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The SaeR/S two-component regulatory system is essential for controlling the expression of many virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus. SaeR, a member of the OmpR/PhoB family, is a response regulator with an N-terminal regulatory domain and a C-terminal DNA-binding domain. In order to elucidate how SaeR binds to the promoter regions of target genes, the crystal structure of the DNA-binding domain of SaeR (SaeRDBD) was solved at 2.5 Å resolution. The structure reveals that SaeRDBD exists as a monomer and has the canonical winged helix-turn-helix module. EMSA experiments suggested that full-length SaeR can bind to the P1 promoter and that the binding affinity is higher than that of its C-terminal DNA-binding domain. Five key residues on the winged helix-turn-helix module were verified to be important for binding to the P1 promoter in vitro and for the physiological function of SaeR in vivo.

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Portable Document Format (PDF) file https://doi.org/10.1107/S1399004715010287/qh5027sup1.pdf
Supporting Information.

PDB reference: DNA-binding domain of SaeR, 4qwq


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