letters to the editor\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

Journal logoSTRUCTURAL BIOLOGY
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ISSN: 2053-230X

Response to Errors in Crystal structure of HINT from Helicobacter pylori

aSchool of Life Science, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, Delhi 110 067, India
*Correspondence e-mail: sgourinath@mail.jnu.ac.in

Edited by W. N. Hunter, University of Dundee, Scotland (Received 29 January 2016; accepted 10 March 2016; online 24 March 2016)

A response is published to a Letter to the Editor by Maize [(2016), Acta Cryst. F72, 336-337 ].

Keywords: HINT; PKCI.

We appreciate and thank Ms Maize for showing interest in our article (Tarique et al., 2016[Tarique, K. F., Devi, S., Abdul Rehman, S. A. & Gourinath, S. (2016). Acta Cryst. F72, 42-48.]), for writing such a comprehensive critique in her Letter to the Editor (Maize, 2016[Maize, K. M. (2016). Acta Cryst. F72, 336-337.]), and also for raising this issue in the general interest of the scientific community.

Looking at the previous literature for HINT proteins, the nature of this protein has been the topic of much debate as no direct biological function of the protein was known. There are two different views on this protein. Previously, one group of researchers was of the opinion that HINT and PKCI are very similar but that the latter binds and inhibits protein kinase C, while the former does not. Gradually over a period of time the opinion was formed that they are the same protein and the notion that it binds and interacts with protein kinase C is unproven. However, in the literature the nomenclature for this family of proteins has been found to be repeatedly interchanged. The confusion arises from the annotation of this protein in the respective genomic database of the organism where it is still named as protein kinase C interacting protein, which should also have been annotated as HINT.

The confusion arises again from the various PDB entries where the same protein was named as PKCI in one entry and HINT in another. Even the latest HINT entry from Entamoeba histolytica has again used the term PKCI and described it as a separate branch of HINT. Even the link maintained by NCBI classifies the HINT subgroup and PKCI related protein as a separate branch of the HIT family (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Structure/cdd/cddsrv.cgi?uid=238607 ). Interestingly when we first cloned HINT from Helicobacter pylori it was annotated as PKCI in the NCBI gene bank (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/898890 ). Even the kegg database classifies HINT from H. pylori as PKCI (http://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?hpy:HP0404 ). The ensemble bacterial genome database again classifies HINT from H. pylori as PKCI (http://ensemblgenomes.org/id/AAD07473 ).

Lorimer et al. (2015[Lorimer, D. D., Choi, R., Abramov, A., Nakazawa Hewitt, S., Gardberg, A. S., Van Voorhis, W. C., Staker, B. L., Myler, P. J. & Edwards, T. E. (2015). Acta Cryst. F71, 572-576.]) also mentioned that `EhHIT is similar in amino-acid sequence to proteins that have been given the designation protein kinase C inhibitor-1 (PKCI-1). This HINT branch has also been identified to contain purine nucleoside- and nucleotide-binding proteins' (3oxk ; Lorimer et al., 2015[Lorimer, D. D., Choi, R., Abramov, A., Nakazawa Hewitt, S., Gardberg, A. S., Van Voorhis, W. C., Staker, B. L., Myler, P. J. & Edwards, T. E. (2015). Acta Cryst. F71, 572-576.]).

As HINT and PKCI are the same then, in our opinion, we prefer not to use the term PKCI at all, even though it is used continually in other places. In the manuscript by Tarique et al. (2016[Tarique, K. F., Devi, S., Abdul Rehman, S. A. & Gourinath, S. (2016). Acta Cryst. F72, 42-48.]) both old and new references were used and it was inferred that HINT and PKCI are different proteins but with very similar structure. However, we are thankful to Ms Maize who has raised and resolved this issue.

We agree that the substrate for HINT was mistakenly written as phosphoramidite (a typographical error) that should have been written as phosphoramidate.

References

First citationLorimer, D. D., Choi, R., Abramov, A., Nakazawa Hewitt, S., Gardberg, A. S., Van Voorhis, W. C., Staker, B. L., Myler, P. J. & Edwards, T. E. (2015). Acta Cryst. F71, 572–576.  Web of Science CrossRef IUCr Journals Google Scholar
First citationMaize, K. M. (2016). Acta Cryst. F72, 336–337.  Google Scholar
First citationTarique, K. F., Devi, S., Abdul Rehman, S. A. & Gourinath, S. (2016). Acta Cryst. F72, 42–48.  Web of Science CrossRef IUCr Journals Google Scholar

© International Union of Crystallography. Prior permission is not required to reproduce short quotations, tables and figures from this article, provided the original authors and source are cited. For more information, click here.

Journal logoSTRUCTURAL BIOLOGY
COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN: 2053-230X
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