organic compounds\(\def\hfill{\hskip 5em}\def\hfil{\hskip 3em}\def\eqno#1{\hfil {#1}}\)

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ISSN: 2056-9890

6-Chloro-2,4-bis­­(di­methyl­amino)-1,3,5-tri­methyl­borazine

aPO Box 5800, MS 1411, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1411, USA, and bPO Box 5800, MS 0892, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185-0892, USA
*Correspondence e-mail: marodri@sandia.gov

(Received 15 January 2013; accepted 23 January 2013; online 31 January 2013)

The borazine ring of the title mol­ecule, C7H21B3ClN5, shows a mild distortion from a planar to a flattened boat conformation. Steric effects due to the methyl and dimethyl­amine substituents appear to be the cause of this distortion.

Related literature

The borazine ring in 2,4,6-tris­(dimethyl­amino)-1,3,5-trimeth­yl­borazine (Rodriguez & Borek, 2006[Rodriguez, M. A. & Borek, T. T. (2006). Acta Cryst. E62, o3341-o3343.]) shows a greater distortion from planarity towards a boat conformation compared to the title compound. For the synthesis, see: Beachley & Durkin (1974[Beachley, O. T. Jr & Durkin, T. R. (1974). Inorg. Chem. 13, 1768-1770.]).

[Scheme 1]

Experimental

Crystal data
  • C7H21B3ClN5

  • Mr = 243.17

  • Monoclinic, P 21 /c

  • a = 8.493 (3) Å

  • b = 10.285 (3) Å

  • c = 15.247 (5) Å

  • β = 94.512 (4)°

  • V = 1327.8 (7) Å3

  • Z = 4

  • Mo Kα radiation

  • μ = 0.27 mm−1

  • T = 193 K

  • 0.25 × 0.20 × 0.15 mm

Data collection
  • Bruker APEXII CCD diffractometer

  • Absorption correction: multi-scan (SADABS; Bruker, 2005[Bruker (2005). APEX2, SAINT and SADABS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.]) Tmin = 0.935, Tmax = 0.962

  • 9381 measured reflections

  • 2397 independent reflections

  • 1757 reflections with I > 2σ(I)

  • Rint = 0.037

Refinement
  • R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.040

  • wR(F2) = 0.110

  • S = 1.03

  • 2397 reflections

  • 152 parameters

  • H-atom parameters constrained

  • Δρmax = 0.18 e Å−3

  • Δρmin = −0.23 e Å−3

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2005[Bruker (2005). APEX2, SAINT and SADABS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.]); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2005[Bruker (2005). APEX2, SAINT and SADABS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.]); data reduction: SAINT; program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008[Sheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112-122.]); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL; molecular graphics: XSHELL (Bruker, 2000[Bruker (2000). XSHELL. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.]); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL.

Supporting information


Comment top

2,4-Bis(dimethylamino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-trimethylborazine (I) is a low melting point solid white material that has not been previously reported. Fig. 1 shows this molecule as an atomic displacement ellipsoid plot. All bond lengths for the dimethylamine (DMA) ligands, B—N bonds, and B—Cl bond are consistent with expected values. The heterogeneous nature of the ligands bound to the Boron atoms (one Cl and two DMA molecules) along with the steric nature of the DMA ligands with proximity to methyl groups bound to the nitrogen atoms of the borazine ring creates conditions in the molecule that drive the borazine ring away from a purely planar configuration. By defining the planar portion of the ring via the atoms N1/N2/B2/B3 and comparing the rotation of the DMA ligands away from the plane of the ring, dihedral angles may be obtained. For the case of the DMA ligand labeled with the N4 nitrogen (B2/N4/C4/C5 plane) the dihedral angle is 39.20 (7)° rotated out of borazine plane; the DMA ligand labeled with the N5 nitrogen (B3/N5/C6/C7 plane) has a dihedral angle of 37.25 (7)°, however it is rotated in the opposite direction. Fig. 2 shows an edge-on view of the molecule which better illustrates the dihedral rotation of the DMA molecules. Fig. 2 also serves to illustrate that the counter-rotations of the DMA molecules results in the C5 and C6 methyl groups being closer in proximity to the DMA-bracketed C3 methyl when compared to their respective DMA methyl counterparts residing above (in terms of the molecule orientation in the figure) the borazine plane (i.e. C4 and C7). The proximity of C5 and C6 methyl groups to C3 forces the C3 methyl to deviate, out of the plane of the borazine ring (N1/N2/B3/B2) by 16.5 (1)° (B2/B3/N3/C3). Figure 2 also illustrates that the Cl1 atom shifts slightly out of the borazine plane. This angular devation of the Cl1 atom is 6.38 (8)° (N2/B1/N1/Cl1) and the net result is a boat-type borazine configuration. The reduced severity of the Cl1 deviation from planar is likely due to the absence of bracketing DMA molecules. Instead, Cl1 is bracketed by methyl groups C1 and C2.

Figure 3 and 4 shows the packing arrangement in (I). Figure 3 illustrates the layering of the four molecules of (I) within the unit cell. Based on the long interaction distances between the terminal chlorine and the methyl hydrogen atoms of neighboring molecules, there does not appear to be significant hydrogren bonding interactions within this structure, and packing appears to be dictated by Van der Waals interactions. Figure 4 serves to illustrate the symmetry operators of the 21 screw-axis and c-glide plane to replicate the molecule spatially along the b axis direction of the unit cell. In this figure, several molecules were removed for clarity.

Related literature top

The borazine ring in 2,4,6-tris(dimethylamino)-1,3,5-trimethylborazine (Rodriguez & Borek, 2006) shows a greater distortion from planarity towards a boat conformation compared to the title compound. For the synthesis, see: Beachley & Durkin (1974).

Experimental top

Compound (1) was obtained using a modification of the published procedure of Beachley and Durkin (1974). One equivalent of 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-trimethylborazine was reacted with 4 equivalents of anhydrous dimethylamine in anhydrous diethyl ether at room temperature. After stirring the reaction mixture overnight, the solution was filtered to remove precipitated dimethylammonium hydrochloride, and the solvent was removed using vacuum techniques. This product was then recrystallized from anhydrous hexanes, and then vacuum distilled (bp 355K at 270 mTorr). The liquid distillate slowly crystallized upon standing at room temperature resulting in a low melting point white solid with individual crystals displaying sufficient quality and size for single crystal structure analysis. The product purity was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H, 11B, 13 C) and by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.

Refinement top

H atoms were placed in calculated positions with C—H = 0.98Å and included in the refinement in a riding-motion approximation with Uiso(H) = 1.5Ueq(C).

Computing details top

Data collection: APEX2 (Bruker, 2005); cell refinement: SAINT (Bruker, 2005); data reduction: SAINT (Bruker, 2005); program(s) used to solve structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008); program(s) used to refine structure: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008); molecular graphics: XSHELL (Bruker, 2000); software used to prepare material for publication: SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008).

Figures top
[Figure 1] Fig. 1. The molecular structure of (I), with 50% probability displacement ellipsoids for non-H atoms.
[Figure 2] Fig. 2. Side-view of molecule (I) to illustrate DMA rotations and boat-type borazine conform. H atoms have been removed for clarity. See text for details.
[Figure 3] Fig. 3. Packing diagram for (I) showing relative orientation of molecules in unit cell. H atoms have been removed for clarity.
[Figure 4] Fig. 4. The effect of 21 screw-axis and c-glide plane symmetry elements which dictate molecule replication along the b axis. For clarity purposes H atoms have been removed as well as extra molecules.
6-Chloro-2,4-bis(dimethylamino)-1,3,5-trimethylborazine top
Crystal data top
C7H21B3ClN5F(000) = 520
Mr = 243.17Dx = 1.216 Mg m3
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation, λ = 0.71073 Å
Hall symbol: -P 2ybcCell parameters from 200 reflections
a = 8.493 (3) Åθ = 2.4–28.0°
b = 10.285 (3) ŵ = 0.27 mm1
c = 15.247 (5) ÅT = 193 K
β = 94.512 (4)°Irregular, colorless
V = 1327.8 (7) Å30.25 × 0.20 × 0.15 mm
Z = 4
Data collection top
Bruker APEXII CCD
diffractometer
2397 independent reflections
Radiation source: fine-focus sealed tube1757 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Graphite monochromatorRint = 0.037
ω and ϕ scansθmax = 25.3°, θmin = 2.4°
Absorption correction: multi-scan
(SADABS; Bruker, 2005)
h = 1010
Tmin = 0.935, Tmax = 0.962k = 1212
9381 measured reflectionsl = 1718
Refinement top
Refinement on F2Primary atom site location: structure-invariant direct methods
Least-squares matrix: fullSecondary atom site location: difference Fourier map
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.040Hydrogen site location: inferred from neighbouring sites
wR(F2) = 0.110H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.03 w = 1/[σ2(Fo2) + (0.0507P)2 + 0.4074P]
where P = (Fo2 + 2Fc2)/3
2397 reflections(Δ/σ)max = 0.001
152 parametersΔρmax = 0.18 e Å3
0 restraintsΔρmin = 0.23 e Å3
Crystal data top
C7H21B3ClN5V = 1327.8 (7) Å3
Mr = 243.17Z = 4
Monoclinic, P21/cMo Kα radiation
a = 8.493 (3) ŵ = 0.27 mm1
b = 10.285 (3) ÅT = 193 K
c = 15.247 (5) Å0.25 × 0.20 × 0.15 mm
β = 94.512 (4)°
Data collection top
Bruker APEXII CCD
diffractometer
2397 independent reflections
Absorption correction: multi-scan
(SADABS; Bruker, 2005)
1757 reflections with I > 2σ(I)
Tmin = 0.935, Tmax = 0.962Rint = 0.037
9381 measured reflections
Refinement top
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.0400 restraints
wR(F2) = 0.110H-atom parameters constrained
S = 1.03Δρmax = 0.18 e Å3
2397 reflectionsΔρmin = 0.23 e Å3
152 parameters
Special details top

Geometry. All e.s.d.'s (except the e.s.d. in the dihedral angle between two l.s. planes) are estimated using the full covariance matrix. The cell e.s.d.'s are taken into account individually in the estimation of e.s.d.'s in distances, angles and torsion angles; correlations between e.s.d.'s in cell parameters are only used when they are defined by crystal symmetry. An approximate (isotropic) treatment of cell e.s.d.'s is used for estimating e.s.d.'s involving l.s. planes.

Refinement. Refinement of F2 against ALL reflections. The weighted R-factor wR and goodness of fit S are based on F2, conventional R-factors R are based on F, with F set to zero for negative F2. The threshold expression of F2 > σ(F2) is used only for calculating R-factors(gt) etc. and is not relevant to the choice of reflections for refinement. R-factors based on F2 are statistically about twice as large as those based on F, and R- factors based on ALL data will be even larger.

Fractional atomic coordinates and isotropic or equivalent isotropic displacement parameters (Å2) top
xyzUiso*/Ueq
B10.6753 (3)0.9822 (2)0.09252 (15)0.0322 (5)
B20.7277 (3)0.7848 (2)0.00232 (15)0.0298 (5)
B30.7837 (3)1.0095 (2)0.06221 (15)0.0302 (5)
Cl10.61969 (8)1.05390 (6)0.19852 (4)0.0508 (2)
N10.66654 (19)0.84528 (15)0.08386 (10)0.0309 (4)
N20.72169 (19)1.06502 (15)0.02140 (10)0.0308 (4)
N30.79205 (19)0.86955 (15)0.06702 (10)0.0311 (4)
N40.7296 (2)0.64530 (16)0.00767 (12)0.0386 (4)
N50.8378 (2)1.09064 (17)0.13484 (11)0.0380 (4)
C10.5793 (3)0.7691 (2)0.15374 (14)0.0406 (5)
H1A0.48970.82020.17930.061*
H1B0.54060.68850.12880.061*
H1C0.64980.74810.19970.061*
C20.6864 (3)1.20525 (19)0.02956 (15)0.0412 (5)
H2A0.77211.24910.05730.062*
H2B0.67671.24220.02900.062*
H2C0.58711.21750.06580.062*
C30.9084 (3)0.8124 (2)0.13352 (14)0.0427 (6)
H3A0.99300.87530.14830.064*
H3B0.95320.73330.10970.064*
H3C0.85590.79070.18660.064*
C40.7744 (3)0.5554 (2)0.05884 (17)0.0481 (6)
H4A0.80840.60410.10930.072*
H4B0.68370.50050.07800.072*
H4C0.86140.50050.03440.072*
C50.6986 (3)0.5823 (2)0.08946 (17)0.0541 (7)
H5A0.79630.54330.11600.081*
H5B0.61890.51430.07780.081*
H5C0.65960.64660.12990.081*
C60.8211 (3)1.0560 (2)0.22612 (14)0.0490 (6)
H6A0.74830.98240.22850.074*
H6B0.77911.13050.25690.074*
H6C0.92441.03190.25450.074*
C70.9317 (3)1.2072 (2)0.12748 (16)0.0509 (6)
H7A0.95101.22150.06570.076*
H7B1.03281.19700.16240.076*
H7C0.87481.28190.14930.076*
Atomic displacement parameters (Å2) top
U11U22U33U12U13U23
B10.0316 (13)0.0337 (13)0.0314 (12)0.0012 (10)0.0023 (10)0.0042 (10)
B20.0303 (12)0.0281 (12)0.0314 (12)0.0014 (10)0.0052 (9)0.0012 (10)
B30.0298 (13)0.0308 (12)0.0304 (12)0.0014 (10)0.0044 (10)0.0002 (10)
Cl10.0710 (4)0.0453 (3)0.0342 (3)0.0001 (3)0.0081 (3)0.0116 (3)
N10.0351 (10)0.0279 (9)0.0291 (9)0.0012 (7)0.0014 (7)0.0008 (7)
N20.0379 (10)0.0227 (8)0.0320 (9)0.0005 (7)0.0032 (7)0.0012 (7)
N30.0348 (10)0.0303 (9)0.0273 (9)0.0019 (7)0.0022 (7)0.0037 (7)
N40.0491 (11)0.0273 (9)0.0396 (10)0.0002 (8)0.0046 (8)0.0046 (8)
N50.0463 (11)0.0351 (10)0.0328 (9)0.0062 (8)0.0037 (8)0.0048 (8)
C10.0465 (13)0.0369 (12)0.0372 (12)0.0044 (10)0.0047 (10)0.0056 (10)
C20.0523 (14)0.0250 (11)0.0468 (13)0.0051 (10)0.0079 (11)0.0027 (10)
C30.0453 (13)0.0443 (13)0.0370 (12)0.0047 (11)0.0070 (10)0.0059 (10)
C40.0518 (15)0.0294 (12)0.0631 (16)0.0010 (11)0.0034 (12)0.0060 (11)
C50.0604 (17)0.0430 (14)0.0589 (16)0.0044 (12)0.0037 (13)0.0200 (12)
C60.0556 (15)0.0590 (15)0.0318 (12)0.0033 (12)0.0009 (10)0.0053 (11)
C70.0521 (15)0.0469 (14)0.0536 (15)0.0107 (12)0.0028 (12)0.0141 (12)
Geometric parameters (Å, º) top
B1—N21.410 (3)C2—H2A0.9800
B1—N11.417 (3)C2—H2B0.9800
B1—Cl11.805 (2)C2—H2C0.9800
B2—N41.443 (3)C3—H3A0.9800
B2—N31.444 (3)C3—H3B0.9800
B2—N11.450 (3)C3—H3C0.9800
B3—N51.433 (3)C4—H4A0.9800
B3—N31.443 (3)C4—H4B0.9800
B3—N21.457 (3)C4—H4C0.9800
N1—C11.474 (2)C5—H5A0.9800
N2—C21.476 (2)C5—H5B0.9800
N3—C31.481 (3)C5—H5C0.9800
N4—C41.446 (3)C6—H6A0.9800
N4—C51.448 (3)C6—H6B0.9800
N5—C71.449 (3)C6—H6C0.9800
N5—C61.454 (3)C7—H7A0.9800
C1—H1A0.9800C7—H7B0.9800
C1—H1B0.9800C7—H7C0.9800
C1—H1C0.9800
N2—B1—N1122.81 (19)N2—C2—H2C109.5
N2—B1—Cl1118.66 (16)H2A—C2—H2C109.5
N1—B1—Cl1118.51 (16)H2B—C2—H2C109.5
N4—B2—N3121.51 (19)N3—C3—H3A109.5
N4—B2—N1121.18 (19)N3—C3—H3B109.5
N3—B2—N1117.26 (18)H3A—C3—H3B109.5
N5—B3—N3122.03 (19)N3—C3—H3C109.5
N5—B3—N2121.31 (19)H3A—C3—H3C109.5
N3—B3—N2116.64 (18)H3B—C3—H3C109.5
B1—N1—B2119.26 (17)N4—C4—H4A109.5
B1—N1—C1119.19 (17)N4—C4—H4B109.5
B2—N1—C1121.17 (16)H4A—C4—H4B109.5
B1—N2—B3119.74 (17)N4—C4—H4C109.5
B1—N2—C2118.85 (17)H4A—C4—H4C109.5
B3—N2—C2120.90 (17)H4B—C4—H4C109.5
B3—N3—B2123.44 (17)N4—C5—H5A109.5
B3—N3—C3117.28 (17)N4—C5—H5B109.5
B2—N3—C3117.08 (17)H5A—C5—H5B109.5
B2—N4—C4124.30 (18)N4—C5—H5C109.5
B2—N4—C5122.33 (18)H5A—C5—H5C109.5
C4—N4—C5113.18 (18)H5B—C5—H5C109.5
B3—N5—C7124.53 (18)N5—C6—H6A109.5
B3—N5—C6123.20 (18)N5—C6—H6B109.5
C7—N5—C6111.87 (18)H6A—C6—H6B109.5
N1—C1—H1A109.5N5—C6—H6C109.5
N1—C1—H1B109.5H6A—C6—H6C109.5
H1A—C1—H1B109.5H6B—C6—H6C109.5
N1—C1—H1C109.5N5—C7—H7A109.5
H1A—C1—H1C109.5N5—C7—H7B109.5
H1B—C1—H1C109.5H7A—C7—H7B109.5
N2—C2—H2A109.5N5—C7—H7C109.5
N2—C2—H2B109.5H7A—C7—H7C109.5
H2A—C2—H2B109.5H7B—C7—H7C109.5

Experimental details

Crystal data
Chemical formulaC7H21B3ClN5
Mr243.17
Crystal system, space groupMonoclinic, P21/c
Temperature (K)193
a, b, c (Å)8.493 (3), 10.285 (3), 15.247 (5)
β (°) 94.512 (4)
V3)1327.8 (7)
Z4
Radiation typeMo Kα
µ (mm1)0.27
Crystal size (mm)0.25 × 0.20 × 0.15
Data collection
DiffractometerBruker APEXII CCD
diffractometer
Absorption correctionMulti-scan
(SADABS; Bruker, 2005)
Tmin, Tmax0.935, 0.962
No. of measured, independent and
observed [I > 2σ(I)] reflections
9381, 2397, 1757
Rint0.037
(sin θ/λ)max1)0.601
Refinement
R[F2 > 2σ(F2)], wR(F2), S 0.040, 0.110, 1.03
No. of reflections2397
No. of parameters152
H-atom treatmentH-atom parameters constrained
Δρmax, Δρmin (e Å3)0.18, 0.23

Computer programs: APEX2 (Bruker, 2005), SAINT (Bruker, 2005), SHELXTL (Sheldrick, 2008), XSHELL (Bruker, 2000).

 

Acknowledgements

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE–AC04-94 A L85000.

References

First citationBeachley, O. T. Jr & Durkin, T. R. (1974). Inorg. Chem. 13, 1768–1770.  CrossRef CAS Web of Science
First citationBruker (2000). XSHELL. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
First citationBruker (2005). APEX2, SAINT and SADABS. Bruker AXS Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
First citationRodriguez, M. A. & Borek, T. T. (2006). Acta Cryst. E62, o3341–o3343.  Web of Science CSD CrossRef IUCr Journals
First citationSheldrick, G. M. (2008). Acta Cryst. A64, 112–122.  Web of Science CrossRef CAS IUCr Journals

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ISSN: 2056-9890
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