B—C6B120.9 (5)
C7A—C6A—C11A120.4 (5)C10B—C11B—H11B119.5
C7A—C6A—C5A121.9 (6)C6B—C11B—H11B119.5
C11A—C6A—C5A117.7 (5)N4B—C12B—C7B177.9 (8)
C17—N5—C13—C140.6 (10)C2A—C3A—C10A—C11A179.8 (5)
C18—N5—C13—C14177.2 (9)C4A—C3A—C10A—C11A0.7 (8)
N5—C13—C14—C150.7 (10)C3A—C10A—C11A—C6A1.3 (8)
N5—C13—C14—I1177.7 (5)C7A—C6A—C11A—C10A179.3 (5)
C13—C14—C15—C161.0 (13)C5A—C6A—C11A—C10A1.4 (8)
I1—C14—C15—C16177.3 (8)C9B—C2B—C3B—C10B0.3 (8)
C14—C15—C16—C171.3 (16)C1B—C2B—C3B—C10B179.6 (6)
C13—N5—C17—C160.9 (12)C9B—C2B—C3B—C4B179.6 (5)
C18—N5—C17—C16176.9 (10)C1B—C2B—C3B—C4B0.3 (8)
C15—C16—C17—N51.3 (16)C2B—C3B—C4B—C5B179.8 (5)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C10A3.0 (8)C10B—C3B—C4B—C5B0.1 (8)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C10A179.3 (6)C3B—C4B—C5B—C6B1.0 (9)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C4A176.0 (6)C4B—C5B—C6B—C7B177.8 (5)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C4A1.6 (9)C4B—C5B—C6B—C11B1.5 (8)
C2A—C3A—C4A—C5A179.2 (6)C5B—C6B—C7B—C12B177.0 (5)
C10A—C3A—C4A—C5A0.1 (8)C11B—C6B—C7B—C12B2.4 (8)
C3A—C4A—C5A—C6A0.3 (9)C5B—C6B—C7B—C8B0.8 (8)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C7A179.8 (6)C11B—C6B—C7B—C8B178.6 (5)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C11A0.9 (8)C2B—C3B—C10B—C11B179.3 (5)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C12A1.9 (8)C4B—C3B—C10B—C11B0.6 (7)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C12A178.8 (6)C3B—C10B—C11B—C6B0.1 (8)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C8A180.0 (6)C7B—C6B—C11B—C10B178.4 (5)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C8A0.7 (9)C5B—C6B—C11B—C10B1.0 (8)
(tcnq_35bret) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·C7H8Br2NZ = 2
Mr = 674.35F(000) = 670
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.579 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 8.0361 (3) ÅCell parameters from 8501 reflections
b = 13.0398 (3) Åθ = 3.2–75.8°
c = 14.2071 (4) ŵ = 3.94 mm1
α = 92.624 (2)°T = 293 K
β = 98.576 (2)°Plate, black
γ = 104.767 (3)°0.41 × 0.28 × 0.04 mm
V = 1418.00 (7) Å3
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
5835 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube5366 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.045
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.2°, θmin = 3.2°
ω scansh = 1010
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1615
Tmin = 0.543, Tmax = 1l = 1417
12861 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F20 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.042H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.112 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0855P)2 + 2.5012P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 0.78(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
5835 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.84 e Å3
379 parametersΔρmin = 1.02 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
Br10.72222 (3)0.91221 (2)0.65465 (2)0.03351 (10)
Br20.37038 (5)0.47266 (2)0.60162 (2)0.04291 (11)
N50.2578 (3)0.73913 (16)0.50303 (13)0.0209 (4)
C130.3980 (3)0.81944 (18)0.53890 (16)0.0217 (4)
H130.4013780.8889920.5254120.026*
C140.5367 (3)0.79733 (19)0.59598 (16)0.0238 (4)
C150.5342 (3)0.6946 (2)0.61479 (17)0.0270 (5)
H150.6290220.679070.651660.032*
C160.3858 (4)0.61503 (19)0.57698 (17)0.0266 (5)
C170.2476 (3)0.63849 (18)0.52078 (16)0.0235 (4)
H170.1482040.5846710.4954990.028*
C180.1071 (3)0.7638 (2)0.44254 (18)0.0304 (5)
H18A0.0462450.7030380.3973630.036*
H18B0.1491710.8238230.4066070.036*
C190.0173 (4)0.7899 (3)0.5039 (2)0.0381 (6)
H19A0.1135290.8055430.4639910.057*
H19B0.0601240.730040.5387760.057*
H19C0.0426150.8506050.5480030.057*
N1A1.3909 (3)0.3800 (2)1.16972 (16)0.0339 (5)
N2A0.6354 (3)0.30165 (19)0.67969 (15)0.0333 (5)
N3A1.0343 (3)0.4558 (2)1.34768 (16)0.0364 (5)
N4A0.2662 (3)0.36503 (17)0.84928 (16)0.0288 (4)
C1A1.2534 (3)0.3903 (2)1.17385 (16)0.0264 (5)
C2A1.0847 (3)0.40287 (18)1.17936 (16)0.0234 (4)
C3A0.9566 (3)0.38753 (17)1.09751 (16)0.0201 (4)
C4A0.9953 (3)0.36020 (17)1.00553 (16)0.0209 (4)
H4A1.1050210.3510631.0009880.025*
C5A0.8748 (3)0.34753 (17)0.92537 (15)0.0203 (4)
H5A0.902910.3300060.8666180.024*
C6A0.7038 (3)0.36087 (16)0.93008 (15)0.0195 (4)
C7A0.5784 (3)0.34737 (17)0.84837 (16)0.0207 (4)
C8A0.6127 (3)0.32187 (18)0.75550 (16)0.0233 (5)
C9A1.0541 (3)0.4318 (2)1.27230 (17)0.0269 (5)
C10A0.7867 (3)0.40079 (17)1.10215 (16)0.0214 (4)
H10A0.7588380.4183121.1609590.026*
C11A0.6657 (3)0.38822 (17)1.02217 (16)0.0213 (4)
H11A0.5562080.3974611.0269560.026*
C12A0.4067 (3)0.35878 (17)0.85021 (16)0.0222 (4)
N1B1.0697 (3)0.10913 (19)0.08899 (16)0.0317 (5)
N2B0.3339 (3)0.04668 (18)0.40494 (15)0.0324 (5)
N3B0.7238 (3)0.19482 (18)0.26325 (15)0.0303 (5)
N4B0.0399 (3)0.12220 (18)0.23740 (15)0.0299 (4)
C1B0.9343 (3)0.12297 (18)0.08992 (15)0.0228 (4)
C2B0.7665 (3)0.14082 (17)0.09337 (15)0.0194 (4)
C3B0.6413 (3)0.12847 (16)0.01180 (15)0.0182 (4)
C4B0.6779 (3)0.09883 (17)0.08011 (15)0.0194 (4)
H4B0.7855830.0865420.0846820.023*
C5B0.5575 (3)0.08855 (17)0.16033 (15)0.0203 (4)
H5B0.5847620.0702640.2190960.024*
C6B0.3894 (3)0.10529 (16)0.15617 (15)0.0194 (4)
C7B0.2656 (3)0.09403 (17)0.23919 (16)0.0214 (4)
C8B0.3032 (3)0.06748 (18)0.33081 (16)0.0238 (5)
C9B0.7389 (3)0.17077 (18)0.18681 (16)0.0213 (4)
C10B0.4713 (3)0.14434 (16)0.01618 (15)0.0187 (4)
H10B0.4437350.1626270.0748680.022*
C11B0.3512 (3)0.13296 (17)0.06413 (16)0.0196 (4)
H11B0.2421720.1432220.0596090.023*
C12B0.0971 (3)0.10971 (18)0.23758 (16)0.0238 (5)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
Br10.02673 (16)0.03944 (17)0.02903 (16)0.00083 (11)0.00443 (11)0.00574 (11)
Br20.0641 (2)0.02718 (16)0.04202 (19)0.01762 (14)0.01058 (15)0.01267 (12)
N50.0231 (9)0.0278 (9)0.0146 (8)0.0090 (7)0.0074 (7)0.0034 (7)
C130.0265 (11)0.0221 (10)0.0191 (10)0.0071 (8)0.0106 (8)0.0031 (8)
C140.0233 (11)0.0301 (11)0.0175 (10)0.0047 (9)0.0067 (8)0.0012 (8)
C150.0285 (12)0.0357 (13)0.0203 (10)0.0139 (10)0.0046 (9)0.0049 (9)
C160.0373 (13)0.0244 (11)0.0220 (11)0.0122 (10)0.0091 (9)0.0060 (9)
C170.0266 (11)0.0254 (11)0.0188 (10)0.0054 (9)0.0078 (9)0.0020 (8)
C180.0272 (12)0.0429 (14)0.0248 (11)0.0159 (10)0.0032 (9)0.0081 (10)
C190.0291 (14)0.0474 (16)0.0426 (15)0.0187 (12)0.0071 (11)0.0009 (12)
N1A0.0273 (11)0.0482 (13)0.0259 (10)0.0071 (9)0.0076 (8)0.0061 (9)
N2A0.0416 (13)0.0425 (12)0.0220 (10)0.0175 (10)0.0121 (9)0.0075 (9)
N3A0.0349 (12)0.0448 (13)0.0243 (11)0.0009 (10)0.0083 (9)0.0046 (9)
N4A0.0297 (11)0.0279 (10)0.0323 (11)0.0111 (8)0.0094 (9)0.0043 (8)
C1A0.0282 (13)0.0299 (12)0.0189 (10)0.0022 (9)0.0055 (9)0.0048 (9)
C2A0.0250 (11)0.0231 (10)0.0209 (10)0.0014 (8)0.0085 (9)0.0025 (8)
C3A0.0237 (11)0.0171 (9)0.0204 (10)0.0035 (8)0.0087 (8)0.0041 (8)
C4A0.0221 (11)0.0204 (10)0.0225 (10)0.0052 (8)0.0106 (8)0.0047 (8)
C5A0.0255 (11)0.0198 (10)0.0191 (10)0.0080 (8)0.0106 (8)0.0047 (8)
C6A0.0246 (11)0.0164 (9)0.0197 (10)0.0059 (8)0.0087 (8)0.0053 (7)
C7A0.0255 (11)0.0197 (10)0.0208 (10)0.0086 (8)0.0103 (8)0.0058 (8)
C8A0.0262 (11)0.0258 (11)0.0216 (11)0.0109 (9)0.0067 (9)0.0082 (8)
C9A0.0238 (11)0.0291 (12)0.0244 (12)0.0000 (9)0.0053 (9)0.0019 (9)
C10A0.0270 (11)0.0185 (10)0.0200 (10)0.0041 (8)0.0112 (8)0.0027 (8)
C11A0.0247 (11)0.0187 (10)0.0239 (11)0.0076 (8)0.0106 (9)0.0041 (8)
C12A0.0280 (12)0.0197 (10)0.0210 (10)0.0076 (8)0.0076 (9)0.0045 (8)
N1B0.0293 (11)0.0434 (12)0.0267 (10)0.0157 (9)0.0071 (8)0.0047 (9)
N2B0.0436 (13)0.0334 (11)0.0226 (10)0.0146 (10)0.0049 (9)0.0027 (8)
N3B0.0325 (11)0.0372 (11)0.0217 (10)0.0077 (9)0.0082 (8)0.0035 (8)
N4B0.0257 (11)0.0376 (11)0.0254 (10)0.0067 (9)0.0037 (8)0.0042 (8)
C1B0.0266 (12)0.0258 (11)0.0171 (10)0.0075 (9)0.0052 (8)0.0043 (8)
C2B0.0222 (10)0.0200 (10)0.0182 (10)0.0067 (8)0.0078 (8)0.0050 (8)
C3B0.0220 (10)0.0170 (9)0.0176 (10)0.0058 (8)0.0072 (8)0.0051 (7)
C4B0.0220 (10)0.0183 (10)0.0206 (10)0.0077 (8)0.0073 (8)0.0041 (8)
C5B0.0254 (11)0.0209 (10)0.0176 (10)0.0085 (8)0.0085 (8)0.0049 (8)
C6B0.0224 (11)0.0166 (9)0.0203 (10)0.0049 (8)0.0064 (8)0.0044 (7)
C7B0.0250 (11)0.0203 (10)0.0202 (10)0.0070 (8)0.0054 (8)0.0044 (8)
C8B0.0283 (12)0.0227 (10)0.0213 (11)0.0091 (9)0.0022 (9)0.0043 (8)
C9B0.0225 (11)0.0233 (10)0.0193 (11)0.0065 (8)0.0049 (8)0.0054 (8)
C10B0.0222 (10)0.0176 (9)0.0184 (10)0.0053 (8)0.0090 (8)0.0041 (7)
C11B0.0199 (10)0.0197 (10)0.0218 (10)0.0067 (8)0.0083 (8)0.0050 (8)
C12B0.0257 (12)0.0249 (11)0.0193 (10)0.0041 (9)0.0027 (8)0.0049 (8)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
Br1—C141.881 (2)C5A—C6A1.440 (3)
Br2—C161.881 (2)C5A—H5A0.93
N5—C171.332 (3)C6A—C7A1.391 (3)
N5—C131.343 (3)C6A—C11A1.437 (3)
N5—C181.491 (3)C7A—C12A1.429 (3)
C13—C141.378 (3)C7A—C8A1.429 (3)
C13—H130.93C10A—C11A1.355 (3)
C14—C151.374 (3)C10A—H10A0.93
C15—C161.384 (4)C11A—H11A0.93
C15—H150.93N1B—C1B1.150 (3)
C16—C171.377 (3)N2B—C8B1.153 (3)
C17—H170.93N3B—C9B1.149 (3)
C18—C191.510 (4)N4B—C12B1.153 (3)
C18—H18A0.97C1B—C2B1.433 (3)
C18—H18B0.97C2B—C3B1.390 (3)
C19—H19A0.96C2B—C9B1.431 (3)
C19—H19B0.96C3B—C4B1.438 (3)
C19—H19C0.96C3B—C10B1.443 (3)
N1A—C1A1.156 (4)C4B—C5B1.358 (3)
N2A—C8A1.149 (3)C4B—H4B0.93
N3A—C9A1.147 (3)C5B—C6B1.431 (3)
N4A—C12A1.150 (3)C5B—H5B0.93
C1A—C2A1.420 (4)C6B—C7B1.401 (3)
C2A—C3A1.403 (3)C6B—C11B1.438 (3)
C2A—C9A1.430 (3)C7B—C12B1.423 (3)
C3A—C10A1.430 (3)C7B—C8B1.427 (3)
C3A—C4A1.438 (3)C10B—C11B1.356 (3)
C4A—C5A1.354 (3)C10B—H10B0.93
C4A—H4A0.93C11B—H11B0.93
C17—N5—C13122.3 (2)C7A—C6A—C11A120.8 (2)
C17—N5—C18118.9 (2)C7A—C6A—C5A121.3 (2)
C13—N5—C18118.8 (2)C11A—C6A—C5A117.9 (2)
N5—C13—C14119.1 (2)C6A—C7A—C12A123.0 (2)
N5—C13—H13120.5C6A—C7A—C8A122.2 (2)
C14—C13—H13120.5C12A—C7A—C8A114.7 (2)
C15—C14—C13120.9 (2)N2A—C8A—C7A177.9 (3)
C15—C14—Br1120.73 (18)N3A—C9A—C2A178.2 (3)
C13—C14—Br1118.25 (18)C11A—C10A—C3A121.0 (2)
C14—C15—C16117.7 (2)C11A—C10A—H10A119.5
C14—C15—H15121.2C3A—C10A—H10A119.5
C16—C15—H15121.2C10A—C11A—C6A121.1 (2)
C17—C16—C15120.8 (2)C10A—C11A—H11A119.4
C17—C16—Br2118.98 (19)C6A—C11A—H11A119.4
C15—C16—Br2120.27 (19)N4A—C12A—C7A177.6 (3)
N5—C17—C16119.3 (2)N1B—C1B—C2B178.7 (2)
N5—C17—H17120.4C3B—C2B—C9B123.4 (2)
C16—C17—H17120.4C3B—C2B—C1B121.9 (2)
N5—C18—C19110.5 (2)C9B—C2B—C1B114.64 (19)
N5—C18—H18A109.6C2B—C3B—C4B120.6 (2)
C19—C18—H18A109.6C2B—C3B—C10B121.58 (19)
N5—C18—H18B109.6C4B—C3B—C10B117.84 (19)
C19—C18—H18B109.6C5B—C4B—C3B120.9 (2)
H18A—C18—H18B108.1C5B—C4B—H4B119.5
C18—C19—H19A109.5C3B—C4B—H4B119.5
C18—C19—H19B109.5C4B—C5B—C6B121.3 (2)
H19A—C19—H19B109.5C4B—C5B—H5B119.4
C18—C19—H19C109.5C6B—C5B—H5B119.4
H19A—C19—H19C109.5C7B—C6B—C5B120.9 (2)
H19B—C19—H19C109.5C7B—C6B—C11B121.1 (2)
N1A—C1A—C2A179.8 (3)C5B—C6B—C11B118.0 (2)
C3A—C2A—C1A121.2 (2)C6B—C7B—C12B122.4 (2)
C3A—C2A—C9A122.5 (2)C6B—C7B—C8B121.4 (2)
C1A—C2A—C9A116.3 (2)C12B—C7B—C8B116.2 (2)
C2A—C3A—C10A121.7 (2)N2B—C8B—C7B179.6 (2)
C2A—C3A—C4A120.2 (2)N3B—C9B—C2B177.2 (2)
C10A—C3A—C4A118.1 (2)C11B—C10B—C3B120.88 (19)
C5A—C4A—C3A121.1 (2)C11B—C10B—H10B119.6
C5A—C4A—H4A119.4C3B—C10B—H10B119.6
C3A—C4A—H4A119.4C10B—C11B—C6B121.1 (2)
C4A—C5A—C6A120.8 (2)C10B—C11B—H11B119.4
C4A—C5A—H5A119.6C6B—C11B—H11B119.4
C6A—C5A—H5A119.6N4B—C12B—C7B179.2 (3)
C17—N5—C13—C140.1 (3)C11A—C6A—C7A—C8A179.0 (2)
C18—N5—C13—C14179.1 (2)C5A—C6A—C7A—C8A1.3 (3)
N5—C13—C14—C151.3 (3)C2A—C3A—C10A—C11A178.4 (2)
N5—C13—C14—Br1174.38 (15)C4A—C3A—C10A—C11A0.1 (3)
C13—C14—C15—C162.0 (3)C3A—C10A—C11A—C6A0.2 (3)
Br1—C14—C15—C16173.55 (17)C7A—C6A—C11A—C10A179.5 (2)
C14—C15—C16—C171.4 (3)C5A—C6A—C11A—C10A0.2 (3)
C14—C15—C16—Br2178.71 (17)C9B—C2B—C3B—C4B179.6 (2)
C13—N5—C17—C160.7 (3)C1B—C2B—C3B—C4B1.1 (3)
C18—N5—C17—C16179.7 (2)C9B—C2B—C3B—C10B0.6 (3)
C15—C16—C17—N50.1 (3)C1B—C2B—C3B—C10B178.63 (19)
Br2—C16—C17—N5179.96 (16)C2B—C3B—C4B—C5B178.8 (2)
C17—N5—C18—C1991.2 (3)C10B—C3B—C4B—C5B1.5 (3)
C13—N5—C18—C1987.8 (3)C3B—C4B—C5B—C6B0.9 (3)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C10A179.5 (2)C4B—C5B—C6B—C7B179.7 (2)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C10A0.4 (3)C4B—C5B—C6B—C11B0.3 (3)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C4A1.0 (3)C5B—C6B—C7B—C12B179.8 (2)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C4A179.0 (2)C11B—C6B—C7B—C12B0.4 (3)
C2A—C3A—C4A—C5A178.4 (2)C5B—C6B—C7B—C8B1.2 (3)
C10A—C3A—C4A—C5A0.1 (3)C11B—C6B—C7B—C8B179.5 (2)
C3A—C4A—C5A—C6A0.2 (3)C2B—C3B—C10B—C11B179.4 (2)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C7A179.6 (2)C4B—C3B—C10B—C11B0.8 (3)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C11A0.2 (3)C3B—C10B—C11B—C6B0.3 (3)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C12A0.4 (3)C7B—C6B—C11B—C10B179.7 (2)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C12A179.3 (2)C5B—C6B—C11B—C10B0.9 (3)
(tcnq_44bpy_et_rt) top
Crystal data top
C14H18N2·4(C12H4N4)F(000) = 1064
Mr = 515.53Dx = 1.319 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cCu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 6151 reflections
a = 13.0864 (2) Åθ = 3.8–75.8°
b = 25.3377 (4) ŵ = 0.67 mm1
c = 7.8403 (1) ÅT = 293 K
β = 92.651 (1)°Prism, black
V = 2596.90 (7) Å30.20 × 0.18 × 0.08 mm
Z = 4
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
5368 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube4600 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.018
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.3°, θmin = 3.4°
ω scansh = 1516
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 2531
Tmin = 0.635, Tmax = 1l = 99
13505 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F22 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.047H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.142 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0841P)2 + 0.5105P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 0.93(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
5368 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.26 e Å3
371 parametersΔρmin = 0.25 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
N1A0.17004 (13)0.32241 (7)0.7996 (2)0.0816 (4)
N2A0.71270 (11)0.32343 (8)0.2863 (2)0.0911 (5)
N3A0.00114 (12)0.29337 (8)0.3208 (3)0.0947 (5)
N4A0.54210 (12)0.30358 (6)0.19845 (18)0.0707 (4)
C1A0.17177 (12)0.31822 (6)0.6544 (2)0.0603 (4)
C2A0.17274 (11)0.31209 (5)0.47352 (19)0.0538 (3)
C3A0.26294 (10)0.31466 (5)0.38678 (17)0.0472 (3)
C4A0.35975 (10)0.32239 (5)0.47669 (17)0.0498 (3)
H4A0.3618240.3271830.5943990.06*
C5A0.44786 (10)0.32285 (5)0.39390 (16)0.0483 (3)
H5A0.5095730.3279140.4553580.058*
C6A0.44769 (10)0.31562 (5)0.21178 (16)0.0446 (3)
C7A0.53812 (10)0.31530 (5)0.12689 (17)0.0478 (3)
C8A0.63500 (11)0.32005 (6)0.2153 (2)0.0588 (3)
C9A0.07653 (12)0.30195 (7)0.3879 (2)0.0647 (4)
C10A0.26253 (10)0.30830 (5)0.20507 (17)0.0486 (3)
H10A0.2006840.303780.1435230.058*
C11A0.35087 (10)0.30877 (5)0.12171 (16)0.0470 (3)
H11A0.3486350.3045680.0037580.056*
C12A0.54004 (11)0.30845 (5)0.05365 (18)0.0519 (3)
N1B0.26856 (11)0.45175 (7)0.60833 (16)0.0722 (4)
N2B0.81007 (9)0.45718 (6)0.05523 (17)0.0673 (4)
N3B0.09296 (10)0.42098 (7)0.14257 (18)0.0737 (4)
N4B0.63247 (11)0.42310 (6)0.40552 (16)0.0688 (4)
C1B0.27099 (10)0.44587 (6)0.46391 (16)0.0500 (3)
C2B0.27072 (10)0.43757 (5)0.28424 (15)0.0444 (3)
C3B0.36032 (9)0.43864 (5)0.19346 (14)0.0405 (3)
C4B0.45807 (9)0.44726 (5)0.27736 (14)0.0424 (3)
H4B0.4620880.4528510.3947130.051*
C5B0.54529 (9)0.44751 (5)0.19010 (14)0.0415 (3)
H5B0.6077770.4534710.2482760.05*
C6B0.54218 (9)0.43868 (4)0.00919 (14)0.0392 (3)
C7B0.63146 (9)0.43968 (5)0.08257 (15)0.0418 (3)
C8B0.72971 (10)0.44924 (5)0.00375 (16)0.0470 (3)
C9B0.17267 (10)0.42870 (6)0.20376 (16)0.0505 (3)
C10B0.35742 (9)0.42978 (5)0.01261 (14)0.0420 (3)
H10B0.2949470.4237860.0455630.05*
C11B0.44439 (9)0.43001 (5)0.07468 (14)0.0414 (3)
H11B0.4403250.4243980.192020.05*
C12B0.63050 (10)0.43044 (5)0.26182 (16)0.0468 (3)
N50.08431 (10)0.61862 (5)0.32417 (17)0.0637 (3)
C130.11449 (13)0.60521 (7)0.4842 (2)0.0672 (4)
H130.157810.6275460.5478830.081*
C140.08238 (12)0.55912 (6)0.55476 (19)0.0609 (4)
H140.1036770.5505980.6661770.073*
C150.01830 (9)0.52486 (5)0.46198 (15)0.0457 (3)
C160.00998 (12)0.53947 (6)0.29558 (18)0.0576 (3)
H160.0520820.5174860.228360.069*
C170.02392 (13)0.58617 (7)0.2300 (2)0.0652 (4)
H170.0046260.5954270.118310.078*
C180.1149 (2)0.67164 (10)0.2581 (4)0.1139 (9)
H18A0.0767350.676450.1501450.137*
H18B0.0885770.6975020.3360580.137*
C19A0.2016 (5)0.6846 (4)0.234 (3)0.201 (7)0.493 (11)
H19A0.2022360.7201490.1916310.301*0.493 (11)
H19B0.2418010.6826150.3393060.301*0.493 (11)
H19C0.2298490.6613670.1516540.301*0.493 (11)
C19B0.1391 (11)0.6765 (2)0.0906 (11)0.151 (5)0.507 (11)
H19D0.1569160.712430.0675750.226*0.507 (11)
H19E0.1960280.6539450.0687810.226*0.507 (11)
H19F0.081270.6663680.0179980.226*0.507 (11)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
N1A0.0798 (10)0.1047 (12)0.0615 (9)0.0015 (9)0.0163 (7)0.0023 (8)
N2A0.0527 (8)0.1267 (15)0.0931 (11)0.0024 (8)0.0065 (7)0.0264 (10)
N3A0.0546 (8)0.1094 (13)0.1196 (14)0.0092 (8)0.0027 (9)0.0101 (11)
N4A0.0873 (10)0.0696 (8)0.0560 (8)0.0032 (7)0.0105 (7)0.0099 (6)
C1A0.0557 (8)0.0635 (8)0.0627 (9)0.0004 (6)0.0123 (6)0.0048 (7)
C2A0.0518 (7)0.0510 (7)0.0591 (8)0.0019 (6)0.0073 (6)0.0021 (6)
C3A0.0488 (7)0.0435 (6)0.0492 (7)0.0017 (5)0.0026 (5)0.0023 (5)
C4A0.0537 (7)0.0531 (7)0.0424 (6)0.0015 (6)0.0012 (5)0.0013 (5)
C5A0.0476 (7)0.0521 (7)0.0448 (6)0.0014 (5)0.0030 (5)0.0007 (5)
C6A0.0479 (6)0.0395 (6)0.0462 (6)0.0010 (5)0.0009 (5)0.0007 (5)
C7A0.0489 (7)0.0447 (6)0.0498 (7)0.0015 (5)0.0026 (5)0.0020 (5)
C8A0.0491 (8)0.0674 (9)0.0603 (8)0.0014 (6)0.0058 (6)0.0090 (7)
C9A0.0529 (8)0.0659 (9)0.0761 (10)0.0028 (7)0.0112 (7)0.0028 (7)
C10A0.0462 (6)0.0490 (7)0.0503 (7)0.0042 (5)0.0028 (5)0.0027 (5)
C11A0.0518 (7)0.0459 (6)0.0431 (6)0.0026 (5)0.0012 (5)0.0031 (5)
C12A0.0545 (7)0.0469 (7)0.0546 (8)0.0025 (5)0.0070 (6)0.0059 (5)
N1B0.0716 (8)0.1024 (11)0.0428 (7)0.0061 (8)0.0058 (6)0.0052 (6)
N2B0.0467 (7)0.0955 (10)0.0588 (7)0.0013 (6)0.0064 (5)0.0042 (7)
N3B0.0474 (7)0.1057 (12)0.0672 (8)0.0003 (7)0.0042 (6)0.0065 (8)
N4B0.0733 (8)0.0914 (10)0.0418 (6)0.0058 (7)0.0041 (5)0.0067 (6)
C1B0.0465 (7)0.0603 (8)0.0433 (7)0.0019 (6)0.0038 (5)0.0003 (5)
C2B0.0452 (6)0.0493 (6)0.0388 (6)0.0008 (5)0.0012 (5)0.0004 (5)
C3B0.0434 (6)0.0420 (6)0.0358 (6)0.0005 (5)0.0005 (4)0.0012 (4)
C4B0.0479 (6)0.0477 (6)0.0312 (5)0.0014 (5)0.0013 (4)0.0011 (4)
C5B0.0425 (6)0.0463 (6)0.0351 (6)0.0019 (5)0.0042 (4)0.0003 (4)
C6B0.0435 (6)0.0393 (6)0.0345 (5)0.0009 (4)0.0005 (4)0.0011 (4)
C7B0.0439 (6)0.0452 (6)0.0360 (6)0.0024 (5)0.0002 (4)0.0003 (4)
C8B0.0451 (7)0.0559 (7)0.0400 (6)0.0046 (5)0.0024 (5)0.0008 (5)
C9B0.0455 (7)0.0618 (8)0.0445 (6)0.0031 (6)0.0043 (5)0.0009 (6)
C10B0.0417 (6)0.0476 (6)0.0363 (6)0.0023 (5)0.0041 (4)0.0006 (5)
C11B0.0461 (6)0.0461 (6)0.0317 (5)0.0007 (5)0.0025 (4)0.0015 (4)
C12B0.0451 (6)0.0540 (7)0.0414 (7)0.0033 (5)0.0020 (5)0.0008 (5)
N50.0621 (7)0.0616 (7)0.0676 (8)0.0053 (6)0.0049 (6)0.0064 (6)
C130.0662 (9)0.0681 (9)0.0664 (9)0.0170 (7)0.0074 (7)0.0031 (7)
C140.0624 (8)0.0682 (9)0.0507 (7)0.0116 (7)0.0119 (6)0.0004 (6)
C150.0392 (6)0.0557 (7)0.0418 (6)0.0029 (5)0.0009 (4)0.0047 (5)
C160.0602 (8)0.0648 (8)0.0470 (7)0.0063 (6)0.0080 (6)0.0003 (6)
C170.0694 (9)0.0721 (10)0.0533 (8)0.0024 (8)0.0045 (7)0.0099 (7)
C180.142 (2)0.0834 (14)0.1171 (19)0.0288 (15)0.0149 (16)0.0290 (13)
C19A0.088 (4)0.144 (6)0.370 (19)0.028 (4)0.006 (6)0.137 (9)
C19B0.262 (13)0.067 (3)0.134 (6)0.001 (4)0.126 (7)0.013 (3)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
N1A—C1A1.145 (2)C5B—C6B1.4347 (15)
N2A—C8A1.140 (2)C5B—H5B0.93
N3A—C9A1.144 (2)C6B—C7B1.4003 (17)
N4A—C12A1.1435 (19)C6B—C11B1.4285 (16)
C1A—C2A1.427 (2)C7B—C8B1.4214 (17)
C2A—C3A1.3908 (19)C7B—C12B1.4242 (16)
C2A—C9A1.422 (2)C10B—C11B1.3550 (17)
C3A—C10A1.4336 (18)C10B—H10B0.93
C3A—C4A1.4345 (19)C11B—H11B0.93
C4A—C5A1.3491 (19)N5—C171.339 (2)
C4A—H4A0.93N5—C131.341 (2)
C5A—C6A1.4395 (18)N5—C181.501 (2)
C5A—H5A0.93C13—C141.367 (2)
C6A—C7A1.3843 (18)C13—H130.93
C6A—C11A1.4323 (18)C14—C151.3890 (19)
C7A—C8A1.4215 (19)C14—H140.93
C7A—C12A1.4275 (19)C15—C161.3897 (18)
C10A—C11A1.3541 (19)C15—C15i1.483 (3)
C10A—H10A0.93C16—C171.372 (2)
C11A—H11A0.93C16—H160.93
N1B—C1B1.1440 (18)C17—H170.93
N2B—C8B1.1467 (18)C18—C19A1.205 (6)
N3B—C9B1.1447 (19)C18—C19B1.371 (6)
N4B—C12B1.1434 (18)C18—H18A0.97
C1B—C2B1.4241 (17)C18—H18B0.97
C2B—C3B1.3998 (17)C19A—H19A0.96
C2B—C9B1.4214 (18)C19A—H19B0.96
C3B—C4B1.4279 (16)C19A—H19C0.96
C3B—C10B1.4343 (16)C19B—H19D0.96
C4B—C5B1.3576 (17)C19B—H19E0.96
C4B—H4B0.93C19B—H19F0.96
N1A—C1A—C2A178.89 (19)N2B—C8B—C7B178.01 (14)
C3A—C2A—C9A122.04 (14)N3B—C9B—C2B178.31 (16)
C3A—C2A—C1A121.84 (13)C11B—C10B—C3B120.94 (11)
C9A—C2A—C1A116.11 (13)C11B—C10B—H10B119.5
C2A—C3A—C10A121.10 (12)C3B—C10B—H10B119.5
C2A—C3A—C4A121.09 (12)C10B—C11B—C6B121.59 (10)
C10A—C3A—C4A117.79 (12)C10B—C11B—H11B119.2
C5A—C4A—C3A121.32 (12)C6B—C11B—H11B119.2
C5A—C4A—H4A119.3N4B—C12B—C7B178.21 (14)
C3A—C4A—H4A119.3C17—N5—C13120.07 (14)
C4A—C5A—C6A120.93 (12)C17—N5—C18121.28 (17)
C4A—C5A—H5A119.5C13—N5—C18118.56 (17)
C6A—C5A—H5A119.5N5—C13—C14120.82 (14)
C7A—C6A—C11A121.24 (12)N5—C13—H13119.6
C7A—C6A—C5A121.03 (12)C14—C13—H13119.6
C11A—C6A—C5A117.72 (11)C13—C14—C15120.76 (14)
C6A—C7A—C8A121.88 (12)C13—C14—H14119.6
C6A—C7A—C12A122.15 (12)C15—C14—H14119.6
C8A—C7A—C12A115.94 (12)C14—C15—C16116.95 (13)
N2A—C8A—C7A179.5 (2)C14—C15—C15i121.25 (14)
N3A—C9A—C2A179.1 (2)C16—C15—C15i121.79 (14)
C11A—C10A—C3A120.97 (12)C17—C16—C15120.33 (13)
C11A—C10A—H10A119.5C17—C16—H16119.8
C3A—C10A—H10A119.5C15—C16—H16119.8
C10A—C11A—C6A121.24 (12)N5—C17—C16121.05 (14)
C10A—C11A—H11A119.4N5—C17—H17119.5
C6A—C11A—H11A119.4C16—C17—H17119.5
N4A—C12A—C7A179.14 (16)C19A—C18—N5124.5 (4)
N1B—C1B—C2B178.00 (16)C19B—C18—N5119.2 (3)
C3B—C2B—C9B122.52 (11)C19A—C18—H18A106.2
C3B—C2B—C1B122.43 (11)N5—C18—H18A106.2
C9B—C2B—C1B115.05 (11)C19A—C18—H18B106.2
C2B—C3B—C4B121.49 (10)N5—C18—H18B106.2
C2B—C3B—C10B121.00 (11)H18A—C18—H18B106.4
C4B—C3B—C10B117.49 (11)C18—C19A—H19A109.5
C5B—C4B—C3B121.65 (10)C18—C19A—H19B109.5
C5B—C4B—H4B119.2H19A—C19A—H19B109.5
C3B—C4B—H4B119.2C18—C19A—H19C109.5
C4B—C5B—C6B120.76 (11)H19A—C19A—H19C109.5
C4B—C5B—H5B119.6H19B—C19A—H19C109.5
C6B—C5B—H5B119.6C18—C19B—H19D109.5
C7B—C6B—C11B121.15 (10)C18—C19B—H19E109.5
C7B—C6B—C5B121.26 (11)H19D—C19B—H19E109.5
C11B—C6B—C5B117.58 (10)C18—C19B—H19F109.5
C6B—C7B—C8B122.63 (10)H19D—C19B—H19F109.5
C6B—C7B—C12B122.31 (11)H19E—C19B—H19F109.5
C8B—C7B—C12B115.06 (11)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C10A1.4 (2)C4B—C5B—C6B—C7B178.97 (11)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C10A179.86 (13)C4B—C5B—C6B—C11B0.36 (17)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C4A176.95 (14)C11B—C6B—C7B—C8B178.71 (11)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C4A1.5 (2)C5B—C6B—C7B—C8B0.14 (19)
C2A—C3A—C4A—C5A177.37 (13)C11B—C6B—C7B—C12B2.16 (18)
C10A—C3A—C4A—C5A1.03 (19)C5B—C6B—C7B—C12B179.28 (11)
C3A—C4A—C5A—C6A0.1 (2)C2B—C3B—C10B—C11B178.97 (12)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C7A179.04 (12)C4B—C3B—C10B—C11B0.47 (18)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C11A0.95 (19)C3B—C10B—C11B—C6B0.43 (18)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C8A177.57 (13)C7B—C6B—C11B—C10B178.98 (11)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C8A2.4 (2)C5B—C6B—C11B—C10B0.36 (17)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C12A0.30 (19)C17—N5—C13—C141.6 (3)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C12A179.71 (12)C18—N5—C13—C14175.1 (2)
C2A—C3A—C10A—C11A177.41 (13)N5—C13—C14—C150.5 (3)
C4A—C3A—C10A—C11A1.00 (19)C13—C14—C15—C160.7 (2)
C3A—C10A—C11A—C6A0.01 (19)C13—C14—C15—C15i179.08 (16)
C7A—C6A—C11A—C10A179.01 (12)C14—C15—C16—C170.8 (2)
C5A—C6A—C11A—C10A0.98 (18)C15i—C15—C16—C17178.95 (16)
C9B—C2B—C3B—C4B179.55 (12)C13—N5—C17—C161.4 (3)
C1B—C2B—C3B—C4B1.1 (2)C18—N5—C17—C16175.1 (2)
C9B—C2B—C3B—C10B1.11 (19)C15—C16—C17—N50.2 (3)
C1B—C2B—C3B—C10B179.58 (12)C17—N5—C18—C19A117.3 (13)
C2B—C3B—C4B—C5B178.96 (12)C13—N5—C18—C19A66.1 (13)
C10B—C3B—C4B—C5B0.47 (18)C17—N5—C18—C19B40.1 (8)
C3B—C4B—C5B—C6B0.43 (19)C13—N5—C18—C19B143.2 (8)
Symmetry code: (i) x, y+1, z+1.
(tcnq_me2-44bpy_100k_2) top
Crystal data top
3(C12H4N4)·C12H14N2Z = 1
Mr = 798.83F(000) = 412
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.387 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 7.8212 (5) ÅCell parameters from 3540 reflections
b = 9.7542 (7) Åθ = 4.6–75.6°
c = 13.2653 (7) ŵ = 0.71 mm1
α = 78.103 (5)°T = 293 K
β = 75.829 (5)°Prism, black
γ = 82.246 (5)°0.31 × 0.12 × 0.10 mm
V = 956.32 (11) Å3
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
3944 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube3294 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.048
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.5°, θmin = 3.5°
ω scansh = 99
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1212
Tmin = 0.677, Tmax = 1l = 1613
8051 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F20 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.069H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.207 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.1571P)2 + 0.2595P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 0.93(Δ/σ)max < 0.001
3944 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.47 e Å3
280 parametersΔρmin = 0.33 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
N1A0.7366 (2)1.23930 (18)0.64925 (13)0.0384 (4)
N2A0.3383 (2)1.6326 (2)0.11831 (13)0.0442 (4)
N3A0.2103 (2)1.12314 (19)0.81394 (12)0.0409 (4)
N4A0.1781 (2)1.47915 (19)0.26901 (13)0.0386 (4)
C1A0.5914 (2)1.23974 (19)0.64457 (13)0.0320 (4)
C2A0.4110 (2)1.23734 (19)0.64034 (14)0.0311 (4)
C3A0.3469 (2)1.29494 (18)0.55001 (13)0.0292 (4)
C4A0.4595 (2)1.36275 (19)0.45530 (13)0.0302 (4)
H4A0.5782431.366980.4538060.036*
C5A0.3963 (2)1.42066 (19)0.36811 (13)0.0304 (4)
H5A0.4724111.4640010.3080120.036*
C6A0.2137 (2)1.41637 (19)0.36676 (13)0.0299 (4)
C7A0.1466 (2)1.4837 (2)0.27904 (13)0.0314 (4)
C8A0.2531 (2)1.5651 (2)0.19001 (14)0.0345 (4)
C9A0.2985 (2)1.1743 (2)0.73610 (14)0.0332 (4)
C10A0.1647 (2)1.28815 (19)0.54820 (13)0.0303 (4)
H10A0.0888681.2439850.6080540.036*
C11A0.1022 (2)1.34515 (19)0.46059 (14)0.0310 (4)
H11A0.0153911.3380460.4611630.037*
C12A0.0337 (2)1.4803 (2)0.27498 (13)0.0319 (4)
N1B0.0311 (2)1.1036 (2)0.31272 (12)0.0382 (4)
N3B0.5429 (2)1.2284 (3)0.14632 (14)0.0574 (6)
C1B0.1740 (2)1.1076 (2)0.31993 (13)0.0307 (4)
C2B0.3527 (2)1.11687 (19)0.32274 (13)0.0293 (4)
C3B0.4261 (2)1.05750 (18)0.41091 (13)0.0281 (4)
C4B0.3216 (2)0.98628 (18)0.50599 (13)0.0283 (4)
H4B0.2029910.9779140.5099730.034*
C5B0.3927 (2)0.93014 (19)0.59130 (13)0.0285 (4)
H5B0.3220690.8829110.6520830.034*
C9B0.4588 (2)1.1796 (2)0.22583 (14)0.0364 (4)
N50.1722 (2)1.14756 (17)1.05222 (11)0.0330 (4)
C130.0036 (2)1.1812 (2)1.07861 (14)0.0352 (4)
H130.0786521.1108931.1114130.042*
C140.0735 (2)1.3182 (2)1.05766 (14)0.0354 (4)
H140.1953921.3395681.0751560.042*
C150.0373 (2)1.4254 (2)1.01031 (13)0.0311 (4)
C160.2189 (2)1.3866 (2)0.98299 (14)0.0336 (4)
H160.2968621.4549420.9504030.04*
C170.2827 (2)1.2485 (2)1.00392 (14)0.0351 (4)
H170.4037691.2238150.9846390.042*
C180.2445 (3)0.9996 (2)1.07412 (15)0.0393 (4)
H18A0.3711380.9937431.0506390.059*0.5
H18B0.2130820.9642811.1487150.059*0.5
H18C0.1965260.9445361.0372610.059*0.5
H18D0.1493590.9412971.1071050.059*0.5
H18E0.3074150.970761.0090290.059*0.5
H18F0.3239710.9905041.1204830.059*0.5
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
N1A0.0326 (8)0.0480 (9)0.0383 (9)0.0079 (7)0.0129 (6)0.0075 (7)
N2A0.0361 (9)0.0650 (11)0.0306 (8)0.0150 (8)0.0094 (7)0.0023 (7)
N3A0.0429 (9)0.0534 (10)0.0270 (8)0.0133 (8)0.0062 (7)0.0048 (7)
N4A0.0301 (8)0.0550 (10)0.0321 (8)0.0055 (7)0.0097 (6)0.0066 (7)
C1A0.0354 (10)0.0375 (9)0.0254 (8)0.0058 (7)0.0104 (7)0.0048 (6)
C2A0.0302 (8)0.0395 (9)0.0261 (8)0.0059 (7)0.0079 (6)0.0080 (7)
C3A0.0271 (8)0.0358 (9)0.0270 (8)0.0036 (7)0.0069 (6)0.0090 (7)
C4A0.0247 (8)0.0396 (9)0.0288 (9)0.0055 (7)0.0081 (6)0.0077 (7)
C5A0.0261 (8)0.0395 (9)0.0260 (8)0.0068 (7)0.0042 (6)0.0062 (7)
C6A0.0275 (8)0.0375 (9)0.0263 (8)0.0040 (7)0.0076 (6)0.0073 (7)
C7A0.0279 (8)0.0413 (9)0.0258 (8)0.0049 (7)0.0066 (6)0.0062 (7)
C8A0.0288 (8)0.0490 (10)0.0278 (9)0.0045 (7)0.0113 (7)0.0052 (8)
C9A0.0328 (9)0.0432 (10)0.0275 (9)0.0056 (7)0.0118 (7)0.0080 (7)
C10A0.0257 (8)0.0400 (9)0.0253 (8)0.0061 (7)0.0033 (6)0.0068 (7)
C11A0.0245 (8)0.0407 (9)0.0293 (8)0.0046 (7)0.0068 (6)0.0079 (7)
C12A0.0304 (9)0.0409 (9)0.0250 (8)0.0033 (7)0.0074 (6)0.0056 (7)
N1B0.0258 (8)0.0612 (10)0.0293 (8)0.0086 (7)0.0095 (6)0.0049 (7)
N3B0.0340 (9)0.1102 (18)0.0277 (9)0.0281 (10)0.0098 (7)0.0060 (9)
C1B0.0285 (9)0.0428 (9)0.0210 (8)0.0050 (7)0.0059 (6)0.0043 (7)
C2B0.0233 (8)0.0416 (9)0.0245 (8)0.0060 (6)0.0062 (6)0.0064 (7)
C3B0.0247 (8)0.0372 (9)0.0245 (8)0.0026 (6)0.0074 (6)0.0083 (7)
C4B0.0215 (7)0.0384 (9)0.0267 (8)0.0050 (6)0.0062 (6)0.0072 (7)
C5B0.0241 (8)0.0388 (9)0.0236 (8)0.0071 (6)0.0047 (6)0.0060 (6)
C9B0.0265 (8)0.0585 (12)0.0272 (9)0.0097 (8)0.0112 (7)0.0048 (8)
N50.0303 (7)0.0460 (9)0.0247 (7)0.0059 (6)0.0082 (5)0.0065 (6)
C130.0305 (9)0.0488 (10)0.0276 (8)0.0109 (7)0.0063 (7)0.0048 (7)
C140.0262 (8)0.0498 (10)0.0308 (9)0.0086 (7)0.0064 (7)0.0052 (7)
C150.0244 (8)0.0489 (11)0.0223 (8)0.0078 (7)0.0071 (6)0.0060 (7)
C160.0257 (8)0.0489 (10)0.0281 (8)0.0100 (7)0.0058 (6)0.0071 (7)
C170.0256 (8)0.0531 (11)0.0286 (8)0.0057 (7)0.0072 (6)0.0091 (7)
C180.0366 (10)0.0469 (11)0.0357 (10)0.0031 (8)0.0093 (8)0.0093 (8)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
N1A—C1A1.152 (3)C2B—C9B1.416 (3)
N2A—C8A1.154 (3)C3B—C4B1.424 (2)
N3A—C9A1.150 (2)C3B—C5Bi1.431 (2)
N4A—C12A1.153 (3)C4B—C5B1.364 (2)
C1A—C2A1.429 (2)C4B—H4B0.93
C2A—C3A1.394 (2)C5B—H5B0.93
C2A—C9A1.429 (2)N5—C131.346 (2)
C3A—C4A1.437 (2)N5—C171.351 (3)
C3A—C10A1.442 (2)N5—C181.474 (3)
C4A—C5A1.355 (2)C13—C141.373 (3)
C4A—H4A0.93C13—H130.93
C5A—C6A1.439 (2)C14—C151.395 (3)
C5A—H5A0.93C14—H140.93
C6A—C7A1.397 (3)C15—C161.397 (2)
C6A—C11A1.438 (2)C15—C15ii1.488 (4)
C7A—C8A1.424 (3)C16—C171.368 (3)
C7A—C12A1.430 (2)C16—H160.93
C10A—C11A1.355 (3)C17—H170.93
C10A—H10A0.93C18—H18A0.96
C11A—H11A0.93C18—H18B0.96
N1B—C1B1.152 (2)C18—H18C0.96
N3B—C9B1.145 (3)C18—H18D0.96
C1B—C2B1.422 (2)C18—H18E0.96
C2B—C3B1.412 (2)C18—H18F0.96
N1A—C1A—C2A178.7 (2)C5B—C4B—C3B121.08 (16)
C3A—C2A—C9A121.79 (16)C5B—C4B—H4B119.5
C3A—C2A—C1A122.70 (16)C3B—C4B—H4B119.5
C9A—C2A—C1A115.50 (15)C4B—C5B—C3Bi121.27 (16)
C2A—C3A—C4A121.41 (15)C4B—C5B—H5B119.4
C2A—C3A—C10A121.07 (16)C3Bi—C5B—H5B119.4
C4A—C3A—C10A117.52 (15)N3B—C9B—C2B178.4 (2)
C5A—C4A—C3A121.34 (15)C13—N5—C17120.27 (17)
C5A—C4A—H4A119.3C13—N5—C18119.96 (16)
C3A—C4A—H4A119.3C17—N5—C18119.76 (16)
C4A—C5A—C6A121.25 (16)N5—C13—C14120.76 (17)
C4A—C5A—H5A119.4N5—C13—H13119.6
C6A—C5A—H5A119.4C14—C13—H13119.6
C7A—C6A—C11A121.56 (16)C13—C14—C15120.45 (17)
C7A—C6A—C5A121.02 (16)C13—C14—H14119.8
C11A—C6A—C5A117.37 (15)C15—C14—H14119.8
C6A—C7A—C8A121.52 (16)C14—C15—C16117.26 (18)
C6A—C7A—C12A122.33 (16)C14—C15—C15ii120.74 (19)
C8A—C7A—C12A116.09 (16)C16—C15—C15ii122.0 (2)
N2A—C8A—C7A179.1 (2)C17—C16—C15120.36 (18)
N3A—C9A—C2A178.84 (18)C17—C16—H16119.8
C11A—C10A—C3A120.98 (16)C15—C16—H16119.8
C11A—C10A—H10A119.5N5—C17—C16120.87 (16)
C3A—C10A—H10A119.5N5—C17—H17119.6
C10A—C11A—C6A121.50 (16)C16—C17—H17119.6
C10A—C11A—H11A119.2N5—C18—H18A109.5
C6A—C11A—H11A119.2N5—C18—H18B109.5
N4A—C12A—C7A178.25 (19)H18A—C18—H18B109.5
N1B—C1B—C2B176.69 (19)N5—C18—H18C109.5
C3B—C2B—C9B121.39 (15)H18A—C18—H18C109.5
C3B—C2B—C1B123.68 (16)H18B—C18—H18C109.5
C9B—C2B—C1B114.67 (15)H18D—C18—H18E109.5
C2B—C3B—C4B121.28 (15)H18D—C18—H18F109.5
C2B—C3B—C5Bi121.05 (16)H18E—C18—H18F109.5
C4B—C3B—C5Bi117.65 (15)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C4A177.65 (15)C9B—C2B—C3B—C4B175.78 (16)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C4A1.0 (3)C1B—C2B—C3B—C4B1.9 (3)
C9A—C2A—C3A—C10A2.6 (3)C9B—C2B—C3B—C5Bi5.8 (3)
C1A—C2A—C3A—C10A178.84 (16)C1B—C2B—C3B—C5Bi179.69 (16)
C2A—C3A—C4A—C5A178.94 (16)C2B—C3B—C4B—C5B179.43 (16)
C10A—C3A—C4A—C5A1.3 (2)C5Bi—C3B—C4B—C5B0.9 (3)
C3A—C4A—C5A—C6A0.1 (3)C3B—C4B—C5B—C3Bi1.0 (3)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C7A176.03 (16)C17—N5—C13—C140.4 (3)
C4A—C5A—C6A—C11A1.5 (3)C18—N5—C13—C14179.21 (15)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C8A174.13 (16)N5—C13—C14—C151.2 (3)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C8A3.3 (3)C13—C14—C15—C161.8 (3)
C11A—C6A—C7A—C12A3.1 (3)C13—C14—C15—C15ii178.54 (18)
C5A—C6A—C7A—C12A179.48 (16)C14—C15—C16—C170.9 (3)
C2A—C3A—C10A—C11A179.49 (16)C15ii—C15—C16—C17179.49 (17)
C4A—C3A—C10A—C11A0.7 (3)C13—N5—C17—C161.4 (3)
C3A—C10A—C11A—C6A1.0 (3)C18—N5—C17—C16179.82 (15)
C7A—C6A—C11A—C10A175.46 (16)C15—C16—C17—N50.7 (3)
C5A—C6A—C11A—C10A2.1 (3)
Symmetry codes: (i) x+1, y+2, z+1; (ii) x, y+3, z+2.
(tcnq_3brme_100k) top
Crystal data top
2(C12H4N4)·2(C6H7BrN)·IZ = 2
Mr = 881.35F(000) = 862
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.681 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Cu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 7.5693 (3) ÅCell parameters from 11346 reflections
b = 13.0300 (3) Åθ = 3.6–76.3°
c = 18.5239 (5) ŵ = 10.25 mm1
α = 105.159 (2)°T = 100 K
β = 90.971 (3)°Prism, black
γ = 98.382 (3)°0.31 × 0.14 × 0.12 mm
V = 1741.67 (9) Å3
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Ruby, Nova
diffractometer
7163 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube6810 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.050
Detector resolution: 10.4323 pixels mm-1θmax = 76.4°, θmin = 3.6°
ω scansh = 99
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.39.46 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2018) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1516
Tmin = 0.346, Tmax = 1l = 2321
15827 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F20 restraints
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.038H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.113 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0885P)2 + 1.3487P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 0.90(Δ/σ)max = 0.003
7163 reflectionsΔρmax = 1.31 e Å3
442 parametersΔρmin = 1.42 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
I10.75691 (2)0.71798 (2)0.51287 (2)0.02400 (9)
Br1A0.39800 (5)0.87441 (3)0.56359 (2)0.02991 (11)
N5A0.0558 (4)0.9575 (3)0.66353 (15)0.0253 (6)
C13A0.0815 (5)0.9060 (3)0.63888 (18)0.0258 (7)
H13A0.0920030.8412660.6496460.031*
C14A0.2071 (5)0.9491 (3)0.59758 (18)0.0265 (7)
C15A0.1911 (5)1.0451 (3)0.58057 (19)0.0295 (7)
H15A0.2753151.0751250.5529430.035*
C16A0.0447 (5)1.0949 (3)0.6063 (2)0.0332 (8)
H16A0.0297211.1588940.5953140.04*
C17A0.0779 (5)1.0499 (3)0.64775 (19)0.0302 (7)
H17A0.1755681.0833190.6647540.036*
C18A0.1902 (5)0.9089 (3)0.70752 (19)0.0289 (7)
H18A0.2797890.9544950.7212120.043*
H18B0.2453650.83930.6777870.043*
H18C0.1320830.9016440.7519930.043*
Br1B1.12547 (5)0.61390 (3)0.41964 (2)0.02826 (11)
N5B1.5756 (4)0.4799 (2)0.35980 (15)0.0252 (6)
C13B1.4176 (5)0.4995 (3)0.38853 (18)0.0242 (6)
H13B1.3617190.4579530.4179560.029*
C14B1.3391 (4)0.5823 (3)0.37379 (18)0.0255 (6)
C15B1.4216 (5)0.6433 (3)0.3293 (2)0.0298 (7)
H15B1.3685020.6978240.3182330.036*
C16B1.5852 (5)0.6215 (3)0.30166 (19)0.0301 (7)
H16B1.6434250.6619490.2720340.036*
C17B1.6611 (5)0.5400 (3)0.31810 (18)0.0258 (7)
H17B1.7718820.5262890.3003470.031*
C18B1.6615 (5)0.3943 (3)0.3781 (2)0.0326 (8)
H18D1.7722390.3898090.353760.049*
H18E1.6846360.4107390.4313060.049*
H18F1.5835350.3266260.3610140.049*
N1A1.0316 (4)1.0961 (3)1.10503 (17)0.0315 (6)
N2A0.5220 (4)1.1256 (3)0.71904 (17)0.0309 (6)
N3A0.5639 (5)1.1455 (3)1.23150 (18)0.0355 (7)
N4A0.0048 (4)1.1389 (3)0.82587 (17)0.0298 (6)
C1A0.8841 (5)1.1083 (3)1.10365 (17)0.0244 (6)
C2A0.7004 (4)1.1218 (3)1.10263 (17)0.0209 (6)
C3A0.6084 (4)1.1225 (2)1.03691 (17)0.0204 (6)
C4A0.6993 (4)1.1112 (3)0.96830 (17)0.0215 (6)
H4A0.8192331.1029180.9680240.026*
C5A0.6120 (4)1.1124 (3)0.90400 (17)0.0225 (6)
H5A0.6732591.1055580.860310.027*
C6A0.4264 (4)1.1242 (2)0.90247 (17)0.0207 (6)
C7A0.3406 (4)1.1272 (3)0.83539 (18)0.0222 (6)
C8A0.4382 (5)1.1260 (3)0.77034 (18)0.0240 (6)
C9A0.6217 (5)1.1357 (3)1.17332 (18)0.0250 (6)
C10A0.4235 (4)1.1333 (2)1.03529 (17)0.0204 (6)
H10A0.3623071.14031.0789930.025*
C11A0.3355 (4)1.1333 (3)0.97044 (17)0.0215 (6)
H11A0.2145911.1393570.970390.026*
C12A0.1555 (4)1.1344 (3)0.83040 (17)0.0224 (6)
N1B0.5435 (4)1.3688 (3)1.16869 (17)0.0299 (6)
N2B0.0093 (4)1.3736 (3)0.76948 (17)0.0338 (7)
N3B0.0246 (5)1.3360 (3)1.27008 (18)0.0369 (7)
N4B0.4931 (4)1.3798 (2)0.88192 (16)0.0272 (6)
C1B0.3914 (5)1.3678 (3)1.16406 (18)0.0245 (6)
C2B0.2033 (4)1.3660 (3)1.15800 (18)0.0232 (6)
C3B0.1165 (4)1.3728 (2)1.09241 (17)0.0208 (6)
C4B0.2118 (4)1.3766 (2)1.02693 (18)0.0216 (6)
H4B0.3351771.3787591.0287520.026*
C5B0.1251 (4)1.3773 (3)0.96163 (17)0.0208 (6)
H5B0.1897821.3786590.9195670.025*
C6B0.0648 (4)1.3758 (2)0.95755 (17)0.0201 (6)
C7B0.1537 (4)1.3766 (3)0.89109 (17)0.0214 (6)
C8B0.0630 (5)1.3746 (3)0.82369 (18)0.0251 (6)
C9B0.1051 (5)1.3510 (3)1.22027 (18)0.0260 (7)
C10B0.0726 (4)1.3725 (3)1.08860 (18)0.0218 (6)
H10B0.1370511.3709651.13070.026*
C11B0.1596 (4)1.3746 (3)1.02390 (17)0.0210 (6)
H11B0.282291.375231.0227980.025*
C12B0.3414 (5)1.3777 (3)0.88617 (17)0.0225 (6)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
I10.02414 (13)0.02709 (13)0.02008 (12)0.00156 (9)0.00465 (8)0.00621 (8)
Br1A0.02532 (19)0.0339 (2)0.03088 (18)0.00651 (14)0.00592 (14)0.00810 (15)
N5A0.0256 (14)0.0325 (15)0.0175 (12)0.0008 (12)0.0008 (10)0.0089 (11)
C13A0.0255 (16)0.0276 (16)0.0223 (14)0.0023 (13)0.0003 (12)0.0041 (12)
C14A0.0226 (15)0.0316 (17)0.0232 (15)0.0016 (13)0.0004 (12)0.0050 (13)
C15A0.0266 (17)0.0371 (19)0.0271 (15)0.0046 (14)0.0060 (13)0.0126 (14)
C16A0.0308 (18)0.038 (2)0.0380 (18)0.0108 (15)0.0090 (15)0.0199 (16)
C17A0.0327 (18)0.0379 (19)0.0247 (15)0.0152 (15)0.0052 (13)0.0113 (14)
C18A0.0284 (17)0.0326 (18)0.0247 (15)0.0003 (14)0.0056 (13)0.0080 (13)
Br1B0.02328 (18)0.0353 (2)0.02728 (18)0.00585 (14)0.00280 (13)0.00945 (14)
N5B0.0268 (14)0.0293 (14)0.0188 (12)0.0022 (12)0.0044 (10)0.0063 (11)
C13B0.0235 (15)0.0304 (17)0.0198 (13)0.0043 (13)0.0055 (11)0.0085 (12)
C14B0.0205 (15)0.0311 (17)0.0212 (14)0.0003 (13)0.0004 (11)0.0027 (12)
C15B0.0306 (18)0.0361 (19)0.0259 (15)0.0048 (14)0.0001 (13)0.0142 (14)
C16B0.0309 (18)0.0402 (19)0.0208 (15)0.0027 (15)0.0014 (13)0.0155 (14)
C17B0.0232 (16)0.0324 (17)0.0192 (14)0.0020 (13)0.0021 (12)0.0056 (12)
C18B0.0305 (18)0.0345 (19)0.0380 (19)0.0081 (15)0.0115 (14)0.0165 (15)
N1A0.0246 (15)0.0401 (17)0.0314 (14)0.0054 (13)0.0003 (11)0.0121 (13)
N2A0.0337 (16)0.0356 (16)0.0262 (14)0.0082 (13)0.0033 (12)0.0116 (12)
N3A0.0391 (18)0.0397 (18)0.0261 (14)0.0004 (14)0.0067 (13)0.0093 (13)
N4A0.0257 (15)0.0355 (16)0.0282 (14)0.0052 (12)0.0019 (11)0.0080 (12)
C1A0.0283 (17)0.0255 (16)0.0186 (13)0.0003 (13)0.0017 (12)0.0063 (12)
C2A0.0218 (15)0.0202 (14)0.0206 (14)0.0013 (11)0.0035 (11)0.0065 (11)
C3A0.0229 (15)0.0162 (13)0.0210 (14)0.0014 (11)0.0032 (11)0.0038 (11)
C4A0.0195 (14)0.0229 (15)0.0221 (14)0.0028 (11)0.0048 (11)0.0061 (11)
C5A0.0218 (15)0.0257 (15)0.0200 (13)0.0022 (12)0.0050 (11)0.0068 (11)
C6A0.0216 (14)0.0195 (14)0.0211 (14)0.0019 (11)0.0007 (11)0.0063 (11)
C7A0.0227 (15)0.0230 (15)0.0219 (14)0.0042 (12)0.0026 (12)0.0073 (11)
C8A0.0256 (16)0.0261 (16)0.0221 (15)0.0035 (12)0.0015 (12)0.0103 (12)
C9A0.0258 (16)0.0265 (16)0.0230 (15)0.0008 (13)0.0026 (12)0.0091 (12)
C10A0.0226 (15)0.0187 (14)0.0191 (13)0.0016 (11)0.0041 (11)0.0044 (11)
C11A0.0213 (14)0.0202 (14)0.0233 (14)0.0041 (11)0.0030 (11)0.0058 (11)
C12A0.0262 (16)0.0234 (15)0.0183 (13)0.0035 (12)0.0007 (11)0.0070 (11)
N1B0.0231 (15)0.0352 (16)0.0298 (14)0.0051 (12)0.0002 (11)0.0058 (12)
N2B0.0317 (16)0.0464 (19)0.0254 (14)0.0071 (14)0.0065 (12)0.0122 (13)
N3B0.0320 (17)0.053 (2)0.0272 (15)0.0071 (15)0.0053 (13)0.0130 (14)
N4B0.0203 (14)0.0316 (15)0.0304 (14)0.0008 (11)0.0002 (11)0.0113 (12)
C1B0.0263 (17)0.0245 (15)0.0217 (14)0.0041 (12)0.0007 (12)0.0040 (12)
C2B0.0200 (15)0.0231 (15)0.0254 (15)0.0028 (12)0.0022 (12)0.0047 (12)
C3B0.0215 (15)0.0199 (14)0.0223 (14)0.0039 (11)0.0032 (11)0.0075 (11)
C4B0.0177 (14)0.0210 (14)0.0261 (15)0.0031 (11)0.0045 (11)0.0060 (12)
C5B0.0187 (14)0.0235 (15)0.0213 (13)0.0041 (11)0.0052 (11)0.0072 (11)
C6B0.0206 (14)0.0178 (14)0.0219 (14)0.0030 (11)0.0024 (11)0.0054 (11)
C7B0.0205 (15)0.0202 (14)0.0228 (14)0.0019 (11)0.0015 (12)0.0050 (11)
C8B0.0234 (15)0.0286 (16)0.0236 (15)0.0028 (12)0.0002 (12)0.0086 (12)
C9B0.0269 (16)0.0309 (17)0.0213 (15)0.0055 (13)0.0011 (13)0.0083 (13)
C10B0.0175 (14)0.0251 (15)0.0238 (14)0.0019 (11)0.0030 (11)0.0088 (12)
C11B0.0173 (14)0.0236 (15)0.0227 (14)0.0023 (11)0.0036 (11)0.0076 (11)
C12B0.0269 (17)0.0213 (14)0.0190 (13)0.0004 (12)0.0015 (11)0.0068 (11)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
Br1A—C14A1.885 (4)C2A—C3A1.395 (4)
N5A—C13A1.341 (5)C2A—C9A1.427 (4)
N5A—C17A1.343 (5)C3A—C10A1.427 (4)
N5A—C18A1.486 (5)C3A—C4A1.439 (4)
C13A—C14A1.378 (5)C4A—C5A1.357 (4)
C13A—H13A0.93C4A—H4A0.93
C14A—C15A1.387 (5)C5A—C6A1.436 (4)
C15A—C16A1.393 (5)C5A—H5A0.93
C15A—H15A0.93C6A—C7A1.404 (4)
C16A—C17A1.378 (5)C6A—C11A1.431 (4)
C16A—H16A0.93C7A—C8A1.422 (5)
C17A—H17A0.93C7A—C12A1.421 (5)
C18A—H18A0.96C10A—C11A1.364 (4)
C18A—H18B0.96C10A—H10A0.93
C18A—H18C0.96C11A—H11A0.93
Br1B—C14B1.888 (3)N1B—C1B1.151 (5)
N5B—C13B1.349 (4)N2B—C8B1.150 (5)
N5B—C17B1.347 (5)N3B—C9B1.157 (5)
N5B—C18B1.478 (5)N4B—C12B1.154 (5)
C13B—C14B1.387 (5)C1B—C2B1.423 (5)
C13B—H13B0.93C2B—C3B1.401 (4)
C14B—C15B1.385 (5)C2B—C9B1.423 (5)
C15B—C16B1.387 (5)C3B—C4B1.430 (4)
C15B—H15B0.93C3B—C10B1.431 (4)
C16B—C17B1.376 (5)C4B—C5B1.369 (4)
C16B—H16B0.93C4B—H4B0.93
C17B—H17B0.93C5B—C6B1.435 (4)
C18B—H18D0.96C5B—H5B0.93
C18B—H18E0.96C6B—C7B1.396 (4)
C18B—H18F0.96C6B—C11B1.436 (4)
N1A—C1A1.151 (5)C7B—C12B1.425 (5)
N2A—C8A1.151 (5)C7B—C8B1.431 (5)
N3A—C9A1.153 (5)C10B—C11B1.366 (4)
N4A—C12A1.154 (5)C10B—H10B0.93