organic compounds\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

Journal logoCRYSTALLOGRAPHIC
COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2056-9890

2-(2,6-Di­chloro­phen­yl)-N-(1,3-thia­zol-2-yl)acetamide

aDepartment of Studies in Chemistry, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri 574 199, India, bDepartment of Studies in Chemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570 006, India, cDepartment of Chemistry, Keene State College, 229 Main Street, Keene, NH 03435-2001, USA, and dDepartment of Chemistry, Howard University, 525 College Street NW, Washington, DC 20059, USA
*Correspondence e-mail: jjasinski@keene.edu

(Received 4 March 2013; accepted 5 March 2013; online 9 March 2013)

In the title compound, C11H8Cl2N2OS, the mean plane of the dichloro­phenyl ring is twisted by 79.7 (7)° from that of the thia­zole ring. In the crystal, molecules are linked via pairs of N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming inversion dimers which stack along the a-axis direction.

Related literature

For the structural similarity of N-substituted 2-aryl­acetamides to the lateral chain of natural benzyl­penicillin, see: Mijin & Marinkovic (2006[Mijin, D. & Marinkovic, A. (2006). Synth. Commun. 36, 193-198.]); Mijin et al. (2008[Mijin, D. Z., Prascevic, M. & Petrovic, S. D. (2008). J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 73, 945-950.]). For the coordination abilities of amides, see: Wu et al. (2008[Wu, W.-N., Cheng, F.-X., Yan, L. & Tang, N. (2008). J. Coord. Chem. 61, 2207-2215.], 2010[Wu, W.-N., Wang, Y., Zhang, A.-Y., Zhao, R.-Q. & Wang, Q.-F. (2010). Acta Cryst. E66, m288.]). For related structures, see: Fun et al. (2012a[Fun, H.-K., Ooi, C. W., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012a). Acta Cryst. E68, o1312-o1313.],b[Fun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012b). Acta Cryst. E68, o2679.],c[Fun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012c). Acta Cryst. E68, o2464.],d[Fun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012d). Acta Cryst. E68, o2461.],e[Fun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012e). Acta Cryst. E68, o2565.]); Butcher et al. (2013a[Butcher, R. J., Mahan, A., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Yathirajan, H. S. (2013a). Acta Cryst. E69, o46-o47.],b[Butcher, R. J., Mahan, A., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Yathirajan, H. S. (2013b). Acta Cryst. E69, o39.]). For standard bond lengths, see: Allen et al. (1987[Allen, F. H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G., Brammer, L., Orpen, A. G. & Taylor, R. (1987). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. S1-19.]).

[Scheme 1]

Experimental

Crystal data
  • C11H8Cl2N2OS

  • Mr = 287.15

  • Triclinic, [P \overline 1]

  • a = 7.1278 (4) Å

  • b = 8.4434 (4) Å

  • c = 10.3637 (6) Å

  • α = 95.341 (4)°

  • β = 106.140 (5)°

  • γ = 96.745 (4)°

  • V = 589.80 (6) Å3

  • Z = 2

  • Mo Kα radiation

  • μ = 0.71 mm−1

  • T = 123 K

  • 0.3 × 0.2 × 0.1 mm

Data collection
  • Agilent Xcalibur (Ruby, Gemini) diffractometer

  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (CrysAlis RED; Agilent, 2012[Agilent (2012). CrysAlis PRO and CrysAlis RED. Agilent Technologies, Yarnton, England.]) Tmin = 0.909, Tmax = 1.000

  • 10674 measured reflections

  • 5881 independent reflections

  • 4481 reflections with I > 2σ(I)

  • Rint = 0.025

Refinement
  • R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.041

  • wR(F2) = 0.096

  • S = 1.05

  • 5881 reflections

  • 159 parameters

  • H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement

  • Δρmax = 0.63 e Å−3

  • Δρmin = −0.30 e Å−3

Table 1
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, °)

D—H⋯A D—H H⋯A DA D—H⋯A
N1—H1N⋯N2i 0.890 (19) 2.030 (19) 2.9165 (14) 173.9 (17)
Symmetry code: (i) -x+1, -y+2, -z+1.

Data collection: CrysAlis PRO (Agilent, 2012[Agilent (2012). CrysAlis PRO and CrysAlis RED. Agilent Technologies, Yarnton, England.]); cell refinement: CrysAlis PRO; data reduction: CrysAlis PRO; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008[Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112-122.]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008[Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112-122.]); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008[Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112-122.]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Supporting information


Comment top

N-Substituted 2-arylacetamides are very interesting compounds because of their structural similarity to the lateral chain of natural benzylpenicillin (Mijin et al., 2006, 2008). Amides are also used as ligands due to their excellent coordination abilities (Wu et al., 2008, 2010). Crystal structures of some acetamide derivatives viz., (2,2-diphenyl-N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)acetamide, 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)acetamide, 2-(naphthalen-1-yl)-N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)acetamide, N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-2-(2,4,6-trimethyl phenyl)acetamide, 2-(2-fluorophenyl)-N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)acetamide (Fun et al., 2012a,b,c,d,e), 2-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-N-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro- 1H-pyrazol-4-yl)acetamide, 2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-N-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo- 2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)acetamide (Butcher et al., 2013a,b) have been reported. In view of the importance of amides, we report herein the crystal structure of the title compound, C11H8Cl2N2OS, (I).

In (I), the mean plane of the dichlorophenyl ring is twisted by 79.7 (7)° from that of the thiazol ring (Fig. 1). Bond lengths are in normal ranges (Allen et al., 1987) In the crystal, intermolecular N—H···N hydrogen bonds forming a R2,2(8) graph-set orientation are observed (Table 1) which form infinite 1-D chains along [100] and add to packing stability (Fig. 2).

Related literature top

For the structural similarity of N-substituted 2-arylacetamides to the lateral chain of natural benzylpenicillin, see: Mijin & Marinkovic (2006); Mijin et al. (2008). For the coordination abilities of amides, see: Wu et al. (2008, 2010). For related structures, see: Fun et al. (2012a,b,c,d,e); Butcher et al. (2013a,b). For standard bond lengths, see: Allen et al. (1987).

Experimental top

2,6-Dichlorophenylacetic acid (0.240 g, 1 mmol) and 2-aminothiazole (0.1 g, 1 mmol), 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride (1.0 g, 0.01 mol) and were dissolved in dichloromethane (20 mL). The mixture was stirred in presence of triethylamine at 273 K for about 3 h. The contents were poured into 100 ml of ice-cold aqueous hydrochloric acid with stirring, which was extracted thrice with dichloromethane (Fig. 3). The organic layer was washed with saturated NaHCO3 solution and brine solution, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (I). Single crystals were grown from methanol and acetone mixture (1:1) by the slow evaporation method (M.P.: 489–491K).

Refinement top

All of the H atoms were placed in their calculated positions and then refined using the riding model with Atom—H lengths of 0.95Å (CH) or 0.99Å (CH2). Isotropic displacement parameters for these atoms were set to 1.18-1.23 (CH, CH2) times Ueq of the parent atom.

Computing details top

Data collection: CrysAlis PRO (Agilent, 2012); cell refinement: CrysAlis PRO (Agilent, 2012); data reduction: CrysAlis PRO (Agilent, 2012); program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008); molecular graphics: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008).

Figures top
[Figure 1] Fig. 1. Molecular structure of the title compound showing the atom labeling scheme and 30% probability displacement ellipsoids.
[Figure 2] Fig. 2. Packing diagram of the title compound viewed along the a axis. Dashed lines indicate N—H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonds which form chains along [100]. H atoms not involved in hydrogen bonding have been removed for clarity.
[Figure 3] Fig. 3. Reaction scheme.
2-(2,6-Dichlorophenyl)-N-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)acetamide top
Crystal data top
C11H8Cl2N2OSZ = 2
Mr = 287.15F(000) = 292
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.617 Mg m3
Hall symbol: -P 1Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
a = 7.1278 (4) ÅCell parameters from 3814 reflections
b = 8.4434 (4) Åθ = 3.1–37.5°
c = 10.3637 (6) ŵ = 0.71 mm1
α = 95.341 (4)°T = 123 K
β = 106.140 (5)°Prism, colorless
γ = 96.745 (4)°0.3 × 0.2 × 0.1 mm
V = 589.80 (6) Å3
Data collection top
Agilent Xcalibur (Ruby, Gemini)
diffractometer
5881 independent reflections
Radiation source: Enhance (Mo) X-ray Source4481 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Graphite monochromatorRint = 0.025
Detector resolution: 10.5081 pixels mm-1θmax = 37.6°, θmin = 3.1°
ω scansh = 1212
Absorption correction: multi-scan
(CrysAlis RED; Agilent, 2012)
k = 1314
Tmin = 0.909, Tmax = 1.000l = 178
10674 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.041Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.096H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.05 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0399P)2 + 0.0356P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
5881 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
159 parametersΔρmax = 0.63 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = 0.30 e Å3
Crystal data top
C11H8Cl2N2OSγ = 96.745 (4)°
Mr = 287.15V = 589.80 (6) Å3
Triclinic, P1Z = 2
a = 7.1278 (4) ÅMo Kα radiation
b = 8.4434 (4) ŵ = 0.71 mm1
c = 10.3637 (6) ÅT = 123 K
α = 95.341 (4)°0.3 × 0.2 × 0.1 mm
β = 106.140 (5)°
Data collection top
Agilent Xcalibur (Ruby, Gemini)
diffractometer
5881 independent reflections
Absorption correction: multi-scan
(CrysAlis RED; Agilent, 2012)
4481 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Tmin = 0.909, Tmax = 1.000Rint = 0.025
10674 measured reflections
Refinement top
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.0410 restraints
wR(F2) = 0.096H atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
S = 1.05Δρmax = 0.63 e Å3
5881 reflectionsΔρmin = 0.30 e Å3
159 parameters
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
S10.07341 (5)0.70227 (3)0.53736 (3)0.01622 (7)
Cl10.33730 (6)0.82751 (4)0.07966 (4)0.02553 (8)
Cl20.41255 (5)0.22491 (3)0.21194 (3)0.02086 (7)
O10.23281 (15)0.51841 (10)0.38090 (10)0.02131 (19)
N10.38161 (16)0.77833 (11)0.43229 (10)0.01460 (18)
H1N0.472 (3)0.854 (2)0.4214 (18)0.033 (5)*
N20.30837 (16)0.97170 (11)0.58210 (10)0.01568 (18)
C10.36862 (17)0.52292 (13)0.13841 (11)0.01338 (19)
C20.29093 (19)0.61876 (14)0.03922 (13)0.0166 (2)
C30.1754 (2)0.55517 (16)0.09107 (13)0.0203 (2)
H3A0.12660.62420.15590.024*
C40.1326 (2)0.38945 (16)0.12497 (13)0.0203 (2)
H4A0.05320.34440.21350.024*
C50.20517 (19)0.28927 (14)0.03037 (13)0.0183 (2)
H5A0.17570.17570.05360.022*
C60.32131 (18)0.35632 (13)0.09860 (12)0.0146 (2)
C70.49054 (18)0.59521 (14)0.28024 (12)0.0154 (2)
H7A0.57050.69800.27680.019*
H7B0.58200.52110.31990.019*
C80.35693 (18)0.62512 (13)0.36893 (12)0.0147 (2)
C90.26992 (17)0.82641 (13)0.51500 (11)0.01340 (19)
C100.1753 (2)0.98851 (14)0.65603 (13)0.0184 (2)
H10A0.17971.08560.71180.022*
C110.0385 (2)0.85772 (14)0.64385 (13)0.0184 (2)
H11B0.06220.85260.68780.022*
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
S10.01826 (14)0.01396 (12)0.01733 (13)0.00207 (9)0.00928 (11)0.00039 (10)
Cl10.03479 (19)0.01430 (12)0.03140 (17)0.00564 (11)0.01460 (14)0.00504 (11)
Cl20.02711 (16)0.01518 (12)0.02042 (14)0.00524 (10)0.00606 (12)0.00315 (10)
O10.0265 (5)0.0151 (4)0.0240 (5)0.0047 (3)0.0152 (4)0.0035 (3)
N10.0184 (5)0.0107 (4)0.0159 (4)0.0013 (3)0.0095 (4)0.0019 (3)
N20.0189 (5)0.0130 (4)0.0161 (4)0.0000 (3)0.0088 (4)0.0014 (3)
C10.0147 (5)0.0136 (4)0.0131 (5)0.0019 (4)0.0070 (4)0.0008 (4)
C20.0195 (5)0.0148 (5)0.0193 (5)0.0043 (4)0.0108 (4)0.0030 (4)
C30.0222 (6)0.0264 (6)0.0160 (5)0.0085 (5)0.0089 (5)0.0054 (5)
C40.0175 (6)0.0291 (6)0.0136 (5)0.0053 (5)0.0045 (4)0.0025 (4)
C50.0182 (5)0.0178 (5)0.0176 (5)0.0020 (4)0.0055 (4)0.0044 (4)
C60.0157 (5)0.0141 (4)0.0145 (5)0.0027 (4)0.0058 (4)0.0002 (4)
C70.0160 (5)0.0153 (5)0.0148 (5)0.0007 (4)0.0068 (4)0.0029 (4)
C80.0171 (5)0.0136 (4)0.0132 (5)0.0005 (4)0.0057 (4)0.0014 (4)
C90.0157 (5)0.0124 (4)0.0127 (4)0.0008 (4)0.0060 (4)0.0007 (4)
C100.0230 (6)0.0153 (5)0.0196 (5)0.0024 (4)0.0117 (5)0.0009 (4)
C110.0200 (6)0.0192 (5)0.0190 (5)0.0018 (4)0.0119 (5)0.0001 (4)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
S1—C111.7212 (13)C2—C31.3901 (18)
S1—C91.7306 (11)C3—C41.3867 (19)
Cl1—C21.7436 (12)C3—H3A0.9500
Cl2—C61.7382 (12)C4—C51.3854 (18)
O1—C81.2266 (14)C4—H4A0.9500
N1—C81.3637 (14)C5—C61.3879 (17)
N1—C91.3870 (15)C5—H5A0.9500
N1—H1N0.890 (19)C7—C81.5217 (17)
N2—C91.3114 (14)C7—H7A0.9900
N2—C101.3863 (16)C7—H7B0.9900
C1—C21.4006 (16)C10—C111.3562 (17)
C1—C61.4021 (15)C10—H10A0.9500
C1—C71.5121 (16)C11—H11B0.9500
C11—S1—C988.83 (6)C5—C6—Cl2117.37 (9)
C8—N1—C9123.21 (10)C1—C6—Cl2119.94 (9)
C8—N1—H1N120.7 (12)C1—C7—C8110.36 (10)
C9—N1—H1N116.1 (12)C1—C7—H7A109.6
C9—N2—C10109.52 (10)C8—C7—H7A109.6
C2—C1—C6115.65 (11)C1—C7—H7B109.6
C2—C1—C7121.89 (10)C8—C7—H7B109.6
C6—C1—C7122.43 (10)H7A—C7—H7B108.1
C3—C2—C1122.99 (11)O1—C8—N1122.19 (11)
C3—C2—Cl1117.80 (9)O1—C8—C7121.94 (10)
C1—C2—Cl1119.20 (9)N1—C8—C7115.86 (10)
C4—C3—C2118.98 (11)N2—C9—N1121.19 (10)
C4—C3—H3A120.5N2—C9—S1115.54 (9)
C2—C3—H3A120.5N1—C9—S1123.27 (8)
C5—C4—C3120.31 (12)C11—C10—N2115.85 (11)
C5—C4—H4A119.8C11—C10—H10A122.1
C3—C4—H4A119.8N2—C10—H10A122.1
C4—C5—C6119.38 (11)C10—C11—S1110.26 (9)
C4—C5—H5A120.3C10—C11—H11B124.9
C6—C5—H5A120.3S1—C11—H11B124.9
C5—C6—C1122.69 (11)
C6—C1—C2—C30.48 (18)C6—C1—C7—C891.89 (13)
C7—C1—C2—C3178.78 (11)C9—N1—C8—O10.06 (19)
C6—C1—C2—Cl1178.78 (9)C9—N1—C8—C7179.00 (10)
C7—C1—C2—Cl10.48 (16)C1—C7—C8—O153.64 (15)
C1—C2—C3—C40.69 (19)C1—C7—C8—N1125.30 (11)
Cl1—C2—C3—C4178.58 (10)C10—N2—C9—N1179.79 (11)
C2—C3—C4—C50.38 (19)C10—N2—C9—S10.23 (13)
C3—C4—C5—C60.09 (19)C8—N1—C9—N2174.79 (11)
C4—C5—C6—C10.30 (19)C8—N1—C9—S15.18 (17)
C4—C5—C6—Cl2178.67 (10)C11—S1—C9—N20.53 (10)
C2—C1—C6—C50.02 (17)C11—S1—C9—N1179.49 (10)
C7—C1—C6—C5178.27 (11)C9—N2—C10—C110.31 (16)
C2—C1—C6—Cl2178.92 (9)N2—C10—C11—S10.70 (15)
C7—C1—C6—Cl22.79 (16)C9—S1—C11—C100.66 (10)
C2—C1—C7—C886.29 (13)
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, º) top
D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···N2i0.890 (19)2.030 (19)2.9165 (14)173.9 (17)
Symmetry code: (i) x+1, y+2, z+1.

Experimental details

Crystal data
Chemical formulaC11H8Cl2N2OS
Mr287.15
Crystal system, space groupTriclinic, P1
Temperature (K)123
a, b, c (Å)7.1278 (4), 8.4434 (4), 10.3637 (6)
α, β, γ (°)95.341 (4), 106.140 (5), 96.745 (4)
V3)589.80 (6)
Z2
Radiation typeMo Kα
µ (mm1)0.71
Crystal size (mm)0.3 × 0.2 × 0.1
Data collection
DiffractometerAgilent Xcalibur (Ruby, Gemini)
diffractometer
Absorption correctionMulti-scan
(CrysAlis RED; Agilent, 2012)
Tmin, Tmax0.909, 1.000
No. of measured, independent and
observed [I > 2σ(I)] reflections
10674, 5881, 4481
Rint0.025
(sin θ/λ)max1)0.859
Refinement
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)], wR(F2), S 0.041, 0.096, 1.05
No. of reflections5881
No. of parameters159
H-atom treatmentH atoms treated by a mixture of independent and constrained refinement
Δρmax, Δρmin (e Å3)0.63, 0.30

Computer programs: CrysAlis PRO (Agilent, 2012), SHELXS97 (Sheldrick, 2008), SHELXL97 (Sheldrick, 2008), SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008).

Selected bond lengths (Å) top
S1—C111.7212 (13)Cl1—C21.7436 (12)
S1—C91.7306 (11)Cl2—C61.7382 (12)
Hydrogen-bond geometry (Å, º) top
D—H···AD—HH···AD···AD—H···A
N1—H1N···N2i0.890 (19)2.030 (19)2.9165 (14)173.9 (17)
Symmetry code: (i) x+1, y+2, z+1.
 

Acknowledgements

BN thanks the UGC for financial assistance through a BSR one-time grant for the purchase of chemicals. PSN thanks Mangalore University for research facilities and the DST–PURSE financial assistance. RJB acknowledges the NSF–MRI program (grant No. CHE-0619278) for funds to purchase the X-ray diffractometer.

References

First citationAgilent (2012). CrysAlis PRO and CrysAlis RED. Agilent Technologies, Yarnton, England.
First citationAllen, F. H., Kennard, O., Watson, D. G., Brammer, L., Orpen, A. G. & Taylor, R. (1987). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. S1–19.  CrossRef Web of Science
First citationButcher, R. J., Mahan, A., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Yathirajan, H. S. (2013a). Acta Cryst. E69, o46–o47.  CSD CrossRef CAS IUCr Journals
First citationButcher, R. J., Mahan, A., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Yathirajan, H. S. (2013b). Acta Cryst. E69, o39.  CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationFun, H.-K., Ooi, C. W., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012a). Acta Cryst. E68, o1312–o1313.  CSD CrossRef CAS IUCr Journals
First citationFun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012b). Acta Cryst. E68, o2679.  CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationFun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012c). Acta Cryst. E68, o2464.  CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationFun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012d). Acta Cryst. E68, o2461.  CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationFun, H.-K., Quah, C. K., Nayak, P. S., Narayana, B. & Sarojini, B. K. (2012e). Acta Cryst. E68, o2565.  CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationMijin, D. & Marinkovic, A. (2006). Synth. Commun. 36, 193–198.  Web of Science CrossRef CAS
First citationMijin, D. Z., Prascevic, M. & Petrovic, S. D. (2008). J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 73, 945–950.  Web of Science CrossRef CAS
First citationSheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122.  Web of Science CrossRef CAS IUCr Journals
First citationWu, W.-N., Cheng, F.-X., Yan, L. & Tang, N. (2008). J. Coord. Chem. 61, 2207–2215.  Web of Science CrossRef CAS
First citationWu, W.-N., Wang, Y., Zhang, A.-Y., Zhao, R.-Q. & Wang, Q.-F. (2010). Acta Cryst. E66, m288.  Web of Science CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and source are cited.

Journal logoCRYSTALLOGRAPHIC
COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2056-9890
Follow Acta Cryst. E
Sign up for e-alerts
Follow Acta Cryst. on Twitter
Follow us on facebook
Sign up for RSS feeds