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The one-electron density function for a group of atoms within the asymmetric region of a unit cell is represented by a finite multipole expansion of the charge density about each atomic center. Each atomic expansion is called a pseudoatom. If the pseudoatom charge density is effectively rigid with nuclear motion, then the model may be used for a static charge density analysis of X-ray diffraction data. A valence density multipole model for pseudoatoms is restricted to single exponential radial functions. The representation is rotationally invariant. The model may be used for determination of static charge physical properties as well as aspects of chemical bonding. These results can be a critical test of the X-ray diffraction experiment for the determination of electron density distributions. The pseudoatoms discussed are primarily intended for crystals comprised of first and second-row atoms. The valence scattering model demands extensive data sets (probably at low temperatures) or an independent determination of atomic positions and mean square amplitudes of vibration.
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