issue contents

Journal logoJOURNAL OF
SYNCHROTRON
RADIATION
ISSN: 1600-5775

January 2021 issue

Highlighted illustration

Cover illustration: Clustering algorithm-based analysis method is utilized for X-ray nanodiffraction studies of ferroelectric PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (PZT) thin film (see Christiansen-Salameh, Yang, Rippy, Li, Cai, Holt, Agnus, Maroutian, Lecoeur, Matzen and Kukreja, pages 207-213). This method extends the capabilities of X-ray nanodiffraction technique to highly mosaic and heterogeneous samples, and reveals the presence of two different phases in the PZT thin film.

facility information


editorial


J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 1-2
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520016550

research papers


J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 3-17
https://doi.org/10.1107/S160057752001382X
link to html
An ensemble-averaged Wigner distribution is a useful tool for time–frequency analysis of simulated SASE FEL pulses. Here it is shown how to calculate its frequency-wise autocorrelation based on a set of measured single-shot SASE spectra.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 18-27
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520014058
link to html
The generation of THz radiation in the frequency range of 0.1 THz up to >10 THz by means of Cherenkov–wakefield radiation in dielectric lined tubes is discussed. Achievable power levels and pulse structures fulfill the needs of pump–probe type experiments at modern XFEL facilities. Cherenkov–wakefield radiators hence offer a simple, inexpensive and versatile option for the generation of THz radiation over a wide range of parameters.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 28-35
https://doi.org/10.1107/S160057752001406X
link to html
A mid-infrared free-electron laser was applied to the structural analysis of biological fossils. Infrared microscopy and far-infrared spectroscopy following vibration mode selective irradiation clearly show the structural variation of fossilized inks from cephalopods.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 36-43
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520015052
link to html
This paper describes a short-pulse laser source based on post-compression via multi-pass spectral broadening of a 1030 nm burst-mode laser employed for FEL pump–probe experiments.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 44-51
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520014824
link to html
A new configuration for self-seeding free-electron lasers is proposed, operated under a high repetition rate which can strongly suppress the thermal effects on the monochromator and provides a narrow-bandwidth FEL pulse. Three-dimension time-dependent simulations have been performed to demonstrate this idea.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 52-63
https://doi.org/10.1107/S160057752001557X
link to html
XFEL radiation based on the stochastic SASE principle can be described by a low-dimensional configuration space. This space of pulse shapes can be sufficiently sampled before an imaging experiment. This approach is used to implement near-field holography of dynamic processes, demonstrated for the example of a micro-fluidic jet illuminated by the divergent wavefront emanating from a compound refractive lens nano-focus. Droplet formation in the break-up regime of the jet, as well as the hydrodynamic phenomena following plasma generation by an intense infrared laser pulse, can be imaged, based on flat-field corrected holograms and subsequent phase retrieval.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 64-70
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520014599

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 71-77
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520013314
link to html
An extension of the currently established X-ray reflectivity theory is developed to include surfaces having two distinct surface components by considering the convolution of longer spatial wavelength surface slopes with the previously well understood surface roughness model.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 78-85
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520013703
link to html
The performance of various Mössbauer experiments in a rotating system with synchrotron radiation and with an ordinary source of resonant γ-quanta is analyzed.

J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 86-90
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520013648
link to html
Significant heat generation at a first-mirror chamber and light emission at a viewport were found at a soft X-ray beamline with an undulator source, which can be explained by photoelectrons from the mirror. It was confirmed that a photoelectron shield consisting of thin copper plates prevents both phenomena and improves the pressure of the vacuum chamber.

link to html
Thermo-mechanical and ray-tracing analysis of a high-heat-load monochromator in the horizontal scattering plane was performed, aiming to preserve a high quality of the X-ray beam in the vertical plane for downstream optics. Changing to the horizontal scattering plane leads to no significant loss in terms of photon throughput, and angular distortions of the reflected beam in the sagittal (vertical) plane are by an order of magnitude smaller than in the meridional (horizontal) one, with sagittal distortions being smaller than the typical vertical angular size of the beam source at the monochromator position.

link to html
Single-crystalline Ib diamonds with low nitro­gen content have been grown and characterized by high-resolution rocking-curve imaging. Despite the presence of nitro­gen, thin diamond plates possess high diffraction quality similar to that in type-IIa diamond crystals.

link to html
Absolute X-ray energy measurement based on a Bond diffractometer is demonstrated. This diffractometer uses a reference silicon single-crystal plate and a highly accurate angle encoder to measure the Bragg angle accurately.

link to html
An advanced X-ray polarimeter for nuclear resonant scattering experiments, which is now available for users at beamline P01 of the storage ring PETRA III, is reported. The new polarimeter provides a hitherto unachieved degree of polarization purity of 2 × 10−9 for the nuclear resonance of 57Fe.

link to html
A new type of double-crystal monochromator is proposed. It will make side-bounce beamlines energy tunable by adding two more rotations to a conventional double-crystal monochromator.


link to html
The layout and performance of a multi-analyser detector for high-resolution powder diffraction at an X-ray energy of 60 keV are described.

link to html
A custom sample chamber developed for synchrotron X-ray experiments conducted at varying temperatures combined with the application of electric fields is presented. The chamber features an exchangeable hemispherical dome and an xyz manipulator for electric contacting of the sample. The article describes heating and cooling capabilities, exemplary experiments and plans for future upgrades of the chamber.

link to html
The design of a data management system at HEPS, responsible for automating the organisation, transfer, storage, distribution and sharing of data produced from experiments, is described.

link to html
Aligned molecules, for example in polyimide foils, lead to small dichroism even far from resonances, which can be revealed by high-precision X-ray polarimetry.

link to html
The strain profile inside very low lattice-mismatched HgCdTe/CdZnTe multilayer stacks used in complex dual-band IR detector was successfully measured with the required strain resolution of 10−5. Combined with chemical-sensitive techniques, this approach allows correlation of lattice-mismatch, interface compositional gradient and strain while isolating specific layer contributions.

link to html
High-resolution (0.12 a.u.) Compton profiles of hexagonal Zn have been measured on the SPring-8 BL08W beamline. Experimental results were compared with previous Korringa–Kohn–Rostoker and the new density functional theory theoretical band structure calculations.

link to html
Absorption integrals and scattering factors are derived from a rigorous solution of the vector Helmholtz equations based on the boundary integral equations and Monte Carlo method. Using explicit formulae (in quadratures) the author finds the absorption and scattering intensity of one- and bi-periodic gratings and mirrors, which may have random roughnesses.

link to html
Hard X-ray nanodiffraction and k-means cluster analysis were performed to reveal the presence of two distinct phases in a nanopatterned ferroelectric sample.

link to html
Wide-angle X-ray scattering is applied to a Cm-doped borosilicate glass fitted in a Be container. Structure factors are extracted from 2D diffraction patterns. The data are discussed in relation to the medium-range glass structure.

link to html
By modifications of the interface of Cr/Ti multilayers using an ultra-thin carbon buffer layer at each interface, remarkable improvement of the soft X-ray reflectivity of the multilayers in the water window region has been achieved.

link to html
This work focuses on assessing the radiation damage induced by soft X-ray exposure of paraffin, a common soft-tissue embedding medium, deposited on two typical soft X-ray sample supports: ultralene and Si3N4 windows. The effects of soft X-ray radiation have been studied by FTIR microspectroscopy not only at different doses but also at different times after exposure out of a vacuum atmosphere, confirming that an oxidation process takes place.

link to html
Extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) investigations of Co69FexSi21–xB10 (x = 3, 5, 7) glassy ribbons performed at the Co K-edge are reported.

link to html
A general description of magnetic dichroism effects in X-ray absorption spectroscopy using a few fundamental spectra extracted from experimental measurements is provided. The accuracy of the procedure is investigated theoretically.

link to html
A high-throughput data-management workflow is demonstrated, using a Lambda detector and XSPA-500k, a novel 52 kHz frame rate 1024 × 512 pixelated detector with no gaps in the read-out modules.


link to html
An automatic 3D image registration method is implemented for correcting unanticipated sample deformation during nano-resolution spectro-tomography experiments. This method significantly improves the quality of the spatially resolved XANES spectra, which fingerprints the local chemistry.

link to html
An inclined geometry method has been applied to a Laue geometry setup for X-ray analyser-based phase-contrast imaging through rotation of the detector and object about the optical axis allowing this traditionally 1-D phase-sensitive phase-contrast method to possess 2-D phase sensitivity. Tomographic datasets were acquired over 360° of a multi-material phantom to reconstruct the real and imaginary parts of the refractive index of the phantom.

link to html
A lossy adaptive encoding scheme that can be implemented on a per-pixel basis in hybrid pixel array detectors is described. It is shown that this lossy compression scheme has no effect on X-ray ptychographic images even at low signal levels.

link to html
A novel monochromatic X-ray Bragg diffraction imaging approach is described to unravel the correlated defects and millimeter-scaled distortions in HgCdTe epilayers on CdZnTe substrates.

link to html
Broadband X-ray ptychography is developed based on the multi-wavelength reconstruction method and is systematically demonstrated in both simulation and experiment. In addition, a combined reconstruction approach is proposed to further increase the ptychographic imaging rate.

short communications


link to html
Beamline B21 at Diamond Light Source is a high-throughput beamline that focuses primarily on the fast measurement of solutions. Here 3D-printing is used to expand the versatility of sample states that can be measured on B21.

link to html
A high-speed rotation device for X-ray tomography with a temporal resolution of 10 ms is presented.

link to html
The implementation of synchrotron radiation X-ray microtomography for non-destructive visualization of the internal microstructure of a human cochlea inserted with a highly absorbing cochlear implant electrode array is presented.

beamlines


link to html
ROBL-II at ESRF provides four experimental stations to investigate actinides with X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy, and with surface, high-resolution powder, and single-crystal X-ray diffractometry.

link to html
This paper describes a detailed simulation of the influence of optical imperfections in a multilayer Bragg mirror-based split-and-delay unit on the focused and unfocused beam profiles with relative time delays within the coherence time for hard X-ray pump/X-ray probe experiments at the European XFEL.

link to html
The design of a multi-crystal Johann-type spectrometer for X-ray emission spectroscopy is presented. Fundamental concepts and alignment procedure are described.

addenda and errata


J. Synchrotron Rad. (2021). 28, 372
https://doi.org/10.1107/S1600577520015143
Follow J. Synchrotron Rad.
Sign up for e-alerts
Follow J. Synchrotron Rad. on Twitter
Follow us on facebook
Sign up for RSS feeds