research papers\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

IUCrJ
Volume 5| Part 3| May 2018| Pages 361-372
ISSN: 2052-2525

Decoupling anion-ordering and spin-Peierls transitions in a strongly one-dimensional organic conductor with a chessboard structure, (o-Me2TTF)2NO3

aUniversité de Rennes, CNRS, ISCR (Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes), UMR 6226, Rennes F-35000, France, bLaboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, UMR 8502, Orsay 91405, France, and cUniversité de Rennes, CNRS, IPR (Institut de Physique de Rennes), UMR 6251, Rennes F-35000, France
*Correspondence e-mail: pouget@lps.u-psud.fr, marc.fourmigue@univ-rennes1.fr

Edited by C. Lecomte, Université de Lorraine, France (Received 2 January 2018; accepted 27 March 2018; online 27 April 2018)

A mixed-valence conducting cation radical salt of the unsymmetrically substituted o-Me2TTF donor molecule (TTF is tetrathiafulvalene) was obtained upon electrocrystallization in the presence of the non-centrosymmetric NO3 anion. It crystallizes at room temperature in the monoclinic P21/c space group, with the anion disordered on an inversion centre. The donor molecules are stacked along the a axis. A 90° rotation of the longest molecular axis of o-Me2TTF generates a chessboard-like structure, preventing lateral S⋯S contacts between stacks and providing a strongly one-dimensional electronic system, as confirmed by overlap interaction energies and band structure calculations. A strong dimerization within the stacks explains the semi­conducting behaviour of the salt, with σroom temp = 3–5 S cm−1 and Eactivated = 0.12–0.14 eV. An X-ray diffuse scattering survey of reciprocal space, combined with full structure resolutions at low temperatures (250, 85 and 20 K), evidenced the succession of two structural transitions: a ferroelastic one with an anion-ordering (AO) process and the establishment of a (0, ½, ½) superstructure below 124 (±3) K, also visible via resistivity thermal dependence, followed by a stack tetramerization with the establishment of a (½, ½, ½) superstructure below 90 (±5) K. The latter ground state is driven by a spin-Peierls (SP) instability, as demonstrated by the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility. Surprisingly, these two kinds of instability appear to be fully decoupled here, at variance with other tetra­methyl­tetra­thia­fulvalene (TMTTF) or tetramethyl­tetra­selena­fulvalene (TMTSF) salts with such non-centrosymmetric counter-ions.

1. Introduction

Organic conductors based on tetra­thia­fulvalene derivatives (Batail, 2004[Batail, P. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 4887-4890.]) most often adopt a so-called 2:1 stoichiometry, with two donor molecules for one counter-ion, as found in the extensive series of Fabre salts, formulated as (TMTTF)2X (TMTTF is tetra­methyl­tetra­thia­fulvalene; X = Br, ClO4, NO3, PF6, AsF6, …). In these salts, the partially oxidized TMTTF derivatives stack on top of each other, while the overlap interaction between the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMOs) of TMTTF leads to the formation of a one-dimensional conduction band, formally three-quarters filled with this 2:1 stoichiometry. One important parameter is the degree of dimerization within these chains, as dimerization opens a gap at mid filling and allows the upper band to be half-filled, with important consequences for the associated electronic properties (Jérome, 2004[Jérome, D. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 5565-5592.]) and with a very rich sequence of competing ground states. As stated by Giamarchi (2004[Giamarchi, T. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 5037-5056.]), most of the physics of these quasi-one-dimensional systems stems from the coupling between the chains. Indeed, the dominant one-dimensional character at high temperatures (and/or low pressure) evolves at lower temperatures (and/or higher pressures) towards a three-dimensional regime [with the appearance of ordered states such as charge ordering, spin-Peierls (SP), antiferromagnetism and superconductivity] through an intermediate two-dimensional electronic regime well noted for the isostructural Bechgaard salts based on the TMTSF donor (TMTSF is tetra­methyl­tetra­selena­fulvalene). Therefore, it is highly desirable to have at hand systems where the inter­actions between stacks are not only very weak but also isotropic (in the plane perpendicular to the stacking axis), in order to favour a direct one- to three-dimensional crossover and to allow a proper evaluation of the actual role of this two-dimensional electronic coupling. In that respect, we have recently investigated a series of conducting halide salts derived from an unsymmetrically substituted TTF, o-Me2TTF, formulated as (o-Me2TTF)2X (X = Cl, Br, I; Fourmigué et al., 2008[Fourmigué, M., Reinheimer, E. W., Dunbar, K. R., Auban-Senzier, P., Pasquier, C. & Coulon, C. (2008). Dalton Trans. pp. 4652-4658.]), and which crystallize in the [I {\overline 4} 2 d] space group. In these salts, the donor molecules form strictly regular, i.e. non-dimerized, stacks. A 90° rotation of the longest molecular axis of o-Me2TTF generates a chessboard-like structure, a very original motif which differs strongly from that of TMTTF salts where the donor stacks organize parallel to each other (Fig. 1[link]). As a consequence of the chessboard structure of (o-Me2TTF)2X salts, the inter-stack interactions are very weak, as revealed by their high conductivity anisotropy (Foury-Leylekian et al., 2011[Foury-Leylekian, P., Auban-Senzier, P., Coulon, C., Jeannin, O., Fourmigué, M., Pasquier, C. & Pouget, J.-P. (2011). Phys. Rev. B, 84, 195134.]).

[Figure 1]
Figure 1
Perspective views along the stacking axis of two different salts, (TMTTF)2Br with parallel stacks, and (o-Me2TTF)2Br with a chessboard structure.

Considering the strong interest raised by the halide salts of the o-Me2TTF molecule (Fourmigué et al., 2008[Fourmigué, M., Reinheimer, E. W., Dunbar, K. R., Auban-Senzier, P., Pasquier, C. & Coulon, C. (2008). Dalton Trans. pp. 4652-4658.]; Foury-Leylekian et al., 2011[Foury-Leylekian, P., Auban-Senzier, P., Coulon, C., Jeannin, O., Fourmigué, M., Pasquier, C. & Pouget, J.-P. (2011). Phys. Rev. B, 84, 195134.]), we decided to investigate in more detail its salts with other anions. Before our work on halide salts of o-Me2TTF, only a 1:1 insulating salt with ReO4 had been structurally characterized (Mhanni et al., 1993[Mhanni, A., Ouahab, L., Grandjean, D., Amouroux, J. & Fabre, J. M. (1993). Acta Cryst. C49, 1187-1189.]), while several conducting 2:1 salts were reported as early as 1983, without X-ray crystal structure resolution, with the BF4, ClO4 and SCN anions (Abderraba et al., 1983[Abderraba, A., Laversanne, R., Dupart, E., Coulon, C., Delhaes, P. & Hauw, C. (1983). J. Phys. Collect. C3, 44, 1243-1246.]). However, all our previous attempts with, for example, BF4 (Reinheimer, Zhao, & Dunbar, 2008[Reinheimer, E. W., Zhao, H. & Dunbar, K. R. (2008). Synth. Met. 158, 447-452.]), I3 (Reinheimer et al., 2009[Reinheimer, E. W., Fourmigué, M. & Dunbar, K. R. (2009). J. Chem. Crystallogr. 39, 735-739.]), Re2Cl82− (Reinheimer, Galán-Mascarós et al., 2008[Reinheimer, E. W., Galán-Mascarós, J. R., Gómez-García, C., Zhao, H., Fourmigué, M. & Dunbar, K. R. (2008). J. Mol. Struct. 890, 81-89.]) or W6O192− (Reinheimer et al., 2013[Reinheimer, E. W., Jankowski, D., Świetlik, R. & Fourmigué, M. (2013). J. Chem. Crystallogr. 43, 178-186.]) led to insulating salts of the fully oxidized o-Me2TTF[^{\,+ \,\bullet}] cations, associated into diamagnetic dicationic dyads (o-Me2TTF)22+. On the other hand, the non-centrosymmetric NO3 nitrate anion affords a conducting 2:1 salt (o-Me2TTF)2(NO3), furthermore characterized by the chessboard arrangement of strongly one-dimensional organic stacks (see Fig. 1[link]) but also with a disorder of the NO3 anion. In this paper we show, by combining electrical, magnetic and structural measurements, that (o-Me2TTF)2(NO3) exhibits a very original phase diagram among the various series of one-dimensional conductors, with an anion-ordering (AO) process in two steps and a spin-Peierls (SP) transition towards a spin singlet non-magnetic ground state.

2. Experimental

2.1. Synthesis and crystal growth

o-Me2TTF was prepared as previously described through a selective cross-coupling reaction (Gerson et al., 1996[Gerson, F., Lamprecht, A. & Fourmigué, M. (1996). J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 1409-1414.]) involving a modified Horner–Edmonds reaction, which affords the unsymmetrically substituted molecule without any trace of the symmetric TTF or Me4TTF products, at variance with the original synthesis based on the statistical cross-coupling reaction of the di­thiol­ium and 4,5-dimethyldithiolium cations in the presence of NEt3 (Wudl et al., 1977[Wudl, F., Kruger, A. A., Kaplan, M. L. & Hutton, R. S. (1977). J. Org. Chem. 42, 769-770.]).

2.2. Electrocrystallization

o-Me2TTF (10 mg) was oxidized on a Pt electrode (1 cm long, 0.5 cm in diameter) in an electrolyte solution (0.1 M), prepared by dissolving [n-Bu4N][NO3] (0.3403, 0.100 mmol) in freshly distilled CH3CN (10 ml), at a constant current of 0.5 µA at a temperature of 275 K. After one week, black needle-like crystals of the 2:1 (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 salt were harvested from the anodic compartment of the electrochemical cell and washed with small amounts of EtOH.

2.3. X-ray diffraction studies

X-ray diffuse scattering investigation was performed using a homemade three-circle diffractometer (normal beam geometry with a lifting linear Ar–CH4 gas detector) equipped with a three-stage closed-circuit He gas cryocooler operating from room temperature down to 1.8 K. The rotation of the sample was provided by a magnetic coupling system connected to the cryocooler head. The experimental setup was mounted on a rotating-anode X-ray generator operating at 50 kV and 50 mA and providing Cu Kα (λ = 1.542 Å) radiation after Confocal Max-Flux optics (beam size ≃ 350 µm). Before the quantitative measurements, a preliminary photographic investigation using an image plate instead of the linear detector was systematically performed in order to detect easily any additional diffuse scattering or satellite reflections associated with any structural modification.

The crystallographic data for (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 at 20 K were collected with an Oxford Diffraction Xcalibur3 diffractometer fitted with a two-dimensional Sapphire3 CCD detector using sealed monochromatic Mo Kα radiation source (λ = 0.71073 Å). The Xcalibur3 diffractometer was fitted with a helium-flow Helijet Oxford Diffraction cryostat. The crystallographic data for (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 at 85 and 250 K were collected with a Rigaku Oxford Diffraction SuperNova diffractometer fitted with an Eos-S2 detector using micro-focused monochromatic Cu Kα radiation (λ = 1.54184 Å). The SuperNova diffractometer was fitted with a nitro­gen-flow Oxford Cryosystems 800Plus series device.

At 20, 85 and 250 K, data collection, cell-constant determination and data reduction were performed using the CrysAlisPro software (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2015[Rigaku Oxford Diffraction (2015). CrysAlisPro. Version 1.171.38.43. Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, Abingdon, England.]). All structure models were solved by dual-space direct methods (SHELXT; Sheldrick, 2015[Sheldrick, G. M. (2015). Acta Cryst. A71, 3-8.]) and developed by full least-squares refinement on F2 (SHELXL; Sheldrick, 2008[Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112-122.], 2015[Rigaku Oxford Diffraction (2015). CrysAlisPro. Version 1.171.38.43. Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, Abingdon, England.]) using OLEX2 interfaces (Dolomanov et al., 2009[Dolomanov, O. V., Bourhis, L. J., Gildea, R. J., Howard, J. A. K. & Puschmann, H. (2009). J. Appl. Cryst. 42, 339-341.]). Crystallographic figures were prepared using DIAMOND (Brandenburg, 2006[Brandenburg, K. (2006). DIAMOND. Version 2.1c. Crystal Impact GbR, Bonn, Germany.]). Anisotropic displacement parameters were used for all non-hydrogen atoms. Hydrogen atoms were added at the calculated positions and refined using a riding model. Experimental details and structure determination parameters are given in Table 1[link].

Table 1
Crystallographic data for (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 at different temperatures

Temperature 250 K 85 K 20 K
Formula C16H16NO3S8 C16H16NO3S8 C16H16NO3S8
Mr 526.78 526.78 526.78
Crystal colour Black Black Black
Crystal size (mm) 0.202 × 0.153 × 0.03 0.202 × 0.153 × 0.03 0.308 × 0.145 × 0.069
Crystal system Monoclinic Triclinic Triclinic
Space group P21/c [P{\overline 1}] [P{\overline 1}]
Cell (a, b, c) (a, b′, c′) (a′, b′, c′)
T (K) 250.0 (1) 85.0 (2) 20 (2)
a or a′ (Å) 7.04980 (10) 6.9201 (2) 13.7401 (5)
b or b′ (Å) 12.1123 (2) 17.5521 (3) 17.4938 (6)
c or c′ (Å) 12.7923 (2) 17.5806 (3) 17.5169 (5)
α (°) 90.00 86.6840 (10) 86.488 (2)
β (°) 102.710 (2) 80.849 (2) 80.917 (3)
γ (°) 90.00 80.535 (2) 80.445 (3)
V3) 1065.56 (3) 2078.40 (8) 4097.3 (2)
Z 2 4 8
Dcalc (g cm−3) 1.642 1.683 1.708
λ (Å) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 1.54184 (Cu Kα) 0.71073 (Mo Kα)
μ (mm−1) 0.7938 0.814 0.892
Total No. of reflections 16535 31944 38892
Absorption correction Multi-scan Analytical Analytical
Tmax, Tmin 1.0, 0.435 0.792, 0.333 0.946, 0.816
No. of unique reflections 2108 8189 17851
Rint 0.0370 0.0395 0.0434
No. of unique reflections [I > 2σ(I)] 1998 7493 10365
No. of refined parameters 145 569 1025
R1 [I > 2σ(I)] 0.0237 0.0417 0.0479
wR2 (all data) 0.0665 0.1095 0.1517
Goodness-of-fit 1.071 1.186 1.032
Δρmax, Δρmin (eÅ−3) 0.311, −0.198 0.58, −0.48 0.68, −0.89
R1 = Σ||Fo| − |Fc||/Σ|Fo|; wR2 = [Σw(Fo2Fc2)2/ΣwFo4]1/2.

Where applicable, DFIX and DANG (restraints on the distances and angles to a target value with an estimated standard deviation) and SIMU and ISOR (restraints on the Uij components to be close to those of neighbouring atoms or close to isotropic behaviour) were used for modelling the geometry and anisotropic displacement parameters, respectively, of disordered NO3 ions. Only in the case of the 20 K data was the ISOR restraint applied to the anisotropic displacement parameters for some carbon sites of o-Me2TTF molecules. It is of importance that, at 250 K, the NO3 ion is disordered on an inversion centre. In the case of the 20 K data, the (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 crystal structure contains a two-component twin model with a ratio of 0.66:0.34; the two components are related by the twin matrix (−1 0 0, 0 0 −1, 0 −1 0). On the other hand, the crystal collected at 85 K was not twinned, despite having undergone a phase transition. Alerts A and B in the CIF arise because of the disorder or possible disorder of the NO3 anions.

CCDC deposition numbers 1562992–1562994 for the crystals measured at 20 K, 85 K and 250 K, respectively, contain the supplementary crystallographic data for this paper. The data can be obtained free of charge from the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (http://www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/structures).

2.4. Resistivity measurements

To measure the longitudinal resistivity, gold pads were evaporated onto the surface of the single crystals in order to improve the quality of the contacts. The temperature dependence of the resistivity was then measured on a Quantum Design physical properties measurement system (PPMS) at a cooling or warming rate of 0.25 K min−1. The resistance was measured at four points with an applied current Idc = 0.1 µA. When the measured resistance exceeded 100 kΩ, which occurred between 125 and 150 K depending on the sample, this current was lowered continuously in order to keep the voltage below 10 mV. Despite the slow cooling rate, some micro-cracks in the crystal induce jumps on the cooling curve, which explains the shift in the warming curve to a higher value of resistance observed in Fig. 2[link]. Other single crystals were measured in a cryocooler equipment with a low-frequency lock-in detection (Iac = 1 µA) for measured resistances below 100 kΩ and dc measurement for higher resistances (Idc = 0.1–1 µA). The thermal dependence of their resistivity is qualitatively the same, despite a faster cooling rate (0.5 to 1 K min−1).

[Figure 2]
Figure 2
Temperature dependence of the longitudinal resistivity for (o-Me2TTF)2NO3. The red solid (dashed) curve is the fit to the high-temperature (low-temperature) data with ρ = ρ0 exp(Eact/T). The higher resistivity observed in the warming cycle is attributed to cracks affecting the crystal during the initial cooling process.

2.5. Theoretical calculations

The tight-binding βHOMO-HOMO interaction energy calculations were based upon the effective one-electron Hamiltonian of the extended Hückel method (Whangbo & Hoffmann, 1978[Whangbo, M.-H. & Hoffmann, H. (1978). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100, 6093-6098.]), as implemented in the Caesar 1.0 chain of programs (Ren et al., 1998[Ren, J., Liang, W. & Whangbo, M.-H. (1998). Crystal and Electronic Structure Analysis Using CAESAR. PrimeColor Software Inc., Cary, North Carolina, USA.]). The off-diagonal matrix elements of the Hamiltonian were calculated according to the modified Wolfsberg–Helmholz formula (Ammeter et al., 1978[Ammeter, J., Buergi, H. B., Thibeault, J. & Hoffmann, R. (1978). J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100, 3686-3692.]). All valence electrons were explicitly taken into account in the calculations and the basis set consisted of double-ζ Slater-type orbitals for all atoms except H (simple-ζ Slater-type orbital) using the Roothaan–Hartree–Fock wavefunctions of Clementi & Roetti (1974[Clementi, E. & Roetti, C. (1974). At. Data Nucl. Data Tables, 14, 177-478.]).

3. Results

3.1. Structural organization and electronic interactions

The electrocrystallization of o-Me2TTF in the presence of [n-Bu4N+][NO3] as electrolyte afforded a 2:1 salt formulated as (o-Me2TTF)2NO3. It crystallizes at 250 K (and above) in the monoclinic system, space group P21/c, with the o-Me2TTF in a general position in the unit cell, while the NO3 anion is disordered on an inversion centre. A projection view of the unit cell of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 (Fig. 3[link]a) illustrates the general solid-state organization, with the organic stacks running along a and a 90° rotation of the long molecular axis in the nearest neighbouring stacks, affording a chessboard-like motif reminiscent of that mentioned above for the halide salts of o-Me2TTF (see Fig. 1[link]).

[Figure 3]
Figure 3
Projection views along a (or a′) of the unit cell of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 at different temperatures. (a) T = 250 K. The NO3 anions are disordered between two centrosymmetric positions. (b) T = 85 K in the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure. Only the majority orientation (93.5%) of the nitrate anion on atom N1A is shown for clarity. The red and blue lines parallel to the molecular long axes illustrate the rotations of the stacks taking place in this intermediate q1 = (0, ½, ½) structure to accommodate the two different NO3 orientations. (c) T = 20 K in the q1 + q2 = (½, ½, ½) superstructure.

However, at variance with these halide salts with a uniform chain structure (Fig. 1[link]b), a side view of one stack (Fig. 4[link]a) shows that the organic columns are now strongly dimerized. In addition, an alternation of two types of overlap pattern is observed (Fig. 4[link]b): a strong overlap associated with an almost eclipsed conformation and short S⋯S distances, and a weaker overlap with a bond-over-ring overlap and long S⋯S (>3.8 Å) intermolecular distances (Fig. 4[link]b). This analysis is confirmed by the calculation of the βHOMO-HOMO overlap interaction energies (Table 2[link]), with a βintra value associated with the eclipsed conformation and a weaker βinter one associated with the bond-over-ring overlap. The degree of dimerization, defined as 2(βintraβinter)/(βintra + βinter), is much larger here (0.6) than in the prototypical TMTTF salts (Liautard et al., 1982a[Liautard, B., Peytavin, S., Brun, G. & Maurin, M. (1982a). Acta Cryst. B38, 2746-2749.]; Galigné et al., 1979[Galigné, J. L., Liautard, B., Peytavin, S., Brun, G., Maurin, M., Fabre, J. M., Torreilles, E. & Giral, L. (1979). Acta Cryst. B35, 2609-2613.]). Indeed, it amounts to 0.38 in (TMTTF)2PF6 and only 0.11 in (TMTTF)2Br (Pouget & Ravy, 1996[Pouget, J. P. & Ravy, S. (1996). J. Phys. I Fr. 6, 1501-1525.]). The interactions between stacks are much weaker as the strongest one does not exceed 0.01 eV, which confirms the strong one-dimensional character of these salts.

Table 2
Calculated overlap interaction energies within the stacks in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 in the different phases

In the low-temperature (½, ½, ½) superstructure, each dimer indicated in parentheses is made of dissimilar molecules.

Structure Stack motif |βintra| (eV) |βinter| (eV) |βinter2| (eV) Dimerization degree Tetramerization degree§
Room temperature   0.724 0.388   0.60  
             
(0, ½, ½) AA 0.793 0.443   0.57  
  CC 0.701 0.435   0.47  
  DD 0.693 0.437   0.45  
  BB 0.690 0.421   0.48  
             
(½, ½, ½) B(BF)F 0.823 0.538 (FF) 0.405 (BB) 0.54 0.28§
  A(AE)E 0.699 0.507 (EE) 0.400 (AA) 0.43 0.24§
  D(DH)H 0.694 0.477 (DD) 0.385 (HH) 0.47 0.21§
  C(CG)G 0.689 0.499 (CC) 0.391 (GG) 0.43 0.24§
†Defined as 2(βintraβinter)/(βintra + βinter).
‡Defined as in but with [\overline {\beta _{\rm inter}}] = (βinter1 + βinter2)/2 replacing βinter
§Defined as (βinter1βinter2)/[\overline {\beta _{\rm inter}}].
[Figure 4]
Figure 4
(a) A side view of one chain in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 (stacking axis a) with intermolecular S⋯S contacts shown as black dotted lines. (b) The two different overlap patterns within one chain: (left) eclipsed and (right) bond-over-ring.

3.2. Electrical conductivity

Resistivity measurements performed on single crystals show (Fig. 2[link]) a room-temperature conductivity of 3–5 S cm−1 and an activated behaviour upon cooling with ρ = ρ0exp(Eact/T) and Eact = 0.12–0.14 eV determined above 150 K. The kink in the thermal dependence observed around 125 K is found in different investigated crystals, albeit to a varying extent, and is attributed to anion ordering. The maximum of the kink (called TAO hereinafter) is observed at 122 (Fig. 5[link]), 125 and 127 K for three different measured crystals. Below the kink, the activation energy decreases slightly (compare in Fig. 2[link] the activated thermal dependencies fitted above and below the kink). This activated conductivity with a large Eact means that, in spite of a three-quarters band filling, the electrons are localized with a gap of charge Δρ ≃ 2Eact. This electron localization is the combined result of the strong one-dimensional character of the band structure and the importance of electron–electron correlation in TTF-based systems enhanced by the stack dimerization (Giamarchi, 2004[Giamarchi, T. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 5037-5056.]; Pouget, 2012a[Pouget, J. P. (2012a). Physica B, 407, 1762-1770.], 2015[Pouget, J. P. (2015). Physica B, 460, 45-52.]). This behaviour should be contrasted with that of the (o-Me2TTF)2X (X = Cl, Br, I) salts with a uniform stack, which exhibit a high-temperature metallic conductivity (Foury-Leylekian et al., 2011[Foury-Leylekian, P., Auban-Senzier, P., Coulon, C., Jeannin, O., Fourmigué, M., Pasquier, C. & Pouget, J.-P. (2011). Phys. Rev. B, 84, 195134.]).

[Figure 5]
Figure 5
(a) Temperature dependence of the spin susceptibility, χs, in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3. A Curie tail encompassing 0.65% S = ½ magnetic defaults has been subtracted. The dotted line is an HT fit to the uniform spin ½ AF Heisenberg chain. (b) Plot of ln(χsT) versus 1/T, allowing the determination of the spin activation energy Δσ ≃ 390 K in the spin-Peierls ground state.

3.3. Spin susceptibility

The magnetic susceptibility was determined on a 15 mg sample of polycrystalline material. Fig. 5[link](a) reports the temperature dependence of its spin component, χσ. Based on the crystal structure and semiconducting behaviour of this salt (see above), one expects over the whole temperature range a one-dimensional localized regime where each localized hole bears a spin ½. Thus, the thermal dependence of the spin susceptibility can be tentatively fitted in the high-temperature (HT) regime (T > 200 K) with a uniform spin chain Bonner–Fisher model which is associated with a J/k value of −520 (50) K (with the Hamiltonian [{\cal H}] = [- J \sum _{i=0}^{n} S_i S_{i + 1}]) (Kahn, 1993[Kahn, O. (1993). Molecular Magnetism. Weinheim: VCH Publishers Inc.]). We note that, below 200 K, the susceptibility decays progressively from this uniform chain behaviour and then exhibits a sharp drop to a non-magnetic ground state at around 96 (±3) K. In the non-magnetic ground state (of the spin-Peierls type), the magnetic susceptibility is activated with a spin gap of Δσ ≃ 390 K (Fig. 5[link]b).

This abrupt magnetic transition is reminiscent of the phase transitions observed in the TMTTF salts with non-centrosymmetric anions (Coulon et al., 1982[Coulon, C., Delhaes, P., Flandrois, S., Lagnier, R., Bonjour, E. & Fabre, J. M. (1982). J. Phys. Fr. 43, 1059-1067.], 2015[Coulon, C., Foury-Leylekian, P., Fabre, J. M. & Pouget, J. P. (2015). Eur. Phys. J. B, 88, 85.]), whether tetrahedral (ReO4, ClO4, BF4), triangular (NO3) or asymmetric linear (SCN) anions. In all these salts, the location of the anions in crystal cavities delineated by the methyl groups provides enough softness and flexibility to accommodate disordering of the anions on inversion centres (Liautard et al., 1982b[Liautard, B., Peytavin, S., Brun, G. & Maurin, M. (1982b). J. Phys. Fr. 43, 1453-1459.], 1983[Liautard, B., Peytavin, S., Brun, G. & Maurin, M. (1983). J. Phys. (Paris) C3, 44, 951-956.]; Kistenmacher, 1984[Kistenmacher, T. J. (1984). Solid State Commun. 50, 729-733.]). Lowering the temperature can favour an anion-ordering (AO) transition with eventual cell parameter doubling in one, two or three directions (Pouget & Ravy, 1996[Pouget, J. P. & Ravy, S. (1996). J. Phys. I Fr. 6, 1501-1525.]). Recent examples also involve salts of unsymmetrical TTF derivatives such as DMEDO-TTF (3,4-di­methyl-3′,4′-ethyl­ene­dioxo­tetra­methyl­tetra­thia­fulvalene) with tetrahedral anions, ClO4 and BF4 (Kumeta et al., 2016[Kumeta, S., Kawamoto, T., Shirahata, T., Misaki, Y. & Mori, T. (2016). J. Phys. Soc. Jpn, 85, 094701.]). They exhibit a first-order metal–insulator transition with anion ordering along the stacking axis. Besides, in charge-localized TMTTF salts with centrosymmetric anions such as PF6 or AsF6, an abrupt magnetic transition towards a spin-Peierls (SP) ground state also occurs (Pouget et al., 2006[Pouget, J. P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Bolloc'h, D. L., Hennion, B., Ravy, S., Coulon, C., Cardoso, A. & Moradpour, A. (2006). J. Low Temp. Phys. 142, 147-152.]). A thorough structural analysis is therefore required to differentiate between these two possibilities in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3.

3.4. Structural phase transitions

In order to obtain information on the evolution of the crystal structure at the various anomalies observed in the thermal dependence of the conductivity (Fig. 2[link]) and of the magnetic susceptibility (Fig. 5[link]), an X-ray diffuse scattering survey of reciprocal space was performed using the photographic method. Below 90 K, two sets of superstructure diffraction reflections are observed at the reduced wave­vectors q1 = (0, ½, ½) and q2 = (½, 0, 0) (Fig. 6[link]a). The components of these superstructure reflections are given as fractions of the high-temperature reciprocal wavevectors. The intensity of the mean q1 superstructure reflections is ∼10% of the average intensity of the Bragg reflections of the high-temperature lattice. Concerning the q2 superstructure reflections, their mean intensity is ∼15% that of the average Bragg intensity. The q2 superstructures, which correspond to a unit-cell doubling along the stack axis, vanish between 90 K (X-ray diffuse scattering investigation) and 85 K (diffractometric study – see below). So combining these measurements with the drop in spin susceptibility at 96 (±3) K (see section 3.3[link]), one obtains a critical temperature for the SP transition of TSP = 90 (5) K. In the intermediate temperature range between TSP and 122 K (Fig. 6[link]b), only q1 superstructure reflections persist, while the q2 superstructure reflections have been transformed into an anisotropic quasi-one-dimensional diffuse scattering appearing as diffuse lines at the reduced q2 = (½, 0, 0) reciprocal position on the X-ray patterns. The q1 superstructure reflections, which correspond to a unit-cell doubling in directions perpendicular to the stack axis, vanish at 122 (2) K, which is the anion-ordering temperature TAO. At this structural transition there is a corresponding kink at 122–127 K in the thermal dependence of the resistivity (see Fig. 2[link]). Above TAO, pre-transitional structural fluctuations are detected on the X-ray patterns (Fig. 6[link]c). Broad q1 pre-transitional diffuse spots remain observable for more than 15 K above TAO, while the q2 = (½, 0, 0) diffuse lines, precursors of the TSP transition, are observed over a much larger temperature range until ∼200 K (Tfl).

[Figure 6]
Figure 6
Typical X-ray patterns taken in the three phases. (a) At 50 K, for this X-ray pattern the λ/2 contribution has been suppressed. The red circles indicate the (½ 0 0) satellite reflections and the blue circles indicate the (0 ½ ½) satellite reflections. (b) At 110 K, the red arrows indicate the diffuse lines associated with the regime of quasi-one-dimensional fluctuations of the SP transition and the blue circles indicate the (0 ½ ½) satellite reflections. (c) At 135 K, the red arrows indicate the diffuse lines associated with the regime of quasi-one-dimensional fluctuations of the SP transition and the blue arrows show the isotropic regime of fluctuation associated with the anion ordering.

3.5. Superstructure structural refinement

The X-ray diffuse scattering data were complemented by full single-crystal X-ray data collection and structural refinement performed at 85 and 20 K.

3.5.1. The q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure refinement

X-ray data collection was performed at 85 K, slightly below TSP, because the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure intensity was the strongest and the additional q2 = (½, 0, 0) contribution is still very weak. The data were refined by integrating the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure and the structure was solved in the triclinic system, space group [P{\overline 1}], now with four crystallographically independent o-Me2TTF molecules (AD) and two NO3 anions (on atoms N1A and N1B), all in general positions. The lattice parameters (a, b′, c′) of the triclinic cell are connected to the high-symmetry lattice parameters of the monoclinic phase: b′ = bc and c′ = b + c (Fig. 3[link]b). Each of the donor molecules generates, through inversion centres, stacks formed with only one independent o-Me2TTF molecule, i.e. AA, BB, CC and DD stacks, each of them dimerized as in the HT structure. As shown in Table 2[link], the degree of dimerization varies slightly from one stack to another, but each of them is smaller than the unique one of the HT structure. The presence of four different stacks does not modify appreciably the magnetic interactions within the chains (J) as no anomaly is observed at TAO on the spin susceptibility. This point will allow us to use single-chain models in the description of the SP transition (see Discussion section[link]).

Another interesting point is the potential evolution of the molecular charge within each of the four different molecules AD of o-Me2TTF. Correlations between the intramolecular bond lengths and the charge have already been established for TTF or BEDT-TTF salts (Umland et al., 1988[Umland, T., Allie, S., Kuhlmann, T. & Coppens, P. (1988). J. Phys. Chem. 92, 6456-6460.]; Guionneau et al., 1997[Guionneau, P., Kepert, C. J., Bravic, G., Chasseau, D., Truter, M. R., Kurmoo, M. & Day, P. (1997). Synth. Met. 86, 1973-1974.]). A reliable molecular charge ρ is obtained with a formula which is written as ρ = a [(Ci=Ci)/(Ci—S)] + b, where Ci=Ci is the central C=C bond length and Ci—S is the averaged C—S bond length involving the internal carbon atoms. These Ci=Ci and Ci—S distances are indeed the ones most affected by the oxidation of the TTF core (Katan, 1999[Katan, C. (1999). J. Phys. Chem. A, 103, 1407-1413.]). Note that more direct determination of ρ can be also obtained from intrinsic properties, e.g. the electronic structure, theoretically or experimentally (Oison et al., 2003[Oison, V., Katan, C., Rabiller, P., Souhassou, M. & Koenig, C. (2003). Phys. Rev. B, 67, 035120.]; García et al., 2007[García, P., Dahaoui, S., Katan, C., Souhassou, M. & Lecomte, C. (2007). Faraday Discuss. 135, 217-235.]). A linear fit based on the reported structural data for 13 compounds involving o-Me2TTF (see Table S1 in the supporting information) afforded a = 21.823 and b = −16.654 (R = 0.995). As shown in Table 3[link], application of this formula and normalization (so that the total charge of the organic molecules in the asymmetric unit is recovered) gives values close to 0.50 for the four molecules AD of o-Me2TTF, excluding the formation of a sizeable charge-ordering process in this temperature range.

Table 3
Calculated charges of the o-Me2TTF molecules at the three different temperatures, based on the application of the formula ρ = 21.823 × [(Ci=Ci)/(Ci—S)] − 16.654

T (K) Molecule Ci=Ci (Å) Averaged Ci—S (Å) Calculated charge (ρcalc) Normalized calculated charge (ρnorm)
250 A 1.364 (2) 1.735 (2) 0.50 (4) 0.5
           
85 A 1.368 (4) 1.737 (2) 0.54 (7) 0.52
  B 1.369 (4) 1.737 (2) 0.54 (7) 0.53
  C 1.362 (4) 1.740 (2) 0.43 (7) 0.42
  D 1.371 (4) 1.738 (2) 0.56 (7) 0.54
  Sum     2.07 2.00
           
20 A 1.344 (7) 1.740 (3) 0.20 (12) 0.18
  E 1.373 (8) 1.724 (3) 0.73 (12) 0.68
  B 1.373 (7) 1.734 (3) 0.63 (12) 0.58
  F 1.386 (7) 1.724 (3) 0.89 (12) 0.83
  C 1.363 (7) 1.734 (3) 0.50 (12) 0.47
  G 1.369 (7) 1.737 (3) 0.55 (12) 0.51
  D 1.357 (7) 1.733 (3) 0.42 (12) 0.40
  H 1.356 (8) 1.737 (3) 0.38 (12) 0.35
  Sum     4.293 4.00
†S.u.'s on the averaged C—S distances and on the calculated charges were evaluated using error propagation rules.

As shown in Fig. 3[link](b), the intermediate q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure is also associated with the presence of two different NO3 anions, both of them being essentially ordered, as detailed in Fig. 7[link]. The best refinements were obtained with one nitrate anion on atom N1A localized at 93.5% on one single position (the other position being rotated by 60°), and the other nitrate anion on atom N1B strongly agitated between two close positions. The main structural change related to the symmetry breaking is related to the anion ordering, which accompanies the ferroelastic phase transition from monoclinic to triclinic lattices. This structural phase transition is also accompanied by rotations of the long mol­ecular axis of the o-Me2TTF molecules in neighbouring stacks, shown as blue and red lines in Fig. 3[link](b).

[Figure 7]
Figure 7
The disorder models used in the refinement of the NO3 anion at 85 K in the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure.
3.5.2. The q1 + q2 = (½, ½, ½) superstructure refinement

The X-ray data collected at 20 K were refined within the q1 + q2 = (½, ½, ½) superstructure in the (a′, b′, c′) triclinic cell, also associated with a doubling of the stacking parameter (a′ = 2a). This triclinic cell, space group [P{\overline 1}], now contains eight crystallographically independent o-Me2TTF molecules (AH) and four nitrate anions. As shown in Fig. 3[link](c), the anions are now fully ordered. The donor mol­ecules organize into four different stacks, formed of AE, BF, CG and DH dimers, respectively, and made of dissimilar molecules. The calculated overlap interaction energies within the four independent stacks are collected in Table 2[link] and the intermolecular plane-to-plane distances are given in Table S4 in the supporting information. It appears that:

(i) The stacks are now tetramerized (Fig. 8[link]), with one strong overlapping intra-dimer interaction βintra between dissimilar molecules (thick segments in Fig. 8[link] for the AE, BF, CG and DH pairs) and two weaker inter-dimer βinter1 and βinter2 interactions between the two types of similar molecules (thin and dotted segments in Fig. 8[link]). By taking the average [\overline {\beta _{\rm inter}}] of βinter1 and βinter2, one can still define a degree of dimerization for the four stacks of the unit cell (see Table 2[link]) which is slightly smaller than those of the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure.

[Figure 8]
Figure 8
Views of the four tetramerized stacks with AE, BF, CG and DH dimers in the 20 K structure of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3.

(ii) The βinter1 and βinter2 interactions are, respectively, stronger and weaker than the βinter interaction found in the q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure. From the relative difference of the two inter-dimer overlap interactions, one can define a degree of tetramerization which is half of the degree of dimerization (Table 2[link]).

(iii) There is a strong modulation of the charge of the o-Me2TTF molecules at 20 K from 0.2 to 0.8 (Table 3[link]). This is a surprising result which should be confirmed by local spectroscopic measurements, because both inter-stack (inter-dimer) and intra-dimer charge transfers which spread the wave­function of S = ½ species should destabilize the spin-Peierls pairing mechanism (pairing of spin ½ into a magnetic singlet). This is in contrast with Fig. 5[link](a) showing the formation of well defined singlets below 96 K. However, the appearance of q2 is associated with the formation of antiphase domains and the long-range structural order may look incomplete.

4. Discussion

4.1. Analysis of the anion-ordered structure

Before discussing in more detail the electronic and magnetic properties of this salt, it is interesting to investigate how the ordering of the anions (which operates in the intermediate temperature regime) is associated with correlated movements of the donor molecules and particularly with the possible setting of weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, as already observed in the halide salts (o-Me2TTF)2X (X = Cl, Br, I; Foury-Leylekian et al., 2011[Foury-Leylekian, P., Auban-Senzier, P., Coulon, C., Jeannin, O., Fourmigué, M., Pasquier, C. & Pouget, J.-P. (2011). Phys. Rev. B, 84, 195134.]; Jankowski et al., 2011[Jankowski, D., Świetlik, R., Reinheimer, E. W. & Fourmigué, M. (2011). J. Raman Spectrosc. 42, 1518-1527.]; Reinheimer et al., 2012[Reinheimer, E. W., Assaf, A., Jeannin, O., Benallouche, A., Nguyen, P.-T., Coulon, C. & Fourmigué, M. (2012). Phys. Status Solidi B, 249, 943-946.]). In the vicinity of the NO3 anion, one finds: (i) sulfur atoms of the unsubstituted di­thiole ring (bearing H and not Me groups) of four different o-Me2TTF molecules; (ii) the corresponding `aromatic' H atoms linked directly to sp2 C atoms of this di­thiole ring; and (iii) the aliphatic H atoms of the methyl groups of a second set of four o-Me2TTF molecules. The shortest contacts are the STTF⋯O ones (Table S3 in the supporting information), ranging from 2.86–3.05 Å at 250 K to 2.82–2.97 Å at 85 K and down to 2.80–3.04 Å at 20 K. These distances are indeed much shorter than the sum of the van der Waals radii (1.52 + 1.80 = 3.32 Å).

Two types of hydrogen atom are available here, either aliphatic H atoms of the methyl groups or `aromatic' H atoms directly linked to sp2 C atoms of the TTF core. The shortest (C—)H⋯O interactions are found with the latter Csp2—H hydrogen atoms, with short H⋯O distances between 2.40 and 2.45 Å but with poor directionality (Csp2—H⋯O angles 115–118°; Fig. 9[link]a). In addition, this first `coordination' sphere is complemented, at room temperature, with four other CMe—H⋯O interactions involving the methyl groups of four other neighbouring o-Me2TTF molecules, at 2.52 and 2.75 Å. The H⋯O distances are slightly longer but their directionality is much more pronounced (CMe—H⋯O angles 157–178°). Below the anion-ordering temperature, the inversion centre where the NO3 anion is located at high temperature is lost. The badly oriented Csp2—H⋯O interactions are elongated and weakened, while the four CMe—H⋯O contacts (identified at room temperature) transform into three well oriented contacts towards the three localized oxygen atoms of the two independent nitrate anions (Fig. 9[link]b). Note that stronger and more directional contacts are found around the nitrate on atom N2A than around the nitrate on atom N1A (Table S2 in the supporting information). Altogether, this analysis demonstrates that the ordering of the nitrate anions in the intermediate (0, ½, ½) phase is indeed associated with the anchoring of the nitrate anion through the setting of three directional CMe—H⋯O hydrogen bonds involving the methyl substituents.

[Figure 9]
Figure 9
Details of the short S⋯O interactions (red dashed lines) and weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds (turquoise dashed lines) between the o-Me2TTF molecules and the NO3 anion. (a) At 250 K. (b) In the intermediate q1 = (0, ½, ½) phase for the major NO3 anion orientation on atom N1A (see Fig. 7[link]). The o-Me2TTF molecules involved in S⋯O interactions and CMe—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are in grey and full colour, respectively.

These features are not modified in the low-temperature (½, ½, ½) phase with four different nitrate ions: the strongest interactions involve the nitrate ions on atoms N1A and N1C, and the weakest ones those on atoms N1B and N1D. It has recently been shown in systems exhibiting charge-ordered states (CO) that the anions have a tendency to move towards and/or to interact strongly with the most oxidized donor molecules (Pouget, 2012b[Pouget, J.-P. (2012b). Crystals, 2, 466-520.]; Alemany et al., 2012[Alemany, P., Pouget, J.-P. & Canadell, E. (2012). Phys. Rev. B, 85, 195118.], 2014[Alemany, P., Pouget, J.-P. & Canadell, E. (2014). Phys. Rev. B, 89, 155124.]). Considering the distribution of partial charges within the eight independent molecules AH of o-Me2TTF mentioned above (see Table 3[link]), the question of the association of their charge differences with a concomitant modulation of the C—H⋯O interactions arises (Table S2 in the supporting information). However, this is not the case, because each of the four nitrate anions actually interacts with six different donor molecules among the eight AH, with a distribution of partial charges for each of them.

Comparison of the projection views along a of the high-temperature (Fig. 3[link]a) and q1 = (0, ½, ½) (Fig. 3[link]b) structures shows that the anion ordering is also associated with a rotation of the long molecular axis of the o-Me2TTF stacks, responsible for the ferroelastic transition from monoclinic to triclinic and the cell doubling in the bc plane. In other words, the anion ordering also modifies the host cavity, to accommodate the two different NO3 orientations. This original behaviour might be considered as a peculiarity of the planar NO3 anion, by contrast with more globular tetrahedral anions such as ClO4 or ReO4.

4.2. Electronic and magnetic properties

The experimental results in relation to the electronic and magnetic properties of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 are summarized in Fig. 10[link].

[Figure 10]
Figure 10
Combined structural and electronic properties of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3.

The first surprising result in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 is to obtain well decoupled anion-ordering (AO) and spin-Peierls (SP) transitions, since in the Fabre salts (TMTTF)2X with X = ReO4, ClO4 and BF4, the unique q = (½, ½, ½) AO transition simultaneously achieves an SP-like ground state (Coulon et al., 2015[Coulon, C., Foury-Leylekian, P., Fabre, J. M. & Pouget, J. P. (2015). Eur. Phys. J. B, 88, 85.]). Surprisingly, in the Fabre salt with X = NO3, the spin-gap opening is shifted to a lower temperature than TAO (Coulon et al., 2015[Coulon, C., Foury-Leylekian, P., Fabre, J. M. & Pouget, J. P. (2015). Eur. Phys. J. B, 88, 85.]). However, in the absence of precise structural studies, the origin of this shift remains unclear in (TMTTF)2NO3. The situation is different in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 presented here, because structural studies reveal an AO process in two steps. The upper AO critical temperature of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3, 124 (3) K, determined as the mean value of resistivity and diffraction results, is sizeably enhanced with respect to the TAO values found for the Bechgaard and Fabre salts with the NO3 anion (41 and 50 K, respectively; Pouget & Ravy, 1996[Pouget, J. P. & Ravy, S. (1996). J. Phys. I Fr. 6, 1501-1525.]). This is also the case for the SP critical temperature, 90 (5) K, which is much higher than that found in the Fabre salts with X = PF6 and AsF6 (Foury-Leylekian et al., 2004[Foury-Leylekian, P., Le Bolloc'h, D., Hennion, B., Ravy, S., Moradpour, A. & Pouget, J.-P. (2004). Phys. Rev. B, 70, 180405.]; Pouget et al., 2006[Pouget, J. P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Bolloc'h, D. L., Hennion, B., Ravy, S., Coulon, C., Cardoso, A. & Moradpour, A. (2006). J. Low Temp. Phys. 142, 147-152.]) and in the (BCP-TTF)2X series with the same anions (Liu et al., 1993[Liu, Q., Ravy, S., Pouget, J.-P., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (1993). Synth. Met. 56, 1840-1845.]; Pouget & Ravy, 1996[Pouget, J. P. & Ravy, S. (1996). J. Phys. I Fr. 6, 1501-1525.]) (see Table 4[link]).

Table 4
Characteristics of various SP systems

Salt Δσ (meV) Stack tetramerization TSP (K) TflTSPMF (K) |J| (meV) |J|/Δσ
(o-Me2TTF)2NO3 33.6 0.24 90 200 44.8 1.3
d12-(TMTTF)2PF6 6.5 0.03 13.1 40 39 6
(BCP-TTF)2AsF6 11.5 Not defined 32.5 120 23.3 2

Conductivity data over the whole temperature range below room temperature show that, with an activation energy of 0.12 eV (corresponding to about half the charge gap), the charge transport is more strongly activated than in the Fabre salts where an activated conductivity (Eact ≃ 0.03 eV) is detected only below Tρ ≃ 200–250 K (Coulon et al., 1982[Coulon, C., Delhaes, P., Flandrois, S., Lagnier, R., Bonjour, E. & Fabre, J. M. (1982). J. Phys. Fr. 43, 1059-1067.]). The activated charge transport corresponds to a charge localization phenomenon on dimers due to strong electron–electron interactions (Giamarchi, 2004[Giamarchi, T. (2004). Chem. Rev. 104, 5037-5056.]; Pouget, 2012a[Pouget, J. P. (2012a). Physica B, 407, 1762-1770.], 2015[Pouget, J. P. (2015). Physica B, 460, 45-52.]). This finding is clearly related to the observation (Table 2[link]) of an enhanced degree of dimerization of the one-dimensional stacks with respect to the Fabre salts (Pouget & Ravy, 1996[Pouget, J. P. & Ravy, S. (1996). J. Phys. I Fr. 6, 1501-1525.]). The conductivity data also exhibit a kink at the AO transition, which leads to a better conducting state below TAO. This observation can be easily understood by the simultaneous enhancement of the carrier mobility due to the suppression of the scattering potential of the disordered anions and a decrease in Δρ associated with the slight reduction in the degree of dimerization below TAO (see Table 2[link]).

The AO transition is heralded by a narrow regime of three-dimensional critical structural fluctuations above TAO (see Fig. 6[link]c), while the SP transition is preceded by a large thermal regime of quasi-one-dimensional structural fluctuations, which extend to Tfl ≃ 200 K. The three-dimensional anisotropy of these fluctuations indicates that the AO transition is achieved by a quasi-isotropic coupling between anions, as previously observed for the Bechgaard and Fabre salts (Pouget et al., 1981[Pouget, J.-P., Moret, R., Comès, R. & Bechgaard, K. (1981). J. Phys. Lett. 42, L543-L546.], 1982[Pouget, J.-P., Moret, R., Comès, R., Bechgaard, K., Fabre, J. M. & Giral, L. (1982). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 79, 129-143.]), while the SP instability is driven by a one-dimensional electronic instability at q = a*/2, as previously observed in TMTTF (Pouget et al., 1982[Pouget, J.-P., Moret, R., Comès, R., Bechgaard, K., Fabre, J. M. & Giral, L. (1982). Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 79, 129-143.]) and BCP-TTF (Liu et al., 1991[Liu, Q., Ravy, S., Moret, R., Pouget, J.-P., Coulon, C. & Bechgaard, K. (1991). Synth. Met. 42, 1879-1883.], 1993[Liu, Q., Ravy, S., Pouget, J.-P., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (1993). Synth. Met. 56, 1840-1845.]) salts. The surprising result here is that these two kinds of instability appear to be thermally decoupled. In particular, the SP instability develops below Tfl ≃ 200 K in the temperature range where the anions are still disordered. It is useful to compare here the SP instability of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 with the SP instability of other quarter-filled organic salts such as d12-(TMTTF)2PF6 (Pouget et al., 2017[Pouget, J.-P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Petit, S., Hennion, B., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (2017). Phys. Rev. B, 96, 035127.]) and (BCP-TTF)2AsF6 (Dumoulin et al., 1996[Dumoulin, L., Bourbonnais, C., Ravy, S., Pouget, J. P. & Coulon, C. (1996). Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1360-1363.]) which have been studied in detail. Table 4[link] summarizes the SP characteristics of these various salts.

The data of Table 4[link] show that the Δσ/TSP ratio amounts to 4 in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3, as for (BCP-TTF)2AsF6. (Note that the mean-field ratio ΔσMF/TSPMF for the SP transition of a spin ½ AF Heisenberg chain is 2.47; Orignac & Chitra, 2004[Orignac, E. & Chitra, R. (2004). Phys. Rev. B, 70, 214436.]). This ratio is smaller than that of 5.8 found for d12-(TMTTF)2PF6 (Pouget et al., 2017[Pouget, J.-P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Petit, S., Hennion, B., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (2017). Phys. Rev. B, 96, 035127.]). For this last compound, Table 4[link] shows that the SP gap is a small fraction of J, a value consistent with a small stack tetramerization of 3% (Kitou et al., 2017[Kitou, S., Fujii, T., Kawamoto, T., Katayama, N., Maki, S., Nishibori, E., Sugimoto, K., Takata, M., Nakamura, T. & Sawa, H. (2017). Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 065701.]) In this situation, the structural counterpart of the SP pairing along the stack direction induces a small modulation of the exchange integral J. This corresponds to a weak coupling situation, which is generally used in the literature to describe the SP transition (Bray et al., 1983[Bray, J. W., Interrante, L. V., Jacobs, I. S. & Bonner, J. C. (1983). Extended Linear Chain Compounds, Vol. 3, edited by J. S. Miller, ch. 7. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp.]). The case of the other two salts where the SP gap is comparable with J is different. In particular, Δσ nearly amounts to J in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3, in agreement with the presence of a large stack tetramerization of 24% (see Table 2[link]). This implies that the SP transition of this compound should be treated in the strong coupling limit. Generally, one obtains a first-order SP transition within this limit (Bray et al., 1983[Bray, J. W., Interrante, L. V., Jacobs, I. S. & Bonner, J. C. (1983). Extended Linear Chain Compounds, Vol. 3, edited by J. S. Miller, ch. 7. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp.]). This is the case in the inorganic system VO2 and its alloys, where a strong dimerization of the Heisenberg chains is observed (Pouget et al., 1974[Pouget, J. P., Launois, H., Rice, T. M., Dernier, P., Gossard, A., Villeneuve, G. & Hagenmüller, P. (1974). Phys. Rev. B, 10, 1801-1815.]). However, the magnetic measurements (Fig. 5[link]) show that the SP transition of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 is a second-order transition. One possible explanation could be that organic materials incorporating anions in smooth cavities are particularly soft materials.

The SP transition in (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 is heralded by a sizeable regime of one-dimensional structural fluctuations below Tfl ≃ 200 K, which is manifest by the observation of diffuse lines at q = a*/2 in the X-ray patterns shown in Figs. 6[link](b) and 6[link](c). This diffuse scattering reflects the presence of local one-dimensional structural SP pairing in the stack direction (i.e. local tetramerization corresponding to a dimerization of the stack of dimers). This local pairing forms localized non-magnetic S = 0 singlets which induce a decrease in the spin susceptibility with respect to that of the uniform S = ½ AF Heisenberg chain. This deviation is clearly apparent in Fig. 5[link](a) below 200 K. This behaviour compares with that previously reported (Liu et al., 1993[Liu, Q., Ravy, S., Pouget, J.-P., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (1993). Synth. Met. 56, 1840-1845.]) and theoretically calculated (Dumoulin et al., 1996[Dumoulin, L., Bourbonnais, C., Ravy, S., Pouget, J. P. & Coulon, C. (1996). Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1360-1363.]) for (BCP-TTF)2AsF6. Furthermore, this last calculation indicates that the mean-field SP temperature TSPMF amounts to Tfl. One-dimensional structural fluctuations form a pseudo-gap in the density of states of the magnetic excitations, which transforms into a real spin gap at TSP (the three-dimensional SP transition) in the presence of inter-chain coupling. This scenario has recently been confirmed experimentally in d12-(TMTTF)2PF6 (Pouget et al., 2017[Pouget, J.-P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Petit, S., Hennion, B., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (2017). Phys. Rev. B, 96, 035127.]). At the mean-field SP temperature TSPMF, and using the mean-field ratio of 2.7, one obtains ΔσMF ≃ 42.6 meV between Tfl and TSP. ΔσMF is only slightly larger than Δσ ≃ 33.6 meV. This means that the reduction in spin gap due to quantum fluctuation is small, and thus that the SP transition of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 occurs in the adiabatic (classical) regime. The same regime is found for (BCP-TTF)2AsF6 (Pouget, 2012a[Pouget, J. P. (2012a). Physica B, 407, 1762-1770.]). In contrast, the SP transition of d12-(TMTTF)2PF6 occurs just at the boundary with the anti-adiabatic (quantum) regime (Pouget et al., 2017[Pouget, J.-P., Foury-Leylekian, P., Petit, S., Hennion, B., Coulon, C. & Bourbonnais, C. (2017). Phys. Rev. B, 96, 035127.]).

5. Conclusions

We have unravelled here an original cation radical salt of the unsymmetrically substituted o-Me2TTF donor molecule. At variance with its halide salts (X = Cl, Br, I) which exhibit uniform stacks with a three-quarter filled one-dimensional band structure and associated metallic conductivity, (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 forms dimerized stacks with a chessboard organization, but with the non-centrosymmetric nitrate anion disordered on an inversion centre. The combination of transport, magnetic and structural data evidences two successive transitions, an anion-ordering (AO) process associated with a q1 = (0, ½, ½) superstructure, and a spin-Peierls (SP) transition associated with a large stack tetramerization with a q2 = (½, 0, 0) superstructure. The surprising result here is that these two kinds of instability appear to be thermally decoupled, at variance with other TMTTF or TMTSF salts with non-centrosymmetric counter-ions. Indeed, the SP instability develops below Tfl ≃ 200 K in a temperature range where the anions are still disordered. Despite a large stack tetramerization (24%), the SP transition of (o-Me2TTF)2NO3 is still of second-order nature, a behaviour which finds its origin in the softness of these organic lattices, illustrated here by the adaptation of the weak CMe—H⋯O hydrogen-bond network to the anion-ordering process.

Supporting information


Computing details top

Data collection: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.43 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_250K, oDMTTF2NO3_085K; CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.41 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_020K. Cell refinement: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.43 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_250K, oDMTTF2NO3_085K; CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.41 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_020K. Data reduction: CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.43 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_250K, oDMTTF2NO3_085K; CrysAlis PRO 1.171.38.41 (Rigaku OD, 2015) for oDMTTF2NO3_020K. For all structures, program(s) used to solve structure: ShelXT (Sheldrick, 2015); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXL (Sheldrick, 2015); molecular graphics: Mercury3.9 (2016); software used to prepare material for publication: Olex2 (Dolomanov et al., 2009).

(oDMTTF2NO3_250K) top
Crystal data top
2(C8H8S4)·NO3Dx = 1.642 Mg m3
Mr = 526.78Melting point: not measured K
Monoclinic, P21/cCu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
a = 7.0498 (1) ÅCell parameters from 10520 reflections
b = 12.1123 (2) Åθ = 5.1–72.5°
c = 12.7923 (2) ŵ = 7.94 mm1
β = 102.710 (2)°T = 250 K
V = 1065.56 (3) Å3Plate, clear dark brown
Z = 20.20 × 0.15 × 0.03 mm
F(000) = 542
Data collection top
SuperNova, Single source at offset, EosS2
diffractometer
2108 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube, SuperNova (Cu) X-ray Source1998 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.037
Detector resolution: 8.0662 pixels mm-1θmax = 72.6°, θmin = 5.1°
ω scansh = 88
Absorption correction: multi-scan
CrysAlisPro 1.171.38.43 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2015) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 1414
Tmin = 0.435, Tmax = 1.000l = 1515
16535 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Secondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
Least-squares matrix: fullHydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.024H-atom parameters constrained
wR(F2) = 0.067 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0348P)2 + 0.3509P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
S = 1.05(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
2108 reflectionsΔρmax = 0.31 e Å3
145 parametersΔρmin = 0.20 e Å3
6 restraintsExtinction correction: SHELXL-2014/7 (Sheldrick 2014, Fc*=kFc[1+0.001xFc2λ3/sin(2θ)]-1/4
Primary atom site location: dualExtinction coefficient: 0.00152 (18)
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Refinement. SIMU restrain is used for N1 and O3 atom sites. NO3 ion is disordered in a ratio of 0.5 to 0.5 about the inversion center.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
S40.24323 (5)0.64278 (3)0.52172 (3)0.03423 (12)
S10.35616 (5)0.44973 (3)0.70223 (3)0.03578 (12)
S30.18115 (6)0.47504 (3)0.35442 (3)0.03518 (12)
S20.29388 (6)0.28399 (3)0.53041 (3)0.03661 (12)
C10.2911 (2)0.42257 (12)0.56567 (11)0.0298 (3)
C20.3889 (2)0.31228 (15)0.73885 (13)0.0433 (4)
H20.42490.29160.81050.052*
C60.1730 (2)0.68940 (12)0.38949 (13)0.0351 (3)
C80.1536 (3)0.81204 (14)0.37560 (16)0.0486 (4)
H8A0.05980.83910.41360.073*
H8B0.11140.82920.30080.073*
H8C0.27710.84640.40350.073*
C50.1443 (2)0.61208 (13)0.31231 (12)0.0351 (3)
C70.0855 (3)0.62930 (17)0.19369 (13)0.0486 (4)
H7A0.18440.60040.16040.073*
H7B0.06950.70680.17870.073*
H7C0.03500.59180.16600.073*
C40.2446 (2)0.50355 (12)0.49022 (11)0.0302 (3)
C30.3607 (2)0.23718 (14)0.66082 (14)0.0431 (4)
H30.37640.16220.67610.052*
O30.6524 (8)0.0419 (5)0.4802 (9)0.128 (2)0.5
O10.5777 (14)0.0689 (3)0.5566 (4)0.113 (2)0.5
O20.4522 (13)0.0260 (7)0.5778 (3)0.110 (2)0.5
N10.50000.00000.50000.0542 (6)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
S40.0382 (2)0.03008 (19)0.0341 (2)0.00216 (13)0.00720 (15)0.00486 (13)
S10.0369 (2)0.0416 (2)0.02872 (19)0.00089 (14)0.00697 (15)0.00214 (14)
S30.0432 (2)0.0350 (2)0.02752 (19)0.00491 (14)0.00819 (15)0.00422 (13)
S20.0397 (2)0.0308 (2)0.0401 (2)0.00150 (14)0.01031 (16)0.00330 (14)
C10.0290 (7)0.0323 (7)0.0290 (7)0.0020 (5)0.0083 (5)0.0022 (5)
C20.0410 (9)0.0506 (9)0.0379 (8)0.0011 (7)0.0080 (7)0.0123 (7)
C60.0300 (7)0.0352 (8)0.0399 (8)0.0030 (6)0.0075 (6)0.0057 (6)
C80.0456 (9)0.0353 (9)0.0628 (11)0.0027 (7)0.0072 (8)0.0077 (8)
C50.0316 (7)0.0398 (8)0.0339 (7)0.0045 (6)0.0074 (6)0.0054 (6)
C70.0484 (10)0.0620 (11)0.0344 (8)0.0054 (8)0.0070 (7)0.0097 (7)
C40.0313 (7)0.0315 (7)0.0282 (7)0.0030 (5)0.0079 (5)0.0051 (5)
C30.0412 (9)0.0377 (8)0.0510 (9)0.0022 (7)0.0114 (7)0.0110 (7)
O30.105 (4)0.079 (3)0.204 (7)0.001 (3)0.046 (4)0.066 (4)
O10.201 (7)0.058 (2)0.055 (3)0.036 (3)0.028 (3)0.011 (2)
O20.173 (6)0.122 (4)0.036 (2)0.058 (4)0.024 (3)0.003 (2)
N10.0800 (17)0.0374 (11)0.0388 (12)0.0068 (11)0.0010 (11)0.0074 (9)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
S4—C61.7484 (15)C8—H8B0.9600
S4—C41.7343 (14)C8—H8C0.9600
S1—C11.7372 (14)C5—C71.497 (2)
S1—C21.7312 (17)C7—H7A0.9600
S3—C51.7468 (16)C7—H7B0.9600
S3—C41.7307 (14)C7—H7C0.9600
S2—C11.7393 (14)C3—H30.9300
S2—C31.7265 (17)O3—N11.263 (5)
C1—C41.364 (2)O1—N11.160 (4)
C2—H20.9300O2—N11.162 (4)
C2—C31.333 (3)N1—O3i1.263 (5)
C6—C81.499 (2)N1—O1i1.160 (4)
C6—C51.343 (2)N1—O2i1.162 (4)
C8—H8A0.9600
C4—S4—C695.98 (7)C6—C5—S3116.59 (12)
C2—S1—C194.59 (8)C6—C5—C7127.67 (15)
C4—S3—C596.20 (7)C7—C5—S3115.74 (12)
C3—S2—C194.74 (8)C5—C7—H7A109.5
S1—C1—S2115.34 (8)C5—C7—H7B109.5
C4—C1—S1122.98 (11)C5—C7—H7C109.5
C4—C1—S2121.67 (11)H7A—C7—H7B109.5
S1—C2—H2121.2H7A—C7—H7C109.5
C3—C2—S1117.69 (13)H7B—C7—H7C109.5
C3—C2—H2121.2S3—C4—S4114.45 (8)
C8—C6—S4115.71 (13)C1—C4—S4123.19 (11)
C5—C6—S4116.79 (12)C1—C4—S3122.37 (11)
C5—C6—C8127.50 (15)S2—C3—H3121.2
C6—C8—H8A109.5C2—C3—S2117.62 (13)
C6—C8—H8B109.5C2—C3—H3121.2
C6—C8—H8C109.5O3i—N1—O3180.0
H8A—C8—H8B109.5O1—N1—O1i180.0
H8A—C8—H8C109.5O2i—N1—O2180.0
H8B—C8—H8C109.5
Symmetry code: (i) x+1, y, z+1.
(oDMTTF2NO3_085K) top
Crystal data top
2(C8H8S4)·NO3F(000) = 1084
Mr = 526.78A symmetry change with temperature has been identified: from monoclinic crystal system at 250K to triclinic crystal system at 85K. In comparison to 250K data, at 85K, this change is also associated with the appearance of the new satellite reflections with a Q1 vector (0, 1/2, 1/2). Therefore, a cell doubling is applied for final processing.
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.683 Mg m3
a = 6.9201 (2) ÅMelting point: not measured K
b = 17.5521 (3) ÅCu Kα radiation, λ = 1.54184 Å
c = 17.5806 (3) ÅCell parameters from 17553 reflections
α = 86.684 (1)°θ = 5.1–72.5°
β = 80.849 (2)°µ = 8.14 mm1
γ = 80.535 (2)°T = 85 K
V = 2078.40 (8) Å3Plate, clear dark brown
Z = 40.20 × 0.15 × 0.03 mm
Data collection top
SuperNova, Single source at offset, EosS2
diffractometer
8189 independent reflections
Radiation source: micro-focus sealed X-ray tube, SuperNova (Cu) X-ray Source7493 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Mirror monochromatorRint = 0.040
Detector resolution: 8.0662 pixels mm-1θmax = 72.6°, θmin = 3.6°
ω scansh = 88
Absorption correction: analytical
CrysAlisPro 1.171.38.43 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2015) Analytical numeric absorption correction using a multifaceted crystal model based on expressions derived by R.C. Clark & J.S. Reid. (Clark, R. C. & Reid, J. S. (1995). Acta Cryst. A51, 887-897) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 2121
Tmin = 0.333, Tmax = 0.792l = 2121
31944 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: dual
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.042Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.110H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.19 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0348P)2 + 3.6305P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
8189 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
569 parametersΔρmax = 0.58 e Å3
283 restraintsΔρmin = 0.48 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Refinement. Several DFIX, DANG and ISOR restrains have been used for selected N and O atoms of NO3- ions. Disorder model has been applied for two NO3-ions with ratios of 69.6/30.4 and 93.5/6.5 respectively.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/UeqOcc. (<1)
S3C0.24538 (10)0.56309 (4)0.08033 (3)0.01304 (14)
S4C0.18342 (10)0.55666 (4)0.08801 (4)0.01395 (14)
S1C0.29250 (10)0.37124 (4)0.08887 (4)0.01544 (14)
S2C0.35355 (10)0.37557 (4)0.08081 (4)0.01390 (14)
C4C0.2460 (4)0.50576 (15)0.00379 (15)0.0131 (5)
C7C0.1567 (4)0.72197 (16)0.08641 (16)0.0175 (6)
H7CA0.28670.73180.10850.026*
H7CB0.08730.76560.05740.026*
H7CC0.08490.71370.12680.026*
C8C0.0864 (4)0.71478 (17)0.09665 (16)0.0189 (6)
H8CA0.03630.70930.12910.028*
H8CB0.07030.76240.06700.028*
H8CC0.18780.71510.12800.028*
C6C0.1445 (4)0.64873 (15)0.04359 (16)0.0145 (5)
C2C0.3530 (4)0.28365 (16)0.04281 (17)0.0184 (6)
H2C0.36520.23690.07080.022*
C3C0.3810 (4)0.28578 (16)0.03372 (17)0.0179 (6)
H3C0.41430.24060.06120.021*
C5C0.1744 (4)0.65154 (15)0.03411 (16)0.0139 (5)
C1C0.2903 (4)0.42722 (16)0.00354 (15)0.0136 (5)
S4D0.24842 (10)0.08373 (4)0.06149 (4)0.01370 (14)
S1D0.35333 (10)0.08374 (4)0.12559 (4)0.01529 (14)
S3D0.18657 (10)0.08508 (4)0.05568 (4)0.01300 (14)
S2D0.29117 (10)0.08657 (4)0.12936 (4)0.01492 (14)
C3D0.3554 (4)0.04045 (18)0.21673 (16)0.0198 (6)
H3D0.36980.06860.26320.024*
C1D0.2917 (4)0.00108 (15)0.07434 (15)0.0129 (5)
C5D0.1531 (4)0.03973 (16)0.14776 (15)0.0142 (5)
C8D0.1655 (4)0.09084 (17)0.21997 (16)0.0194 (6)
H8DA0.07590.12600.21480.029*
H8DB0.11660.06100.26510.029*
H8DC0.29390.11960.22470.029*
C2D0.3832 (4)0.03639 (18)0.21498 (16)0.0195 (6)
H2D0.41760.06380.26020.023*
C4D0.2483 (4)0.00038 (15)0.00453 (16)0.0134 (5)
C7D0.0982 (4)0.09337 (17)0.21289 (16)0.0187 (6)
H7DA0.20190.12350.21330.028*
H7DB0.07980.06410.26060.028*
H7DC0.02280.12720.20680.028*
C6D0.1813 (4)0.03760 (16)0.14999 (15)0.0140 (5)
S3A0.16905 (10)0.58586 (4)0.56457 (4)0.01518 (14)
S4A0.24226 (10)0.41738 (4)0.56055 (4)0.01418 (14)
S1A0.36064 (10)0.43052 (4)0.37247 (4)0.01530 (14)
S2A0.28650 (10)0.59985 (4)0.38249 (4)0.01588 (14)
C1A0.2874 (4)0.51022 (15)0.43028 (15)0.0132 (5)
C2A0.3901 (4)0.48550 (17)0.28692 (16)0.0189 (6)
H2A0.42800.46210.23960.023*
C4A0.2393 (4)0.50432 (15)0.50872 (15)0.0132 (5)
C6A0.1668 (4)0.45798 (16)0.65152 (16)0.0158 (5)
C8A0.1508 (4)0.40128 (18)0.71846 (17)0.0210 (6)
H8AA0.08130.36140.70690.032*
H8AB0.07980.42740.76340.032*
H8AC0.28120.37870.72790.032*
C7A0.0703 (5)0.58509 (18)0.72255 (16)0.0218 (6)
H7AA0.16950.61660.72560.033*
H7AB0.05480.55270.76830.033*
H7AC0.05350.61760.71790.033*
C5A0.1329 (4)0.53542 (16)0.65326 (16)0.0159 (5)
C3A0.3562 (4)0.56249 (17)0.29158 (16)0.0182 (6)
H3A0.36960.59460.24770.022*
S4B0.18278 (10)0.06175 (4)0.58205 (3)0.01322 (14)
S2B0.35539 (10)0.13330 (4)0.42927 (4)0.01508 (14)
S3B0.24896 (10)0.05536 (4)0.41418 (3)0.01331 (14)
S1B0.28734 (10)0.12187 (4)0.59812 (4)0.01424 (14)
C6B0.1508 (4)0.15016 (15)0.53081 (16)0.0144 (5)
C5B0.1817 (4)0.14768 (15)0.45345 (16)0.0141 (5)
C7B0.1677 (4)0.21353 (17)0.39556 (17)0.0196 (6)
H7BA0.29090.21100.36120.029*
H7BB0.14030.26150.42170.029*
H7BC0.06290.21030.36670.029*
C4B0.2460 (4)0.00458 (16)0.50180 (14)0.0129 (5)
C8B0.0942 (4)0.22036 (16)0.57916 (17)0.0192 (6)
H8BA0.02890.21730.61230.029*
H8BB0.07950.26590.54620.029*
H8BC0.19580.22290.60990.029*
C1B0.2902 (4)0.07425 (16)0.50823 (15)0.0136 (5)
C2B0.3533 (4)0.21367 (16)0.56159 (17)0.0176 (6)
H2B0.36690.25750.59390.021*
C3B0.3838 (4)0.21874 (16)0.48449 (17)0.0190 (6)
H3B0.41900.26640.46140.023*
O3B0.619 (4)0.284 (2)0.7482 (19)0.039 (6)0.065 (4)
O2B0.437 (7)0.227 (2)0.6834 (15)0.043 (6)0.065 (4)
O1A0.3395 (4)0.20946 (16)0.74850 (19)0.0424 (8)0.935 (4)
O2A0.5775 (5)0.25612 (15)0.67855 (14)0.0441 (9)0.935 (4)
O1B0.358 (4)0.2360 (19)0.7981 (12)0.031 (6)0.065 (4)
O3A0.5272 (5)0.27093 (16)0.80078 (15)0.0388 (7)0.935 (4)
N1A0.4828 (4)0.24581 (14)0.74293 (14)0.0245 (6)
O1C0.3690 (17)0.2508 (9)0.2101 (4)0.039 (2)0.70 (3)
O3C0.632 (2)0.1984 (7)0.2572 (7)0.048 (3)0.70 (3)
O1D0.420 (3)0.2220 (13)0.2094 (9)0.030 (3)0.30 (3)
O2D0.488 (4)0.3253 (6)0.2520 (16)0.035 (4)0.30 (3)
O2C0.539 (2)0.3199 (5)0.2622 (8)0.043 (2)0.70 (3)
O3D0.668 (4)0.2167 (18)0.2660 (18)0.047 (5)0.30 (3)
N1B0.5170 (4)0.25643 (14)0.24333 (14)0.0234 (6)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
S3C0.0167 (3)0.0119 (3)0.0112 (3)0.0031 (2)0.0034 (2)0.0001 (2)
S4C0.0188 (3)0.0128 (3)0.0115 (3)0.0048 (2)0.0033 (2)0.0013 (2)
S1C0.0175 (3)0.0151 (3)0.0147 (3)0.0045 (3)0.0045 (2)0.0023 (2)
S2C0.0164 (3)0.0117 (3)0.0145 (3)0.0031 (2)0.0034 (2)0.0021 (2)
C4C0.0147 (13)0.0139 (13)0.0122 (11)0.0044 (10)0.0045 (10)0.0001 (10)
C7C0.0179 (14)0.0157 (13)0.0191 (13)0.0033 (11)0.0036 (11)0.0023 (11)
C8C0.0211 (15)0.0171 (14)0.0198 (13)0.0062 (11)0.0025 (11)0.0039 (11)
C6C0.0134 (13)0.0120 (12)0.0192 (13)0.0040 (10)0.0032 (10)0.0010 (10)
C2C0.0173 (14)0.0149 (13)0.0239 (14)0.0048 (11)0.0055 (11)0.0042 (11)
C3C0.0179 (14)0.0119 (13)0.0250 (14)0.0039 (11)0.0054 (11)0.0008 (11)
C5C0.0130 (13)0.0111 (12)0.0187 (13)0.0035 (10)0.0038 (10)0.0005 (10)
C1C0.0149 (13)0.0148 (13)0.0124 (12)0.0040 (10)0.0042 (10)0.0002 (10)
S4D0.0167 (3)0.0094 (3)0.0158 (3)0.0023 (2)0.0047 (2)0.0002 (2)
S1D0.0165 (3)0.0136 (3)0.0170 (3)0.0032 (2)0.0033 (2)0.0065 (2)
S3D0.0174 (3)0.0088 (3)0.0137 (3)0.0017 (2)0.0045 (2)0.0026 (2)
S2D0.0172 (3)0.0138 (3)0.0149 (3)0.0038 (2)0.0052 (2)0.0011 (2)
C3D0.0202 (14)0.0285 (15)0.0122 (12)0.0060 (12)0.0042 (11)0.0015 (11)
C1D0.0134 (13)0.0099 (12)0.0162 (12)0.0018 (10)0.0045 (10)0.0013 (10)
C5D0.0137 (13)0.0179 (13)0.0125 (12)0.0031 (10)0.0056 (10)0.0014 (10)
C8D0.0202 (15)0.0220 (15)0.0160 (13)0.0029 (12)0.0051 (11)0.0044 (11)
C2D0.0190 (14)0.0287 (15)0.0123 (12)0.0045 (12)0.0042 (10)0.0048 (11)
C4D0.0144 (13)0.0105 (12)0.0172 (13)0.0037 (10)0.0059 (10)0.0010 (10)
C7D0.0191 (14)0.0200 (14)0.0178 (13)0.0019 (11)0.0049 (11)0.0045 (11)
C6D0.0129 (13)0.0167 (13)0.0128 (12)0.0022 (10)0.0033 (10)0.0006 (10)
S3A0.0196 (3)0.0104 (3)0.0171 (3)0.0024 (2)0.0066 (2)0.0021 (2)
S4A0.0160 (3)0.0104 (3)0.0168 (3)0.0025 (2)0.0043 (2)0.0002 (2)
S1A0.0162 (3)0.0132 (3)0.0172 (3)0.0020 (2)0.0042 (2)0.0034 (2)
S2A0.0176 (3)0.0118 (3)0.0193 (3)0.0034 (2)0.0053 (3)0.0014 (2)
C1A0.0131 (13)0.0128 (12)0.0164 (12)0.0051 (10)0.0063 (10)0.0013 (10)
C2A0.0158 (14)0.0243 (15)0.0158 (13)0.0005 (11)0.0017 (10)0.0030 (11)
C4A0.0154 (13)0.0096 (12)0.0163 (12)0.0024 (10)0.0070 (10)0.0009 (10)
C6A0.0147 (13)0.0174 (13)0.0169 (13)0.0033 (10)0.0057 (10)0.0019 (11)
C8A0.0183 (14)0.0229 (15)0.0212 (14)0.0010 (12)0.0053 (11)0.0037 (12)
C7A0.0258 (16)0.0239 (15)0.0167 (13)0.0020 (12)0.0055 (12)0.0077 (12)
C5A0.0138 (13)0.0187 (13)0.0167 (12)0.0022 (10)0.0070 (10)0.0009 (11)
C3A0.0166 (14)0.0227 (14)0.0154 (12)0.0035 (11)0.0030 (10)0.0003 (11)
S4B0.0176 (3)0.0123 (3)0.0108 (3)0.0041 (2)0.0028 (2)0.0026 (2)
S2B0.0158 (3)0.0146 (3)0.0158 (3)0.0031 (2)0.0029 (2)0.0052 (2)
S3B0.0162 (3)0.0139 (3)0.0107 (3)0.0038 (2)0.0033 (2)0.0006 (2)
S1B0.0165 (3)0.0128 (3)0.0144 (3)0.0037 (2)0.0042 (2)0.0007 (2)
C6B0.0135 (13)0.0122 (12)0.0186 (13)0.0037 (10)0.0031 (10)0.0016 (10)
C5B0.0126 (13)0.0123 (12)0.0182 (13)0.0034 (10)0.0033 (10)0.0003 (10)
C7B0.0179 (14)0.0191 (14)0.0221 (14)0.0044 (11)0.0042 (11)0.0045 (11)
C4B0.0143 (13)0.0155 (13)0.0103 (11)0.0041 (10)0.0031 (10)0.0028 (10)
C8B0.0208 (15)0.0127 (13)0.0250 (14)0.0042 (11)0.0029 (11)0.0061 (11)
C1B0.0124 (12)0.0156 (13)0.0150 (12)0.0052 (10)0.0058 (10)0.0001 (10)
C2B0.0172 (14)0.0123 (13)0.0241 (14)0.0031 (10)0.0054 (11)0.0003 (11)
C3B0.0161 (14)0.0137 (13)0.0285 (15)0.0030 (11)0.0049 (11)0.0051 (11)
O3B0.055 (11)0.025 (10)0.043 (11)0.014 (10)0.022 (10)0.008 (10)
O2B0.060 (11)0.028 (10)0.038 (10)0.003 (10)0.004 (10)0.011 (10)
O1A0.0447 (17)0.0289 (14)0.057 (2)0.0141 (13)0.0148 (14)0.0120 (13)
O2A0.083 (2)0.0224 (13)0.0198 (12)0.0114 (14)0.0184 (13)0.0047 (10)
O1B0.049 (11)0.021 (10)0.023 (10)0.004 (9)0.003 (10)0.007 (9)
O3A0.0558 (19)0.0328 (15)0.0281 (14)0.0076 (13)0.0178 (13)0.0144 (11)
N1A0.0360 (16)0.0172 (12)0.0190 (12)0.0000 (11)0.0043 (11)0.0022 (10)
O1C0.051 (4)0.051 (5)0.024 (2)0.027 (4)0.016 (2)0.010 (3)
O3C0.068 (6)0.033 (4)0.029 (3)0.023 (3)0.004 (3)0.005 (3)
O1D0.039 (5)0.027 (5)0.029 (4)0.017 (4)0.001 (3)0.015 (3)
O2D0.050 (8)0.015 (5)0.034 (6)0.008 (4)0.001 (6)0.007 (4)
O2C0.055 (5)0.027 (3)0.048 (4)0.013 (3)0.004 (4)0.023 (3)
O3D0.045 (7)0.051 (10)0.034 (8)0.013 (7)0.001 (5)0.025 (7)
N1B0.0337 (15)0.0188 (13)0.0160 (11)0.0032 (11)0.0006 (10)0.0007 (10)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
S3C—C4C1.740 (3)S2A—C1A1.740 (3)
S3C—C5C1.755 (3)S2A—C3A1.729 (3)
S4C—C4C1.732 (3)C1A—C4A1.368 (4)
S4C—C6C1.753 (3)C2A—H2A0.9300
S1C—C2C1.737 (3)C2A—C3A1.338 (4)
S1C—C1C1.746 (3)C6A—C8A1.499 (4)
S2C—C3C1.734 (3)C6A—C5A1.342 (4)
S2C—C1C1.741 (3)C8A—H8AA0.9600
C4C—C1C1.362 (4)C8A—H8AB0.9600
C7C—H7CA0.9600C8A—H8AC0.9600
C7C—H7CB0.9600C7A—H7AA0.9600
C7C—H7CC0.9600C7A—H7AB0.9600
C7C—C5C1.498 (4)C7A—H7AC0.9600
C8C—H8CA0.9600C7A—C5A1.504 (4)
C8C—H8CB0.9600C3A—H3A0.9300
C8C—H8CC0.9600S4B—C6B1.748 (3)
C8C—C6C1.493 (4)S4B—C4B1.735 (3)
C6C—C5C1.348 (4)S2B—C1B1.737 (3)
C2C—H2C0.9300S2B—C3B1.739 (3)
C2C—C3C1.328 (4)S3B—C5B1.760 (3)
C3C—H3C0.9300S3B—C4B1.734 (3)
S4D—C4D1.735 (3)S1B—C1B1.743 (3)
S4D—C6D1.756 (3)S1B—C2B1.732 (3)
S1D—C1D1.742 (3)C6B—C5B1.345 (4)
S1D—C2D1.734 (3)C6B—C8B1.500 (4)
S3D—C5D1.761 (3)C5B—C7B1.497 (4)
S3D—C4D1.739 (3)C7B—H7BA0.9600
S2D—C3D1.738 (3)C7B—H7BB0.9600
S2D—C1D1.738 (3)C7B—H7BC0.9600
C3D—H3D0.9300C4B—C1B1.369 (4)
C3D—C2D1.330 (4)C8B—H8BA0.9600
C1D—C4D1.371 (4)C8B—H8BB0.9600
C5D—C7D1.487 (4)C8B—H8BC0.9600
C5D—C6D1.338 (4)C2B—H2B0.9300
C8D—H8DA0.9600C2B—C3B1.344 (4)
C8D—H8DB0.9600C3B—H3B0.9300
C8D—H8DC0.9600O3B—N1A1.259 (10)
C8D—C6D1.502 (4)O2B—N1A1.218 (10)
C2D—H2D0.9300O1A—N1A1.253 (4)
C7D—H7DA0.9600O2A—N1A1.234 (4)
C7D—H7DB0.9600O1B—N1A1.217 (5)
C7D—H7DC0.9600O3A—N1A1.233 (3)
S3A—C4A1.741 (3)O1C—N1B1.276 (6)
S3A—C5A1.751 (3)O3C—N1B1.222 (12)
S4A—C4A1.730 (3)O1D—N1B1.215 (8)
S4A—C6A1.756 (3)O2D—N1B1.207 (10)
S1A—C1A1.736 (3)O2C—N1B1.219 (7)
S1A—C2A1.742 (3)O3D—N1B1.26 (3)
C4C—S3C—C5C95.82 (13)C4A—C1A—S2A121.2 (2)
C4C—S4C—C6C96.39 (13)S1A—C2A—H2A121.1
C2C—S1C—C1C94.57 (13)C3A—C2A—S1A117.8 (2)
C3C—S2C—C1C94.70 (13)C3A—C2A—H2A121.1
S4C—C4C—S3C114.52 (15)S4A—C4A—S3A114.53 (15)
C1C—C4C—S3C122.8 (2)C1A—C4A—S3A121.6 (2)
C1C—C4C—S4C122.7 (2)C1A—C4A—S4A123.9 (2)
H7CA—C7C—H7CB109.5C8A—C6A—S4A115.5 (2)
H7CA—C7C—H7CC109.5C5A—C6A—S4A116.8 (2)
H7CB—C7C—H7CC109.5C5A—C6A—C8A127.7 (3)
C5C—C7C—H7CA109.5C6A—C8A—H8AA109.5
C5C—C7C—H7CB109.5C6A—C8A—H8AB109.5
C5C—C7C—H7CC109.5C6A—C8A—H8AC109.5
H8CA—C8C—H8CB109.5H8AA—C8A—H8AB109.5
H8CA—C8C—H8CC109.5H8AA—C8A—H8AC109.5
H8CB—C8C—H8CC109.5H8AB—C8A—H8AC109.5
C6C—C8C—H8CA109.5H7AA—C7A—H7AB109.5
C6C—C8C—H8CB109.5H7AA—C7A—H7AC109.5
C6C—C8C—H8CC109.5H7AB—C7A—H7AC109.5
C8C—C6C—S4C115.8 (2)C5A—C7A—H7AA109.5
C5C—C6C—S4C116.3 (2)C5A—C7A—H7AB109.5
C5C—C6C—C8C127.9 (3)C5A—C7A—H7AC109.5
S1C—C2C—H2C121.2C6A—C5A—S3A116.7 (2)
C3C—C2C—S1C117.6 (2)C6A—C5A—C7A128.0 (3)
C3C—C2C—H2C121.2C7A—C5A—S3A115.2 (2)
S2C—C3C—H3C121.1S2A—C3A—H3A121.4
C2C—C3C—S2C117.9 (2)C2A—C3A—S2A117.3 (2)
C2C—C3C—H3C121.1C2A—C3A—H3A121.4
C7C—C5C—S3C115.5 (2)C4B—S4B—C6B96.10 (13)
C6C—C5C—S3C117.0 (2)C1B—S2B—C3B94.53 (13)
C6C—C5C—C7C127.5 (3)C4B—S3B—C5B95.94 (13)
S2C—C1C—S1C115.19 (15)C2B—S1B—C1B95.05 (13)
C4C—C1C—S1C121.8 (2)C5B—C6B—S4B116.9 (2)
C4C—C1C—S2C123.0 (2)C5B—C6B—C8B127.7 (3)
C4D—S4D—C6D95.94 (13)C8B—C6B—S4B115.4 (2)
C2D—S1D—C1D94.37 (13)C6B—C5B—S3B116.4 (2)
C4D—S3D—C5D96.09 (13)C6B—C5B—C7B128.5 (3)
C1D—S2D—C3D94.26 (14)C7B—C5B—S3B115.1 (2)
S2D—C3D—H3D121.1C5B—C7B—H7BA109.5
C2D—C3D—S2D117.8 (2)C5B—C7B—H7BB109.5
C2D—C3D—H3D121.1C5B—C7B—H7BC109.5
S2D—C1D—S1D115.81 (15)H7BA—C7B—H7BB109.5
C4D—C1D—S1D122.1 (2)H7BA—C7B—H7BC109.5
C4D—C1D—S2D122.1 (2)H7BB—C7B—H7BC109.5
C7D—C5D—S3D114.9 (2)S3B—C4B—S4B114.63 (15)
C6D—C5D—S3D116.3 (2)C1B—C4B—S4B122.0 (2)
C6D—C5D—C7D128.8 (3)C1B—C4B—S3B123.4 (2)
H8DA—C8D—H8DB109.5C6B—C8B—H8BA109.5
H8DA—C8D—H8DC109.5C6B—C8B—H8BB109.5
H8DB—C8D—H8DC109.5C6B—C8B—H8BC109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DA109.5H8BA—C8B—H8BB109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DB109.5H8BA—C8B—H8BC109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DC109.5H8BB—C8B—H8BC109.5
S1D—C2D—H2D121.1S2B—C1B—S1B115.52 (15)
C3D—C2D—S1D117.7 (2)C4B—C1B—S2B123.3 (2)
C3D—C2D—H2D121.1C4B—C1B—S1B121.2 (2)
S4D—C4D—S3D114.46 (15)S1B—C2B—H2B121.5
C1D—C4D—S4D123.5 (2)C3B—C2B—S1B117.0 (2)
C1D—C4D—S3D122.1 (2)C3B—C2B—H2B121.5
C5D—C7D—H7DA109.5S2B—C3B—H3B121.1
C5D—C7D—H7DB109.5C2B—C3B—S2B117.9 (2)
C5D—C7D—H7DC109.5C2B—C3B—H3B121.1
H7DA—C7D—H7DB109.5O2B—N1A—O3B126 (3)
H7DA—C7D—H7DC109.5O2A—N1A—O1A118.7 (3)
H7DB—C7D—H7DC109.5O1B—N1A—O3B121.2 (12)
C5D—C6D—S4D117.2 (2)O1B—N1A—O2B111 (3)
C5D—C6D—C8D127.7 (2)O3A—N1A—O1A120.4 (3)
C8D—C6D—S4D115.1 (2)O3A—N1A—O2A120.9 (3)
C4A—S3A—C5A95.96 (13)O3C—N1B—O1C119.8 (6)
C4A—S4A—C6A96.02 (13)O1D—N1B—O3D116.2 (12)
C1A—S1A—C2A94.30 (13)O2D—N1B—O1D125.3 (12)
C3A—S2A—C1A94.91 (13)O2D—N1B—O3D118.3 (15)
S1A—C1A—S2A115.68 (15)O2C—N1B—O1C118.9 (6)
C4A—C1A—S1A123.1 (2)O2C—N1B—O3C121.2 (7)
(oDMTTF2NO3_020K) top
Crystal data top
2(C8H8S4)·NO3F(000) = 2168
Mr = 526.78For this system, a first symmetry change from monoclinic crystal system (at 250K) to triclinic crystal system (at 85K) has been identified. This change has been associated with the appearance of the new satellite reflections with a Q1 vector (0, 1/2, 1/2). A second symmetry beak appears below 70K. With respect to the triclinic cell of 85K data, at 20K new satellite reflections appear along a-direction, with a Q2 vector (1/2, 0, 0). Therefore, cell doubling along a is applied for final processing of 20K data.
Triclinic, P1Dx = 1.708 Mg m3
a = 13.7401 (5) ÅMelting point: not measured K
b = 17.4938 (6) ÅMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
c = 17.5169 (5) ÅCell parameters from 11403 reflections
α = 86.488 (2)°θ = 3.6–35.3°
β = 80.917 (3)°µ = 0.89 mm1
γ = 80.445 (3)°T = 20 K
V = 4097.3 (2) Å3Plate, clear dark brown
Z = 80.31 × 0.14 × 0.07 mm
Data collection top
Xcalibur, Sapphire3
diffractometer
17851 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed X-ray tube, Enhance (Mo) X-ray Source10365 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Graphite monochromatorRint = 0.043
Detector resolution: 16.1852 pixels mm-1θmax = 27.0°, θmin = 3.1°
ω scansh = 1717
Absorption correction: analytical
CrysAlisPro 1.171.38.41 (Rigaku Oxford Diffraction, 2015) Analytical numeric absorption correction using a multifaceted crystal model based on expressions derived by R.C. Clark & J.S. Reid. (Clark, R. C. & Reid, J. S. (1995). Acta Cryst. A51, 887-897) Empirical absorption correction using spherical harmonics, implemented in SCALE3 ABSPACK scaling algorithm.
k = 2222
Tmin = 0.816, Tmax = 0.946l = 2222
38892 measured reflections
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: dual
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.048Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.152H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.03 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0487P)2 + 1.6705P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
17851 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
1025 parametersΔρmax = 0.68 e Å3
132 restraintsΔρmin = 0.89 e Å3
Special details top

Geometry. All esds (except the esd in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell esds are taken into account individually in the estimation of esds in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between esds in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell esds is used for estimating esds involving l.s. planes.

Refinement. Refined as a 2-component twin: 66.15 (13)% and 33.85 (13)%. TWIN matrix (-1 0 0, 0 0 -1, 0 -1 0). Several ISOR restrains have been used for selected C and O atoms.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
S4E0.37785 (11)0.43506 (8)0.08074 (7)0.0077 (3)
S2E0.35480 (11)0.62931 (8)0.08698 (7)0.0081 (3)
S3E0.40781 (11)0.44339 (8)0.08758 (7)0.0080 (3)
S1E0.32540 (11)0.62263 (8)0.08277 (7)0.0079 (3)
C7E0.4547 (4)0.2854 (3)0.0972 (3)0.0111 (12)
H7EA0.40220.28630.12930.017*
H7EB0.46230.23610.06720.017*
H7EC0.51790.29050.13050.017*
C2E0.3126 (4)0.7135 (3)0.0368 (3)0.0093 (11)
H2E0.29640.75970.06510.011*
C8E0.4214 (4)0.2755 (3)0.0853 (3)0.0108 (12)
H8EA0.46410.28070.12380.016*
H8EB0.45070.23050.05400.016*
H8EC0.35490.26820.11160.016*
C6E0.4127 (4)0.3470 (3)0.0342 (3)0.0087 (11)
C4E0.3779 (4)0.4931 (3)0.0029 (3)0.0080 (11)
C5E0.4273 (4)0.3504 (3)0.0439 (3)0.0066 (10)
C1E0.3562 (4)0.5726 (3)0.0019 (3)0.0081 (11)
C3E0.3267 (4)0.7153 (3)0.0411 (3)0.0094 (11)
H3E0.32100.76320.06980.011*
S2D0.35798 (11)0.12020 (8)0.40216 (7)0.0086 (3)
S4D0.37588 (11)0.05570 (8)0.58797 (7)0.0080 (3)
S3D0.40875 (11)0.06358 (8)0.42024 (7)0.0074 (3)
S1D0.32364 (11)0.13304 (8)0.57080 (8)0.0090 (3)
C4D0.3773 (4)0.0050 (3)0.4996 (3)0.0054 (10)
C5D0.4231 (4)0.1523 (3)0.4727 (3)0.0092 (11)
C2D0.3105 (4)0.2181 (3)0.5145 (3)0.0077 (10)
H2D0.29380.26730.53760.009*
C1D0.3556 (4)0.0734 (3)0.4922 (3)0.0079 (11)
C8D0.4147 (4)0.2136 (3)0.6081 (3)0.0118 (12)
H8DA0.47150.21260.63540.018*
H8DB0.42380.26290.58200.018*
H8DC0.35300.20850.64530.018*
C7D0.4520 (4)0.2223 (3)0.4245 (3)0.0137 (12)
H7DA0.40150.22360.39110.021*
H7DB0.45650.26910.45840.021*
H7DC0.51690.22010.39260.021*
C3D0.3245 (4)0.2126 (3)0.4380 (3)0.0092 (11)
H3D0.31650.25720.40460.011*
C6D0.4086 (4)0.1488 (3)0.5503 (3)0.0081 (11)
S1B0.35688 (11)0.39652 (8)0.61754 (7)0.0088 (3)
S3B0.37736 (11)0.58189 (8)0.44101 (7)0.0082 (3)
S4B0.41573 (11)0.41267 (8)0.43590 (7)0.0083 (3)
S2B0.31759 (11)0.56606 (8)0.62971 (7)0.0091 (3)
C7B0.4248 (4)0.5987 (3)0.2828 (3)0.0118 (12)
H7BA0.35930.61480.26640.018*
H7BB0.47200.57470.23980.018*
H7BC0.44890.64420.29850.018*
C1B0.3547 (4)0.4873 (3)0.5710 (3)0.0067 (11)
C5B0.4160 (4)0.5413 (3)0.3500 (3)0.0068 (11)
C8B0.4670 (4)0.4162 (3)0.2783 (3)0.0096 (11)
H8BA0.53040.38260.28320.014*
H8BB0.47570.45040.23210.014*
H8BC0.41620.38420.27350.014*
C3B0.3038 (4)0.5097 (3)0.7146 (3)0.0099 (11)
H3B0.28470.53280.76350.012*
C4B0.3795 (4)0.4936 (3)0.4921 (3)0.0092 (11)
C6B0.4349 (4)0.4633 (3)0.3472 (3)0.0090 (11)
C2B0.3210 (4)0.4326 (3)0.7086 (3)0.0081 (11)
H2B0.31370.39900.75310.010*
S3A0.09430 (11)0.55414 (8)1.08965 (7)0.0076 (3)
S4A0.12438 (11)0.56210 (8)0.92119 (7)0.0083 (3)
S1A0.17659 (11)0.37407 (8)0.91986 (8)0.0078 (3)
S2A0.14699 (11)0.36857 (8)1.09008 (7)0.0077 (3)
C5A0.0736 (4)0.6465 (3)1.0449 (3)0.0101 (11)
C3A0.1756 (4)0.2806 (3)1.0437 (3)0.0091 (11)
H3A0.18080.23261.07240.011*
C2A0.1899 (4)0.2831 (3)0.9671 (3)0.0093 (11)
H2A0.20680.23690.93880.011*
C1A0.1459 (4)0.4250 (3)1.0046 (3)0.0091 (11)
C7A0.0440 (4)0.7131 (3)1.0994 (3)0.0120 (12)
H7AA0.01840.70671.13310.018*
H7AB0.03460.76211.06930.018*
H7AC0.09670.71341.13100.018*
C4A0.1249 (4)0.5029 (3)1.0051 (3)0.0062 (11)
C8A0.0791 (4)0.7217 (3)0.9163 (3)0.0099 (11)
H8AA0.14590.73100.89280.015*
H8AB0.04530.76610.94690.015*
H8AC0.04030.71480.87550.015*
C6A0.0880 (4)0.6499 (3)0.9677 (3)0.0110 (12)
S2C0.17548 (11)0.08746 (8)0.87794 (7)0.0092 (3)
S1C0.14404 (11)0.08317 (8)0.87041 (7)0.0089 (3)
S3C0.12362 (11)0.08482 (8)1.06419 (7)0.0083 (3)
S4C0.09268 (11)0.08421 (8)1.05581 (7)0.0080 (3)
C8C0.0497 (4)0.0951 (3)1.2130 (3)0.0121 (12)
H8CA0.10500.12361.21440.018*
H8CB0.03670.06591.26210.018*
H8CC0.01020.13171.20490.018*
C5C0.0907 (4)0.0377 (3)1.1518 (3)0.0114 (12)
C6C0.0768 (4)0.0400 (3)1.1481 (3)0.0080 (11)
C1C0.1444 (4)0.0015 (3)0.9275 (3)0.0086 (11)
C2C0.1756 (4)0.0356 (3)0.7843 (3)0.0123 (11)
H2C0.18280.06380.73620.015*
C7C0.0834 (4)0.0901 (3)1.2225 (3)0.0121 (12)
H7CA0.03790.12661.21790.018*
H7CB0.05800.05911.26830.018*
H7CC0.14970.11901.22770.018*
C4C0.1237 (4)0.0011 (3)1.0062 (3)0.0081 (11)
C3C0.1898 (4)0.0423 (3)0.7872 (3)0.0107 (11)
H3C0.20680.07120.74150.013*
S1G0.35402 (11)0.91353 (8)0.13225 (7)0.0094 (3)
S2G0.32232 (11)1.08446 (8)0.12685 (7)0.0092 (3)
S4G0.40550 (11)0.91385 (8)0.05282 (7)0.0083 (3)
S3G0.37357 (11)1.08335 (8)0.06055 (7)0.0085 (3)
C2G0.3205 (4)0.9605 (3)0.2197 (3)0.0125 (12)
H2G0.31190.93220.26760.015*
C1G0.3537 (4)0.9992 (3)0.0760 (3)0.0064 (11)
C5G0.4084 (4)1.0362 (3)0.1484 (3)0.0070 (11)
C8G0.4504 (4)0.9037 (3)0.2102 (3)0.0087 (11)
H8GA0.51520.87200.20580.013*
H8GB0.45460.93340.25950.013*
H8GC0.39970.86990.20780.013*
C3G0.3076 (4)1.0379 (3)0.2164 (3)0.0115 (11)
H3G0.29071.06650.26230.014*
C7G0.4152 (4)1.0890 (3)0.2197 (3)0.0106 (12)
H7GA0.40151.14310.20440.016*
H7GB0.48251.07820.24930.016*
H7GC0.36621.08000.25180.016*
C4G0.3750 (4)0.9994 (3)0.0030 (3)0.0090 (11)
C6G0.4222 (4)0.9582 (3)0.1452 (3)0.0073 (11)
S4F0.08184 (11)0.58452 (8)0.56722 (7)0.0090 (3)
S1F0.14112 (11)0.60011 (8)0.38576 (7)0.0087 (3)
S3F0.12007 (11)0.41585 (8)0.56237 (7)0.0082 (3)
S2F0.17937 (11)0.43096 (8)0.37453 (7)0.0081 (3)
C5F0.0825 (4)0.4557 (3)0.6537 (3)0.0091 (11)
C6F0.0641 (4)0.5332 (3)0.6557 (3)0.0086 (11)
C3F0.1942 (4)0.4869 (3)0.2898 (3)0.0112 (12)
H3F0.21450.46320.24120.013*
C4F0.1165 (4)0.5038 (3)0.5117 (3)0.0095 (11)
C2F0.1762 (4)0.5644 (3)0.2942 (3)0.0110 (11)
H2F0.18250.59770.24940.013*
C7F0.0759 (4)0.3974 (3)0.7202 (3)0.0112 (12)
H7FA0.04830.35320.70540.017*
H7FB0.03240.42160.76500.017*
H7FC0.14270.37930.73360.017*
C1F0.1425 (4)0.5100 (3)0.4321 (3)0.0078 (11)
C8F0.0336 (5)0.5823 (3)0.7251 (3)0.0117 (12)
H8FA0.08660.61220.72980.018*
H8FB0.02240.54890.77160.018*
H8FC0.02810.61790.71940.018*
S3H0.09300 (11)1.06030 (8)0.58254 (7)0.0085 (3)
S4H0.12623 (11)1.05278 (8)0.41458 (7)0.0087 (3)
S1H0.17851 (11)0.86370 (8)0.43142 (8)0.0084 (3)
S2H0.14451 (11)0.87626 (8)0.60056 (7)0.0083 (3)
C4H0.1253 (4)1.0027 (3)0.5035 (3)0.0076 (11)
C5H0.0767 (4)1.1489 (3)0.5302 (3)0.0098 (12)
C8H0.0854 (4)1.2112 (3)0.3945 (3)0.0103 (11)
H8HA0.14981.21040.36090.015*
H8HB0.06741.26030.42120.015*
H8HC0.03401.20600.36310.015*
C3H0.1772 (4)0.7848 (3)0.5642 (3)0.0088 (11)
H3H0.18360.74020.59790.011*
C2H0.1935 (4)0.7780 (3)0.4873 (3)0.0103 (11)
H2H0.21220.72890.46450.012*
C6H0.0930 (4)1.1454 (3)0.4527 (3)0.0107 (12)
C7H0.0485 (4)1.2196 (3)0.5774 (3)0.0086 (11)
H7HA0.01591.21770.61010.013*
H7HB0.04331.26590.54300.013*
H7HC0.09961.22150.61010.013*
C1H0.1464 (4)0.9243 (3)0.5103 (3)0.0109 (12)
O2D0.3307 (3)0.7897 (2)0.2542 (2)0.0186 (9)
O3D0.2100 (3)0.7412 (2)0.32418 (19)0.0173 (8)
O1D0.2368 (3)0.7272 (2)0.2013 (2)0.0167 (8)
N1D0.2593 (4)0.7531 (2)0.2600 (2)0.0111 (10)
O3B0.1680 (3)0.2044 (2)0.7459 (2)0.0180 (9)
O1B0.2590 (3)0.2663 (2)0.80238 (19)0.0148 (8)
O2B0.2911 (3)0.2526 (2)0.67846 (19)0.0187 (9)
N1B0.2399 (3)0.2404 (3)0.7422 (2)0.0114 (10)
O2A0.1719 (3)0.7927 (2)0.7424 (2)0.0218 (9)
O3A0.2376 (3)0.6719 (2)0.7476 (2)0.0193 (9)
O1A0.3053 (3)0.7585 (2)0.7948 (2)0.0214 (9)
N0AA0.2381 (4)0.7406 (3)0.7614 (2)0.0116 (10)
O3C0.2655 (3)0.3241 (2)0.2608 (2)0.0190 (9)
O1C0.1932 (3)0.2435 (2)0.2103 (2)0.0210 (9)
O2C0.3264 (3)0.2021 (2)0.2609 (2)0.0221 (9)
N1C0.2618 (4)0.2569 (3)0.2444 (2)0.0107 (10)
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
S4E0.0115 (7)0.0054 (7)0.0064 (6)0.0018 (6)0.0019 (5)0.0002 (5)
S2E0.0115 (7)0.0072 (6)0.0060 (6)0.0022 (5)0.0023 (5)0.0001 (5)
S3E0.0117 (7)0.0067 (7)0.0064 (6)0.0030 (6)0.0020 (5)0.0001 (5)
S1E0.0101 (7)0.0081 (7)0.0061 (6)0.0024 (5)0.0013 (5)0.0005 (5)
C7E0.010 (3)0.017 (3)0.006 (2)0.003 (2)0.003 (2)0.006 (2)
C2E0.015 (3)0.005 (2)0.009 (2)0.003 (2)0.002 (2)0.0006 (19)
C8E0.015 (3)0.013 (3)0.005 (2)0.002 (2)0.003 (2)0.002 (2)
C6E0.007 (3)0.007 (3)0.013 (3)0.001 (2)0.004 (2)0.003 (2)
C4E0.009 (3)0.010 (3)0.006 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)0.0029 (19)
C5E0.0061 (13)0.0066 (13)0.0069 (13)0.0010 (9)0.0010 (9)0.0002 (9)
C1E0.0083 (14)0.0086 (14)0.0079 (13)0.0029 (9)0.0012 (9)0.0002 (9)
C3E0.0098 (14)0.0087 (13)0.0100 (13)0.0019 (9)0.0020 (9)0.0002 (9)
S2D0.0123 (7)0.0073 (6)0.0066 (6)0.0021 (6)0.0024 (5)0.0004 (5)
S4D0.0124 (7)0.0069 (6)0.0055 (6)0.0024 (6)0.0023 (5)0.0005 (5)
S3D0.0108 (7)0.0057 (6)0.0058 (6)0.0019 (5)0.0009 (5)0.0011 (5)
S1D0.0120 (7)0.0078 (6)0.0077 (6)0.0019 (5)0.0023 (5)0.0017 (5)
C4D0.007 (3)0.005 (2)0.005 (2)0.001 (2)0.0033 (19)0.0003 (18)
C5D0.007 (3)0.008 (3)0.013 (3)0.000 (2)0.000 (2)0.000 (2)
C2D0.0083 (13)0.0068 (13)0.0083 (13)0.0010 (9)0.0019 (9)0.0005 (9)
C1D0.007 (3)0.007 (3)0.011 (2)0.002 (2)0.001 (2)0.002 (2)
C8D0.013 (3)0.011 (3)0.012 (3)0.004 (2)0.003 (2)0.001 (2)
C7D0.016 (3)0.014 (3)0.012 (3)0.003 (2)0.001 (2)0.001 (2)
C3D0.0094 (14)0.0087 (13)0.0099 (13)0.0020 (9)0.0019 (9)0.0008 (9)
C6D0.008 (3)0.005 (3)0.011 (2)0.001 (2)0.003 (2)0.002 (2)
S1B0.0132 (7)0.0057 (6)0.0081 (6)0.0028 (5)0.0021 (5)0.0001 (5)
S3B0.0124 (7)0.0054 (6)0.0077 (6)0.0027 (6)0.0031 (5)0.0015 (5)
S4B0.0127 (7)0.0056 (6)0.0069 (6)0.0016 (5)0.0022 (5)0.0008 (5)
S2B0.0136 (7)0.0053 (6)0.0089 (6)0.0019 (6)0.0023 (5)0.0009 (5)
C7B0.022 (3)0.010 (3)0.005 (2)0.005 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)
C1B0.007 (3)0.004 (2)0.010 (2)0.000 (2)0.004 (2)0.0014 (19)
C5B0.007 (3)0.003 (2)0.009 (2)0.001 (2)0.001 (2)0.0008 (19)
C8B0.011 (3)0.007 (3)0.010 (2)0.000 (2)0.001 (2)0.003 (2)
C3B0.012 (3)0.010 (3)0.010 (2)0.007 (2)0.001 (2)0.002 (2)
C4B0.0101 (14)0.0089 (14)0.0088 (13)0.0008 (9)0.0022 (9)0.0010 (9)
C6B0.010 (3)0.006 (3)0.012 (3)0.001 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)
C2B0.011 (3)0.004 (2)0.009 (2)0.003 (2)0.002 (2)0.0018 (19)
S3A0.0122 (7)0.0051 (6)0.0056 (6)0.0008 (5)0.0017 (5)0.0008 (5)
S4A0.0120 (7)0.0070 (7)0.0062 (6)0.0022 (6)0.0018 (5)0.0004 (5)
S1A0.0109 (7)0.0053 (6)0.0073 (6)0.0017 (5)0.0013 (5)0.0012 (5)
S2A0.0113 (7)0.0070 (6)0.0050 (6)0.0018 (5)0.0014 (5)0.0005 (5)
C5A0.012 (3)0.007 (3)0.012 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)0.002 (2)
C3A0.014 (3)0.004 (2)0.010 (2)0.002 (2)0.003 (2)0.0001 (19)
C2A0.014 (3)0.004 (3)0.010 (2)0.000 (2)0.005 (2)0.0010 (19)
C1A0.0095 (14)0.0091 (14)0.0093 (14)0.0023 (9)0.0021 (9)0.0012 (9)
C7A0.016 (3)0.014 (3)0.009 (2)0.009 (2)0.003 (2)0.003 (2)
C4A0.007 (3)0.006 (2)0.005 (2)0.001 (2)0.0029 (19)0.0006 (18)
C8A0.005 (3)0.015 (3)0.010 (2)0.002 (2)0.003 (2)0.006 (2)
C6A0.011 (3)0.009 (3)0.014 (3)0.005 (2)0.000 (2)0.005 (2)
S2C0.0129 (7)0.0066 (6)0.0092 (6)0.0031 (6)0.0019 (5)0.0024 (5)
S1C0.0125 (7)0.0083 (7)0.0067 (6)0.0031 (6)0.0031 (5)0.0005 (5)
S3C0.0123 (7)0.0057 (6)0.0072 (6)0.0020 (6)0.0018 (5)0.0009 (5)
S4C0.0122 (7)0.0061 (6)0.0063 (6)0.0025 (6)0.0021 (5)0.0005 (5)
C8C0.014 (3)0.012 (3)0.011 (3)0.000 (2)0.002 (2)0.005 (2)
C5C0.018 (3)0.009 (3)0.009 (3)0.005 (2)0.005 (2)0.003 (2)
C6C0.006 (3)0.012 (3)0.007 (2)0.003 (2)0.0032 (19)0.0005 (19)
C1C0.006 (3)0.010 (3)0.011 (2)0.003 (2)0.003 (2)0.000 (2)
C2C0.0127 (14)0.0133 (14)0.0112 (14)0.0021 (9)0.0030 (9)0.0008 (9)
C7C0.012 (3)0.017 (3)0.008 (2)0.003 (2)0.002 (2)0.001 (2)
C4C0.0086 (14)0.0074 (13)0.0084 (13)0.0015 (9)0.0012 (9)0.0010 (9)
C3C0.0113 (14)0.0108 (14)0.0101 (13)0.0027 (9)0.0009 (9)0.0020 (9)
S1G0.0141 (7)0.0085 (7)0.0066 (6)0.0037 (6)0.0028 (5)0.0012 (5)
S2G0.0124 (7)0.0070 (6)0.0085 (6)0.0020 (6)0.0016 (5)0.0021 (5)
S4G0.0131 (7)0.0065 (7)0.0060 (6)0.0023 (6)0.0022 (5)0.0011 (5)
S3G0.0114 (7)0.0065 (7)0.0070 (6)0.0019 (6)0.0001 (5)0.0003 (5)
C2G0.009 (3)0.024 (3)0.006 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)0.004 (2)
C1G0.007 (2)0.009 (2)0.005 (2)0.0037 (19)0.0009 (18)0.0029 (17)
C5G0.008 (3)0.007 (3)0.006 (2)0.003 (2)0.000 (2)0.000 (2)
C8G0.011 (3)0.009 (3)0.007 (2)0.005 (2)0.000 (2)0.001 (2)
C3G0.016 (3)0.013 (3)0.005 (2)0.000 (2)0.002 (2)0.004 (2)
C7G0.012 (3)0.010 (3)0.008 (2)0.002 (2)0.000 (2)0.001 (2)
C4G0.011 (2)0.005 (2)0.011 (2)0.0024 (19)0.0036 (19)0.0008 (18)
C6G0.0067 (14)0.0075 (13)0.0075 (13)0.0012 (9)0.0006 (9)0.0002 (9)
S4F0.0155 (7)0.0066 (6)0.0060 (6)0.0036 (6)0.0030 (5)0.0002 (5)
S1F0.0125 (7)0.0065 (6)0.0078 (6)0.0024 (6)0.0025 (5)0.0003 (5)
S3F0.0114 (7)0.0060 (6)0.0074 (6)0.0020 (6)0.0020 (5)0.0011 (5)
S2F0.0117 (7)0.0058 (6)0.0067 (6)0.0008 (5)0.0015 (5)0.0016 (5)
C5F0.006 (3)0.012 (3)0.010 (3)0.005 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)
C6F0.009 (3)0.011 (3)0.008 (2)0.006 (2)0.003 (2)0.003 (2)
C3F0.009 (3)0.017 (3)0.007 (2)0.003 (2)0.000 (2)0.000 (2)
C4F0.016 (3)0.006 (3)0.009 (2)0.003 (2)0.006 (2)0.000 (2)
C2F0.010 (3)0.017 (3)0.008 (2)0.007 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)
C7F0.015 (3)0.008 (3)0.009 (2)0.001 (2)0.003 (2)0.001 (2)
C1F0.010 (3)0.008 (3)0.006 (2)0.004 (2)0.002 (2)0.0000 (19)
C8F0.022 (3)0.007 (3)0.007 (2)0.003 (2)0.006 (2)0.001 (2)
S3H0.0135 (8)0.0068 (7)0.0056 (6)0.0024 (6)0.0010 (5)0.0017 (5)
S4H0.0135 (7)0.0071 (7)0.0059 (6)0.0020 (6)0.0020 (5)0.0006 (5)
S1H0.0113 (7)0.0070 (6)0.0071 (6)0.0009 (5)0.0016 (5)0.0026 (5)
S2H0.0116 (7)0.0060 (6)0.0074 (6)0.0024 (5)0.0014 (5)0.0003 (5)
C4H0.0075 (14)0.0080 (13)0.0075 (13)0.0025 (9)0.0006 (9)0.0008 (9)
C5H0.012 (3)0.007 (3)0.012 (3)0.004 (2)0.008 (2)0.003 (2)
C8H0.013 (3)0.008 (3)0.007 (2)0.002 (2)0.000 (2)0.005 (2)
C3H0.008 (3)0.003 (2)0.015 (3)0.000 (2)0.002 (2)0.0011 (19)
C2H0.0110 (14)0.0095 (14)0.0108 (14)0.0017 (9)0.0023 (9)0.0009 (9)
C6H0.012 (3)0.008 (3)0.013 (3)0.005 (2)0.002 (2)0.002 (2)
C7H0.007 (3)0.006 (3)0.013 (2)0.001 (2)0.001 (2)0.005 (2)
C1H0.008 (3)0.018 (3)0.006 (2)0.002 (2)0.001 (2)0.001 (2)
O2D0.024 (2)0.0117 (19)0.0214 (19)0.0072 (18)0.0053 (17)0.0059 (16)
O3D0.028 (2)0.0126 (19)0.0087 (17)0.0031 (18)0.0042 (16)0.0024 (14)
O1D0.0200 (16)0.0185 (15)0.0132 (14)0.0034 (13)0.0048 (13)0.0058 (12)
N1D0.019 (3)0.004 (2)0.010 (2)0.000 (2)0.0049 (19)0.0005 (17)
O3B0.018 (2)0.019 (2)0.0193 (19)0.0094 (18)0.0049 (16)0.0010 (16)
O1B0.023 (2)0.0134 (19)0.0081 (17)0.0031 (17)0.0062 (15)0.0047 (15)
O2B0.033 (2)0.015 (2)0.0078 (17)0.0105 (18)0.0040 (16)0.0002 (14)
N1B0.014 (3)0.009 (2)0.010 (2)0.003 (2)0.0017 (18)0.0012 (17)
O2A0.0229 (16)0.0186 (15)0.0189 (14)0.0061 (13)0.0005 (13)0.0053 (13)
O3A0.0247 (16)0.0132 (15)0.0213 (15)0.0058 (13)0.0027 (13)0.0054 (12)
O1A0.0247 (17)0.0256 (16)0.0174 (15)0.0123 (14)0.0052 (13)0.0006 (13)
N0AA0.017 (3)0.013 (2)0.0035 (19)0.002 (2)0.0005 (18)0.0004 (17)
O3C0.0240 (16)0.0131 (15)0.0196 (15)0.0035 (13)0.0004 (13)0.0044 (12)
O1C0.0241 (16)0.0262 (16)0.0161 (15)0.0105 (14)0.0071 (13)0.0014 (13)
O2C0.0249 (16)0.0196 (16)0.0165 (14)0.0064 (13)0.0005 (13)0.0042 (13)
N1C0.019 (3)0.008 (2)0.005 (2)0.004 (2)0.0016 (18)0.0008 (17)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
S4E—C6E1.748 (5)S4C—C6C1.747 (5)
S4E—C4E1.730 (5)S4C—C4C1.730 (5)
S2E—C1E1.740 (5)C8C—H8CA0.9800
S2E—C3E1.707 (5)C8C—H8CB0.9800
S3E—C4E1.724 (5)C8C—H8CC0.9800
S3E—C5E1.752 (5)C8C—C6C1.497 (7)
S1E—C2E1.732 (5)C5C—C6C1.339 (7)
S1E—C1E1.727 (5)C5C—C7C1.497 (7)
C7E—H7EA0.9800C1C—C4C1.363 (7)
C7E—H7EB0.9800C2C—H2C0.9500
C7E—H7EC0.9800C2C—C3C1.343 (7)
C7E—C5E1.479 (7)C7C—H7CA0.9800
C2E—H2E0.9500C7C—H7CB0.9800
C2E—C3E1.347 (7)C7C—H7CC0.9800
C8E—H8EA0.9800C3C—H3C0.9500
C8E—H8EB0.9800S1G—C2G1.743 (6)
C8E—H8EC0.9800S1G—C1G1.742 (5)
C8E—C6E1.492 (7)S2G—C1G1.741 (5)
C6E—C5E1.350 (7)S2G—C3G1.722 (5)
C4E—C1E1.373 (8)S4G—C4G1.735 (5)
C3E—H3E0.9500S4G—C6G1.749 (5)
S2D—C1D1.731 (5)S3G—C5G1.753 (5)
S2D—C3D1.733 (5)S3G—C4G1.729 (5)
S4D—C4D1.735 (5)C2G—H2G0.9500
S4D—C6D1.756 (5)C2G—C3G1.335 (8)
S3D—C4D1.734 (5)C1G—C4G1.369 (7)
S3D—C5D1.752 (5)C5G—C7G1.508 (7)
S1D—C2D1.734 (5)C5G—C6G1.344 (7)
S1D—C1D1.734 (5)C8G—H8GA0.9800
C4D—C1D1.357 (7)C8G—H8GB0.9800
C5D—C7D1.493 (7)C8G—H8GC0.9800
C5D—C6D1.347 (7)C8G—C6G1.492 (7)
C2D—H2D0.9500C3G—H3G0.9500
C2D—C3D1.330 (7)C7G—H7GA0.9800
C8D—H8DA0.9800C7G—H7GB0.9800
C8D—H8DB0.9800C7G—H7GC0.9800
C8D—H8DC0.9800S4F—C6F1.746 (5)
C8D—C6D1.474 (7)S4F—C4F1.722 (5)
C7D—H7DA0.9800S1F—C2F1.725 (5)
C7D—H7DB0.9800S1F—C1F1.727 (5)
C7D—H7DC0.9800S3F—C5F1.752 (6)
C3D—H3D0.9500S3F—C4F1.726 (5)
S1B—C1B1.738 (5)S2F—C3F1.731 (5)
S1B—C2B1.720 (5)S2F—C1F1.721 (6)
S3B—C5B1.754 (5)C5F—C6F1.339 (7)
S3B—C4B1.736 (5)C5F—C7F1.502 (7)
S4B—C4B1.733 (5)C6F—C8F1.497 (7)
S4B—C6B1.746 (5)C3F—H3F0.9500
S2B—C1B1.729 (5)C3F—C2F1.342 (8)
S2B—C3B1.735 (5)C4F—C1F1.386 (7)
C7B—H7BA0.9800C2F—H2F0.9500
C7B—H7BB0.9800C7F—H7FA0.9800
C7B—H7BC0.9800C7F—H7FB0.9800
C7B—C5B1.503 (7)C7F—H7FC0.9800
C1B—C4B1.373 (7)C8F—H8FA0.9800
C5B—C6B1.348 (7)C8F—H8FB0.9800
C8B—H8BA0.9800C8F—H8FC0.9800
C8B—H8BB0.9800S3H—C4H1.720 (5)
C8B—H8BC0.9800S3H—C5H1.752 (5)
C8B—C6B1.471 (7)S4H—C4H1.739 (5)
C3B—H3B0.9500S4H—C6H1.752 (6)
C3B—C2B1.338 (7)S1H—C2H1.741 (5)
C2B—H2B0.9500S1H—C1H1.748 (6)
S3A—C5A1.752 (5)S2H—C3H1.721 (5)
S3A—C4A1.737 (5)S2H—C1H1.743 (5)
S4A—C4A1.745 (5)C4H—C1H1.356 (8)
S4A—C6A1.744 (6)C5H—C6H1.343 (7)
S1A—C2A1.744 (5)C5H—C7H1.493 (7)
S1A—C1A1.736 (5)C8H—H8HA0.9800
S2A—C3A1.741 (5)C8H—H8HB0.9800
S2A—C1A1.744 (5)C8H—H8HC0.9800
C5A—C7A1.512 (7)C8H—C6H1.492 (7)
C5A—C6A1.334 (7)C3H—H3H0.9500
C3A—H3A0.9500C3H—C2H1.339 (7)
C3A—C2A1.325 (7)C2H—H2H0.9500
C2A—H2A0.9500C7H—H7HA0.9800
C1A—C4A1.344 (7)C7H—H7HB0.9800
C7A—H7AA0.9800C7H—H7HC0.9800
C7A—H7AB0.9800O2D—N1D1.246 (5)
C7A—H7AC0.9800O3D—N1D1.242 (5)
C8A—H8AA0.9800O1D—N1D1.250 (5)
C8A—H8AB0.9800O3B—N1B1.248 (5)
C8A—H8AC0.9800O1B—N1B1.253 (5)
C8A—C6A1.499 (7)O2B—N1B1.249 (5)
S2C—C1C1.739 (6)O2A—N0AA1.246 (6)
S2C—C3C1.729 (5)O3A—N0AA1.242 (6)
S1C—C1C1.736 (5)O1A—N0AA1.258 (5)
S1C—C2C1.727 (6)O3C—N1C1.238 (5)
S3C—C5C1.747 (6)O1C—N1C1.253 (5)
S3C—C4C1.731 (5)O2C—N1C1.247 (6)
C4E—S4E—C6E95.9 (3)H8CB—C8C—H8CC109.5
C3E—S2E—C1E94.5 (2)C6C—C8C—H8CA109.5
C4E—S3E—C5E96.3 (2)C6C—C8C—H8CB109.5
C1E—S1E—C2E94.8 (2)C6C—C8C—H8CC109.5
H7EA—C7E—H7EB109.5C6C—C5C—S3C117.0 (4)
H7EA—C7E—H7EC109.5C6C—C5C—C7C127.9 (5)
H7EB—C7E—H7EC109.5C7C—C5C—S3C115.1 (4)
C5E—C7E—H7EA109.5C8C—C6C—S4C114.7 (4)
C5E—C7E—H7EB109.5C5C—C6C—S4C116.6 (4)
C5E—C7E—H7EC109.5C5C—C6C—C8C128.7 (5)
S1E—C2E—H2E121.7S1C—C1C—S2C115.7 (3)
C3E—C2E—S1E116.6 (4)C4C—C1C—S2C121.9 (4)
C3E—C2E—H2E121.7C4C—C1C—S1C122.4 (4)
H8EA—C8E—H8EB109.5S1C—C2C—H2C120.9
H8EA—C8E—H8EC109.5C3C—C2C—S1C118.3 (4)
H8EB—C8E—H8EC109.5C3C—C2C—H2C120.9
C6E—C8E—H8EA109.5C5C—C7C—H7CA109.5
C6E—C8E—H8EB109.5C5C—C7C—H7CB109.5
C6E—C8E—H8EC109.5C5C—C7C—H7CC109.5
C8E—C6E—S4E116.3 (4)H7CA—C7C—H7CB109.5
C5E—C6E—S4E116.9 (4)H7CA—C7C—H7CC109.5
C5E—C6E—C8E126.8 (5)H7CB—C7C—H7CC109.5
S3E—C4E—S4E114.8 (3)S4C—C4C—S3C114.7 (3)
C1E—C4E—S4E122.6 (4)C1C—C4C—S3C123.1 (4)
C1E—C4E—S3E122.6 (4)C1C—C4C—S4C122.1 (4)
C7E—C5E—S3E115.9 (4)S2C—C3C—H3C121.6
C6E—C5E—S3E116.0 (4)C2C—C3C—S2C116.9 (4)
C6E—C5E—C7E128.1 (5)C2C—C3C—H3C121.6
S1E—C1E—S2E115.6 (3)C1G—S1G—C2G94.3 (3)
C4E—C1E—S2E121.6 (4)C3G—S2G—C1G94.6 (2)
C4E—C1E—S1E122.8 (4)C4G—S4G—C6G95.9 (2)
S2E—C3E—H3E120.8C4G—S3G—C5G95.5 (3)
C2E—C3E—S2E118.4 (4)S1G—C2G—H2G121.4
C2E—C3E—H3E120.8C3G—C2G—S1G117.2 (4)
C1D—S2D—C3D94.9 (2)C3G—C2G—H2G121.4
C4D—S4D—C6D96.5 (2)S2G—C1G—S1G115.6 (3)
C4D—S3D—C5D96.6 (2)C4G—C1G—S1G122.1 (4)
C1D—S1D—C2D94.3 (2)C4G—C1G—S2G122.3 (4)
S3D—C4D—S4D114.0 (3)C7G—C5G—S3G115.2 (4)
C1D—C4D—S4D123.7 (4)C6G—C5G—S3G117.2 (4)
C1D—C4D—S3D122.3 (4)C6G—C5G—C7G127.5 (5)
C7D—C5D—S3D115.0 (4)H8GA—C8G—H8GB109.5
C6D—C5D—S3D116.6 (4)H8GA—C8G—H8GC109.5
C6D—C5D—C7D128.4 (5)H8GB—C8G—H8GC109.5
S1D—C2D—H2D121.0C6G—C8G—H8GA109.5
C3D—C2D—S1D118.0 (4)C6G—C8G—H8GB109.5
C3D—C2D—H2D121.0C6G—C8G—H8GC109.5
S2D—C1D—S1D115.7 (3)S2G—C3G—H3G120.9
C4D—C1D—S2D121.2 (4)C2G—C3G—S2G118.2 (4)
C4D—C1D—S1D123.1 (4)C2G—C3G—H3G120.9
H8DA—C8D—H8DB109.5C5G—C7G—H7GA109.5
H8DA—C8D—H8DC109.5C5G—C7G—H7GB109.5
H8DB—C8D—H8DC109.5C5G—C7G—H7GC109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DA109.5H7GA—C7G—H7GB109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DB109.5H7GA—C7G—H7GC109.5
C6D—C8D—H8DC109.5H7GB—C7G—H7GC109.5
C5D—C7D—H7DA109.5S3G—C4G—S4G115.0 (3)
C5D—C7D—H7DB109.5C1G—C4G—S4G121.7 (4)
C5D—C7D—H7DC109.5C1G—C4G—S3G123.3 (4)
H7DA—C7D—H7DB109.5C5G—C6G—S4G116.3 (4)
H7DA—C7D—H7DC109.5C5G—C6G—C8G128.6 (5)
H7DB—C7D—H7DC109.5C8G—C6G—S4G115.0 (4)
S2D—C3D—H3D121.5C4F—S4F—C6F95.6 (2)
C2D—C3D—S2D117.1 (4)C2F—S1F—C1F94.9 (3)
C2D—C3D—H3D121.5C4F—S3F—C5F95.4 (3)
C5D—C6D—S4D116.3 (4)C1F—S2F—C3F93.8 (3)
C5D—C6D—C8D128.1 (5)C6F—C5F—S3F116.7 (4)
C8D—C6D—S4D115.6 (4)C6F—C5F—C7F128.4 (5)
C2B—S1B—C1B94.5 (2)C7F—C5F—S3F114.9 (4)
C4B—S3B—C5B95.2 (2)C5F—C6F—S4F116.8 (4)
C4B—S4B—C6B96.4 (2)C5F—C6F—C8F128.0 (5)
C1B—S2B—C3B94.2 (2)C8F—C6F—S4F115.1 (4)
H7BA—C7B—H7BB109.5S2F—C3F—H3F120.7
H7BA—C7B—H7BC109.5C2F—C3F—S2F118.5 (4)
H7BB—C7B—H7BC109.5C2F—C3F—H3F120.7
C5B—C7B—H7BA109.5S4F—C4F—S3F115.4 (3)
C5B—C7B—H7BB109.5C1F—C4F—S4F121.7 (4)
C5B—C7B—H7BC109.5C1F—C4F—S3F122.9 (4)
S2B—C1B—S1B116.0 (3)S1F—C2F—H2F121.9
C4B—C1B—S1B120.3 (4)C3F—C2F—S1F116.2 (4)
C4B—C1B—S2B123.7 (4)C3F—C2F—H2F121.9
C7B—C5B—S3B115.2 (4)C5F—C7F—H7FA109.5
C6B—C5B—S3B117.8 (4)C5F—C7F—H7FB109.5
C6B—C5B—C7B127.0 (5)C5F—C7F—H7FC109.5
H8BA—C8B—H8BB109.5H7FA—C7F—H7FB109.5
H8BA—C8B—H8BC109.5H7FA—C7F—H7FC109.5
H8BB—C8B—H8BC109.5H7FB—C7F—H7FC109.5
C6B—C8B—H8BA109.5S2F—C1F—S1F116.5 (3)
C6B—C8B—H8BB109.5C4F—C1F—S1F120.2 (4)
C6B—C8B—H8BC109.5C4F—C1F—S2F123.3 (4)
S2B—C3B—H3B121.2C6F—C8F—H8FA109.5
C2B—C3B—S2B117.6 (4)C6F—C8F—H8FB109.5
C2B—C3B—H3B121.2C6F—C8F—H8FC109.5
S4B—C4B—S3B114.9 (3)H8FA—C8F—H8FB109.5
C1B—C4B—S3B123.2 (4)H8FA—C8F—H8FC109.5
C1B—C4B—S4B121.9 (4)H8FB—C8F—H8FC109.5
C5B—C6B—S4B115.8 (4)C4H—S3H—C5H96.3 (3)
C5B—C6B—C8B127.7 (5)C4H—S4H—C6H95.7 (3)
C8B—C6B—S4B116.5 (4)C2H—S1H—C1H95.0 (3)
S1B—C2B—H2B121.2C3H—S2H—C1H95.0 (3)
C3B—C2B—S1B117.7 (4)S3H—C4H—S4H114.7 (3)
C3B—C2B—H2B121.2C1H—C4H—S3H122.5 (4)
C4A—S3A—C5A96.4 (2)C1H—C4H—S4H122.8 (4)
C6A—S4A—C4A96.4 (3)C6H—C5H—S3H116.5 (4)
C1A—S1A—C2A94.6 (2)C6H—C5H—C7H127.8 (5)
C3A—S2A—C1A94.5 (2)C7H—C5H—S3H115.7 (4)
C7A—C5A—S3A115.3 (4)H8HA—C8H—H8HB109.5
C6A—C5A—S3A116.6 (4)H8HA—C8H—H8HC109.5
C6A—C5A—C7A128.1 (5)H8HB—C8H—H8HC109.5
S2A—C3A—H3A121.2C6H—C8H—H8HA109.5
C2A—C3A—S2A117.6 (4)C6H—C8H—H8HB109.5
C2A—C3A—H3A121.2C6H—C8H—H8HC109.5
S1A—C2A—H2A121.2S2H—C3H—H3H120.8
C3A—C2A—S1A117.7 (4)C2H—C3H—S2H118.5 (4)
C3A—C2A—H2A121.2C2H—C3H—H3H120.8
S1A—C1A—S2A115.5 (3)S1H—C2H—H2H121.7
C4A—C1A—S1A122.9 (4)C3H—C2H—S1H116.7 (4)
C4A—C1A—S2A121.6 (4)C3H—C2H—H2H121.7
C5A—C7A—H7AA109.5C5H—C6H—S4H116.7 (4)
C5A—C7A—H7AB109.5C5H—C6H—C8H127.8 (5)
C5A—C7A—H7AC109.5C8H—C6H—S4H115.5 (4)
H7AA—C7A—H7AB109.5C5H—C7H—H7HA109.5
H7AA—C7A—H7AC109.5C5H—C7H—H7HB109.5
H7AB—C7A—H7AC109.5C5H—C7H—H7HC109.5
S3A—C4A—S4A113.5 (3)H7HA—C7H—H7HB109.5
C1A—C4A—S3A123.0 (4)H7HA—C7H—H7HC109.5
C1A—C4A—S4A123.5 (4)H7HB—C7H—H7HC109.5
H8AA—C8A—H8AB109.5S2H—C1H—S1H114.8 (3)
H8AA—C8A—H8AC109.5C4H—C1H—S1H123.8 (4)
H8AB—C8A—H8AC109.5C4H—C1H—S2H121.3 (4)
C6A—C8A—H8AA109.5O2D—N1D—O1D120.3 (4)
C6A—C8A—H8AB109.5O3D—N1D—O2D120.6 (4)
C6A—C8A—H8AC109.5O3D—N1D—O1D119.0 (4)
C5A—C6A—S4A117.0 (4)O3B—N1B—O1B119.9 (4)
C5A—C6A—C8A126.8 (5)O3B—N1B—O2B120.2 (4)
C8A—C6A—S4A116.2 (4)O2B—N1B—O1B119.9 (4)
C3C—S2C—C1C94.9 (3)O2A—N0AA—O1A119.1 (5)
C2C—S1C—C1C94.4 (3)O3A—N0AA—O2A120.5 (5)
C4C—S3C—C5C95.7 (3)O3A—N0AA—O1A120.4 (5)
C4C—S4C—C6C95.9 (2)O3C—N1C—O1C120.1 (5)
H8CA—C8C—H8CB109.5O3C—N1C—O2C120.6 (5)
H8CA—C8C—H8CC109.5O2C—N1C—O1C119.3 (5)
 

Acknowledgements

We thank Professor Claude Coulon (CRPP-CNRS Bordeaux) for his analysis of the magnetic data.

Funding information

This work was performed with the support of the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Paris) under contract Nos. 08-BLAN-0140 and 12-BS07-0032-01. E. W. Reinheimer thanks the French Government for a Chateaubriand Fellowship (Dossier No. 634148J).

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Volume 5| Part 3| May 2018| Pages 361-372
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